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San Martín, Guillermo; Álvarez-Campos, Patricia; Kondo, Yusuke; Núñez, Jorge; Fernández-Álamo, María Ana; Pleijel, Fredrik; Goetz, Freya E.; Nygren, Arne; Osborn, Karen. (2021 (online 2020)). New symbiotic association in marine annelids: ectoparasites of comb jellies. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 191(3): 672-694.
382238
10.1093/zoolinnean/zlaa034 [view]
urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:349CCBC4-37DB-40AE-B2D1-EABA6A84D8A0 [view]
San Martín, Guillermo; Álvarez-Campos, Patricia; Kondo, Yusuke; Núñez, Jorge; Fernández-Álamo, María Ana; Pleijel, Fredrik; Goetz, Freya E.; Nygren, Arne; Osborn, Karen
2021 (online 2020)
New symbiotic association in marine annelids: ectoparasites of comb jellies
Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society
191(3): 672-694
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb). Published with a ZooBank registration, updated for assignment to print volume 04/06/2021
Available for editors  PDF available
A new genus of ectoparasitic marine annelids living on ctenophores, Ctenophoricola gen. nov., is described and its feeding behaviour, reproduction and developmental stages are discussed. Its unusual morphology challenged its placement within the known marine families. However, analyses of mitochondrial and nuclear sequence data showed the new genus as member of the Alciopini, a group of holopelagic annelids included within the Phyllodocidae. Ctenophoricola masanorii sp. nov. from Japan and Ctenophoricola rousei sp. nov. from the Canary Islands (Spain) are described. A third species from the Gulf of California is not formally described because the specimens are in poor condition. The new genus is characterized by having: 1) two distinctive body regions, the anterior with reduced parapodia lacking chaetae, and the posterior with long parapodia and chaetae and 2) a pair of large, elongate lensed eyes. These eyes are here described using histology and 3D reconstruction based on a Californian specimen. The two new species mainly differ in colour pattern, shape of parapodia, number of chaetae and body ciliation.
Canary Islands
Japan
Molecular systematics, Molecular biology
Systematics, Taxonomy
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Date
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2020-06-27 02:57:37Z
created
2021-06-04 05:58:34Z
changed

Alciopini Ehlers, 1864 (taxonomy source)
 Classification

Alciopa (type genus) and related holoplanktonic genera are thought to be part of Phyllodocidae, currently at tribe ... [details]

 Etymology

authors: the name Ctenophoricola "refers to the habitat of the newgenus, combining Ctenophora, the scientific name ... [details]

 Etymology

named 'masanorii' after Dr Masanori Sato, from Kagoshima University [details]

 Etymology

named 'rousei' after Dr Greg Rouse, of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography [details]

 Grammatical gender

The authors state the gender of Ctenophoricola is masculine [details]

 Type locality

off south-east Enoshima Island, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan, on Beroe campana Komai, 1918, geolocation unknown, ... [details]

 Type locality

Las Lapillas (Mar de las Calmas), south-west of El Hierro Island, on ctenophore Leucothea multicornis (Quoy & ... [details]

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