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CaRMS taxon details

Polycirrini Malmgren, 1866

181512  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:181512)

accepted
Tribe
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Malmgren, Anders Johan. (1866). Nordiska Hafs-Annulater. [part three of three]. <em>Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm.</em> 22(5): 355-410, plates XVIII-XXIX., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32339631
page(s): 390; note: subfamily originally spelled as "Polycirridea" [details]   
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2021). World Polychaeta Database. Polycirrini Malmgren, 1866. Accessed through: Nozères, C., Kennedy, M.K. (Eds.) (2021) Canadian Register of Marine Species at: http://marinespecies.org/carms/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=181512 on 2021-06-13
Nozères, C., Kennedy, M.K. (Eds.) (2021). Canadian Register of Marine Species. Polycirrini Malmgren, 1866. Accessed at: https://marinespecies.org/carms./aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=181512 on 2021-06-13
Date
action
by
2005-09-21 08:38:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2011-09-22 21:25:12Z
changed
2019-09-10 22:09:26Z
changed
2020-07-16 23:23:53Z
changed

original description Malmgren, Anders Johan. (1866). Nordiska Hafs-Annulater. [part three of three]. <em>Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm.</em> 22(5): 355-410, plates XVIII-XXIX., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32339631
page(s): 390; note: subfamily originally spelled as "Polycirridea" [details]   

taxonomy source Holthe, T. (1986). Evolution, systematics, and distribution of the Polychaeta Terebellomorpha, with a catalogue of the taxa and a bibliography. <em>Gunneria.</em> 55: 1-236., available online at http://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:331918/FULLTEXT01.pdf [details]   

taxonomy source Nogueira, João Miguel de Matos; Fitzhugh, Kirk; Hutchings, Pat. 2013. The continuing challenge of phylogenetic relationships in Terebelliformia (Annelida : Polychaeta). Invertebrate Systematics 27(2): 186-238, available online at http://www.publish.csiro.au/paper/IS12062 [details]   

taxonomy source Stiller, Josefin; Tilic, Ekin; Rousset, Vincent; Pleijel, Fredrick; Rouse, Greg W. (2020). Spaghetti to a tree: A robust phylogeny for Terebelliformia (Annelida) based on transcriptomes, molecular and morphological Data. <em>Biology.</em> 9(4): 73 [29 pp. + supplementary material]., available online at https://doi.org/10.3390/biology9040073 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

taxonomy source Lavesque, Nicolas; Hutchings, Pat; Daffe, Guillemine; Londoño-Mesa, Mario H. (2020). Revision of the French Polycirridae (Annelida, Terebelliformia), with descriptions of eight new species. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4869(2): 151-186., available online at https://www.mapress.com/j/zt/article/view/zootaxa.4869.2.1 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

context source (Bermuda) Sterrer, W. (1986). Marine fauna and flora of Bermuda: a systematic guide to the identification of marine organisms. Wiley-Interscience Publication. Wiley, 742 pp [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Malmgren, A.J. (1867). Annulata Polychaeta Spetsbergiæ, Grœnlandiæ, Islandiæ et Scandinaviæ. Hactenus Cognita. Ex Officina Frenckelliana, Helsingforslæ. 127 pp. & XIV plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/13358
page(s): 111 [details]   

additional source Claus, Carl. (1880). Grundzüge der Zoologie, zum wissenschaftlichen gebrauche [fourth edition]. <em>[text book].</em> 1: 1-822. N.G. Elwert'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Marburg., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/913950
page(s): 495; note: usage of Polycirrinae [details]   

identification resource Lavesque, Nicolas; Hutchings, Pat; Daffe, Guillemine; Londoño-Mesa, Mario H. (2020). Revision of the French Polycirridae (Annelida, Terebelliformia), with descriptions of eight new species. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4869(2): 151-186., available online at https://www.mapress.com/j/zt/article/view/zootaxa.4869.2.1
page(s): 183; note: Key to European species of Polycirridae [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Classification Nogueira, Fitzhugh and Hutchings (2013: 235-236) considered subfamily Polycirrinae as family Polycirridae after morphological cladistic analysis of Terebellomorphs. Herein, this change was not adopted. Subsequently Stiller et al (2020), after a molecular analysis, reduced Polycirrinae to tribe rank within subfamily Terebellinae. This change has been adopted.

According to Stiller et al (2020: 14 of 28] "Polycirrini are therefore simplified terebellids that have lost their branchiae, reversed the [character of] double rows of uncini that characterize Terebellinae and [have] reduced chaetae in some species. Their affliation with Terebellidae was previously suggested because they all share palps inserting outside of the mouth and their glandular shields. Phylogenetic analyses based on morphological data found Polycirrini inside of Thelepodinae, as the sister group to Terebellinae+Thelepodinae, or as the sister group to all other Terebelliformia. The latter result we also recover […] It is possible that the high degree of non-applicable morphological characters due to the absence of branchiae and often also of chaetae produced these placements of Polycirrini, which differ markedly from the hypothesis strongly supported by both Sanger-sequenced genes and transcriptomic data. "

Subsequently Lavesque, Hutchings, et al (2020) elected to continue with Polycirrus and relatives at family rank as Polycirridae, although not providing new comparative molecular data, stating that they will discuss the "status of Polycirridae in a subsequent paper". [details]
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