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WoRMS taxon details

Phyllochaetopterus Grube, 1863

129232  (

Mesotrocha Leuckart & Pagenstecher in Leuckart, 1855 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym (larval stage, uncertain placement...)  
larval stage, uncertain placement but perhaps Phyllochaetopterus


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  1. Species Phyllochaetopterus aciculigerus Crossland, 1904
  2. Species Phyllochaetopterus anglicus Potts, 1914
  3. Species Phyllochaetopterus arabicus Grube, 1870
  4. Species Phyllochaetopterus awasensis Nishi & Hsieh, 2009
  5. Species Phyllochaetopterus bhaudi Jirkov, 2001
  6. Species Phyllochaetopterus claparedii McIntosh, 1885
  7. Species Phyllochaetopterus elioti Crossland, 1903
  8. Species Phyllochaetopterus gardineri Crossland, 1904
  9. Species Phyllochaetopterus gigas Nishi & Rouse, 2014
  10. Species Phyllochaetopterus gracilis Grube, 1863
  11. Species Phyllochaetopterus hainanensis Wang & Li, 2017
  12. Species Phyllochaetopterus herdmani (Hornell in Willey, 1905)
  13. Species Phyllochaetopterus lauensis Nishi & Rouse, 2007
  14. Species Phyllochaetopterus limicolus Hartman, 1960
  15. Species Phyllochaetopterus major Claparède, 1869
  16. Species Phyllochaetopterus monroi Hartman, 1967
  17. Species Phyllochaetopterus polus Morineaux Nishi Ormos & Mouchel, 2010
  18. Species Phyllochaetopterus prolifica Potts, 1914
  19. Species Phyllochaetopterus ramosus Willey, 1905
  20. Species Phyllochaetopterus sibogae Caullery, 1944
  21. Species Phyllochaetopterus socialis Claparède, 1869
  22. Species Phyllochaetopterus verrilli Treadwell, 1943
  23. Species Phyllochaetopterus anglica Potts, 1914 accepted as Phyllochaetopterus anglicus Potts, 1914 (gender agreement)
  24. Species Phyllochaetopterus brevitentaculata Hartmann-Schröder, 1965 accepted as Phyllochaetopterus verrilli Treadwell, 1943 (subjective synonym)
  25. Species Phyllochaetopterus fallax Claparède, 1869 accepted as Phyllochaetopterus socialis Claparède, 1869 (subjective synonym)
  26. Species Phyllochaetopterus pacifica MacGinitie & MacGinitie, 1949 accepted as Phyllochaetopterus prolifica Potts, 1914
  27. Species Phyllochaetopterus pictus Crossland, 1903 accepted as Phyllochaetopterus socialis Claparède, 1869 (subjective synonym)
  28. Species Phyllochaetopterus solitarius Rioja, 1917 accepted as Spiochaetopterus solitarius (Rioja, 1917) (superseded original combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Grube, A.E. (1863). Beschreibung neuer oder wenig bekannter Anneliden. Sechster Beitrag. <em>Archiv für Naturgeschichte, Berlin.</em> 29: 37-69, and plates 4-6., available online at
page(s): 52 [details]   
Note Type species P. gracillis Grube 1863 <246>.  
Type species Type species P. gracillis Grube 1863 <246>. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2024). World Polychaeta Database. Phyllochaetopterus Grube, 1863. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: on 2024-05-24
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
2020-06-16 01:45:11Z

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

original description Grube, A.E. (1863). Beschreibung neuer oder wenig bekannter Anneliden. Sechster Beitrag. <em>Archiv für Naturgeschichte, Berlin.</em> 29: 37-69, and plates 4-6., available online at
page(s): 52 [details]   

original description  (of Mesotrocha Leuckart & Pagenstecher in Leuckart, 1855) Leuckart, R. 1855. Ueber die Jugendzustande einiger Anneliden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte, Berlin, 21(1): 63-80. [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at [details]   

additional source Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Sedentaria] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 2. Sedentaria. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. 459–842., available online at  [details]   

identification resource Nishi, E.; Rouse, G.W. 2007. A new species of Phyllochaetopterus (Chaetopteridae : Annelida) from near hydrothermal vents in the Lau Basin, western Pacific Ocean. Zootaxa (1621): 55-64, available online at
page(s): 61 [details]   

identification resource Wang, Yueyun; Li, Xinzheng. (2017). A new species of Phyllochaetopterus Grube, 1863 (Polychaeta: Chaetopteridae) from Hainan Island, South China Sea. <em>Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology.</em> 35(2): 360-366., available online at
note: There is a binary key to species of Phyllochaetopterus from the Pacific Ocea [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

biology source Watanabe, Hiromi Kayama; Chen, Chong; Nishi, Eijiroh; Ohara, Yasuhiko. (2021). Cryptic diversity of the tube-dwelling polychaete Phyllochaetopterus in the Shinkai Seep Field, Mariana Trench. <em>Plankton and Benthos Research.</em> 16(1): 73-77., available online at [details]   
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Diagnosis Phyllochaetopterus Grube, 1863: Diagnosis [Modified after Britayev & Martin (2019), Moore et al 2017]
Chaetopteridae with long peristomial palps and 3 distinct body regions. Prostomium sometimes a rounded and distinct dorsal lobe. Tagma A with separate notopodial cirri on A1, with 9-10 A chaetigers with lanceolate notochaetae, with (usually) multiple straight spines (cutting chaetae) on chaetiger 4. Tagma B with up to 24 chaetigers and muliple cupules, notopodia achaetigerous, bi- or tri-lobed, neuropodia with unicini. Tagma C with numerous segments with pointed achaetigerous notopodia, with neuropodia with pectinate uncini. Tube blind with 1 surface opening, sometimes branched, tube walls of clean chitin-like material, annulated, with internal septa.
Molecularly Phyllochaetopterus sensu lato is mixed with Spiochaetopterus, but Phyllochaetopterus sensu stricto is distinct

From other sources
Type species Type species P. gracillis Grube 1863 <246>. [details]


Japanese ツノツバサゴカイ属  [details]