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CaRMS taxon details

Marphysa Quatrefages, 1866

129281  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129281)

accepted
Genus
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
feminine
Quatrefages, A. de. (1866 (1865)). Histoire naturelle des Annelés marins et d'eau douce. Annélides et Géphyriens. <em>Librarie Encyclopédique de Roret. Paris.</em> <b>Volume 1.</b> 1-588., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=FV9IAAAAYAAJ
page(s): 331; note: Quatrefages named Marphysa, and included several former Eunice species. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Note Type species Nereis sanguinea Montagu 1813 in...  
From editor or global species database
Type species Type species Nereis sanguinea Montagu 1813 in Hartman catalogue, p.320. Designation must have been a subsequent designation as Quatrefages included several taxa without indicating a type (although presenting the description of M. sanguinea first). [details]
Etymology Not stated by Quatrefages, and not known. Marphysa does not appear to be a known word in classical Latin or Greek. However,...  
Etymology Not stated by Quatrefages, and not known. Marphysa does not appear to be a known word in classical Latin or Greek. However, Greek 'physa', a feminine noun meaning bladder or bubble, occurs outside of Annelida as part of several compound genera names. At best we can treat the gender of Marphysa as reliably feminine as Quatrefages did not change the suffixes of the 3 or 4 adjectival Eunice names he recombined in Marphysa, and later authors have also treated it as feminine. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2021). World Polychaeta Database. Marphysa Quatrefages, 1866. Accessed through: Nozères, C., Kennedy, M.K. (Eds.) (2021) Canadian Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/carms/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129281 on 2021-11-29
Nozères, C., Kennedy, M.K. (Eds.) (2021). Canadian Register of Marine Species. Marphysa Quatrefages, 1866. Accessed at: https://marinespecies.org/carms./aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129281 on 2021-11-29
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2016-03-09 22:07:41Z
changed
2018-10-23 21:05:58Z
changed
2020-04-13 21:04:21Z
changed
2021-11-13 02:13:43Z
changed

original description Quatrefages, A. de. (1866 (1865)). Histoire naturelle des Annelés marins et d'eau douce. Annélides et Géphyriens. <em>Librarie Encyclopédique de Roret. Paris.</em> <b>Volume 1.</b> 1-588., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=FV9IAAAAYAAJ
page(s): 331; note: Quatrefages named Marphysa, and included several former Eunice species. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

taxonomy source Zanol, J.; Da Silva, T. D. S. C.; Hutchings, P. (2016). Marphysa (Eunicidae, polychaete, Annelida) species of the Sanguinea group from Australia, with comments on pseudo-cryptic species. <em>Invertebrate Biology.</em> 135(4): 328-344., available online at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ivb.12146/full [details]   

taxonomy source Molina-Acevedo, Isabel C.; Carrera-Parra, Luis F. (2017). Revision of <em>Marphysa</em> de Quatrefages, 1865 and some species of <em>Nicidion</em> Kinberg, 1865 with the erection of a new genus (Polychaeta: Eunicidae) from the Grand Caribbean. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4241(1): 1-62., available online at http://www.mapress.com/j/zt/article/view/zootaxa.4241.1.1
note: review of genus [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

taxonomy source Molina-Acevedo, Isabel C. (2018). Morphological revision of the Subgroup 1 Fauchald, 1970 of Marphysa de Quatrefages, 1865 (Eunicidae: Polychaeta). <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4480(1): 1-125., available online at https://biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4480.1.1 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

taxonomy source Hartman, O. (1944). Polychaetous Annelids. Part V. Eunicea. <em>Allan Hancock Pacific Expeditions.</em> 10(1): 1-237. [details]   

additional source Glasby, Chris J.; Hutchings, Patricia A. (2010). A new species of <i>Marphysa</i> Quatrefages, 1865 (Polychaeta: Eunicida: Eunicidae) from northern Australia and a review of similar taxa from the Indo-west Pacific, including the genus <i>Nauphanta</i> Kinberg, 1865. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 2352(1): 29–45., available online at http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.2352.1.2 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Quatrefages, Armand de. (1865). Note sur la Classification des Annélides, et résponse aux observations de M. Claparède. <em>Annales des sciences naturelles, Paris.</em> 3: 253-296., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/29127338 [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Errantia] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 1. Errantia. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. vi, 1–458, xxix., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

identification resource Glasby, Christopher J.; Mandario, Mary Anne E.; Burghardt, Ingo; Kupriyanova, Elena; Gunton, Laetitia M.; Hutchings, Pat A. (2019). A new species of the sanguinea-group Quatrefages, 1866 (Annelida: Eunicidae: Marphysa ) from the Philippines. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4674(2): 264-282., available online at https://www.biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4674.2.7
page(s): 274; note: Key to Marphysa species in the sanguinea-group from Southeast Asia [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

identification resource Katsiaras, Nikolaos; Simboura, Nomiki; Koutsoubas, Drosos. (2014). The rare subgroup C1 of <em>Marphysa</em> (Polychaeta, Eunicidae): re-description of species and first records in the Mediterranean Sea. Zootaxa. 3873(3): 201-217., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3873.3.1
page(s): 215 [key to Mediterranean species] [details]   

original description (unavailable nomenclaturally) Quatrefages, Armand de 1865. Note sur la classification des Annélides. Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des sciences, Paris 60(13): 586-600., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/3713886
page(s): 593; note: Listed in a key, non-latinized as French informal 'Marphyse', therefore Marphysa is not an available name from this publication [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Etymology Not stated by Quatrefages, and not known. Marphysa does not appear to be a known word in classical Latin or Greek. However, Greek 'physa', a feminine noun meaning bladder or bubble, occurs outside of Annelida as part of several compound genera names. At best we can treat the gender of Marphysa as reliably feminine as Quatrefages did not change the suffixes of the 3 or 4 adjectival Eunice names he recombined in Marphysa, and later authors have also treated it as feminine. [details]

Grammatical gender Feminine, an assumption mainly based on the early Marphysa names created and that 'physa' in Greek is a feminine noun. The etymology is uncertain. [details]

Publication date Quatrefages first book volume is dated 1866, although the title page has 1865. This is because of comments about the date by Wright in the 1866 Zoological Record. Marphysa genus and several Marphysa species first are published in this volume, and the date is 1866 (we have no way of knowing if Wright is correct with his 1866 availability date for the books). However, as informal French 'Marphyse' the name appears, without species names link, in a key in a classification extract Quatrefages published twice in 1865, first as "Note sur la classification des annelides" and then again as "Note sur la Classification des Annélides, et résponse aux observations de M. Claparède" in a different journal. Some taxonomists date Marphysa from the appearance of informal 'Marphyse" in these publications, but this seems unwarranted [details]

Type species Type species Nereis sanguinea Montagu 1813 in Hartman catalogue, p.320. Designation must have been a subsequent designation as Quatrefages included several taxa without indicating a type (although presenting the description of M. sanguinea first). [details]

From other sources
Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]
Original drawing of Nereis sanguinea Montagu, type species of Marphysa
 Original drawing of...
[image from typetaxon]

To NMNH Extant Collection (Anja Schulze Collection information)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally]

To NMNH Extant Collection (Anja Schulze Collection information)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally]

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