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Polychaeta source details

Pleijel, Fredrik. (1991). Phylogeny and classification of the Phyllodocidae (Polychaeta). Zoologica Scripta. 20(3): 225-261.
10.1111/j.1463-6409.1991.tb00289.x [view]
Pleijel, Fredrik
Phylogeny and classification of the Phyllodocidae (Polychaeta)
Zoologica Scripta
20(3): 225-261
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
The phylogenetic relationships of the benthic phyllodocid genera are estimated by a parsimony analysis based on 26 morphological characters. It is concluded that the cephalization within Eteone has led to a reduction of segment 1 and loss of the first pair of tentacular cirri. Biramous parapodia (like in Austrophyllum and Notophyllum) constitute an ancestral state, which has evolved independently also within Phyllodoce. A new subfamily, Notophyllinae, is erected, and the two additional subfamilies, Phyllodocinae and Eteoninae, are redefined. Pareteoninae is treated as a junior synonym to Phyllodocinae, and Lugiinae as a nomen dubium. A number of genera are redefined and new combinations introduced. Based on type material Zverlinum and Phyllouschakovius are synonymized with Phyllodoce, Nipponophyllum with Notophyllym, Vitiaziphyllum with Eumida, Pareteone, Eulalia (Euphylla) and Compsanaitis with Paranaitis. More tentatively proposed synonymizations include Bergstroemia with Austrophyllum, Prophyllodoce with Phyllodoce, and Pseudeulalia with Protomystides. Eulalia lapsus is proposed as a replacement name for E. anoculata Fauchald, 1972, junior homonym to E. anoculata Hartman & Fauchald, 1971, and a number of species are synonymized and new combinations introduced. A checklist of phyllodocids together with information on the location of their type specimens is included.
Phylogeny, Phylogenesis
Systematics, Taxonomy
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
2016-02-01 17:08:51Z
2016-11-08 10:18:08Z
2020-05-16 14:53:39Z

Anaitides carloensis Kudenov, 1975 accepted as Phyllodoce panamensis Treadwell, 1917 (source of synonymy)
Anaitides cortezi Kudenov, 1975 accepted as Phyllodoce cortezi (Kudenov, 1975) (new combination reference)
Anaitides dubia Fauchald, 1972 accepted as Phyllodoce dubia (Fauchald, 1972) (new combination reference)
Anaitides williamsi Hartman, 1936 accepted as Phyllodoce williamsi (Hartman, 1936) (new combination reference)
Bergstroemia Banse, 1973 accepted as Austrophyllum Bergström, 1914 (source of synonymy)
Chaetoparia Malmgren, 1867 (additional source)
Clavadoce nigrimaculata (Moore, 1909) (new combination reference)
Compsanaitis Hutchings & Murray, 1984 accepted as Paranaitis Southern, 1914 (source of synonymy)
Dubiomystides [author uncertain] (basis of record)
Eteone aurantiaca Schmarda, 1861 (status source)
Eteone barbata (Malmgren, 1865) accepted as Mysta barbata Malmgren, 1865 (status source)
Eteone lactea Claparède, 1868 accepted as Hypereteone lactea (Claparède, 1868) (source of synonymy)
Eteone lighti Hartman, 1936 accepted as Hypereteone lighti (Hartman, 1936) (status source)
Eteone pterophora Ehlers, 1864 accepted as Lugia pterophora (Ehlers, 1864) (status source)
Eulalia (Eulalia) microphylloides Hartmann-Schröder, 1979 accepted as Eulalia microphylloides Hartmann-Scröder, 1979 (new combination reference)
Eulalia (Eumida) guttata Claparède, 1870 (status source)
Eulalia (Euphylla) Knox, 1960 accepted as Paranaitis Southern, 1914 (source of synonymy)
Eulalia (Pterocirrus) microcephala Claparède, 1870 (status source)
Eulalia anoculata Fauchald, 1972 accepted as Eulalia lapsus Pleijel, 1991 (source of synonymy)
Eulalia aurea Gravier, 1896 (status source)
Eulalia australiensis (Hartmann-Schröder, 1989) (basis of record)
Eulalia bisetosa (Hartmann-Schröder, 1962) (basis of record)
Eulalia coronelensis (Hartmann-Schröder, 1962) (basis of record)
Eulalia hutchinsonensis (Perkins, 1984) (new combination reference)
Eulalia imbricata Ehlers, 1874 accepted as Paranaitis imbricata (Ehlers, 1874) (status source)
Eulalia lapsus Pleijel, 1991 (original description)
Eulalia microphylloides Hartmann-Scröder, 1979 (basis of record)
Eulalia ornata Saint-Joseph, 1888 (status source)
Eulalia peruana (Hartmann-Schröder, 1960) (basis of record)
Eumida (Pirakia) hutchinsonensis Perkins, 1984 accepted as Eulalia hutchinsonensis (Perkins, 1984) (source of synonymy)
Eumida nuchala (Uschakov, 1972) (new combination reference)
Genetyllis Malmgren, 1865 accepted as Nereiphylla Blainville, 1828 (source of synonymy)
Genetyllis castanea (Marenzeller, 1879) accepted as Nereiphylla castanea (Marenzeller, 1879) (status source)
Hesione splendida Lamarck, 1818 (status source)
Hesperophyllum Chamberlin, 1919 accepted as Notophyllum Örsted, 1843 (status source)
Hypereteone Bergström, 1914 (status source)
Hypoeulalia Bergström, 1914 accepted as Eulalia Savigny, 1822 (source of synonymy)
Mysta Malmgren, 1865 (source of synonymy)
Mysta barbata Malmgren, 1865 (status source)
Mysta papillifera Théel, 1879 accepted as Mysta barbata Malmgren, 1865 (source of synonymy)
Nereiphylla gruai (Rullier, 1973) (basis of record)
Nipponophyllum Imajima & Hartman, 1964 accepted as Notophyllum Örsted, 1843 (source of synonymy)
Nipponophyllum japonicum (Marenzeller, 1879) accepted as Notophyllum japonicum Marenzeller, 1879 (taxonomy source)
Nipponophyllum sagamianum (Izuka, 1912) accepted as Notophyllum sagamianum Izuka, 1912 (taxonomy source)
Notalia Bergström, 1914 accepted as Eulalia Savigny, 1822 (source of synonymy)
Notalia australiensis Hartmann-Schröder, 1989 accepted as Eulalia australiensis (Hartmann-Schröder, 1989) (new combination reference)
Paranaitis benthicola (Knox, 1960) (new combination reference)
Paranaitis ochracea (Ehlers, 1904) (new combination reference)
Pareteone Hartmann-Schröder, 1975 accepted as Paranaitis Southern, 1914 (source of synonymy)
Phyllodoce (Anaitides) mucosa Örsted, 1843 represented as Phyllodoce mucosa Örsted, 1843 (status source)
Phyllodoce australis Day, 1975 (basis of record)
Phyllodoce castanea (Marenzeller, 1879) accepted as Nereiphylla castanea (Marenzeller, 1879) (status source)
Phyllodoce gracilis Kinberg, 1866 (status source)
Phyllodoce groenlandica orientalis Zachs, 1933 (status source)
Phyllodoce hawaiia (Hartman, 1966) (new combination reference)
Phyllodoce multiseriata Rioja, 1941 (status source)
Phyllodoce ovalifera Augener, 1913 (status source)
Phyllodoce polyphylla Ehlers, 1897 accepted as Genetyllis polyphylla (Ehlers, 1897) (status source)
Phyllodoce varia Treadwell, 1928 (status source)
Phyllodoce vittata Ehlers, 1864 (status source)
Pirakia lanceolata Hartman & Fauchald, 1971 accepted as Sige longicirrata (Støp-Bowitz, 1948) (status source)
Prochaetoparia gruai Rullier, 1973 accepted as Nereiphylla gruai (Rullier, 1973) (source of synonymy)
Prophyllodoce Hartman, 1966 accepted as Phyllodoce Lamarck, 1818 (source of synonymy)
Protomystidella Hartmann-Schröder, 1983 accepted as Protomystides Czerniavsky, 1882 (source of synonymy)
Protomystides brunnea Hartmann-Schröder, 1963 accepted as Eulalia brunnea (Hartmann-Schröder, 1963) (new combination reference)
Protomystides longiantennata (Hartmann-Schröder, 1981) (new combination reference)
Pseudeulalia Eliason, 1962 accepted as Protomystides Czerniavsky, 1882 (source of synonymy)
Pseudeulalia exigua Eliason, 1962 accepted as Protomystides exigua (Eliason, 1962) (new combination reference)
Pterocirrus montereyensis (Hartman, 1936) (new combination reference)
Sige montereyensis Hartman, 1936 accepted as Pterocirrus montereyensis (Hartman, 1936) (status source)
Steggoa bisetosa Hartmann-Schröder, 1962 accepted as Eulalia bisetosa (Hartmann-Schröder, 1962) (new combination reference)
Steggoa californiensis Hartman, 1936 accepted as Eulalia californiensis (Hartman, 1936) (new combination reference)
Steggoa coronelensis Hartmann-Schröder, 1962 accepted as Eulalia coronelensis (Hartmann-Schröder, 1962) (new combination reference)
Steggoa peruana Hartmann-Schröder, 1960 accepted as Eulalia peruana (Hartmann-Schröder, 1960) (new combination reference)
Vitiaziphyllum Uschakov, 1972 accepted as Eumida Malmgren, 1865 (additional source)
Vitiaziphyllum Uschakov, 1972 accepted as Eumida Malmgren, 1865 (source of synonymy)
Vitiaziphyllum nuchalum Uschakov, 1972 accepted as Eumida nuchala (Uschakov, 1972) (source of synonymy)

The author of Gyptis is Marion alone. It is quite clear that Marion alone wrote the 1874 'news item' article in ... [details]


Pleijel (1991), in a work in which he catalogued all phyllodocids, placed Mysta and Hypereteone as synonyms of ... [details]

 Editor's comment

Species wrongly recorded in WoRMS with spelling as Sige longocirrata until 24 Apr 2021, following Pleijel (1990, 1991). [details]


Not stated in the original description. The specific epithet lapsus is a Latin noun meaning 'a slip' or 'a lapse', ... [details]


Not stated. Anaitis is a Greek/Roman female name, and Southern has added 'para' (Greek for beside, near), a common ... [details]

 Grammatical gender

Feminine, as a prefix has been added to Anaitis, a Greek/Roman female name [details]


Junior primary homonym to Eulalia anoculata Hartman & Fauchald, 1971, North Atlantic. [details]

 New combination

Pleijel et al. (2012) state that "Chamberlin’s species was considered to be of uncertain generic affinity in ... [details]


According to Pleijel (1991:246) Bergström (1914:115) has 'Dubiomystides' as an error for Pseudomystides. However, ... [details]


Species misspelled as 'longocirrata' by Pleijel (1990, 1991). [details]


According to Pleijel (1991: 250) "L. [Lugia] aurantiaca probably belongs to Eteone as originally assigned." [details]


Pleijel (1991: 234) examined holotypes of C. splendida and Eulalia nigrimaculata, and concluded they were synonyms. ... [details]


According to Pleijel (1991: 255) this species is a ''Junior homonym, possibly also junior synonym, to Eulalia ... [details]


Pleijel (1991) synonymized Prophyllodoce to Phyllodoce, correctly inferring the dorsal 'process' on the first ... [details]


Fauvel (1923: 199) considered the species as indeterminable, stating that it was probably based on a juvenile of ... [details]


Chamberlin (1919: 167) regarded the genus Myrianida Milne-Edwards, 1845 as synonymous with Myriana Savigny, 1822: ... [details]


According to Pleijel (1991: 258) the generic allocation of the species is uncertain. [details]


According to Pleijel (1991: 258), Phyllodoce bulbosa Wesenberg-Lund, 1962 is possibly a senior synonym to ... [details]


According to Pleijel (1991: 258, 259), Phyllodoce monroi (Hartman, 1964) is possibly a junior synonym to Phyllodoce ... [details]


Pleijel (1991: 260) considered the species as a nomen dubium, with genus uncertain [details]


Pleijel (1991:245) refers that the main difference between Pseudeulalia and Protomystides Czerniavsky, 1882 is that ... [details]

 Type material

From Wilson (1988: 395): "There is some confusion as to the status of the USNM [20338] type material. The original ... [details]

 Type material

Holotype 19 mm long, stated to have been deposited in the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Cambridge, with the ... [details]

 Type material

''Type material lost'' (Pleijel, 1991: 257).  [details]


Valid according to some sources as Eteone (Mysta) barbata (Malmgren, 1865) or Mysta barbata. Pleijel (1991) ... [details]