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WoRMS taxon details

Echiurus Guérin-Méneville, 1831

110358  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:110358)

accepted
Genus
Thalassema (Echiurus) Guérin-Méneville, 1831 · unaccepted (Superseded rank downgrade to subgenus)

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  1. Species Echiurus abyssalis Skorikow, 1906
  2. Species Echiurus antarcticus Spengel, 1912
  3. Species Echiurus echiurus (Pallas, 1766)
  4. Species Echiurus sitchaensis Brandt, 1835
  5. Species Echiurus chilensis Diesing, 1859 accepted as Urechis chilensis (Diesing, 1859) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  6. Species Echiurus chrysacanthophorus (Couthouy, 1838) accepted as Echiurus echiurus (Pallas, 1766) (junior subjective synonym)
  7. Species Echiurus farcimen Baird, 1871 accepted as Urechis chilensis (Diesing, 1859) (junior subjective synonym)
  8. Species Echiurus forcipatus (Fabricius, 1780) accepted as Echiurus echiurus (Pallas, 1766) (junior subjective synonym)
  9. Species Echiurus gaertnerii Quatrefages, 1847 accepted as Echiurus echiurus (Pallas, 1766) (junior subjective synonym)
  10. Species Echiurus luetkenii Diesing, 1859 accepted as Echiurus echiurus (Pallas, 1766) (junior subjective synonym)
  11. Species Echiurus novaezealandiae Dendy, 1898 accepted as Urechis novaezealandiae (Dendy, 1898) (superseded original combination)
  12. Species Echiurus pallasii Guérin-Méneville, 1831 accepted as Echiurus echiurus (Pallas, 1766) (subjective synonym (also an unnecessary replacement name))
  13. Species Echiurus torulobotus Salvini-Plawen, 1972 accepted as Echiurus antarcticus Spengel, 1912 (junior subjective synonym)
  14. Species Echiurus unicinctus Drasche, 1880 accepted as Urechis unicinctus (Drasche, 1880) (superseded original combination)
  15. Species Echiurus vulgaris (Savigny, 1822) accepted as Echiurus echiurus (Pallas, 1766) (junior subjective synonym)
  16. Species Echiurus caraibicus Diesing, 1859 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
masculine
Guérin-Méneville, F.E. (1831). Zoophytes In: Iconographie du règne animal de G. Cuvier : ou, Représentation d'après nature de l'une des espèces les plus et souvent non encore figurées de chaque genre d'animaux. <em>[Book, 3 volumes].</em> volume 2 & 3. B. Baillière (1829-1844)., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/27814151
page(s): plate 6, figure 3 of the Zoophytes; note: as Echiurus pallasii (L. Echiurus Gm Pallas) [details]   

(of Thalassema (Echiurus) Guérin-Méneville, 1831) Guérin-Méneville, F.E. (1831). Zoophytes In: Iconographie du règne animal de G. Cuvier : ou, Représentation d'après nature de l'une des espèces les plus et souvent non encore figurées de chaque genre d'animaux. <em>[Book, 3 volumes].</em> volume 2 & 3. B. Baillière (1829-1844)., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/27814151
page(s): 9 [details]   
Note The type species for Echiurus...  
From editor or global species database
Type species The type species for Echiurus Guérin-Méneville 1831 must be the species name Guérin-Méneville used which was Echiurus pallasii. This was an unnecessary new name for Lumbricus echiurus Pallas, 1766. However Guérin-Méneville was correct to create a new genus name as Lumbricus species are terrestrial earthworms. Nishikawa (1998) commented that Guérin-Méneville later states he "was obliged to give the earlier name [=L. echiurus] a new name [=E. pallasii], because " il etait impossible de l ' appeler Echiurus echiurus Pallas". Of course, the ICZN (Art. 18) does currently allow tautonymous names. This note clearly shows that Echiurus pallasii was first published as an unjustified replacement name for Echiurus echiurus (Pallas). The specific name pallasii is available (ICZN Arts. 12b(3) and lOg), though not valid." Nishikawa then states that the type species of Echiurus is Lumbricus echiurus by monotypy (art 68.3). However, while widely cited as such, for example in the Stephen & Edmonds monograph, this cannot be correct as the name Guérin-Méneville used as valid (he thought) was Echiurus pallasii. While Echiurus pallasii is regarded as a junior synonym of Lumbricus echiurus, it is doubtfully an objective synonym as the specimens illustrated appear different. Guérin-Méneville's plate 6 figure 3 appears original rather than a copy from Pallas's plate 11, figures 1-6 [details]
WoRMS (2024). Echiurus Guérin-Méneville, 1831. Accessed at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=110358 on 2024-07-18
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-08-08 08:28:57Z
changed
2017-07-25 02:33:01Z
changed
2017-10-05 14:05:37Z
changed
2017-12-14 11:02:15Z
changed
2022-03-21 01:53:18Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Guérin-Méneville, F.E. (1831). Zoophytes In: Iconographie du règne animal de G. Cuvier : ou, Représentation d'après nature de l'une des espèces les plus et souvent non encore figurées de chaque genre d'animaux. <em>[Book, 3 volumes].</em> volume 2 & 3. B. Baillière (1829-1844)., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/27814151
page(s): plate 6, figure 3 of the Zoophytes; note: as Echiurus pallasii (L. Echiurus Gm Pallas) [details]   

original description  (of Thalassema (Echiurus) Guérin-Méneville, 1831) Guérin-Méneville, F.E. (1831). Zoophytes In: Iconographie du règne animal de G. Cuvier : ou, Représentation d'après nature de l'une des espèces les plus et souvent non encore figurées de chaque genre d'animaux. <em>[Book, 3 volumes].</em> volume 2 & 3. B. Baillière (1829-1844)., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/27814151
page(s): 9 [details]   

taxonomy source Spengel, Johann Wilhelm. (1912). Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Gephyreen, IV. Revision der Gattung Echiurus. <em>Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systematik, Okologie und Geographie der Tiere.</em> 33: 173-212, 1 pl (pl.7 follows p.378)., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/9965046 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Howson, C.M. & B.E. Picton. (1997). The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. <em>Ulster Museum Publication, 276. The Ulster Museum: Belfast, UK. ISBN 0-948150-06-8.</em> vi, 508 (+ cd-rom) pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source van der Land, J. (2001). Echiura, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 178 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Murina, Vantsetti. List of Echiura. [details]   

additional source Satô, H. (1939). Studies on the Echiuroidea, Sipunculoidea and Priapuloidea of Japan. <em>Science Reports of the Tôhoku Imperial University, Fourth Series, Biology.</em> 14 (4): 339–460, plates XIX–XXIII. [details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Authority According to Nishikawa (1998) the authority for Echiurus should be Guérin-Méneville (1831), as the name is used there as part of a binominal in plate 6 of the Zoophytes, together with illustration of the species. [details]

Type species The type species for Echiurus Guérin-Méneville 1831 must be the species name Guérin-Méneville used which was Echiurus pallasii. This was an unnecessary new name for Lumbricus echiurus Pallas, 1766. However Guérin-Méneville was correct to create a new genus name as Lumbricus species are terrestrial earthworms. Nishikawa (1998) commented that Guérin-Méneville later states he "was obliged to give the earlier name [=L. echiurus] a new name [=E. pallasii], because " il etait impossible de l ' appeler Echiurus echiurus Pallas". Of course, the ICZN (Art. 18) does currently allow tautonymous names. This note clearly shows that Echiurus pallasii was first published as an unjustified replacement name for Echiurus echiurus (Pallas). The specific name pallasii is available (ICZN Arts. 12b(3) and lOg), though not valid." Nishikawa then states that the type species of Echiurus is Lumbricus echiurus by monotypy (art 68.3). However, while widely cited as such, for example in the Stephen & Edmonds monograph, this cannot be correct as the name Guérin-Méneville used as valid (he thought) was Echiurus pallasii. While Echiurus pallasii is regarded as a junior synonym of Lumbricus echiurus, it is doubtfully an objective synonym as the specimens illustrated appear different. Guérin-Méneville's plate 6 figure 3 appears original rather than a copy from Pallas's plate 11, figures 1-6 [details]
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