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Echinoidea source details

Koukouras, A., Sinis, A. I., Bobori, D., Kazantzidis, S. & Kitsos, M.-S. 2007. The echinoderm (Deuterostomia) fauna of the Aegean Sea, and comparison with those of the neighbouring seas. Journal of Biological Research 7, 67-92.
Earlier and recent sampling carried out in the Aegean Sea revealed the presence of 20 asteroid, 14 ophiuroid, 21 echinoid, and 1 holothuroid species. The ophiuroid Monaphiura apicula, and the echinoids Arbaciella elegans, Echinus melo and Hemiaster expergitus are recorded for the first time in the Eastern Mediterranean; the latter has previously been known only from the Western Mediterranean. The ophiuroid Amphiura (Acrocnida) brachiata is recorded for the first time in the Aegean Sea. For all species, information on their distribution and habitat is given. A checklist of the Mediterranean and Black Sea echinoderms, as well as their distribution in the Mediterranean territorial areas and the Black Sea are also presented. Furthermore, the faunas of the Mediterranean territorial areas are compared. According to the considered data, the number of species decreases as follows: Western Mediterranean, Aegean Sea, Adriatic Sea, Central Mediterranean, Levantine Sea and Black Sea. Species with an Atlanto-Mediterranean distribution dominate in all areas and are followed in numbers by the Mediterranean endemics and cosmopolitans. Four species of Indo-Pacific origin are located in the Levantine and SE Aegean seas.
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Adriatic Sea for Arbacia lixula (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Adriatic Sea for Brissopsis atlantica var. mediterranea Mortensen, 1913 
Adriatic Sea for Brissopsis lyrifera (Forbes, 1841) 
Adriatic Sea for Brissus unicolor (Leske, 1778) 
Adriatic Sea for Centrostephanus longispinus (Philippi, 1845) 
Adriatic Sea for Cidaris cidaris (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Adriatic Sea for Echinocardium cordatum (Pennant, 1777) 
Adriatic Sea for Echinocardium flavescens (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
Adriatic Sea for Echinocardium mediterraneum (Forbes, 1844) 
Adriatic Sea for Echinocyamus pusillus (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
Adriatic Sea for Echinus acutus Lamarck, 1816 
Adriatic Sea for Echinus melo Lamarck, 1816 
Adriatic Sea for Genocidaris maculata A. Agassiz, 1869 
Adriatic Sea for Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck, 1816) 
Adriatic Sea for Psammechinus microtuberculatus (Blainville, 1825) 
Adriatic Sea for Schizaster canaliferus (Lamarck, 1816) 
Adriatic Sea for Spatangus purpureus O.F. Müller, 1776 
Adriatic Sea for Sphaerechinus granularis (Lamarck, 1816) 
Adriatic Sea for Stylocidaris affinis (Philippi, 1845) 
Aegean Sea for Arbacia lixula (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Aegean Sea for Arbaciella elegans Mortensen, 1910 
Aegean Sea for Brissopsis atlantica var. mediterranea Mortensen, 1913 
Aegean Sea for Brissopsis lyrifera (Forbes, 1841) 
Aegean Sea for Brissus unicolor (Leske, 1778) 
Aegean Sea for Centrostephanus longispinus (Philippi, 1845) 
Aegean Sea for Cidaris cidaris (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Aegean Sea for Echinocardium cordatum (Pennant, 1777) 
Aegean Sea for Echinocardium fenauxi Pequignat, 1963 
Aegean Sea for Echinocardium flavescens (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
Aegean Sea for Echinocardium mediterraneum (Forbes, 1844) 
Aegean Sea for Echinocyamus pusillus (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
Aegean Sea for Echinus acutus Lamarck, 1816 
Aegean Sea for Echinus melo Lamarck, 1816 
Aegean Sea for Genocidaris maculata A. Agassiz, 1869 
Aegean Sea for Hemiaster expergitus Lovén, 1871 
Aegean Sea for Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck, 1816) 
Aegean Sea for Plagiobrissus costai (Gasco, 1876) 
Aegean Sea for Psammechinus microtuberculatus (Blainville, 1825) 
Aegean Sea for Schizaster canaliferus (Lamarck, 1816) 
Aegean Sea for Spatangus inermis Mortensen, 1913 
Aegean Sea for Spatangus purpureus O.F. Müller, 1776 
Aegean Sea for Sphaerechinus granularis (Lamarck, 1816) 
Aegean Sea for Stylocidaris affinis (Philippi, 1845) 
Central Mediterranean for Arbacia lixula (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Central Mediterranean for Arbaciella elegans Mortensen, 1910 
Central Mediterranean for Brissopsis lyrifera (Forbes, 1841) 
Central Mediterranean for Brissus unicolor (Leske, 1778) 
Central Mediterranean for Centrostephanus longispinus (Philippi, 1845) 
Central Mediterranean for Cidaris cidaris (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Central Mediterranean for Echinocardium cordatum (Pennant, 1777) 
Central Mediterranean for Echinocardium fenauxi Pequignat, 1963 
Central Mediterranean for Echinocardium flavescens (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
Central Mediterranean for Echinocardium mediterraneum (Forbes, 1844) 
Central Mediterranean for Echinocyamus pusillus (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
Central Mediterranean for Echinus acutus Lamarck, 1816 
Central Mediterranean for Echinus melo Lamarck, 1816 
Central Mediterranean for Genocidaris maculata A. Agassiz, 1869 
Central Mediterranean for Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck, 1816) 
Central Mediterranean for Plagiobrissus costai (Gasco, 1876) 
Central Mediterranean for Psammechinus microtuberculatus (Blainville, 1825) 
Central Mediterranean for Schizaster canaliferus (Lamarck, 1816) 
Central Mediterranean for Spatangus purpureus O.F. Müller, 1776 
Central Mediterranean for Sphaerechinus granularis (Lamarck, 1816) 
Central Mediterranean for Stylocidaris affinis (Philippi, 1845) 
Levantine Basin for Arbacia lixula (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Levantine Basin for Brissopsis lyrifera (Forbes, 1841) 
Levantine Basin for Brissus unicolor (Leske, 1778) 
Levantine Basin for Centrostephanus longispinus (Philippi, 1845) 
Levantine Basin for Cidaris cidaris (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Levantine Basin for Echinocardium cordatum (Pennant, 1777) 
Levantine Basin for Echinocardium mediterraneum (Forbes, 1844) 
Levantine Basin for Echinocyamus pusillus (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
Levantine Basin for Echinus acutus Lamarck, 1816 
Levantine Basin for Genocidaris maculata A. Agassiz, 1869 
Levantine Basin for Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck, 1816) 
Levantine Basin for Plagiobrissus costai (Gasco, 1876) 
Levantine Basin for Psammechinus microtuberculatus (Blainville, 1825) 
Levantine Basin for Schizaster canaliferus (Lamarck, 1816) 
Levantine Basin for Spatangus purpureus O.F. Müller, 1776 
Levantine Basin for Sphaerechinus granularis (Lamarck, 1816) 
Levantine Basin for Stylocidaris affinis (Philippi, 1845) 
Western Mediterranean for Arbacia lixula (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Western Mediterranean for Arbaciella elegans Mortensen, 1910 
Western Mediterranean for Brissopsis atlantica var. mediterranea Mortensen, 1913 
Western Mediterranean for Brissopsis lyrifera (Forbes, 1841) 
Western Mediterranean for Brissus unicolor (Leske, 1778) 
Western Mediterranean for Centrostephanus longispinus (Philippi, 1845) 
Western Mediterranean for Cidaris cidaris (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Western Mediterranean for Echinocardium cordatum (Pennant, 1777) 
Western Mediterranean for Echinocardium fenauxi Pequignat, 1963 
Western Mediterranean for Echinocardium flavescens (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
Western Mediterranean for Echinocardium mediterraneum (Forbes, 1844) 
Western Mediterranean for Echinocardium mortenseni Thiéry, 1909 
Western Mediterranean for Echinocyamus pusillus (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
Western Mediterranean for Echinus acutus Lamarck, 1816 
Western Mediterranean for Echinus melo Lamarck, 1816 
Western Mediterranean for Genocidaris maculata A. Agassiz, 1869 
Western Mediterranean for Hemiaster expergitus Lovén, 1871 
Western Mediterranean for Neolampas rostellata A. Agassiz, 1869 
Western Mediterranean for Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck, 1816) 

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