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Koroleva, Anna; Tzetlin, Alexander. (2024). Jaw apparatus of Scoletoma fragilis (Lumbrineridae, Annelida): fine structure and growth. Zoomorphology. efirst.
10.1007/s00435-024-00651-w [view]
Koroleva, Anna; Tzetlin, Alexander
Jaw apparatus of Scoletoma fragilis (Lumbrineridae, Annelida): fine structure and growth
Representatives of Eunicida have the most complex jaw apparatus among the Annelida group. The general morphology of their jaws is well studied and is important both for the classification of recent species and for the evolutionary interpretation of extant–extinct eunicidan relationships. The fine structure of the jaws can be useful as an additional trait to external morphology that allows to clear up the evolutionary relationships within the group. However, the ultrastructural data remain absent for the Lumbrineridae and Hartmaniellidae, which are also the only families with symmetrognathous jaws. In the present study, we describe the fine structure of the jaws of Scoletoma fragilis from the Lumbrineridae family. More than 40 S. fragilis specimens, from juvenile to adult, were studied with different morphological approaches, concentrating on electron microscopy. We have distinguished three stages of jaw structure, depending on the worm size: juvenile, subadult, and adult jaws. The juvenile jaws had the simplest structure, consisting of only scleroproteins. The adult ones had a more complex and multilayered structure that varied in different areas of the jaw apparatus. The subadult jaws exhibited the intermediate fine structure between juvenile and adult ones that raises the question of continuous growth possibility, which is also discussed in the article. Whereas juvenile and massive jaws share the same pattern as the other eunicidan families studied to date, the most interesting finding was the new, undescribed type of jaw structure found in the elastic elements of adult maxillary apparatus. It is characterized by heterogeneous sclerotization with a lack of mineralization.
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2024-04-22 02:11:41Z

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