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Polychaeta source details

Glasby, Christopher J.; Hutchings, Pat A. (2014). Revision of the taxonomy of Polycirrus Grube, 1850 (Annelida: Terebellida: Polycirridae). Zootaxa. 3877(1): 1-117.
193575
10.11646/zootaxa.3877.1.1 [view]
Glasby, Christopher J.; Hutchings, Pat A.
2014
Revision of the taxonomy of <em>Polycirrus</em> Grube, 1850 (Annelida: Terebellida: Polycirridae)
Zootaxa
3877(1): 1-117
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
The large polychaete genus Polycirrus (Terebellida: Polycirridae) is revised based on a morphological study of the type material of most of the approximately 74 nominal species; 59 species, including a new species, P. coibensis n.sp., from the Pacific coast of Panama, are accepted as valid. All characters are reanalysed and discussed in the light of recent phylogenetic studies of terebellomorph taxa, and a standard set of characters is developed. Most of the 59 accepted species are redescribed and illustrations provided in order to facilitate future identifications of members of the genus. We designate a neotype for the type species of the genus, Polycirrus medusa Grube, 1850, and a lectotype for P. elisabethae McIntosh, 1915, in order to stabilize the concept and type locality of these taxa. A replacement name is proposed for Polycirrus kerguelensis McIntosh, 1885, which is a secondary junior homonym of Ereutho kergulenesis McIntosh, 1885, viz. Polycirrus macintoshi new name. Two species are newly synonymised: Polycirrus insignis Gravier, 1907 (senior synonym P. antarcticus (Willey, 1902)) and Polycirrus habitats Carrerette & Nogueira, 2013 (senior synonym, P. clavatus (Kinberg, 1867)). In addition, several previously synonymised species are reinstated. All available names in the genus are tabulated with type species and type localities and their taxonomic status is assessed. A key to all valid species is provided.
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Date
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2014-10-21 02:25:07Z
created
2014-10-21 06:00:23Z
changed

Amaeana Hartman, 1959 (additional source)
Anisocirrus decipiens Gravier, 1905 accepted as Polycirrus decipiens (Gravier, 1905) (new combination reference)
Apneumea Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Polycirrus Grube, 1850 (source of synonymy)
Apneumea aurantiaca (Grube, 1860) accepted as Polycirrus aurantiacus Grube, 1860 (source of synonymy)
Apneumea leoncina Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Polycirrus haematodes (Claparède, 1864) (source of synonymy)
Apneumea pellucida Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Polycirrus pellucida (Quatrefages, 1866) (source of synonymy)
Cyaxares clavatus Kinberg, 1866 accepted as Polycirrus clavatus (Kinberg, 1866) (source of synonymy)
Ereutho antarctica Willey, 1902 accepted as Polycirrus antarcticus (Willey, 1902) (source of synonymy)
Lysilla Malmgren, 1866 (additional source)
Polycirrus Grube, 1850 (identification resource)
Polycirrus Grube, 1850 (taxonomy source)
Polycirrus (Ereutho) accepted as Polycirrus Grube, 1850 (status source)
Polycirrus (Leucariste) accepted as Polycirrus Grube, 1850 (status source)
Polycirrus (Leucariste) arenivorus Caullery, 1915 accepted as Polycirrus arenivorus (Caullery, 1915) (taxonomy source)
Polycirrus (Leucariste) coccineus Grube, 1870 accepted as Polycirrus coccineus (Grube, 1870) (taxonomy source)
Polycirrus abrolhensis Garraffoni & Costa, 2003 (additional source)
Polycirrus albicans (Malmgren, 1866) accepted as Polycirrus arcticus Sars, 1865 (status source)
Polycirrus angeli Londoño-Mesa, 2009 (additional source)
Polycirrus antarcticus (Willey, 1902) (taxonomy source)
Polycirrus aquila Caullery, 1944 (redescription)
Polycirrus arenivorus (Caullery, 1915) (redescription)
Polycirrus bicrinalis Hutchings & Glasby, 1986 (additional source)
Polycirrus boholensis Grube, 1878 (redescription)
Polycirrus breviuncinatus Carrerette & Nogueira, 2013 (additional source)
Polycirrus broomensis Hartmann-Schröder, 1979 (additional source)
Polycirrus caliendrum Claparède, 1869 (additional source)
Polycirrus californicus Moore, 1909 (additional source)
Polycirrus carolinensis Day, 1973 (additional source)
Polycirrus chilensis Schmarda, 1861 (redescription)
Polycirrus chilensis Schmarda, 1861 (additional source)
Polycirrus coibensis Glasby & Hutchings, 2014 (original description)
Polycirrus corallicola Verrill, 1900 (additional source)
Polycirrus denticulatus Saint-Joseph, 1894 (additional source)
Polycirrus disjunctus Hutchings & Glasby, 1986 (additional source)
Polycirrus dodeka Hutchings, 1990 (additional source)
Polycirrus dubius Day, 1973 (new combination reference)
Polycirrus elisabethae McIntosh, 1915 (status source)
Polycirrus eous Annenkova-Chlopina, 1924 (additional source)
Polycirrus eximius (Leidy, 1855) (additional source)
Polycirrus eximius dubius Day, 1973 accepted as Polycirrus dubius Day, 1973 (status source)
Polycirrus fedorovi Jirkov & Leontovich in Jirkov, 2001 (additional source)
Polycirrus glaucus Hutchings, 1993 (additional source)
Polycirrus habitats Carrerette & Nogueira, 2013 accepted as Polycirrus clavatus (Kinberg, 1866) (source of synonymy)
Polycirrus hamiltoni Benham, 1921 (additional source)
Polycirrus hesslei Monro, 1930 (additional source)
Polycirrus holthei Londoño-Mesa & Carrera-Parra, 2005 (additional source)
Polycirrus jubatus Bobretzky, 1868 (additional source)
Polycirrus kerguelensis (McIntosh, 1885) (redescription)
Polycirrus kerguelensis McIntosh, 1885 accepted as Polycirrus macintoshi Glasby & Hutchings, 2014 (source of synonymy)
Polycirrus latidens Eliason, 1962 (additional source)
Polycirrus leocine (Quatrefages, 1865) (additional source)
Polycirrus macintoshi Glasby & Hutchings, 2014 (original description)
Polycirrus medius Hessle, 1917 (additional source)
Polycirrus medusa Grube, 1850 (redescription)
Polycirrus mexicanus (Rioja, 1947) (additional source)
Polycirrus multisetigerus Hartmann-Schröder, 1962 (additional source)
Polycirrus multus Hutchings, 1990 (additional source)
Polycirrus nephrosus Hutchings & Glasby, 1986 (additional source)
Polycirrus nervosus Marenzeller, 1884 (additional source)
Polycirrus nonatoi Carrerette & Nogueira, 2013 (additional source)
Polycirrus norvegica Wollebæk, 1912 accepted as Polycirrus norvegicus Wollebaek, 1912 (status source)
Polycirrus octosetus (Hutchings, 1977) (redescription)
Polycirrus paivai Garraffoni & Costa, 2003 (additional source)
Polycirrus parvus Hutchings & Glasby, 1986 (additional source)
Polycirrus paucidens Hutchings & Glasby, 1986 (additional source)
Polycirrus perplexus Moore, 1923 (redescription)
Polycirrus phosphoreus Verrill, 1880 (additional source)
Polycirrus plumosus (Wollebaek, 1912) (additional source)
Polycirrus porcata Knox & Cameron, 1971 (redescription)
Polycirrus pumilus Hartmann-Schröder, 1990 (additional source)
Polycirrus purpureus Schmarda, 1861 (additional source)
Polycirrus quadratus Hutchings, 1990 (additional source)
Polycirrus rosea Hutchings & Murray, 1984 (additional source)
Polycirrus swakopianus Augener, 1918 (additional source)
Polycirrus tentaculatus (Hartmann-Schröder, 1960) (redescription)
Polycirrus tesselatus Hutchings & Glasby, 1986 (additional source)
Polycirrus tribullata McIntosh, 1869 accepted as Hauchiella tribullata (McIntosh, 1869) (additional source)
Polycirrus triglandula Langerhans, 1880 (status source)
Polycirrus trilobatus Sars, 1863 accepted as Amaeana trilobata (Sars, 1863) (additional source)
Polycirrus twisti Potts, 1928 (additional source)
Polycirrus variabilis Hutchings & Glasby, 1986 (additional source)
Torquea Leidy, 1855 accepted as Polycirrus Grube, 1850 (additional source)
Torquea eximia Leidy, 1855 accepted as Polycirrus eximius (Leidy, 1855) (taxonomy source)
Paralectotype SMNH 6737, geounit Spitsbergen, identified as Leucariste albicans Malmgren, 1866
Lectotype SMNH 6738, geounit Spitsbergen, identified as Leucariste albicans Malmgren, 1866
Paralectotype SMNH 6741, geounit Spitsbergen, identified as Leucariste albicans Malmgren, 1866
Paralectotype SMNH 6743, geounit Spitsbergen, identified as Leucariste albicans Malmgren, 1866
Paralectotype UZMO C1536, geounit Spitsbergen, identified as Leucariste albicans Malmgren, 1866
Neotype MNHN 1545, geounit Marseille, identified as Polycirrus medusa Grube, 1850
 Additional information

According to Carrette & Nogueira (2013) P. habitats differs from P. clavatus in having notopodia extending to ... [details]

 Homonymy

The combination Polycirrus kerguelensis (McIntosh, 1885), previously in Ereutho, is a secondary homonym to ... [details]

 Nomenclature

McIntosh (1885) described Ereutho kerguelensis (now in Polycirrus) and then Polycirrus kerguelensis on adjacent ... [details]

 Nomenclature

According to Glasby and Hutchings (2014) Polycirrus norvegicus Wollebæk, 1912 was originally described as ... [details]

 Spelling

The new combination was first established by Hutchings & Glasby (1986) as Polycirrus octoseta, and the spelling was ... [details]

 Status

Glasby and Hutchings (2014) suggest that P. caliendrum is a species inquirenda because no type material exists and ... [details]

 Status

Hartman (1959) considered that P. decipiens Gravier, 1905 was a junior synonym of P. coccineus; however, according ... [details]

 Status

Glasby & Hutchings (2014) elevated the subspecies Polycirrus eximius dubius to a full species, P. dubius; it ... [details]

 Status

McIntosh described P. elisabethae in 1915, although briefly with no illustrations. Subsequently (1922) he ... [details]

 Status

According to Glasby and Hutchings (2014); Day (1973) states that the type of Torquea eximia Leidy is lost, the ... [details]

 Status

In their revision of Polycirrus, Glasby and Hutchings (2014), could not found any type material as Claparède and ... [details]

 Status

Glasby and Hutchings (2014) suggest that this species is a species inquirenda. They state "As no type material ... [details]

 Status

Glasby and Hutchings (2014) suggest that P. leocine is a species inquirenda because no type material exists and ... [details]

 Status

It is important to remark that Glasby and Hutchings (2014) do not accept P. luminosus as a senior synonym of P. ... [details]

 Status

According to Glasby and Hutchings (2014) Polycirrus norvegicus Wollebæk, 1912 was originally described as ... [details]

 Status

According to Glasby and Hutchings (2014) this species is considering as a species inquirenda because no material of ... [details]

 Status

Glasby and Hutchings (2014) considering this species as a Species inquirenda. [details]

 Status

This species is considering as a Species inquirenda by Glasby and Hutchings 2014: 117, because they can't find the ... [details]

 Status

Species inquirenda according to Glasby & Hutchings (2014: 117) as types could not be found. Earlier the Hartman ... [details]

 Synonymy

Due to an early misunderstanding of Kinberg's recombination entry by Saint-Joseph, followed by subsequent authors, ... [details]

 Synonymy

According to Carrette & Nogueira (2013) P. habitats differs from P. clavatus in having notopodia extending to ... [details]

 Synonymy

Glasby and hutchings (2014) also considering this species should be treat as synonym of P. elisabethae; however, ... [details]

 Taxonomic remark

According to Glasby and Hutchings (2014) the description of this species is inadequate, the original drawings are ... [details]

 Taxonomy

After revising both holotypes, Banse (1980) considered Polycirrus perplexus Moore, 1923 to be a junior synonym of ... [details]

 Type locality

Type locality added and checked according to Glasby, Christopher J.; Hutchings, Pat A. (2014). Revision of the ... [details]

 Type locality

Malay Archipielago [details]

 Type locality

Described based on specimens from two localities: a) Vadsø, Finmark, Norway, Barents Sea, Arctic Ocean (gazetteer ... [details]

 Type locality

Croatia, Adriatic Sea. [details]

 Type locality

Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, Australia (provided coordinates 14°40'S, 141°28'E incorrect, ... [details]

 Type locality

Read Sea [details]

 Type locality

Pacific coast of Panama [details]

 Type locality

Solitary Island [South West Solitary Island, according to OZCAM database], New South Wales, Australia (29°56'S, ... [details]

 Type locality

According to Glasby and Hutchings (2014), McIntosh did not provide a precise locality for P. elisabethae in the ... [details]

 Type locality

Kulku Bay, Russia, Okhotsk Sea, Pacific Ocean (gazetteer estimate 59.27°, 146.32°). [details]

 Type locality

According to Glasby and Hutchings (2014); Leidy (1855) does not give a precise location as to where this species ... [details]

 Type locality

Off Beaufort, North Carolina, Atlantic coast of USA (34.7236°, -75.4389°; geocoordinates from Glasby & Hutchings, ... [details]

 Type locality

Port Vendres, on French-Spanish border, Mediterranea [details]

 Type locality

Skagerrak, Atlantic Ocean. [details]

 Type locality

Bailey Bay, Bermuda. [details]

 Type locality

NEOTYPE: MNHN 1545 (Glasby and Hutchings 2014: 71). Anse du Rouet, west of Marseille, France, 43.3331°, 5.1528° ... [details]

 Type locality

Western Mexico [details]

 Type locality

Isla James, Chile [details]

 Type locality

Ship Rock, Port Hacking, New South Wales, Australia, Pacific Ocean (-34.0717°, 151.1283°). [details]

 Type locality

Drøbak, Norway [details]

 Type locality

Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia [details]

 Type locality

Off Port Headland, North West Shelf, Western Australia, Australia, Indian Ocean (-20.02°, 116.96°). [details]

 Type locality

Central Bass Strait, 60 km SW of Cape Schanck, Australia (-39.0033°, 144.565°). [details]

 Type locality

Norway [details]

 Type locality

South of Yamba, NSW, Australia [details]

 Type locality

Caribbean Sea, Jamaica, south coast [details]

 Type locality

Hawkesbury River, near Hungry Beach, New South Wales, Australia (gazetteer estimate -33.582°, 151.276°), 4 m, ... [details]

 Type locality

Western Port Bay, Victoria, Australia (-38.3388°, 145.238°). [details]

 Type locality

Lizard Island lagoon, Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, Australia, Pacific Ocean (-14.6667°, 145.45°). [details]

 Type material

No type material located by Glasby & Hutchings (2014: 115). [details]

 Type material

Glasby & Hutchings (2014: 22-24) designated a lectotype and five paralectotypes from six specimens of the syntype ... [details]

 Type material

HOLOTYPE: MNHN 1546  [details]

 Type material

Glasby & Hutchings (2014: 14) considered the type material of the genus Polycirrus Grube, 1850, P. medusa Grube, ... [details]

 Type material

HOLOTYPE: AM W201886, examined by Glasby and Hutchings (2014) [details]

 Type material

HOLOTYPE: AM W.196900, Australia, New South Wales, Hungry Beach, Hawkesbury River. [details]