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WoRMS taxon details

Echinoderes Claparède, 1863

101084  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:101084)

accepted
Genus
Echinoderes dujardinii Claparède, 1863 (type by subsequent designation)
Centropsis Zelinka, 1907 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym (juvenile stage)
Echinoceras Leuckart, 1854 · unaccepted > nomen oblitum
Echinodera Gosse, 1864 · unaccepted > junior objective synonym
Echinoderella Zelinka, 1907 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Echinopharynx Haeckel, 1896 · unaccepted > nomen oblitum
Habroderella Zelinka, 1907 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym (juvenile stage)
Habroderes Zelinka, 1907 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym (juvenile stage)
Hapaloderes Zelinka, 1907 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym (juvenile stage)

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  1. Species Echinoderes abbreviatus Higgins, 1983
  2. Species Echinoderes abeli Anguas-Escalante, Herranz, Martínez-Arce, De Jesús-Navarrete & Sørensen, 2023
  3. Species Echinoderes adrianovi Herranz, Sánchez, Pardos & Higgins, 2014
  4. Species Echinoderes agigens Bacescu, 1968
  5. Species Echinoderes ajax Sørensen, 2014
  6. Species Echinoderes algarvensis González-Casarrubios, Cepeda, Pardos, Neves & Sánchez, 2022
  7. Species Echinoderes andamanensis Higgins & Rao, 1979
  8. Species Echinoderes angelae Cepeda, Gayet, Spedicato, Michaud & Zeppilli, 2022
  9. Species Echinoderes angustus Higgins & Kristensen, 1988
  10. Species Echinoderes annae Sørensen, Gasiorowski, Randsø, Sánchez & Neves, 2016
  11. Species Echinoderes anniae Sørensen, Rohal & Thistle, 2018
  12. Species Echinoderes antalyaensis Yamasaki & Durucan, 2018
  13. Species Echinoderes apex Yamasaki, Neuhaus & George, 2018
  14. Species Echinoderes applicitus Ostmann, Nordhaus & Sørensen, 2012
  15. Species Echinoderes aquilonius Higgins & Kristensen, 1988
  16. Species Echinoderes aragorni Grzelak & Sørensen, 2022
  17. Species Echinoderes arlis Higgins, 1966
  18. Species Echinoderes aspinosus Sørensen, Rho, Min, Kim & Chang, 2012
  19. Species Echinoderes astridae Sørensen, 2014
  20. Species Echinoderes augustae Sørensen & Landers, 2014
  21. Species Echinoderes aureus Adrianov, Murakami & Shirayama, 2002
  22. Species Echinoderes balerioni Grzelak & Sørensen, 2019
  23. Species Echinoderes barbadensis Cepeda, Pardos & Sánchez, 2019
  24. Species Echinoderes bathyalis Yamasaki, Neuhaus & George, 2018
  25. Species Echinoderes belenae Pardos, Herranz & Sánchez, 2016
  26. Species Echinoderes bengalensis (Timm, 1958)
  27. Species Echinoderes beringiensis Adrianov & Maiorova, 2022
  28. Species Echinoderes bermudensis Higgins, 1982
  29. Species Echinoderes bispinosus Higgins, 1982
  30. Species Echinoderes blazeji Grzelak & Sørensen, 2022
  31. Species Echinoderes bookhouti Higgins, 1964
  32. Species Echinoderes brevicaudatus Higgins, 1977
  33. Species Echinoderes brevipes Cepeda, Sánchez & Pardos, 2019
  34. Species Echinoderes cantabricus Pardos, Higgins & Benito, 1998
  35. Species Echinoderes capitatus (Zelinka, 1912)
  36. Species Echinoderes caribiensis Kirsteuer, 1964
  37. Species Echinoderes cavernus Sørensen, Jörgensen & Boesgaard, 2000
  38. Species Echinoderes cernunnos Sørensen, Rho, Min, Kim & Chang, 2012
  39. Species Echinoderes chandrasekharai Sørensen & Chatterjee, 2020 in Sørensen, Goetz, Herranz, Chang, Chatterjee, Durucan, Neves, Yildiz, Norenburg & Yamasaki, 2020
  40. Species Echinoderes charlotteae Sørensen, Herranz & Landers, 2016
  41. Species Echinoderes citrinus Zelinka, 1928
  42. Species Echinoderes collinae Sørensen, 2006
  43. Species Echinoderes coulli Higgins, 1977
  44. Species Echinoderes cyaneafictus Cepeda, González-Casarrubios, Sánchez, Spedicato, Michaud & Zeppilli, 2022
  45. Species Echinoderes daenerysae Grzelak & Sørensen, 2018
  46. Species Echinoderes dalzottoi Grzelak & Sørensen, 2022
  47. Species Echinoderes delaordeni Sánchez, González-Casarrubios, Cepeda, Khodami, Pardos, Vink & Martínez Arbizu, 2022
  48. Species Echinoderes drogoni Grzelak & Sørensen, 2018
  49. Species Echinoderes druxi d'Hondt, 1972-1973
  50. Species Echinoderes dubiosus Sørensen, Rohal & Thistle, 2018
  51. Species Echinoderes dujardinii Claparède, 1863
  52. Species Echinoderes ehlersi Zelinka, 1913
  53. Species Echinoderes elongatus (Nyholm, 1947)
  54. Species Echinoderes eximus Higgins & Kristensen, 1988
  55. Species Echinoderes ferrugineus Zelinka, 1928
  56. Species Echinoderes filispinosus Adrianov, 1989
  57. Species Echinoderes frodoi Grzelak & Sørensen, 2022
  58. Species Echinoderes galadrielae Grzelak & Sørensen, 2022
  59. Species Echinoderes gama Yamasaki, Fujimoto & Tanaka, 2020
  60. Species Echinoderes gandalfi Grzelak & Sørensen, 2022
  61. Species Echinoderes gerardi Higgins, 1978
  62. Species Echinoderes gizoensis Thormar & Sørensen, 2010
  63. Species Echinoderes goku Rucci, Neuhaus & Bulnes, 2022
  64. Species Echinoderes guianensis Cepeda, Gayet, Spedicato, Michaud & Zeppilli, 2022
  65. Species Echinoderes hakaiensis Herranz, Yangel & Leander, 2018
  66. Species Echinoderes hamiltonorum Sørensen, Rohal & Thistle, 2018
  67. Species Echinoderes higginsi Huys & Coomans, 1989
  68. Species Echinoderes hispanicus Pardos, Higgins & Benito, 1998
  69. Species Echinoderes horni Higgins, 1983
  70. Species Echinoderes hviidarum Sørensen, Rohal & Thistle, 2018
  71. Species Echinoderes hwiizaa Yamasaki & Fujimoto, 2014
  72. Species Echinoderes imperforatus Higgins, 1983
  73. Species Echinoderes inaequalis Herranz, Moreleon, Rho & Sørensen, 2023
  74. Species Echinoderes intermedius Sørensen, 2006
  75. Species Echinoderes isabelae GaOrdóñez, Pardos & Benito, 2008
  76. Species Echinoderes joyceae Landers & Sørensen, 2016
  77. Species Echinoderes juliae Sørensen, Rohal & Thistle, 2018
  78. Species Echinoderes kaempfae Yamasaki, Neuhaus & George, 2019
  79. Species Echinoderes kajiharai Yamasaki, Fujimoto & Tanaka, 2020
  80. Species Echinoderes kanni Thormar & Sørensen, 2010
  81. Species Echinoderes kohni Varney, Funch, Kocot & Sørensen, 2019
  82. Species Echinoderes komatsui Yamasaki & Fujimoto, 2014
  83. Species Echinoderes koreanus Adrianov, 1999 in Adrianov & Malakhov, 1999
  84. Species Echinoderes kozloffi Higgins, 1977
  85. Species Echinoderes krishnaswamyi Higgins, 1985
  86. Species Echinoderes kristenseni Higgins, 1985
  87. Species Echinoderes landersi Grzelak & Sørensen, 2022
  88. Species Echinoderes lapitaorum Sørensen, 2023
  89. Species Echinoderes leduci Grzelak & Sørensen, 2022
  90. Species Echinoderes legolasi Grzelak & Sørensen, 2022
  91. Species Echinoderes levanderi Karling, 1954
  92. Species Echinoderes lupherorum Sørensen, Rohal & Thistle, 2018
  93. Species Echinoderes lusitanicus Neves, Sørensen & Herranz, 2016
  94. Species Echinoderes malakhovi Adrianov, 1999 in Adrianov & Malakhov, 1999
  95. Species Echinoderes mamaqucha Grzelak, Zeppilli, Shimabukuro & Sørensen, 2021
  96. Species Echinoderes marthae Sørensen, 2014
  97. Species Echinoderes maxwelli (Omer-Cooper, 1957)
  98. Species Echinoderes meteorensis Yamasaki, Neuhaus & George, 2018
  99. Species Echinoderes microaperturus Sørensen, Rho, Min, Kim & Chang, 2012
  100. Species Echinoderes multiporus Yamasaki, Neuhaus & George, 2018
  101. Species Echinoderes multisetosus Adrianov, 1989
  102. Species Echinoderes muricatus Pardos, Herranz & Sánchez, 2016
  103. Species Echinoderes neospinosus GaOrdóñez, Pardos & Benito, 2008
  104. Species Echinoderes newcaledoniensis Higgins, 1967
  105. Species Echinoderes obtuspinosus Sørensen, Rho, Min, Kim & Chang, 2012
  106. Species Echinoderes ohtsukai Yamasaki & Kajihara, 2012
  107. Species Echinoderes orestauri Pardos, Sánchez & Herranz, 2016
  108. Species Echinoderes pacificus Schmidt, 1974
  109. Species Echinoderes parahorni Cepeda, Sánchez & Pardos, 2019
  110. Species Echinoderes parrai GaOrdóñez, Pardos & Benito, 2008
  111. Species Echinoderes parthenope Cepeda, González-Casarrubios, Sánchez, Spedicato, Michaud & Zeppilli, 2022
  112. Species Echinoderes pennaki Higgins, 1960
  113. Species Echinoderes peterseni Higgins & Kristensen, 1988
  114. Species Echinoderes pilosus Lang, 1949
  115. Species Echinoderes pterus Yamasaki, Grzelak, Sørensen, Neuhaus & George, 2018
  116. Species Echinoderes regina Yamasaki, 2016
  117. Species Echinoderes reicherti Neves, Sørensen & Herranz, 2016
  118. Species Echinoderes remanei (Blake, 1930)
  119. Species Echinoderes rex Lundbye, Rho & Sørensen, 2011
  120. Species Echinoderes rhaegali Grzelak & Sørensen, 2018
  121. Species Echinoderes riceae Herranz, Sánchez, Pardos & Higgins, 2014
  122. Species Echinoderes riedli Higgins, 1966
  123. Species Echinoderes rociae Pardos, Sánchez & Herranz, 2016
  124. Species Echinoderes romanoi Landers & Sørensen, 2016
  125. Species Echinoderes samwisei Grzelak & Sørensen, 2022
  126. Species Echinoderes sanctorum Sánchez, González-Casarrubios, Cepeda, Khodami, Pardos, Vink & Martínez Arbizu, 2022
  127. Species Echinoderes schwieringae Yamasaki, Neuhaus & George, 2019
  128. Species Echinoderes sensibilis Adrianov, Murakami & Shirayama, 2002
  129. Species Echinoderes serratulus Yamasaki, 2016
  130. Species Echinoderes setiger Greeff, 1869
  131. Species Echinoderes shahmaranae Sørensen, Herranz, Pardos & Durucan, 2021
  132. Species Echinoderes shenlong Sánchez, Pardos & Martínez Arbizu, 2019
  133. Species Echinoderes skipperae Sørensen & Landers, 2014
  134. Species Echinoderes songae Sørensen & Chang, 2020 in Sørensen, Goetz, Herranz, Chang, Chatterjee, Durucan, Neves, Yildiz, Norenburg & Yamasaki, 2020
  135. Species Echinoderes spinifurca Sørensen, Heiner & Ziemer, 2005
  136. Species Echinoderes stockmani Adrianov, 1999 in Adrianov & Malakhov, 1999
  137. Species Echinoderes strii Pardos, Herranz & Sánchez, 2016
  138. Species Echinoderes subfuscus Zelinka, 1928
  139. Species Echinoderes sublicarum Higgins, 1977
  140. Species Echinoderes sylviae Landers & Sørensen, 2018
  141. Species Echinoderes tchefouensis Lou, 1934
  142. Species Echinoderes teretis Brown, 1999 in Adrianov & Malakhov, 1999
  143. Species Echinoderes truncatus Higgins, 1983
  144. Species Echinoderes ulsanensis Adrianov, 1999 in Adrianov & Malakhov, 1999
  145. Species Echinoderes ultraabyssalis Adrianov & Maiorova, 2019
  146. Species Echinoderes unispinosus Yamasaki, Neuhaus & George, 2018
  147. Species Echinoderes uozumii Yamasaki, Fujimoto & Tanaka, 2020
  148. Species Echinoderes vulcanicus Adrianov & Maiorova, 2020
  149. Species Echinoderes wallaceae Higgins, 1983
  150. Species Echinoderes wilberti Anguas-Escalante, Herranz, Martínez-Arce, De Jesús-Navarrete & Sørensen, 2023
  151. Species Echinoderes worthingii Zelinka, 1928
  152. Species Echinoderes xalkutaat Cepeda, Álvarez-Castillo, Hermoso-Salazar, Sánchez, Gómez & Pardos, 2019
  153. Species Echinoderes xiphophorus Adrianov & Maiorova, 2021
  154. Species Echinoderes yamasakii Sørensen, Rohal & Thistle, 2018
  155. Species Echinoderes zacharyi Kennedy, Sørensen & Landers, 2022
  156. Species Echinoderes zepilliae Sánchez, González-Casarrubios, Cepeda, Khodami, Pardos, Vink & Martínez Arbizu, 2022
  157. Species Echinoderes acercus Reinhard, 1885 accepted as Leptodemus acercus (Reinhard, 1887) accepted as Kinorhynchus acercus (Reinhard, 1885) (new combination)
  158. Species Echinoderes armatus (Zelinka, 1928) accepted as Semnoderes armatus (Zelinka, 1928) (new combination)
  159. Species Echinoderes asiaticus Adrianov, 1989 accepted as Cephalorhyncha asiatica (Adrianov, 1989) (new combination)
  160. Species Echinoderes brevispinosa Metschnikoff, 1869 accepted as Echinoderes brevispinosus Metschnikoff, 1869 accepted as Echinoderes dujardinii Claparède, 1863 (erroneous spelling)
  161. Species Echinoderes brevispinosus Metschnikoff, 1869 accepted as Echinoderes dujardinii Claparède, 1863 (new combination)
  162. Species Echinoderes brevispinosus Higgins, 1966 accepted as Echinoderes brevicaudatus Higgins, 1977 (name preoccupied by Metschnikoff (1869))
  163. Species Echinoderes capitata (Zelinka, 1928) accepted as Echinoderes capitatus (Zelinka, 1912) (erroneous spelling)
  164. Species Echinoderes dentatus Reinhard, 1881 accepted as Pycnophyes dentatus (Reinhard, 1881) accepted as Setaphyes dentatus (Reinhard, 1881) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
  165. Species Echinoderes dubius Reinhard, 1885 accepted as Leptodemus dubius (Reinhard, 1887) accepted as Kinorhynchus dubius (Reinhard, 1885) (new combination)
  166. Species Echinoderes elongata (Nyholm, 1947) Karling, 1954 accepted as Echinoderes elongatus (Nyholm, 1947) (erroenus spelling)
  167. Species Echinoderes eruca Panceri, 1878 accepted as Echinoderes erucus Panceri, 1878 (erroneus spelling)
  168. Species Echinoderes lanceolatus Chang & Song, 2002 accepted as Echinoderes aureus Adrianov, Murakami & Shirayama, 2002
  169. Species Echinoderes lanuginosa Greeff, 1869 accepted as Echinoderes lanuginosus Greeff, 1869 (erroneus spelling)
  170. Species Echinoderes metschnikowii Reinhard, 1885 accepted as Leptodemus metschnikoffii (Reinhard, 1887) accepted as Kinorhynchus metschnikowii (Reinhard, 1885) (new combination)
  171. Species Echinoderes nybakkeni Higgins, 1986 accepted as Cephalorhyncha nybakkeni (Higgins, 1986) (new combination)
  172. Species Echinoderes Pagenstecheri Reinhard, 1885 accepted as Echinoderes pagenstecheri Reinhard, 1885 (erroneous spelling)
  173. Species Echinoderes parvulus Reinhard, 1881 accepted as Leptodemus parvulus (Reinhard, 1881) accepted as Kinorhynchus parvulus (Reinhard, 1881) (new combination)
  174. Species Echinoderes pellucidus Reinhard, 1881 accepted as Hyalophyes pellucidus (Reinhard, 1881) accepted as Pycnophyes kielensis Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Setaphyes kielensis (Zelinka, 1928) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
  175. Species Echinoderes ponticus Reinhard, 1881 accepted as Pycnophyes ponticus (Reinhard, 1881) accepted as Fujuriphyes ponticus (Reinhard, 1881) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
  176. Species Echinoderes setigera Greeff, 1869 accepted as Echinoderes setiger Greeff, 1869 (erroneus spelling)
  177. Species Echinoderes sieboldii Pagenstecher, 1875 accepted as Echinoderes dujardinii Claparède, 1863
  178. Species Echinoderes sonadiae (Timm, 1958) accepted as Echinoderes bengalensis (Timm, 1958) (juvenile stage)
  179. Species Echinoderes spinosus Reinhard, 1881 accepted as Centroderes spinosus (Reinhard, 1881) (new combination)
  180. Species Echinoderes svetlanae Adrianov, 1999 in Adrianov & Malakhov, 1999 accepted as Echinoderes remanei (Blake, 1930) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  181. Species Echinoderes tubilak Higgins & Kristensen, 1988 accepted as Echinoderes remanei (Blake, 1930) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  182. Species Echinoderes arcticus (Steiner, 1919) (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  183. Species Echinoderes arcuatus (Zelinka, 1928) (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  184. Species Echinoderes borealis Greeff, 1869 (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  185. Species Echinoderes canariensis Greeff, 1869 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  186. Species Echinoderes erinaceus (Zelinka, 1928) (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  187. Species Echinoderes erucus Panceri, 1878 (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  188. Species Echinoderes ferox (Zelinka, 1928) (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  189. Species Echinoderes gracilis (Zelinka, 1928) (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  190. Species Echinoderes greeffii (Zelinka, 1928) (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  191. Species Echinoderes hyalinus (Zelinka, 1928) (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  192. Species Echinoderes incertus Reinhard, 1885 (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  193. Species Echinoderes kowalewskii Reinhard, 1885 (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  194. Species Echinoderes lanuginosus Greeff, 1869 (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  195. Species Echinoderes masudai Abe, 1930 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  196. Species Echinoderes meridionalis Panceri, 1878 (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  197. Species Echinoderes minax (Zelinka, 1928) (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  198. Species Echinoderes minimus (Zelinka, 1928) (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  199. Species Echinoderes minutus Panceri, 1878 (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  200. Species Echinoderes monocercus Claparède, 1863 (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  201. Species Echinoderes orientalis Adrianov, 1989 (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  202. Species Echinoderes pagenstecheri Reinhard, 1885 (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  203. Species Echinoderes pallidus (Zelinka, 1928) (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  204. Species Echinoderes parallelus (Zelinka, 1908) (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  205. Species Echinoderes pulchellus (Zelinka, 1928) (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  206. Species Echinoderes pusillus (Zelinka, 1928) (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  207. Species Echinoderes rosaceus (Zelinka, 1928) (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  208. Species Echinoderes spinosus Panceri, 1878 (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  209. Species Echinoderes splendidus (Zelinka, 1928) (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  210. Species Echinoderes steineri (Chitwood, 1951) (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  211. Species Echinoderes trispinosus (Zelinka, 1928) (uncertain > nomen dubium)
marine, brackish
masculine
Claparède, A. R. É. (1863). Beobachtungen über Anatomie und Entwicklungsgeschichte wirbelloser Thiere: an der Küste von Normandie angestellt. <em>Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig.</em> 1-120, 18 plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/10030 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Etymology The genus name was derived from Greek εχίνος echinos, hedgehog, and Greek deres, neck, a common suffix of cyclorhagid...  
Etymology The genus name was derived from Greek εχίνος echinos, hedgehog, and Greek deres, neck, a common suffix of cyclorhagid genera, and referred to the spiny scalids of the introvert, which Dujardin (1851) regarded as neck (Higgins 1971). Echinoderes represents the first described genus of the Kinorhyncha. [details]
Neuhaus, B. (2024). World Kinorhyncha Database. Echinoderes Claparède, 1863. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=101084 on 2024-07-24
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2020-04-28 09:40:58Z
changed
2020-09-16 10:57:22Z
changed
2023-05-30 12:05:10Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Claparède, A. R. É. (1863). Beobachtungen über Anatomie und Entwicklungsgeschichte wirbelloser Thiere: an der Küste von Normandie angestellt. <em>Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig.</em> 1-120, 18 plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/10030 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Echinoderella Zelinka, 1907) Zelinka, C. (1907). Zur Kenntnis der Echinoderen. <em>Zoologischer Anzeiger.</em> 32(5): 130-136. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Habroderella Zelinka, 1907) Zelinka, C. (1907). Zur Kenntnis der Echinoderen. <em>Zoologischer Anzeiger.</em> 32(5): 130-136. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Hapaloderes Zelinka, 1907) Zelinka, C. (1907). Zur Kenntnis der Echinoderen. <em>Zoologischer Anzeiger.</em> 32(5): 130-136. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Habroderes Zelinka, 1907) Zelinka, C. (1907). Zur Kenntnis der Echinoderen. <em>Zoologischer Anzeiger.</em> 32(5): 130-136. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Centropsis Zelinka, 1907) Zelinka, C. (1907). Zur Kenntnis der Echinoderen. <em>Zoologischer Anzeiger.</em> 32(5): 130-136. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Echinodera Gosse, 1864) Gosse, P. H. (1864). The natural history of the hairy-backed animalcules (Chaetonotidae). <em>The Intellectual Observer.</em> 5: 387-406., available online at http://www.gastrotricha.unimore.it/file-PDF/Gosse_1864.pdf
note: Gosse 1864, pp. 403-404, p. 403: "Genus V.-Echinodera (Dujardin)". [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Echinoceras Leuckart, 1854) Leuckart, R. (1854). Bericht über die Leistungen in der Naturgeschichte der niederen Tiere während der Jahre 1848-1853. <em>Archiv für Naturgeschichte 20, 2: 289-473.</em> , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/6638
note: note about Kinorhyncha from Helgoland on p. 355 [details]   

original description  (of Echinopharynx Haeckel, 1896) Haeckel, E. (1896). Systematische Phylogenie. Entwurf eines Natürlichen Systems der Organismen auf Grund ihrer Stammesgeschichte. Zweiter Theil: Systematische Phylogenie der wirbellosen Thiere (Invertebrata). Berlin, Georg Reimer., available online at https://doi.org/10.1515/9783111443935
page(s): 296; note: Name created by Haeckel for species lacking eyes and living in mud. This genus name did not have a base in any species description (Zelinka 1928, p. 227) and was never used again. Citation occurred on...  
Name created by Haeckel for species lacking eyes and living in mud. This genus name did not have a base in any species description (Zelinka 1928, p. 227) and was never used again. Citation occurred only by Zelinka (1928) nad by Higgins (1971).
 [details]   

basis of record Neuhaus, B.; van der Land, J. (2001). Cephalorhyncha (=Loricifera, Priapulida, Kinorhyncha, Nematomorpha), <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 159-160 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P., L. Bosse & G. Lamarche. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. <em>Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126.</em> 405 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Neuhaus, B.; Higgins, R. P.; Paavo, B. (2010). Phylum Kinorhyncha: mud dragons, New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 2 Kingdom Animalia: Chaetognatha, Ecdysozoa, Ichnofossils. Canterbury University Press, Christchurch. pp. 468-471. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Howson, C.M. & B.E. Picton. (1997). The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. <em>Ulster Museum Publication, 276. The Ulster Museum: Belfast, UK. ISBN 0-948150-06-8.</em> vi, 508 (+ cd-rom) pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

identification resource Adrianov, A. V.; Murakami, C.; Shirayama, Y. (2002). Echinoderes aureus n. sp. (Kinorhyncha: Cyclorhagida) from Tanabe Bay (Honshu Island), Japan, with a key to the genus Echinoderes. <em>Species Diversity.</em> 7: 47-66., available online at https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/specdiv/7/1/7_KJ00003893324/_pdf/-char/ja [details]   

identification resource Huys, R.; Coomans, A. (1989). Echinoderes higginsi sp.n. (Kinorhyncha, Cyclorhagida) from the southern North Sea with a key to the genus Echinoderes Claparède. <em>Zoologica Scripta.</em> 18(2): 211-221., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/266819.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

identification resource Yamasaki, H.; Fujimoto, S. (2014). Two new species in the Echinoderes coulli group (Echinoderidae, Cyclorhagida, Kinorhyncha) from the Ryukyu Islands, Japan. <em>ZooKeys.</em> 382: 27-52., available online at https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.382.6761
note: The article provides an identification guide to species of the Echinoderes coulli-group. [details]   

identification resource Higgins, R. P. (1983). The Atlantic barrier reef ecosystem at Carrie Bow Cay, Belize, II. Kinorhyncha. <em>Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences.</em> 18: 1-131., available online at https://doi.org/10.5479/si.01960768.18.1 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

biology source Cepeda, D.; Trigo, D.; Pardos, F.; Sánchez, N. (2020). Does sediment composition sort kinorhynch communities? An ecomorphological approach through geometric morphometrics. <em>Scientific Reports.</em> 10, 2603: 1-12., available online at https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-59511-4
note: To better understand whether the shape of the body and the appendages involved in the movement is correlated to sediment composition in meiofaunal organisms, the evolved morphological adaptations to e...  
To better understand whether the shape of the body and the appendages involved in the movement is correlated to sediment composition in meiofaunal organisms, the evolved morphological adaptations to environment in selected taxa of the phylum Kinorhyncha is studed (Dracoderidae, Pycnophyidae, Echinoderes).
 [details]   

biology source Spanjersberg, G.; Roux, A.; Caille, G. (2006). Composición cualitativa de la dieta del camarón Artemesia longinaris Bate, 1888 (Decapoda, Penaeidae) de Bahía Engaño (Chubut), Argentina. <em>Boletín. Instituto Español de Oceanografía.</em> 22: 99-111., available online at http://193.146.153.28/index.php/boletin_ieo/article/view/54/48
note: Article reports about Echinoderes as part of the diet of shrimps. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
Nontype ICHUM (ZIHU) 4459-4478, geounit Hokkaido [details]
Nontype ICHUM (ZIHU) 4479, 4483, 4486 - 4489, 4491, 4492, 4495, 4502, 4507 - 4512, 4518, 4522, geounit Tsugaru Strait [details]
Nontype ICHUM (ZIHU) 4528, 4530, 4532, 4537, 4544, geounit Honshu Island [details]
Nontype ICHUM (ZIHU) 4583, geounit Tsugaru Strait [details]
Nontype ICHUM (ZIHU) 4608 - 4625, geounit Hokkaido [details]
Nontype ICHUM (ZIHU) 4626 - 4647, geounit Hokkaido [details]
Nontype ICHUM (ZIHU) 4648 - 4670, geounit Hokkaido [details]
Nontype ICHUM (ZIHU) 4671 - 4676, 4678, 4679, 4681 - 4692, 4694 - 4697, 4699 - 4704, 4706 - 4717, geounit Tsugaru Strait [details]
Nontype USNM W55393, W55396, W55398 - W55404, geounit South Andaman Islands [details]
Unknown type (of Echinoceras Leuckart, 1854) uncatalogued, geounit Helgoland [details]
From editor or global species database
Etymology The genus name was derived from Greek εχίνος echinos, hedgehog, and Greek deres, neck, a common suffix of cyclorhagid genera, and referred to the spiny scalids of the introvert, which Dujardin (1851) regarded as neck (Higgins 1971). Echinoderes represents the first described genus of the Kinorhyncha. [details]
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