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Deep-Sea source details

Clark, A. M. (1993). An index of names of recent Asteroidea, part 2: Valvatida. In: Jangoux, M.; Lawrence, J.M. (Ed.) (1996). Echinoderm Studies. 4: 187-366.
71
Clark, A. M.
1993
An index of names of recent Asteroidea, part 2: Valvatida
In: Jangoux, M.; Lawrence, J.M. (Ed.) (1996). Echinoderm Studies
4: 187-366
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Anthenoides Perrier, 1881 (basis of record)
Archaster Müller & Troschel, 1840 (basis of record)
Archasteridae Viguier, 1879 (basis of record)
Asterinidae Gray, 1840 (additional source)
Asteroidea (additional source)
Calliaster Gray, 1840 (basis of record)
Chaetaster Müller & Troschel, 1840 (additional source)
Chaetaster longipes (Bruzelius, 1805) (additional source)
Culcita Agassiz, 1836 (additional source)
Ganeriidae Sladen, 1889 accepted as Ganeriinae Sladen, 1889 (additional source)
Hacelia Gray, 1840 (additional source)
Lasiaster Sladen, 1889 accepted as Poraniomorpha Danielssen & Koren, 1881 (additional source)
Linckia Nardo, 1834 (basis of record)
Lithosoma Fisher, 1911 (basis of record)
Lophaster Verrill, 1878 (additional source)
Mediaster Stimpson, 1857 (additional source)
Mediaster murrayi Macan, 1938 (basis of record)
Nymphaster Sladen, 1889 (additional source)
Ophidiaster L. Agassiz, 1836 (additional source)
Ophidiasteridae Verrill, 1870 (additional source)
Oreaster Müller & Troschel, 1842 (basis of record)
Paragonaster Sladen, 1889 (additional source)
Pentaceros Gray, 1840 accepted as Oreaster Müller & Troschel, 1842 (basis of record)
Pentaceros Cuvier, 1829 (basis of record)
Pentaceros hiulcus Gray, 1840 accepted as Oreaster hiulcus (Gray, 1840) accepted as Protoreaster nodosus (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Pentagonaster Gray, 1840 (additional source)
Plinthaster Verrill, 1899 (additional source)
Plinthaster ephemeralis Macan, 1938 accepted as Sibogaster digitatus Döderlein, 1924 (basis of record)
Protoreaster Döderlein, 1916 (basis of record)
Protoreaster nodosus (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Pseudarchaster Sladen, 1889 (additional source)
Pseudarchaster mozaicus Wood-Mason & Alcock, 1891 (basis of record)
Rhegaster Sladen, 1883 accepted as Poraniomorpha Danielssen & Koren, 1881 (additional source)
Tamaria Gray, 1840 (basis of record)
Toraster A.M. Clark, 1952 (basis of record)
Toraster tuberculatus (Gray, 1847) (basis of record)
Valvatida (additional source)
 Classification

In family Echinasteridae in Ludwig (1899). [details]

 Description

The members of the genus are confined to tropical seas where they inhabit coral reefs, usually in the littoral ... [details]

 Description

depth: 280 m (Clark, 1993) [details]

 Description

Depth range: 183-194 m (Clark, 1993) [details]

 Description

Depth range: 256-640 m (Clark, 1993) [details]

 Description

Depth range: 183-293 m (Clark, 1993). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Bay of Bengal, Philippine, South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia ... [details]

 Distribution

Distribution: Alaska to lower California [details]

 Distribution

Distribution: Mediterranean and West African. [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in north Australia (Clark & Rowe (1971) and Rowe & Gates (1995)); Lakshadweep (India) (Sastry, ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in New Caledonia (Clark, 1954); Bay of Bengal, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan and ... [details]

 Distribution

Distribution: Java. [details]

 Ecology

Ecology: benthic, inshore. General distribution: tropical, west Pacific, depth range to 20 m. (Rowe & Gates, ... [details]

 Holotype

Holotype in U.S. National Museum, Washington, D.C. (USA) No. 37027. Type locality: off Sirun Is., Sulu Archipelago, ... [details]

 Holotype

Holotype in Australian Museum, Sydney (Australia) J3082. Type locality: Masthead Is, Capricorn Group, Queensland, ... [details]

 Holotype

Holotype in Natural History Museum, London (England) 1846.8.5.32. Type locality: North Australia (Cape York), ... [details]

 Remark

Type species: Acanthaster echinus Gervais, 1841 (=Asterias planci Linnaeus, 1758) by monotypy (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

Type species: Nardoa faouzii Macan, 1938 by original designation (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

Type species: Anthenea chinensis Gray 1840, (= Asterias pentagonula Lamarck 1816) by monotypy (Rowe & Gates, ... [details]

 Remark

Type species: Archaster typicus Müller & Troschel, 1840 by indication (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

As remarked in Hotchkiss & Clark (1976: 266, footnote), the earlier family name Asteropsidae, used once by Perrier ... [details]

 Remark

Placed in family Asteropidae in Clark & Rowe (1971). Type species: Asterias carinifera Lamarck 1816, by monotypy ... [details]

 Remark

Subgenus Astropus; type species of Astropus. Type locality: Mauritius. Assumed by Sladen (1889) and Döderlein ... [details]

 Remark

Type species: Astropecten (Astropus) longipes Gray, 1840 (A.M. Clark, 1993). [details]

 Remark

Type species: Calliaster childreni Gray, 1840 by monotypy (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

Possibly the valid name for Astropecten (Astropus) longipes Gray 1840 (A.M. Clark, 1993). [details]

 Remark

Type species: Choriaster granulatus Lütken, 1869 by original designation (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

Type species: Cistina columbiae Gray, 1840 by monotypy (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

Type species: Asterias cylindricus Lamarck, 1816 by subsequent designation by H.L. Clark (1921) (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

Type species: Disasterina abnormalis Perrier, 1875 by monotypy (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

In family Linckiidae in Ludwig (1899) and Clark (1654). Type species: Ferdina flavescens Gray 1840, by subsequent ... [details]

 Remark

Type species: Gomophia egyptiaca Gray 1840 by monotypy (Rowe & Gates, 1995). In family Linckiidae in Clark ... [details]

 Remark

Type species: Heteronardoa sagamina Hayashi, 1973 by original designation (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

with I. periectus Aziz & Jangoux 1984: 189-lapsus for I. perierctus[details]

 Remark

Proposed with subgeneric rank in Ophidiaster L. Agassiz, 1835 by Peters, W.C.H. (1852). Type species: Ophidiaster ... [details]

 Remark

In family Linckiidae in Ludwig (1899) and Clark (1954). [details]

 Remark

Type species: Lithosoma actinometra Fisher, 1911 (A.M. Clark, 1993). [details]

 Remark

Type species of the genus Mabahissaster Macan, 1938 (=Calliaster Gray, 1840 (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

Type locality: off Durban, 410 m. (Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976). [details]

 Remark

Type species: Goniodiscus sanderi Meissner 1892. Placed in Goniasteridae in Walenkamp (1990). [details]

 Remark

According to H.L. Clark (1946), possibly Gomophia mamillifera (Livingstone, 1930) is a synonym of Nardoa frianti ... [details]

 Remark

Syntypes Indian Museum, Calcutta (India) (6 specimens). Type locality: Andaman Ils, Bay of Bengal (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

Status doubtful according to Jangoux 1973. Type untraced by Jangoux & De Ridder, 1987. [details]

 Remark

original description as Iconaster [details]

 Remark

Type species: Goniodiscus capella Müller & Troschel, 1842 by monotypy (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

MS name cited as if a synonym of Anthenea pentagonula (Lamarck, 1816) [details]

 Remark

In family Pentagonasteridae in Ludwig (1899). [details]

 Remark

Ludwig (1899) cites Linck as authority. In family Pentagonasteridae in Ludwig (1899). [details]

 Remark

Ludwig (1899) cites Linck as authority. In family Pentagonasteridae in Ludwig, 1899 . [details]

 Remark

Type species: Pentagonaster pulchellus Gray, 1840 by monotypy (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

Ludwig (1899) cites Linck as authority; pre-linnean; and places genus in separate family Pentagonasteridae. [details]

 Remark

Type species: Oreaster productus Bell, 1884 (=a variety of Poraster superbus Möbius, 1859) according to Döderlein ... [details]

 Remark

Type species: Asterias nodosus Linnaeus, 1758 by subsequent designation (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

Type species: none designated but Asterias variolata Retzius, 1805 implied in Verrill (1870) and accordingly given ... [details]

 Remark

Type species: Stellaster childreni Gray, 1840 (=Asterias equestris Retzius, 1805) by monotypy (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

Type species: Stellasteropsis fouadi Dollfus, 1936 (A.M. Clark, 1993). [details]

 Remark

Type species: Thromidia catalai Pope & Rowe, 1977 by original designation (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

Type data: status undetermined Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (France). Type locality: Mauritius (as ... [details]

 Status

Left in limbo by the synonymy of Gastraster with Neomorphaster; position uncertain. [details]

 Status

Koehler (1920) referred this species to his Peridontaster [details]

 Synonymy

A possible synonym of Andora faouzii (Macan, 1938) according to Jangoux & Aziz (1984). [details]

 Synonymy

A synonym of Asterias luna Linnaeus 1758, 'without any reasonable doubt' according to Verrill (1914) but ... [details]

 Synonymy

Perrier (1875) cited in Clark. According to Clark, must be rather conspecific with A. lorioli, because of the ... [details]

 Synonymy

None of the 4 named species were designated, so name is invalid. Genus was originally a composite of Anseropoda ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy by nomination of six-armed lectotype, allowing restriction to synonymy of P. gunni[details]

 Synonymy

non Asterias calcar Lamarck, 1816 as already restricted by Gray, 1840,= Asterina (=Patiriella) gunni Gray, 1840 ... [details]

 Synonymy

Also in Quijada 1911: 162 NOMEN NUDUM, undescribed and = Patiria (i.e. Asterina) chilensis (Lutken 1859) according ... [details]

 Synonymy

non Asterias minuta Gmelin 1791=Asterina marginata Hupe 1857 (=A. stellifera [Mobius 1859]) according to Perrier, 1875. [details]

 Synonymy
 for 

non Asterias verruculata Retzius 1805, probably =Asterina cephea (Muller & Troschel 1842) which = Asterina burtoni ... [details]

 Synonymy

Junior homonym of Asterodiscus Ehrenberg 1839, a genus of protozoa, renamed by A.M. Clark (1974). [details]

 Synonymy

Conspecific with Porania magellanica Studer, 1876, which is currently treated as a subspecies of P. antarctica E.A. ... [details]

 Synonymy

Clark states that Astropus is 'probably a synonym…' See remarks with Astropus longipes. [details]

 Synonymy

Though assumed by Sladen (1889) followed by Döderlein (1917) to be sonspecific with Asterias [=Chaetaster] ... [details]

 Synonymy

Criptopeltaster Codoceo & Andrade 1981 is lapsus for Cryptopeltaster  [details]

 Synonymy

Probably a synonym of Gomophia egyptiaca Gray, 1840 according to A.M. Clark (1967), which Endean's (1965) ... [details]

 Synonymy

A synonym of Anthenea pentagonula (Lamarck, 1816) according to Perrier (1816) according to Perrier (1875) but ... [details]

 Synonymy

non Goniaster muelleri von Martens 1865= Ogmaster capella (Muller & Troschel 1842) according to Doderlein (1935) [details]

 Synonymy

Syntypes of this species in the BMNH collection are very small and almost certainly yong Asteropsis carinifera, so ... [details]

 Synonymy

A forma of Hippasteria leiopelta Fisher, 1910. Would be a junior secondary homonym of aculeata Barrett, 1857 (as ... [details]

 Synonymy

A forma of Hippasteria leiopelta according to Fisher but of H. spinosa Verrill 1909 according to Djakonov (1950). [details]

 Synonymy

Possibly a synonym but thought to be distinct by Madsen (pers. comm. to A.M. Clark). [details]

 Synonymy

A synonym of Leiaster glaber (Peters, 1852) according to Doderlein (1926) and Jangoux (1980), though maintained as ... [details]

 Synonymy

This is subsequent combination from Hoffman (1874:54), but ultimately a synonym of Nardoa (i.e., Gomophia) ... [details]

 Synonymy

Possibly conspecific with Poraniomorpha (Culcitopsis) borealis (Sussbach & Breckner, 1911) which it antedates and ... [details]

 Synonymy

A synonym of Ophidiaster guildingi Gray, 1840 according to Lutken (1871) but of Linckia guildingi Gray 1840 ... [details]

 Synonymy

Position indeterminable according to Doderlein (1936), but Holotype redetermined by A.M. Clark as Pentaceraster ... [details]

 synonymy

original combination [details]

 Synonymy

A junior homonym of Pauliella Munier-Chalmas 1895. Also presumably =Paulia Gray 1840 since Doderlein (1936) lists ... [details]

 Synonymy

A junior homonym of Pentaceros Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1829 (Pisces). [details]

 Synonymy

following Döderlein, 1936 [details]

 Synonymy

But see synonymy remark with Oreaster grayi Bell, 1884. [details]

 Synonymy

conspecific with Pentaceraster australis according to Doderlein (1936), presumably also Oreaster australis Lutken, ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonym of Ceramaster granularis (Retzius, 1783) according to Verrill (1899). BUT also thought to be a synonym of ... [details]

 Synonymy

A secondary homonym (though transitory) of Pentagonaster grandis (Gray, 1847 as Tosia) according to Sladen (1889). ... [details]

 Synonymy

A probable synonym of Poraniella echinulata,/i according to Fisher (1928). A.M.Clark (1993: 322) confirms that this ... [details]

 Synonymy

Asterias equestris Retzius (1820)-in fact (1805) is invalid and preoccupied. Thus Stellaster childreni Gray 1840 ... [details]

 Synonymy

Asterias equestris Retzius (1820)-in fact (1805) is invalid and preoccupied. Thus Stellaster childreni Gray 1840 ... [details]

 Synonymy

Retained as a valid species by H.L. Clark (1946). Considered a synonym of Stellaster childreni by Doderlein (1935) [details]

 Synonymy

A synonym of Pentagonaster Gray, 1840 by synonymy of the type species, according to Dujardin & Hupe (1862). ... [details]

 Synonymy

Cited as a synonym of Tosia australis Gray 1840 by Ludwig (1912) but a NOMEN NUDUM according to A.M. Clark (1953). [details]

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