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Stimpson, W. (1853). Synopsis of the marine Invertebrata of Grand Manan: or the region about the mouth of the Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick. Smithsonian Contributions to Knowledge. 6: 1-66, pls. 1-3.
10.5962/bhl.title.11697 [view]
Stimpson, W.
Synopsis of the marine Invertebrata of Grand Manan: or the region about the mouth of the Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick.
Smithsonian Contributions to Knowledge
6: 1-66, pls. 1-3.
often cited as 1854, but originally published 1853
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
Ant'Phipoda Literature database
World Isopoda DB
NeMys doc_id: 2939
Introduction. "The Island of Grand Manan, the natural history of which this paper is intended to illustrate, is perhaps but little known, geographically, to many who may be readers of this account. It may not be out of place, therefore, to make some remarks on its position. It is more properly an archipelago than an island. The smaller members of the group lie to the east of the largest, which is twenty miles in length, with a general trend north-east and south-west, having an average breadth of nine or ten miles. It lies at the mouth of the Bay of Fundy, about ten miles from the western shore at Campo-bello and Eastport, and thirty from the Nova Scotia shore. It is surrounded on all sides by deep water (a hundred fathoms or more), as might be judged from the character of the shores, which are rocky and precipitous, especially on the western side, where cliffs of a basaltic structure rise perpendicularly to a height of several hundred feet. On the south-eastern side, where there are numerous islands, the shores are low and shelving, composed of Mica-slate having a dip of about 70°. The passages between these islands, worn out by the tides which rush with great velocity through them, are generally very shallow, while a short distance seaward the water becomes as deep as on the western side. The following paper is intended as a compend of observations made on the marine fauna of this region, during three months' residence in the summer of 1852; and also as a catalogue, which it is hoped will prove nearly complete, of the marine invertebrates found on its shores and in the adjacent waters.
America, North
Boreal western Atlantic
Cod: Cape May to Cape Sable, Nova Scotia, incl. Bay of Fundy.
Western Atlantic warm temperate to boreal
Atlantic, North West (= warm + cold temporate (boreal))
Systematics, Taxonomy
RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
2014-01-20 18:35:34Z
2014-05-22 23:30:59Z
2015-06-11 08:17:32Z
2015-09-18 03:51:18Z
2015-11-03 22:41:31Z
2023-04-22 23:23:58Z
2023-12-05 14:47:53Z

Acaulis Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Acaulis primarius Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Actinia obtruncata Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Actinia sipunculoides Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Edwardsia sipunculoides (Stimpson, 1853) (original description)
Brada Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Brada granosa Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Brada sublaevis Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Caudina Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Eudendrium cingulatum Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Grammaria Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Jugaria quadrangularis (Stimpson, 1853) (original description)
Monoculodes Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Pholoe tecta Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Pholoe minuta tecta (Stimpson, 1853) (original description)
Sabella zonalis Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Sertularia latiuscula Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Sternaspis fossor Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Vermilia serrula Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Chitinopoma serrula (Stimpson, 1853) (original description)
Bay of Fundy for Eudendrium cingulatum Stimpson, 1853 
Canadian Exclusive Economic Zone for Actinia obtruncata Stimpson, 1853 
Canadian Exclusive Economic Zone for Actinia sipunculoides Stimpson, 1853 
Unknown type, geounit Bay of Fundy, identified as Achelia spinosa (Stimpson, 1853)

Not stated. Cryptonota is from Greek and is assumed to mean concealed back. Assumed intended as feminine, as the ... [details]


Not stated. Assumed named 'citrina' for the "beautiful lemon-yellow color" of the specimen [details]

 Taxonomic remark

incertae sedis- according to Morales-Núñez, Heard, & Alfaro, 2013 "cannot be referred to any of the existing ... [details]

 Type locality

Bay of Fundy, Grand Manan Islands, off Duck Island, 20 feet deep [details]

 Type species

Stimpson (1854) named two new species for his new genus Brada, B. granosa and B. sublaevis. Hartman (1959: 413), as ... [details]

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