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WoRMS taxon details

Parisis fruticosa Verrill, 1864

290692  (

Parisis indica Thomson & Henderson, 1906 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym (uncertain)
Parisis mauritiensis Ridley, 1882 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Trinella swinhoei Gray, 1870 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Verrill, A. E. (1864). List of the polyps and corals sent by the Museum of Comparative Zoology to other institutions in exchange, with annotations. <em>Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology.</em> 1: 29-60., available online at
page(s): 37 [details]   
McFadden, C.S.; Cordeiro, R.; Williams, G.; van Ofwegen, L. (2024). World List of Octocorallia. Parisis fruticosa Verrill, 1864. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: on 2024-06-16
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
2010-09-17 06:17:46Z

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

original description Verrill, A. E. (1864). List of the polyps and corals sent by the Museum of Comparative Zoology to other institutions in exchange, with annotations. <em>Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology.</em> 1: 29-60., available online at
page(s): 37 [details]   

original description  (of Parisis indica Thomson & Henderson, 1906) Thomson, J.A.; Henderson, W.D. (1906). An account of the alcyonarians collected by the Royal Indian Marine survey ship 'Investigator' in the Indian Ocean. I. The alcyonarians of the deep sea. <em>Trustees of the Indian Museum, University of Aberdeen.</em> 1-128, plates 1-7., available online at
page(s): 23-24 [details]   

original description  (of Trinella swinhoei Gray, 1870) Gray, J. E. (1870). Catalogue of Lithophytes or stony corals in the collection of the British Museum. pp. 1-51., available online at
page(s): 12 [details]   

original description  (of Parisis mauritiensis Ridley, 1882) Ridley, S.O. (1882). Contributions to the knowledge of the Alcyonaria. Part II, including descriptions of new species from Mauritius. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> Ser. 5, 10: 125-133, plate 5., available online at
page(s): 131-132 [details]   

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record van Ofwegen, L.P., S.D. Cairns & J. van der Land (eds). (2000-2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D., L. Gershwin, F.J. Brook, P. Pugh, E.W. Dawson, O.V.; Ocaña, W. Vervoort, G. Williams, J.E. Watson, D.M. Opresko, P. Schuchert, P.M. Hine, D.P. Gordon, H.I. Campbell, A.J. Wright, J.A.Sánchez & D.G. Fautin. (2009). Phylum Cnidaria: corals, medusae, hydroids, myxozoans. <em>in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia.</em> pp. 59-101., available online at [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Kükenthal, W. (1924). Coelenterata: Gorgonaria. in: Das Tierreich (Eine Zusammenstellung und Kennzeichnung der rezenten Tierformen). 47. 478 pp.
page(s): 83 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Grasshoff, M. (2000). The gorgonians of the Sinai coast and the Strait of Gubal, Red Sea (Coelenterata, Octocorallia). <em>Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg.</em> 224: 1-125.
page(s): 36, 37, 118, 125 [details]   

additional source Tixier-Durivault, A. (1972). Nouvel apport d'Octocoralliares de Madagascar et des iles avoisinantes. <em>Tethys.</em> Suppl. 3: 11-68., available online at
page(s): 62 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Nutting, C.C. (1911). The Gorgonacea of the Siboga Expedition. VIII. The Scleraxonia. <em>Siboga Expedition Monographs.</em> 13b5: 1-62, plates 1-12., available online at
page(s): 54-55 [details]   

additional source Bayer, F.M. (1955). Contributions to the nomenclature, systematics, and morphology of the Octocorallia. <em>Proceedings of the United States National Museum.</em> 105: 207-220, plates 1-8., available online at
page(s): 211, 212, Pl. 4 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Hickson, S.J. (1937). The family Melitodidae. <em>Transactions of the Zoological Society of London.</em> 23(1): 73-209, plate 14.
page(s): 197-202 [details]   

additional source Grasshoff, M.; Bargibant, G. (2001). Coral Reef Gorgonians of New Caledonia. IRD Èditions. Paris., pp. 335.
page(s): 98, 99, 101, 296, 320, 321 [details]   

additional source Grasshoff, M. (1999). The shallow water gorgonians of New Caledonia and adjacent islands. Senckenbergiana Biologica, 1-2, 1-121
page(s): 13, 14 [details]   

additional source Imahara, Y. (1996). Previously recorded octocorals from Japan and adjacent seas. Precious Corals and Octocoral Research, 4-mei, 17-44
page(s): 29 [details]   

additional source Ramvilas, G.; Alderslade, P.; Ranjeet, K. (2023). The taxonomy of Indian gorgonians: an assessment of the descriptive records of gorgonians (Anthozoa: Octocorallia: Alcyonacea) recorded as occurring in the territorial waters of India, along with neighboring regions and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and the highlighting of perceived unethical practice. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 5236: 1-124., available online at
page(s): 33-34 [details]   
 Present  Present in aphia/obis/gbif/idigbio   Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 

Nontype MNHN, geounit Egyptian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]

Japanese トクサモドキ  [details]