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The World Porifera Database

The WPD, the World Database of all Recent sponges ever described, is part of the World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS), a global initiative to arrive at a register of all marine organisms. The WPD is complementary to the Systema Porifera (editors Hooper & Van Soest, 2002), the two volume comprehensive classification of all sponge taxa above the species level. It incorporates recent and future amendments of the sponge classification, including the recently proposed revision of Morrow & Cárdenas (2015).


Porifera news


Calcareous sponges from Réunion Island, Indian Ocean

Added on: 2021-05-11 21:34:56 by Klautau, Michelle
Klautau, M.; Lopes, M.V.; Tavares, G.; Pérez, T. (2021). Integrative taxonomy of calcareous sponges (Porifera: Calcarea) from Réunion Island, Indian Ocean. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2021, XX, 1–55. ...

Sponge biodiversity from the Gulf of Manaar, India

Added on: 2021-04-20 14:48:50 by Hooper, John N.A.
Varsha, M.S.; Ranjith, L.; Varghese, M.; Joshi, K.K.; Sethulakshmi, M.; Prasad, A.R.; Antony, T.P.; Parvathy. M.S.; Jesuraj, N.; Muthukrishnan, P.; Ravindren, I.; Paulpondi, A.; Kanthan, K.P.; Karuppuswami, M.; Biswas, M.; Gopalakrishnan, A. (2020). Biodiversity of sponges (Phylum: Porifera) off Tuticorin, India. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. India, 62 (2): 40-57 ...

Color morphotypes of Mycale (Carmia) cecilia

Added on: 2021-04-19 11:41:16 by Cárdenas, Paco
Castillo-Páez, A.; Llera-Herrera, R.; Cruz-Barraza, J.A. (2021) De novo transcriptome assembly for two color types of the marine sponge Mycale (Carmia) cecilia. Mol Biol Rep., online first ...

Hymeniacidon perlevis in British Columbia

Added on: 2021-04-16 12:04:24 by van Soest, Rob W.M.
Harbo, R.; Ott, B.; Reiswig, H.M.; McDaniel, N. (2021). First Canadian record (Ladysmith Harbour, British Columbia) of the non-native European sponge Hymeniacidon perlevis (Montagu, 1814) (Porifera, Demospongiae). BioInvasions Records 10 (2): 277-286. ...

New species from Eastern Mediterranean

Added on: 2021-04-08 23:49:06 by Boury-Esnault, Nicole
Idan, T.; Shefer, S; Feldstein, T.; Ilan, M. (2021). New discoveries in Eastern Mediterranean mesophotic sponge grounds: updated checklist and description of three novel sponge species. Mediterranean Marine Science, 22 (2): 270-284 ...

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The aim for the WPD is to be a catalogue of sponge species in a continuously updated, fully hierarchical system to promote stability of sponge names, to serve the community of users of sponge names, and to act as a tool for higher taxon revisions and regional monographs. A further aim is to be the world’s comprehensive database for sponge type specimens and other important vouchered specimens. Additional information we are making available are (overview) distributions of all species and unaccepted name combinations occurring in the literature.

In order to have adequate expert knowledge we have formed an editorial committee consisting of:

and the following specialist colleagues:

Editors are responsible for entries, decision on validity of names. Corrections and omissions may be addressed to the relevant editor or the general editor.

Currently (2021), there are 9,382 valid species (marine + non-marine) in the database (among almost 20,000 taxon names). Acceptance is an editorial decision, but we acknowledge such decisions need to be re-examined frequently in the light of new information. If you disagree with senior synonymy decisions or genus assignments, please let us have your - argumented - corrected assignment. More info.

Who is who in sponge science

This global address list reflects information collated through annual surveys posted on mailing lists (PoriferaList, CoraList and Skolithos) and by contacting some people directly. The information was collected and made available by Christine Schönberg.

Sponge conference materials

This is a record of abstracts, proceedings and other materials from sponge meetings and symposia.


Usage of data from the World Porifera Database in scientific publications should be acknowledged by citing as follows:

  • Van Soest, R.W.M.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J.L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R.; Morrow, C.C. (2021). World Porifera Database. Accessed at on 2021-05-15. doi:10.14284/359
If the data from the World Porifera Database constitute a substantial proportion of the records used in analyses, the chief editor(s) of the database should be contacted. There may be additional data which may prove valuable to such analyses.

Individual pages are individually authored and dated. These can be cited separately: the proper citation is provided at the bottom of each page.

Website and databases developed and hosted by VLIZ · Page generated 2021-05-15 · contact: Rob van Soest