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Porifera name details

Stylocordyla borealis var. acuata Kirkpatrick, 1908

170721  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:170721)

 unaccepted (status change)
Variety
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Kirkpatrick, R. (1908). Porifera (Sponges). II. Tetraxonida, Dendy. <em>National Antarctic Expedition, 1901-1904 Natural History.</em> 4, Zoology: 1-56, pls VIII-XXVI.
page(s): 22 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Holotype  BMNH 1908.2.5.123, geounit Ross Sea  
Holotype BMNH 1908.2.5.123, geounit Ross Sea [details]
de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Cárdenas, P.; Díaz, M.-C.; Dohrmann, M.; Downey, R.; Goodwin, C.; Hajdu, E.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Kelly, M.; Klautau, M.; Lim, S.C.; Manconi, R.; Morrow, C.; Pinheiro, U.; Pisera, A.B.; Ríos, P.; Rützler, K.; Schönberg, C.; Turner, T.; Vacelet, J.; van Soest, R.W.M.; Xavier, J. (2024). World Porifera Database. Stylocordyla borealis var. acuata Kirkpatrick, 1908. Accessed at: https://www.marinespecies.org/porifera/porifera.php?p=taxdetails&id=170721 on 2024-04-21
Date
action
by
2005-07-10 18:05:41Z
created
db_admin
2010-06-03 18:35:14Z
checked
2011-01-14 10:04:19Z
changed
2020-11-01 08:32:31Z
changed
2024-01-28 11:21:31Z
changed

original description Kirkpatrick, R. (1908). Porifera (Sponges). II. Tetraxonida, Dendy. <em>National Antarctic Expedition, 1901-1904 Natural History.</em> 4, Zoology: 1-56, pls VIII-XXVI.
page(s): 22 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Van Soest, R.W.M. (2024). Correcting sponge names: nomenclatural update of lower taxa level Porifera. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 5398(1): 1-122., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.5398.1.1
page(s): 85 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Burton, M. (1932). Sponges. <em>Discovery Reports.</em> 6: 237-392, pls 48-57.
page(s): 339 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Hentschel, E. (1914). Monaxone Kieselschwämme und Hornschwämme der Deutschen Südpolar-Expedition 1901-1903. <em>Deutsche Südpolar-Expedition.</em> 15 (1): 35-141, pls IV-VIII.
page(s): 54 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
   

Holotype BMNH 1908.2.5.123, geounit Ross Sea [details]
From editor or global species database
Synonymy The variety was described by Kirkpatrick from Antarctica, off Mount Erebus, near Winter Quarters, approximate coordinates 77.8333°S 166°E, depth 900 m (holotype BMNH 1908.2.5. 123). It differs from the typical variety described by Loven (1868: 99, pl. II) (as Hyalonema, from Norway, lectotype SMNH-8152, from Hammerfest, Finmarken, North Norway, approximate coordinates 70.72°N 23.55°E, depth 360 m, the paralectotype from Storegge, Southern Norway, approximate coordinates 60.98°N 5.18°E, no depth provided) by the absence of microxeas in the stalk and instead there are microstyles in the stalk and the microxeas in the head lack a centrotylote swelling. The present variety resembles the Antarctic Stylocordyla chupachups Uriz et al. (2011: 247, from 70°50.6 S 10°35.40’W, depth 247-269 m, holotype ZMH P3730) in shape and in the absence of a palisade of microxeas/microstyles in the surface of the body, but the oxeas of the stalk in that species are two-three times as long. Although the sizes of the oxeas of the stalk given by Kirkpatrick appear unusually small and similar to the sizes of oxeas of the body of other Stylocordyla, there was corroboration of the small spicules of the stalk by Hentschel’s (1914: 54) report of similar specimens from Gauss Station in East Antarctica. Hentschel cited the same small stalk spicules, thus confirming that a second Stylocordyla species in shape (rounded head) and skeletal features (absence of palisade of microstyles/ microxeas in the body) similar to the species Stylocordyla chupachups does exist in Antarctic waters. Van Soest (2024: 85) proposed to recognize the variety at the species level as Stylocordyla acuata Kirkpatrick, 1908. [details]


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