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Neuhaus, B. (2013). 5. Kinorhyncha (= Echinodera). In: Schmidt-Rhaesa, A. (Ed.), Handbook of Zoology, Gastrotricha, Cycloneuralia and Gnathifera, Volume 1: Nematomorpha, Priapulida, Kinorhyncha, Loricifera. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin,. pp. 181-348.
167973
10.1515/9783110272536.181 [view]
Neuhaus, B.
2013
5. Kinorhyncha (= Echinodera). In: Schmidt-Rhaesa, A. (Ed.), Handbook of Zoology, Gastrotricha, Cycloneuralia and Gnathifera, Volume 1: Nematomorpha, Priapulida, Kinorhyncha, Loricifera. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin,
pp. 181-348
Publication
The year of publication is unclear: (1) The paper version of the book says "Copyright 2013 by Walter de Gruyter GmbH". (2) The author B. Neuhaus received his paper copy of the book in December 2012. (3) The homepage https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.1515/9783110272536/html?lang=en says at the top "Published by De Gruyter 2013". (4) The homepage https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.1515/9783110272536/html?lang=en says at the right side "eBook Published: December 21, 2012 ISBN: 9783110272536. Hardcover Published: December 20, 2012 ISBN: 9783110219388". (5) The German National Library provides the publiction date as 2013, see https://portal.dnb.de/opac.htm?method=simpleSearch&query=handbook+of+zoology+kinorhyncha. - Basically it turned out that German publishers automatically schedule every book, which is supposed to come out after the German Book Mess in October, for the following year. Often it hapens that the book appears at the end of the ongoing year, and that is the date the publisher also puts on the homepage in addition to the intended date. B. Neuhaus suggests to take the date from the paper version of the book, 2013, because that is the only date that the reader can see when having the book physically at hand.
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2013-06-03 07:49:47Z
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2020-05-19 07:32:18Z
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2021-02-05 08:52:45Z
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2021-02-08 13:54:42Z
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2022-03-21 17:18:27Z
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2022-03-24 11:00:24Z
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2022-03-24 13:56:40Z
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2022-10-27 09:34:56Z
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English kinorhynchs for Kinorhyncha
English mud dragons for Kinorhyncha
English spiny-crown worms for Kinorhyncha
German Kinorhynchen, Hakenrüssler, Igelnackentiere, Stoßrüssler, Igelwürmer for Kinorhyncha
Italian Chinorhinchi for Kinorhyncha
Spanish Cinorrincos, Kinorrincos, Quinorrinchos, Quinorrincos for Kinorhyncha










 Classification

Neuhaus (2013, pp. 273, 276): "Bütschli (1876) is cited (e.g., Higgins 1971) to have established the first family ... [details]

 Classification

Neuhaus (2013, p. 273): "Some confusion appears in the literature (Remane 1928, 1929, 1936; Zelinka 1928; Higgins 1971; ... [details]

 Description

Neuhaus (2013): description based on adult with head + neck (= Greeff’s body segment 1) + 11 trunk segments ... [details]

 Etymology

The genus name was derived from Greek καμπὐλος kampylos, bent, arched, and from Greek deres, neck, a ... [details]

 Etymology

The genus name was derived from Greek kκατω- kato-, down, below, and referred to the animals living deep below ... [details]

 Etymology

The genus name was derived from Greek κέντρον kentron, and from Greek deres, neck, a common suffix of ... [details]

 Etymology

The genus name was derived from Greek κόνδυλος kondylos, bone joint, and from Greek deres, neck, a common ... [details]

 Etymology

The genus name was derived from Greek δράκων drakon, dragon, and from Greek deres, neck, a common suffix of ... [details]

 Etymology

The genus name was derived from Greek εχίνος echinos, hedgehog, and Greek deres, neck, a common suffix of ... [details]

 Etymology

The genus name was derived from Greek κινεῖν kinein, move, and from Greek ῥύγχος rhynchos, snout, and ... [details]

 Etymology

The genus name was derived from Greek νέος neos, new, young, from Greek κέντρον kentron, centre, and ... [details]

 Etymology

The genus name was derived from Greek παρα- para-, near, next to, and from Greek κέντρον kentron, and ... [details]

 Etymology

The genus name was derived from Greek πυκνός pyknos, dense, sturdy, and from Greek phyo, let develop, made by ... [details]

 Etymology

The genus name was derived from Greek σεμνός semnos, modest, reluctant, and from Greek deres, neck, a common ... [details]

 Etymology

The genus name was derived from Greek σφήν sphen, wedge, and from Greek deres, neck, a common suffix of ... [details]

 Etymology

The genus name honoured one of the major pioneers of kinorhynch studies, viz, Carl Zelinka. The suffix was derived ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013, p. 287): Gerlach 1969: p. 162, not C. styx of Rao & Ganapati (1966, 1968) ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013, p. 287): Gerlach 1969: p. 162, not C. styx of Rao & Ganapati (1966, 1968) ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy accordimng to Adrianov & Malakhov (1999) and according to Neuhaus et al. (2013): not Centroderes ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus et al. (2013): not Campyloderes adherens Nyholm, 1947b but C. spinosus and not C. ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013, p. 300): Centrophyes curvatus Zelinka, 1928: pp. 346-347, Pl. 7: Fig. 5; ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013, p. 279): D. abei Higgins & Shirayama, 1990: pp. 940–946, Figs 1–5, type ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013, p. 279): E. agigens Bacescu, 1968: p. 239, Pl. 1: Fig. 3, Pl. 6: Fig. 1A–C; ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013): E. arlis Higgins, 1966: pp. 518-519, Figs 1-2; Adrianov & Malakhov 1999a: ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013, pp. 239, 300): Hapaloderes armatus Zelinka 1928: p. 227, Pl. 2: Figs ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013): E. aureus Adrianov et. al., 2002a: pp. 51-59, Figs 2-5, Tab. 1 Sørensen ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013): Echinoderella bengalensis Timm, 1958: pp. 107-108, Figs 1A, ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013): E. brevispinosus Higgins, 1966a: pp. 118-121, Figs 1-2; E. brevicaudatus ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013): E. brevispinosus Higgins, 1966a: pp. 118-121, Figs 1-2; E. brevicaudatus ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013): probably not E. dujardinii of Tokioka (1949) and of Sudzuki (1976); for ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013): Echinoderes incertus Reinhard, 1885 (p. 262) and 1887 (p. 438): incorrectly ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013): Echinoderes ponticus Reinhard, 1881: pp. 589-590; Reinhard 1885 (pp. 265-267, ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013), partly modified: Echinoderes Metschnikowii Reinhard, 1885: pp. 273-274, pl. ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013): Echinoderes parvulus Reinhard, 1881: p. 590; Reinhard 1885 (pp. 269-270, pl. ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013): Echinoderes ponticus Reinhard, 1881: pp. 589-590; Reinhard 1885 (pp. 265-267, ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Neuhaus 2004 (pp. 13, 17), Neuhaus & Sørensen 2012: “almost indistinguishable species complex of Campyloderes ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Neuhaus 2004 (pp. 13, 17), Neuhaus & Sørensen 2012: “almost indistinguishable species complex of Campyloderes ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Centropsis greeffi Zelinka, 1928: pp. 272-274, Fig. 48, = Echinoderes monocercus of Greeff (1869) and of ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Centropsis pagenstecheri comb. nov. Zelinka, 1928: p. 357, Fig. 67, species indeterminata; [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1936: p. 351, = Centropsis rosacea (?); [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1936: p. 351, may include Centropsis pulchella; [details]

 Taxonomy

Centropsis spinosus comb. nov. Steiner, 1919: p. 182, aware of Zelinka's yet unpublished monograph introduces ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Zelinka 1928: pp. 271-272, Pl. 1: Figs 13-14, emended description, Centropsis spinosa = E. spinosus of Panceri ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Higgins 1983: pp. 37, 41, species indeterminata [details]

 Taxonomy

Higgins 1978b: p. 179, possibly juvenile stage of E. riedli. [details]

 Taxonomy

Higgins (1964): listed as type species; Neuhaus (2013): designated as type species [details]

 Taxonomy

Higgins 1985: pp. 797-799, Fig. 4: probably not E. dujardinii of Metschnikoff (1865), Pagenstecher (1875), and ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Sørensen et al. 2012b: Echinoderes lanceolatus possibly junior synonym of Echinoderes aureus [details]

 Taxonomy

Karling 1955: p. 189, not Echinoderes cf. setigera of Levander (1900), and not E. subfuscus of Zelinka (1928), ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Higgins 1983: p. 37, species indeterminata [details]

 Taxonomy

Greeff 1869: pp. 20-22, Pl. 2: Fig. 10, E. monocercus of Claparède (1863) and of Metschnikoff (1865)(?); [details]

 Taxonomy

Metschnikoff 1865: pp. 460-461, Pl. 35: Fig. 11, description, not E. monocercus of Claparède (1863)(?), = juvenile ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1928: pp. 76, 80-81, Fig. 19, not Centropsis (E.) monocercus of Greeff (1869) [details]

 Taxonomy

Zelinka 1928: pp. 357-359, Figs 67-69, Centropsis monocerca = E. monocercus of Claparède (1863), of Metschnikoff ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Adrianov & Malakhov 1999: pp. 157 and 273, listed as species described from juvenile stage [details]

 Taxonomy

Echinoderes Pagenstecheri Reinhard, 1885 (p. 262) and 1887 (p. 438): incorrectly cites Pagenstecher as author; ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Nyholm 1947: p. 23, Hapaloderes gracilis = juvenile stage of E. setigera (?); Karling 1955: p. 189, not Echinoderes ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Higgins 1983: pp. 37, 41, species indeterminata [details]

 Taxonomy

not E. dujardinii of Metschnikoff (1865, 1869) and not of Levander (1900) but E. subfuscus [details]

 Taxonomy

Higgins 1983: p. 37, species indeterminata [details]

 Taxonomy

Adrianov & Malakhov (1999) erroneously cited the species name as available from the unpublished PhD Thesis of R. ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Krishnaswamy 1962: p. 62, incorrectly considers Pycnophyes dentatus as a junior synonym of E. worthingi [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1936: p. 349, Fig. 274a, = juvenile stage of Echinoderella capitata (?) [details]

 Taxonomy

Higgins 1968: p. 30, Habroderes manglaris Kristeuer, 1964 (pp. 389-392, Fig. 2a) and Habroderella orientalis ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Nyholm 1947c: p. 23, H. gracilis = juvenile stage of Echinoderella setigera (?); [details]

 Taxonomy

Sheremetevskij 1974: p. 975, =Centroderes eisigii (?); [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Leptodemus acercus comb. nov. Zelinka, 1928: pp. 297-299, Figs 56-57, p. 360, not E. acerca of Schepotieff (1907b) ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Trachydemus giganteus Zelinka, 1908: p. 639, Fig. 7, type species by monotypy; Kinorhynchus giganteus comb. nov. ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

N. intermedius Higgins, 1969b: pp. 117-121, Figs 1-3, only ♂♂ known / Higgins 1983: p. 47, N. satyai is ... [details]

 Taxonomy

N. satyai Higgins, 1969b: pp. 121-123, Figs 4-5, only ♀♀ known; Higgins 1983: p. 47, junior synonym of N. ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Hyalophyes conspicuus Zelinka, 1928: pp. 179, 344-345, Pl. 7: Fig. 3, juvenile stage of Pycnophyes robustus (?); [details]

 Taxonomy

Higgins 1983: pp. 77, 80, species indeterminata [details]

 Taxonomy

Adrianov & Malakhov (1999) erroneously cited the species name as available from the unpublished PhD Thesis of R. ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013, p. 286): P. flaveolatus Zelinka, 1928: pp. 323–325, Pl. 13: Figs ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Lang 1953: p. 3, Fig. 4, Pocnyphyes odhneri, lapsus calami, emended description [details]

 Taxonomy

Sheremetevskij 1974: p. 982, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes dentatus (?); [details]

 Taxonomy

Higgins 1964b: p. 481, erroneously lists P. zelinkaei as type species [details]

 Taxonomy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013, pp. 239, 300): Hapaloderes armatus Zelinka 1928: p. 227, Pl. 2: Figs ... [details]

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