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Deep-Sea source details

Maciolek, Nancy J.; Blake, James A. (2006). Opheliidae (Polychaeta) collected by the R/V Hero and the USNS Eltanin cruises from the Southern Ocean and South America. Scientia Marina. 70S3: 101-113.
175571
10.3989/scimar.2006.70s3101 [view]
Maciolek, Nancy J.; Blake, James A.
2006
Opheliidae (Polychaeta) collected by the R/V <i>Hero</i> and the USNS <i>Eltanin</i> cruises from the Southern Ocean and South America.
Scientia Marina
70S3: 101-113.
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
Available for editors  PDF available
Opheliid polychaetes collected by the United States Antarctic Research Program and additional material from South America were made available for study through the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., USA. The Opheliidae from Antarctic seas were treated by Hartman (1966, 1967, 1978), who summarized earlier work and also described several new species. Of the five genera she recorded, two (Travisia and Kesun) have since been synonymized and one, Ammotrypane, has been referred to Ophelina; Hartman’s records therefore encompass four genera, three of which are represented in the present collections. No representatives of Euzonus (Thoracophelia) were found. The following species were recorded from Antarctica in the present study: Ophelia algida n. sp., Ophelina breviata (Ehlers, 1913), Ophelina cf. cylindricaudata (sensu Hartmann-Schröder and Rosenfeldt, 1989), Ophelina nematoides (Ehlers, 1913), Ophelina scaphigera (Ehlers, 1900), Ophelina cf. setigera (Hartman, 1978), Ophelina syringopyge (Ehlers, 1901), Travisia antarctica Hartman, 1967 (emended 1978), Travisia kerguelensis McIntosh, 1885, Travisia kerguelensis gravieri Monro, 1930, Travisia palmeri n. sp. and Travisia tincta n. sp. The new species of Ophelia is distinguished by having branchiae starting on chaetiger 2 (rather than on or after chaetiger 8 as in most species of this genus). Travisia palmeri has 22 chaetigers and is distinguished by long branchiae. Travisia kerguelensis gravieri is raised to full species status and renamed T. monroi. Travisia tincta n. sp., distinguished by a distinctive Methyl Green staining pattern and long branchiae, is described from off Peru.
Antarctic
Pacific, South West
Systematics, Taxonomy
RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
Date
action
by
2014-03-02 15:59:01Z
created
2019-06-27 20:07:58Z
changed

Ammotrypane nematoides Ehlers, 1913 accepted as Ophelina nematoides (Ehlers, 1913) (new combination reference)
Ammotrypane setigera Hartman, 1978 accepted as Ophelina setigera (Hartman, 1978) (new combination reference)
Ophelia Savigny, 1822 (additional source)
Opheliidae Malmgren, 1867 (identification resource)
Ophelina breviata (Ehlers, 1913) (additional source)
Ophelina nematoides (Ehlers, 1913) (basis of record)
Ophelina scaphigera (Ehlers, 1900) (basis of record)
Ophelina setigera (Hartman, 1978) (basis of record)
Ophelina syringopyge (Ehlers, 1901) (basis of record)
Travisia Johnston, 1840 (taxonomy source)
Travisia antarctica Hartman, 1967 (redescription)
Travisia kerguelensis McIntosh, 1885 (additional source)
Travisia palmeri Maciolek & Blake, 2006 (original description)
Travisia tincta Maciolek & Blake, 2006 (original description)
Nontype USNM 1078713, geounit Antarctica, identified as Ophelina nematoides (Ehlers, 1913)
Nontype USNM 1078714, geounit Antarctica, identified as Ophelina nematoides (Ehlers, 1913)
Nontype USNM 1078716, geounit Scotia Sea, identified as Ophelina scaphigera (Ehlers, 1900)
Holotype USNM 1078731, geounit Antarctic Peninsula, identified as Travisia palmeri Maciolek & Blake, 2006
Holotype USNM 1078732, geounit Peruvian part of the South Pacific Ocean, identified as Travisia tincta Maciolek & Blake, 2006
Nontype USNM 187903, geounit Antarctica, identified as Ophelina nematoides (Ehlers, 1913)
Nontype USNM 187913, geounit Antarctica, identified as Ophelina nematoides (Ehlers, 1913)
 Depth range

112-124 m. [details]

 Depth range

20-285 m; 3000 m. Antarctic waters, 20-385 m (Wilhelm II Coast, 385 m; off Signy Island, 244-344 m; Enderby Land, ... [details]

 Depth range

246-2725 m.  [details]

 Depth range

18-3382 m.  [details]

 Depth range

Strait of Magellan; South Georgia; Alexander Island; Kergueland Islands: 9-876 m. Off Argentine coast (34ºS): 83-199 m. [details]

 Depth range

137-6010 m.  [details]

 Depth range

20-1030 m. [details]

 Depth range

220-315 m. [details]

 Depth range

About 650 m. [details]

 Diagnosis

Emended by Maciolek & Blake (2006): "Body divided externally into two regions: an anterior cylindrical region and ... [details]

 Diagnosis

From Maciolek & Blake (2006): "Body elongate, not divided into distinct regions; with deep ventral groove and two ... [details]

 Diagnosis

From Maciolek & Blake (2006: 108-109): "Body stout, pointed at both ends, fusiform or grub-like, rounded ... [details]

 Distribution

Southern Ocean, near Macquarie Island. [details]

 Distribution

Antarctic waters (Wilhelm II Coast; off Signy Island; Enderby Land; South Georgia; Peter I Land). Northern California.  [details]

 Distribution

Antarctic Ocean, 246-2725 m.  [details]

 Distribution

Strait of Magellan; Antarctica.  [details]

 Distribution

Strait of Magellan; South Georgia; Alexander Island; Kergueland Islands; off Argentine coast (34ºS).  [details]

 Distribution

Antarctic Ocean.  [details]

 Distribution

Kerguelen Islands, Southern Indian Ocean; Southern Atlantic Ocean; Antarctic Ocean.  [details]

 Distribution

Antarctic Peninsula, 220-315 m. [details]

 Distribution

Antarctic Peninsula, at about 650 m. [details]

 Distribution

Off Lima, Peru, at 1000 m. [details]

 Etymology

The species name is taken from the latin algidus, meaning cold, and refers to the first collection of this species ... [details]

 Etymology

Species named after dr. C.C.A. Monro, who originally described the species.  [details]

 Etymology

Species named after the general location of the first collection of this species, near palmer Station on the ... [details]

 Etymology

The species name is taken from the Latin tinctus, and refers to the retention of Methyl Green stain by this species. [details]

 Habitat

Sediment with few algae ("Thon mit wenig algen"), at about 20 m. [details]

 Type locality

Off Macquarie Island, Southern Ocean, 112-124 m. [details]

 Type locality

Antarctic Peninsula (64º37.00'-64º38.00'S to 62º50.90'-62º51.60'W), 640-670 m. [details]

 Type locality

Pacific Ocean, Peru, off Lima (12º58'S, 77º16'W), 1000 m depth.  [details]

 Type material

Holotype (USNM 1078733) is a complete specimen, 10 mm long and 0.75 mm wide for 35 chaetigers.  [details]

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