WoRMS taxon details

Spirorbinae Chamberlin, 1919

989  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:989)

Spirorbis Daudin, 1800 (type by original designation)
Spirorbidae Chamberlin, 1919 · alternative representation (superseded subsequent rank (-idae...)  
superseded subsequent rank (-idae spelling) for Spirorbinae


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  1. Genus Anomalorbis Vine, 1972
  2. Genus Charybs Montfort, 1810 in Mörch, 1863
  3. Tribe Circeini
    1. Genus Circeis Saint-Joseph, 1894
    2. Genus Paradexiospira Caullery & Mesnil, 1897
  4. Genus Crozetospira Rzhavsky, 1997
  5. Tribe Januini Knight-Jones, 1978
    1. Genus Janua Saint-Joseph, 1894
    2. Genus Leodora Saint-Joseph, 1894
    3. Genus Neodexiospira Pillai, 1970
    4. Genus Pillaiospira Knight-Jones, 1973
  6. Tribe Paralaeospirini Knight-Jones, 1978
    1. Genus Paralaeospira Caullery & Mesnil, 1897
  7. Tribe Pileolariini
    1. Genus Amplicaria Knight-Jones, 1984
    2. Genus Bushiella Knight-Jones, 1973
    3. Genus Nidificaria Knight-Jones, 1984
    4. Genus Pileolaria Claparède, 1868
    5. Genus Protoleodora Pillai, 1970
    6. Genus Simplaria Knight-Jones, 1984
    7. Genus Vinearia Knight-Jones, 1984
    8. Genus Amplaria Knight-Jones, 1973 accepted as Amplicaria Knight-Jones, 1984 (replaced junior homonym to Amplaria Chamberlin, 1941)
    9. Genus Jugaria Knight-Jones, 1978 represented as Bushiella (Jugaria) Knight-Jones, 1978 (reclassification with rank downgrade to subgenus)
  8. Tribe Romanchellini P. Knight-Jones, 1978
    1. Genus Helicosiphon Gravier, 1907
    2. Genus Knightjonesia Pillai, 2009
    3. Genus Metalaeospira Pillai, 1970
    4. Genus Protolaeospira Pixell, 1912
    5. Genus Romanchella Caullery & Mesnil, 1897
  9. Tribe Spirorbini Chamberlin, 1919
    1. Genus Eulaeospira Pillai, 1970
    2. Genus Spirorbis Daudin, 1800
    3. Genus Laeospira Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 accepted as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) Daudin, 1800 (unnecessary new name for nominal subgenus Spirorbis)
    4. Genus Spirorbis Lamarck, 1801 accepted as Spirorbis Daudin, 1800 (junior homonym and objective synonym to Spirorbis Daudin, 1800)
  10. Genus Dexiospira Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 accepted as Neodexiospira Pillai, 1970 (preoccupied in protozoan Dexiospira Ehrenberg, 1858)
  11. Genus Duplicaria Vine, 1972 accepted as Vinearia Knight-Jones, 1984 (replaced junior homonym to Duplicaria Dall, 1908)
  12. Genus Mera Saint-Joseph, 1894 accepted as Janua Saint-Joseph, 1894 (subjective synonym)
  13. Genus Nidularia Knight-Jones, 1978 accepted as Nidificaria Knight-Jones, 1984 (replaced junior homonym to Nidularia Targioni-Tozzetti,1868)
  14. Genus Simplicaria Knight-Jones, 1973 accepted as Simplaria Knight-Jones, 1984 (homonym to Simplicaria Suter, 1891)
  15. Genus Sinistrella Chamberlin, 1919 accepted as Bushiella Knight-Jones, 1973 (homonymy)
  16. Genus Spirillum Oken, 1807 accepted as Circeis Saint-Joseph, 1894
  17. Genus Spirorbella Chamberlin, 1919 accepted as Dexiospira Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 accepted as Neodexiospira Pillai, 1970
  18. Genus Spirorbides Chamberlin, 1919 accepted as Paradexiospira Caullery & Mesnil, 1897
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Chamberlin, Ralph V. (1919). The Annelida Polychaeta [Albatross Expeditions]. <em>Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College.</em> 48: 1-514., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/ia/memoirsofmuseumo4801harv
page(s): 474, 477 [details]   
WoRMS (2024). Spirorbinae Chamberlin, 1919. Accessed at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=989 on 2024-07-12
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
2010-03-03 00:50:30Z
2010-03-09 09:39:19Z
2019-06-11 22:31:27Z
2019-06-12 22:17:00Z
2024-05-09 03:01:44Z

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

original description Chamberlin, Ralph V. (1919). The Annelida Polychaeta [Albatross Expeditions]. <em>Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College.</em> 48: 1-514., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/ia/memoirsofmuseumo4801harv
page(s): 474, 477 [details]   

original description  (of Spirorbidae Chamberlin, 1919) Chamberlin, Ralph V. (1919). The Annelida Polychaeta [Albatross Expeditions]. <em>Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College.</em> 48: 1-514., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/ia/memoirsofmuseumo4801harv
page(s): 474; note: as Spirorbinae subfamily novum in a key. Chamberlin is regarded as having created all family-level ranks, thus creating Spirorbidae also, by this action [details]   

taxonomy source Caullery, Maurice; Mesnil, Felix. (1897). Études sur la morphologie comparée et la phylogénie des espèces chez les Spirorbes. <em>Bulletin scientifique de la France et de la Belgique.</em> 30: 185-233, plates 7-10., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/10721821 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

taxonomy source Pillai, T. Gottfried. (1970). Studies on a collection of Spirorbids from Ceylon, together with a critical review and revision of Spirorbid systematics, and an account of their phylogeny and zoogeography. <em>Ceylon Journal of Science (Biological Sciences).</em> 8(2): 100-172. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

taxonomy source Pixell, Helen L. M. (1912). Polychaeta from the Pacific coast of North America. Part I. Serpulidae, with a revised table of classification of the genus Spirorbis. <em>Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London.</em> [1912 part 3-4]: 784-805, plates 87-89 [follow p.784]., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32119350 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

taxonomy source Vine, Peter J. (1977). The marine fauna of New Zealand: Spirorbinae (Polychaeta: Serpulidae). <em>New Zealand Oceanographic Institute Memoir.</em> 68: 1-68., available online at http://docs.niwa.co.nz/library/public/NZOIMemoir68.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

taxonomy source Bush, Katharine J. (1904). [Spirorbis from Japan section] in: Moore, J. P.; Bush, K. J. Sabellidae and Serpulidae from Japan, with descriptions of new species of Spirorbis. <em>Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia.</em> 56:157-178, plates 11-12., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/30096#7 [details]   

additional source Vine, Peter J. (1971). Studies on the biology and zoogeography of Spirorbinae. <em>[thesis].</em> School of Biological Sciences, University of Swansea, Ph. D. thesis. pagination not known., available online at https://whel-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/f/1pe1frf/44WHELF_SWA_ALMA_DS2145495370002417 [details]   

additional source Bailey, Julie H. (1969). Methods of brood protection as a basis for the reclassification of the Spirorbinae (Serpulidae). <em>Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, London.</em> 48: 387-407., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.1969.tb00719.x [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

identification resource Rzhavsky, Alexander V.; Kupriyanova, Elena K.; Sikorski, Andrei V.; Dahle, Salve. (2014). Calcareous tubeworms (Polychaeta, Serpulidae) of the Arctic Ocean. KMK Scientific Press, Moscow. 191 p. [ISBN 978-5-87317-988-6]., available online at http://www.sevin.ru/menues1/index_rus.html?../news/739.html [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

biology source Rouse, Greg W.; Macdonald, Tara A.; Kupriyanova, Elena K. (2024). Molecular and Morphological Phylogenies of Spirorbinae (Serpulidae, Polychaeta, Annelida) and the Evolution of Brooding Modes. <em>Diversity.</em> 16(4): 237: 1-17., available online at https://www.mdpi.com/1424-2818/16/4/237 [details]   
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 

From editor or global species database
Classification Pillai (1970) raised Spirorbinae from the original subfamily rank to separate family rank, but this usage in the literature has declined due to solid evidence the group is part of Serpulidae (see ten Hove & Kupriyanova, 2009). Former subfamilies of Spirorbidae are now treated as tribes (Rzhavsky et al. 2013).

Some principal contributors to the genera and subgenera structure in spirorbins (or explainers of the structure) are Caullery & Mesnil (1897), Bush (1904), Pixell (1912), Chamberlin (1919), Pillai (1970), Knight-Jones & Knight-Jones (1977), etc [GBR in process of adding more of these sources] [details]


Dutch spiraalkokerwormen  [details]
English spiral tubeworms [from synonym]  [details]
German Posthörnchenwürmer [from synonym]  [details]
Japanese ウズマキゴカイ  [details]