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Porifera taxon details

Geodia carolae (Lendenfeld, 1910)

1424278  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:1424278)

accepted
Species
Geodia robusta var. carolae (Lendenfeld, 1910) (status change and preoccupied)
Geodia robusta var. megaclada (Lendenfeld, 1910) (status change, junior synonym and preoccupied)
Geodinella robusta Lendenfeld, 1910 (genus transfer and preoccupied)
Geodinella robusta var. carolae Lendenfeld, 1910 (genus transfer, status change and preoccupied)
Geodinella robusta var. megaclada Lendenfeld, 1910 (genus transfer, status change and preoccupied)
Geodinella robusta var. megasterra Lendenfeld, 1910 (genus transfer, status change and preoccupied)
Geodinella robusta var. robusta Lendenfeld, 1910 (genus transfer, status change and preoccupied)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(of Geodia robusta var. carolae (Lendenfeld, 1910)) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1910). The Sponges. 1. The Geodidae. In: Reports on the Scientific Results of the Expedition to the Eastern Tropical Pacific, in charge of Alexander Agassiz, by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer ‘Albatross', from October, 1904, to March, 1905, Lieut. Commander L.M. Garrett, U.S.N., Commanding, and of other Expeditions of the Albatross, 1888-1904. (21). <em>Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College.</em> 41(1): 1-259, pls 1-48. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(of Geodinella robusta var. carolae Lendenfeld, 1910) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1910). The Sponges. 1. The Geodidae. In: Reports on the Scientific Results of the Expedition to the Eastern Tropical Pacific, in charge of Alexander Agassiz, by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer ‘Albatross', from October, 1904, to March, 1905, Lieut. Commander L.M. Garrett, U.S.N., Commanding, and of other Expeditions of the Albatross, 1888-1904. (21). <em>Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College.</em> 41(1): 1-259, pls 1-48. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Type locality contained in Canada  
type locality contained in Canada [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 51-52) explanation for the nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Geodia robusta...  
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 51-52) explanation for the nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Geodia robusta Von Lendenfeld, 1907, Geodia robusta (Von Lendenfeld, 1910) and Geodia robusta Lebwohl, 1914.
1. Geodia robusta Von Lendenfeld, 1907: 333 (type locality Agulhas Bank, off South Africa). The name combination is accepted (e.g. Samaai 2006: 9, table 1) as a senior primary homonym of Lebwohl’s species, but there is an additional future senior secondary homonymy, viz. Stelletta bacillifera var. robusta Carter, 1883: 352 (accepted as Ancorina robusta), because Cárdenas et al. (2011, supporting figs S001, S002, and S003) demonstrated that this Southeast Australian species using molecular sequence data falls into the group of Geodia species lacking sterrasters. Cárdenas et al. (2011) have not yet published a formal reassignment
of Carter’s species, so we will refrain from further action here. Furthermore, Geodinella robusta Von Lendenfeld, 1910: 205, including 3 varieties megasterra, carolae, and megaclada, was reassigned to a single species Geodia robusta (Von Lendenfeld, 1910) by Stone et al. (2011: 45), apparently subsuming the varieties, although this was not expressly stated. This reassignment created a junior secondary homonym of G. robusta Von Lendenfeld, 1907 and subsequently Stone et al. (2011) proposed the new name Geodia lendenfeldi to remove the homonymy. However, since there were three varieties created by Von Lendenfeld, the new name should have been taken from one of the varieties. Von Lendenfeld did not indicate which of the three varieties was the typical one, so it was indicated that the first mentioned, var. megasterra, is the typical variety and the objective bearer of the species name G. robusta (Von Lendenfeld, 1910), which was to be renamed var. robusta. The two other varieties were formally reassigned to G. robusta var. robusta as junior synonyms. ICZN Art. 23.3.5. and 60.2 determine that in case of replacement of
a junior homonym, the name of the oldest junior synonym is to be taken as the new name. Thus, Geodia carolae (Von Lendenfeld, 1910) (originally Geodia robusta var. carolae, p. 205) was proposed to remove the homonymy of Geodia robusta (Von Lendenfeld, 1910), with Geodia robusta var. megaclada (Von Lendenfeld, 1910) and Geodia lendenfeldi Stone et al., 2011 as junior synonyms.
2. Geodia reniformis var. robusta Lebwohl, 1914: 49 (type locality Yodomi, Japan). Lebwohl’s species is a junior primary homonym of Geodia robusta Von Lendenfeld, 1907 and a junior secondary homonym of Geodia robusta (Von Lendenfeld, 1910), lacking clear synonyms, so the name needed to be replaced (ICZN Art. 60.3).
3. Summary: Geodia robusta Von Lendenfeld, 1907 is the senior primary homonym and is to be maintained (ICZN Art. 57.2). Geodia robusta var. megasterra (Von Lendenfeld, 1910) is the typical variety to be renamed G. robusta var. robusta (Von Lendenfeld, 1910), and this is a junior secondary homonym of G. robusta Von Lendenfeld, 1907. To remove the homonymy, Geodia carolae (Von Lendenfeld, 1910) was proposed as the eldest available junior synonym (ICZN Art. 23.3.5 & 60.1) as replacement. The previously proposed nomen novum, G. lendenfeldi Stone et al., 2011 was reassigned as a
junior synonym of Geodia carolae. Geodia robusta Lebwohl, 1914 is a junior primary homonym of Geodia robusta Von Lendenfeld, 1907. To remove the homonymy Geodia lebwohli nom. nov. was proposed (ICZN Art. 60.3), named after F. Lebwohl. [details]
de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Carballo, J.L.; Cárdenas, P.; Díaz, M.-C.; Dohrmann, M.; Downey, R.; Hajdu, E.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Kelly, M.; Klautau, M.; Manconi, R.; Morrow, C.C. Pisera, A.B.; Ríos, P.; Rützler, K.; Schönberg, C.; Vacelet, J.; van Soest, R.W.M. (2021). World Porifera Database. Geodia carolae (Lendenfeld, 1910). Accessed at: http://marinespecies.org/porifera/porifera.php?p=taxdetails&id=1424278 on 2022-01-27
Date
action
by
2020-03-07 13:08:15Z
created

original description  (of Geodia robusta var. carolae (Lendenfeld, 1910)) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1910). The Sponges. 1. The Geodidae. In: Reports on the Scientific Results of the Expedition to the Eastern Tropical Pacific, in charge of Alexander Agassiz, by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer ‘Albatross', from October, 1904, to March, 1905, Lieut. Commander L.M. Garrett, U.S.N., Commanding, and of other Expeditions of the Albatross, 1888-1904. (21). <em>Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College.</em> 41(1): 1-259, pls 1-48. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Geodia robusta var. megaclada (Lendenfeld, 1910)) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1910). The Sponges. 1. The Geodidae. In: Reports on the Scientific Results of the Expedition to the Eastern Tropical Pacific, in charge of Alexander Agassiz, by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer ‘Albatross', from October, 1904, to March, 1905, Lieut. Commander L.M. Garrett, U.S.N., Commanding, and of other Expeditions of the Albatross, 1888-1904. (21). <em>Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College.</em> 41(1): 1-259, pls 1-48. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Geodia robusta var. megasterra (Lendenfeld, 1910)) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1910). The Sponges. 1. The Geodidae. In: Reports on the Scientific Results of the Expedition to the Eastern Tropical Pacific, in charge of Alexander Agassiz, by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer ‘Albatross', from October, 1904, to March, 1905, Lieut. Commander L.M. Garrett, U.S.N., Commanding, and of other Expeditions of the Albatross, 1888-1904. (21). <em>Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College.</em> 41(1): 1-259, pls 1-48. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Geodinella robusta Lendenfeld, 1910) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1910). The Sponges. 1. The Geodidae. In: Reports on the Scientific Results of the Expedition to the Eastern Tropical Pacific, in charge of Alexander Agassiz, by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer ‘Albatross', from October, 1904, to March, 1905, Lieut. Commander L.M. Garrett, U.S.N., Commanding, and of other Expeditions of the Albatross, 1888-1904. (21). <em>Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College.</em> 41(1): 1-259, pls 1-48. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Geodinella robusta var. carolae Lendenfeld, 1910) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1910). The Sponges. 1. The Geodidae. In: Reports on the Scientific Results of the Expedition to the Eastern Tropical Pacific, in charge of Alexander Agassiz, by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer ‘Albatross', from October, 1904, to March, 1905, Lieut. Commander L.M. Garrett, U.S.N., Commanding, and of other Expeditions of the Albatross, 1888-1904. (21). <em>Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College.</em> 41(1): 1-259, pls 1-48. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Geodinella robusta var. megaclada Lendenfeld, 1910) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1910). The Sponges. 1. The Geodidae. In: Reports on the Scientific Results of the Expedition to the Eastern Tropical Pacific, in charge of Alexander Agassiz, by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer ‘Albatross', from October, 1904, to March, 1905, Lieut. Commander L.M. Garrett, U.S.N., Commanding, and of other Expeditions of the Albatross, 1888-1904. (21). <em>Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College.</em> 41(1): 1-259, pls 1-48. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Geodinella robusta var. megasterra Lendenfeld, 1910) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1910). The Sponges. 1. The Geodidae. In: Reports on the Scientific Results of the Expedition to the Eastern Tropical Pacific, in charge of Alexander Agassiz, by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer ‘Albatross', from October, 1904, to March, 1905, Lieut. Commander L.M. Garrett, U.S.N., Commanding, and of other Expeditions of the Albatross, 1888-1904. (21). <em>Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College.</em> 41(1): 1-259, pls 1-48. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Geodia robusta (Lendenfeld, 1910)) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1910). The Sponges. 1. The Geodidae. In: Reports on the Scientific Results of the Expedition to the Eastern Tropical Pacific, in charge of Alexander Agassiz, by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer ‘Albatross', from October, 1904, to March, 1905, Lieut. Commander L.M. Garrett, U.S.N., Commanding, and of other Expeditions of the Albatross, 1888-1904. (21). <em>Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College.</em> 41(1): 1-259, pls 1-48. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Geodia lendenfeldi Stone, Lehnert & Reiswig, 2011) Stone, R.P.; Lehnert, H.; Reiswig, H. (2011). A guide to the deepwater sponges of the Aleutian Island Archipelago. <em>NOAA Professional Paper NMFS.</em> 12: 1-187. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (of Geodinella robusta Lendenfeld, 1910) Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 52-53 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Geodinella robusta var. megaclada Lendenfeld, 1910) Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 52-53 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Geodinella robusta Lendenfeld, 1910) Laubenfels, M.W. de. (1932). The marine and fresh-water sponges of California. <em>Proceedings of the United States National Museum.</em> 81 (2927):1-140. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

new combination reference  (of Geodia lendenfeldi Stone, Lehnert & Reiswig, 2011) Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 52-53 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

new combination reference  (of Geodinella robusta var. robusta Lendenfeld, 1910) Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 52-53 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

new combination reference  (of Geodia robusta (Lendenfeld, 1910)) Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 52-53 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

new combination reference  (of Geodia robusta var. megasterra (Lendenfeld, 1910)) Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 52-53 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

new combination reference  (of Geodia robusta var. megaclada (Lendenfeld, 1910)) Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 52-53 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 51-52) explanation for the nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Geodia robusta Von Lendenfeld, 1907, Geodia robusta (Von Lendenfeld, 1910) and Geodia robusta Lebwohl, 1914.
1. Geodia robusta Von Lendenfeld, 1907: 333 (type locality Agulhas Bank, off South Africa). The name combination is accepted (e.g. Samaai 2006: 9, table 1) as a senior primary homonym of Lebwohl’s species, but there is an additional future senior secondary homonymy, viz. Stelletta bacillifera var. robusta Carter, 1883: 352 (accepted as Ancorina robusta), because Cárdenas et al. (2011, supporting figs S001, S002, and S003) demonstrated that this Southeast Australian species using molecular sequence data falls into the group of Geodia species lacking sterrasters. Cárdenas et al. (2011) have not yet published a formal reassignment
of Carter’s species, so we will refrain from further action here. Furthermore, Geodinella robusta Von Lendenfeld, 1910: 205, including 3 varieties megasterra, carolae, and megaclada, was reassigned to a single species Geodia robusta (Von Lendenfeld, 1910) by Stone et al. (2011: 45), apparently subsuming the varieties, although this was not expressly stated. This reassignment created a junior secondary homonym of G. robusta Von Lendenfeld, 1907 and subsequently Stone et al. (2011) proposed the new name Geodia lendenfeldi to remove the homonymy. However, since there were three varieties created by Von Lendenfeld, the new name should have been taken from one of the varieties. Von Lendenfeld did not indicate which of the three varieties was the typical one, so it was indicated that the first mentioned, var. megasterra, is the typical variety and the objective bearer of the species name G. robusta (Von Lendenfeld, 1910), which was to be renamed var. robusta. The two other varieties were formally reassigned to G. robusta var. robusta as junior synonyms. ICZN Art. 23.3.5. and 60.2 determine that in case of replacement of
a junior homonym, the name of the oldest junior synonym is to be taken as the new name. Thus, Geodia carolae (Von Lendenfeld, 1910) (originally Geodia robusta var. carolae, p. 205) was proposed to remove the homonymy of Geodia robusta (Von Lendenfeld, 1910), with Geodia robusta var. megaclada (Von Lendenfeld, 1910) and Geodia lendenfeldi Stone et al., 2011 as junior synonyms.
2. Geodia reniformis var. robusta Lebwohl, 1914: 49 (type locality Yodomi, Japan). Lebwohl’s species is a junior primary homonym of Geodia robusta Von Lendenfeld, 1907 and a junior secondary homonym of Geodia robusta (Von Lendenfeld, 1910), lacking clear synonyms, so the name needed to be replaced (ICZN Art. 60.3).
3. Summary: Geodia robusta Von Lendenfeld, 1907 is the senior primary homonym and is to be maintained (ICZN Art. 57.2). Geodia robusta var. megasterra (Von Lendenfeld, 1910) is the typical variety to be renamed G. robusta var. robusta (Von Lendenfeld, 1910), and this is a junior secondary homonym of G. robusta Von Lendenfeld, 1907. To remove the homonymy, Geodia carolae (Von Lendenfeld, 1910) was proposed as the eldest available junior synonym (ICZN Art. 23.3.5 & 60.1) as replacement. The previously proposed nomen novum, G. lendenfeldi Stone et al., 2011 was reassigned as a
junior synonym of Geodia carolae. Geodia robusta Lebwohl, 1914 is a junior primary homonym of Geodia robusta Von Lendenfeld, 1907. To remove the homonymy Geodia lebwohli nom. nov. was proposed (ICZN Art. 60.3), named after F. Lebwohl. [details]
LanguageName 
English Lendenfeld's horny sponge [from synonym]  [details]
French éponge de Lendenfeld [from synonym]  [details]


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