Hydrozoa taxon details

Staurocladia Hartlaub, 1917

117091  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:117091)

marine, terrestrial
recent only
Hartlaub, C., 1917. XII. Craspedote Medusen. I. Teil. 4. Lief.: Familie V. Williadae. Nord. Plankton 19 : 365-479. [details]   
Schuchert, P. (2021). World Hydrozoa Database. Staurocladia Hartlaub, 1917. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/Hydrozoa/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=117091 on 2021-10-20
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
2009-04-28 06:22:10Z
2010-02-09 12:28:23Z
2014-02-01 15:46:41Z

original description Hartlaub, C., 1917. XII. Craspedote Medusen. I. Teil. 4. Lief.: Familie V. Williadae. Nord. Plankton 19 : 365-479. [details]   

original description  (of Cnidonema Gilchrist, 1919) Gilchrist, J. D. F. 1919. On a species of the crawling medusa, Eleutheria, from the Cape of Good Hope (Cnidonema capensis g. et sp. n.) and the southern Eleutheridae. Quarterly Journal of microscopic Science 63: 509-529. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Wandelia Bedot, 1908) Bedot, M., 1908. Sur un animal pélagique de la région antarctique. In: Expédiition antarctique française (1903-1905) commandée par le Dr Jean Charcot. : 1-7. [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J.; Vervoort, W.; Cairns, S.D.; Schuchert, P. (2001). Hydrozoa, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 112-120 (look up in IMIS[details]   

redescription Schuchert, P. (2006). The European athecate hydroids and their medusae (Hydrozoa, Cnidaria): Capitata Part 1. <em>Revue suisse de Zoologie.</em> 113: 325-410., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41227513
page(s): 386 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
From editor or global species database
Diagnosis Hydroid stolonal or sessile, hydranths with an oral whorl of capitate tentacles, with or without aboral filiform tentacles; medusa buds borne singly on hydranth body immediately above filiform tentacles or in similar position when these are absent.
Medusa adapted to a crawling and walking mode of life, exceptionally still able to swim; without brood-chamber above manubrium; with or without continuous or interrupted nematocyst ring along margin; gonads around manubrium or developed on manubrial protrusions; with six to eleven radial canals, some bifurcating shortly distal to manubrium; mouth circular with or without nematocyst knobs; with up to 60 marginal tentacles, dichotomous, upper branch with several nematocyst clusters, lower with adhesive organ; often asexual reproduction by medusa budding or by fission; with abaxial ocelli at tentacle base.