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Deep-Sea taxon details

Travisia Johnston, 1840

129417  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129417)

accepted
Genus
Kesun Chamberlin, 1919 (subjective synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
feminine
Johnston, G. (1840). Miscellanea Zoologica British Annelids. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> 1(4): 368-375, plates10., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/3386311
page(s): 373 [details]   
Etymology The name of the genus Travisia was given "in commemoration of Mr. Travis, an eminent surgeon in Scarborough [a town on the...  
Etymology The name of the genus Travisia was given "in commemoration of Mr. Travis, an eminent surgeon in Scarborough [a town on the North Sea coast of North Yorkshire, England], and one of those "learned and ingenious friends" to whose correspondance Mr. Pennant was much indebted in preparing his British Zoology" (Johnston, 1840).  [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2021). World Polychaeta database. Travisia Johnston, 1840. Accessed through: Glover, A.G.; Higgs, N.; Horton, T. (2021) World Register of Deep-Sea species (WoRDSS) at: https://marinespecies.org/deepsea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129417 on 2021-06-12
Glover, A.G.; Higgs, N.; Horton, T. (2021). World Register of Deep-Sea species (WoRDSS). Travisia Johnston, 1840. Accessed at: https://marinespecies.org/deepsea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129417 on 2021-06-12
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-02-28 11:07:56Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2014-03-02 15:59:01Z
changed
2014-12-10 01:27:24Z
changed
2020-02-12 22:05:03Z
changed
2020-05-09 09:06:42Z
changed

original description Johnston, G. (1840). Miscellanea Zoologica British Annelids. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> 1(4): 368-375, plates10., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/3386311
page(s): 373 [details]   

original description  (of Kesun Chamberlin, 1919) Chamberlin, Ralph V. (1919). The Annelida Polychaeta [Albatross Expeditions]. <em>Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College.</em> 48: 1-514., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/ia/memoirsofmuseumo4801harv
page(s): 384, 385-386 [details]   

taxonomy source Maciolek, Nancy J.; Blake, James A. (2006). Opheliidae (Polychaeta) collected by the R/V <i>Hero</i> and the USNS <i>Eltanin</i> cruises from the Southern Ocean and South America. <em>Scientia Marina.</em> 70S3: 101-113., available online at http://scientiamarina.revistas.csic.es/index.php/scientiamarina/article/view/114
note: Comments on the taxonomic value of varying numbers of segments [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. <em>Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126.</em> 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

status source Grube, Adolf Eduard. (1850). Die Familien der Anneliden. <em>Archiv für Naturgeschichte, Berlin.</em> 16(1): 249-364., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6958350
page(s): 319; note: Grube moved Travisia to Opheliidae (as Opheliacea) from Johnston's placement in Arenicolidae. [details]   

status source Paul, Christiane; Halanych, Kenneth M.; Tiedemann, Ralph; Bleidorn, Christoph. 2010. Molecules reject an opheliid affinity for Travisia (Annelida). Systematics and Biodiversity 8(4): 507 - 512, available online at http://www.informaworld.com/10.1080/14772000.2010.517810
note: Type species Travisia forbesii position is still uncertain [details]   

status source Rousset, V.; Pleijel, F.; Rouse, G. W.; Erséus, C.; Siddall, M. E. (2007). A molecular phylogeny of annelids. <em>Cladistics.</em> 23(1): 41-63., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-0031.2006.00128.x
page(s): 56; note: Placed Travisia in the Opheliids, but this rejected by Paul et al. (2010) [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

status source Persson, Jenny and Pleijel, Fredrik 2005. On the phylogenetic relationships of Axiokebuita, Travisia and Scalibregmatidae (Polychaeta). Zootaxa 998: 1-14., available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2005f/z00998f.pdf [details]   

status source Law, Chris J.; Dorgan, Kelly M.; Rouse, Greg W. (2014). Relating divergence in polychaete musculature to different burrowing behaviors: A study using opheliidae (Annelida). <em>Journal of Morphology.</em> 275(5):548–571., available online at https://doi.org/10.1002/jmor.20237
page(s): 566; note: Place Travisia molecularly in Scalibregmatidae unequivocally [details]   

identification resource Rizzo, Alexandra.; Salazar-Vallejo, Sergio I. (2020). A new species of Travisia (Annelida, Travisiidae) from Campos Basin, Brazil. <em>Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment.</em> efirst: 1-9., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/01650521.2020.1752512
page(s): 3 of 9; note: key to the genus [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Classification Johnston placed Travisia in Arenicolidae and Grube (1850) moved it to Opheliidae. Morphologically Travisia species seem similar to scalibregmatids, with their rugose epidermis, grub-like appearance and (mostly) lack of ventral groove, except they lack a T-shaped prostomium. Blake & Maciolek (2016) state this is a superficial resemblance. Early molecular work appeared to confirm a scalibregmatid relationship but apparently was based on unreliable sequences. Persson & Pleijel (2005) placed Travisia in Scalibregmatidae. Sequences of Rousset et al (2007) placed Travisia back in the opheliids, but Paul et al (2010) rejected those sequences and used their own sequences (not from the type species) to reconfirm that Travisia have Scalibregmatidae affinity, although they conservatively place it as sister taxon to the Scalibregmatidae sensu stricto. Law et al. (2014:566) placed Travisia molecularly in Scalibregmatidae without qualification. [details]

Diagnosis From Maciolek & Blake (2006: 108-109):
"Body stout, pointed at both ends, fusiform or grub-like, rounded cylindrically, without lateral or ventral grooves, or grooves very reduced. Prostomium small, smooth, rounded, conical or truncate, without eyes or processes; nuchal organs present. First chaetiger anterior to mouth. Parapodia reduced, small and smooth, or entirely absent. Branchiae present or absent; branchiae cirriform or branched, may be annulated; branchiae when present from chaetiger 2 or 3. Interramal lateral sensory organs present, lateral eyes absent. Chaetae simple capillaries, may be hispid. Pygidium small, cylindrical, longitudinally furrowed, with ring of stout unequal papillae or without lobes or papillae. Segments annulated, with posterior segments telescoped or forming folds ending in dorsal lappets dorsal and ventral to parapodial rami, these parapodial lappets low and rounded, large and leaflike, or pointed and triangular.[details]

Etymology The name of the genus Travisia was given "in commemoration of Mr. Travis, an eminent surgeon in Scarborough [a town on the North Sea coast of North Yorkshire, England], and one of those "learned and ingenious friends" to whose correspondance Mr. Pennant was much indebted in preparing his British Zoology" (Johnston, 1840).  [details]

Grammatical gender Treated as feminine by almost all authors, although Johnston (1840) named the genus after a certain Travis, the family name of a male person. Possibly treated as feminine because of the modified -ia ending Johnston used, but he probably used that for euphony, rather than to feminise. Johnston named the type species with a noun epithet, rather than an adjective which would have indicated the gender he intended. There seems little point in now treating the name as masculine. [details]
Travisia forbesii
 Travisia forbesii
[image from typetaxon]

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