WoRMS source details

Erséus, C. (1979). Taxonomic revision of the marine genus Phallodrilus Pierantoni (Oligochaeta, Tubificidae), with descriptions of thirteen new species. Zoologica Scripta. 8: 187-208.
125710
Erséus, C.
1979
Taxonomic revision of the marine genus Phallodrilus Pierantoni (Oligochaeta, Tubificidae), with descriptions of thirteen new species
Zoologica Scripta
8: 187-208
Publication
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
The taxonomy and morphology of Phallodrilus Pierantoni, 1902 are studied on the basis of material from various geographical areas. P . sabulosus sp.n., P . exiguus sp.n., P. tenuissimus sp.n., P. caudatus sp.n., P . planus sp.n. and P. extremus sp.n. are described from tropical and subtropical parts of the NW Atlantic, the four last-mentioned species being void of alimentary canal. A polytypic species is established for the European P. rectisetosus rectisetosus subsp.n. and the NW Atlantic P . rectisetosus deminutius subsp.n. P . marionensis sp.n. and P . inconspicuus sp.n. are reported from the S Indian Ocean, P. firmus sp.n. from Iceland. Three deep-sea species, P. remus sp.n., P . styloatriatus sp.n. (both N Atlantic), and P. simplidentatus sp.n. (from High Arctic Ocean) are described, and morphological notes and a new record are given for P . profundus Cook. Studies on types and other material enable morphological notes on P. minutus Hrabe, P . coeloprostarus Cook, P . obscurus Cook, P. parviatriatus Cook, P. prostatus (Knöllner) and P . albidus Jamieson. The definition of the genus is modified, and the relation of Phallodrilus to other genera within the sub-family Phallodrilinae is briefly discussed. Twenty-three species of Phallodrilus are keyed out, principally on the basis of differences in the sexual organs of the different species.
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Marionidrilus inconspicuus (Erséus, 1979) (original description)
Pectinodrilus marionensis (Erséus, 1979) (original description)
Phallodrilus Pierantoni, 1902 (taxonomy source)
Phallodrilus albidus Jamieson, 1977 accepted as Olavius albidus (Jamieson, 1977) (additional source)
Phallodrilus caudatus Erséus, 1979 accepted as Olavius caudatus (Erséus, 1979) (original description)
Phallodrilus coeloprostatus Cook, 1969 accepted as Peosidrilus coeloprostatus (Cook, 1969) (additional source)
Phallodrilus exiguus Erséus, 1979 accepted as Phallodriloides exiguus (Erséus, 1979) (original description)
Phallodrilus extremus Erséus, 1979 accepted as Inanidrilus extremus (Erséus, 1979) (original description)
Phallodrilus firmus Erséus, 1979 accepted as Thalassodrilus firmus (Erséus, 1979) (original description)
Phallodrilus hallae Cook & Hiltunen, 1975 accepted as Thalassodrilus hallae (Cook & Hiltunen, 1975) (additional source)
Phallodrilus inconspicuus Erséus, 1979 accepted as Marionidrilus inconspicuus (Erséus, 1979) (original description)
Phallodrilus marionensis Erséus, 1979 accepted as Pectinodrilus marionensis (Erséus, 1979) (original description)
Phallodrilus minutus Hrabĕ, 1973 accepted as Pirodrilus minutus (Hrabĕ, 1973) (additional source)
Phallodrilus obscurus Cook, 1969 accepted as Peosidrilus obscurus (Cook, 1969) (additional source)
Phallodrilus parviatriatus Cook, 1971 accepted as Pirodrilus parviatriatus (Cook, 1971) (additional source)
Phallodrilus planus Erséus, 1979 accepted as Olavius planus (Erséus, 1979) (basis of record)
Phallodrilus planus Erséus, 1979 accepted as Olavius planus (Erséus, 1979) (original description)
Phallodrilus profundus Cook, 1970 accepted as Abyssidrilus profundus (Cook, 1970) (additional source)
Phallodrilus prostatus (Knöllner, 1935) accepted as Thalassodrilus prostatus (Knöllner, 1935) (additional source)
Phallodrilus rectisetosus Erséus, 1979 accepted as Pectinodrilus rectisetosus (Erséus, 1979) (original description)
Phallodrilus rectisetosus deminutius Erséus, 1979 accepted as Phallodrilus deminutius Erséus, 1979 accepted as Pectinodrilus deminutius (Erséus, 1979) accepted as Pectinodrilus rectisetosus (Erséus, 1979) (original description)
Phallodrilus rectisetosus rectisetosus Erséus, 1979 accepted as Pectinodrilus rectisetosus (Erséus, 1979) (original description)
Phallodrilus remus Erséus, 1979 accepted as Abyssidrilus remus (Erséus, 1979) (original description)
Phallodrilus sabulosus Erséus, 1979 accepted as Milliganius sabulosus (Erséus, 1979) (original description)
Phallodrilus simplidentatus Erséus, 1979 accepted as Peosidrilus simplidentatus (Erséus, 1979) (original description)
Phallodrilus styloatriatus Erséus, 1979 accepted as Atlantidrilus styloatriatus (Erséus, 1979) (original description)
Phallodrilus tenuissimus Erséus, 1979 accepted as Olavius tenuissimus (Erséus, 1979) (original description)
Bermuda for Phallodrilus exiguus Erséus, 1979 
Bermuda for Phallodrilus planus Erséus, 1979 
Bermudian part of the North Atlantic Ocean for Phallodrilus rectisetosus deminutius Erséus, 1979 
Bermudian part of the North Atlantic Ocean for Phallodrilus tenuissimus Erséus, 1979 
French part of the Bay of Biscay for Phallodrilus rectisetosus rectisetosus Erséus, 1979 
Germany for Phallodrilus aquaedulcis Hrabě, 1960 
Great Barrier Reef for Phallodrilus albidus Jamieson, 1977 
Italian part of the Tyrrhenian Sea for Phallodrilus rectisetosus rectisetosus Erséus, 1979 
Prince Edward Islands Exclusive Economic Zone for Phallodrilus inconspicuus Erséus, 1979 
Prince Edward Islands Exclusive Economic Zone for Phallodrilus marionensis Erséus, 1979 
Romania for Phallodrilus minutus Hrabĕ, 1973 
Southern Norway for Phallodrilus prostatus (Knöllner, 1935) 
United Kingdom part of the North Atlantic Ocean for Phallodrilus profundus Cook, 1970 
United Kingdom part of the North Atlantic Ocean for Phallodrilus styloatriatus Erséus, 1979 
United States part of the North Atlantic Ocean for Phallodrilus extremus Erséus, 1979 
United States part of the North Atlantic Ocean for Phallodrilus parviatriatus Cook, 1971 
United States part of the North Atlantic Ocean for Phallodrilus profundus Cook, 1970 
United States part of the North Atlantic Ocean for Phallodrilus rectisetosus deminutius Erséus, 1979 
United States part of the North Atlantic Ocean for Phallodrilus tenuissimus Erséus, 1979 
Holotype IMNH, geounit Iceland, identified as Phallodrilus firmus Erséus, 1979
Holotype BMNH 1978.38.1, geounit Rockall Trough, identified as Phallodrilus styloatriatus Erséus, 1979
Holotype SMNH 3086, geounit Italian part of the Tyrrhenian Sea, identified as Phallodrilus rectisetosus rectisetosus Erséus, 1979
Holotype USNM 53649, verbatimGeounit Alpha Cordillera R..., identified as Phallodrilus simplidentatus Erséus, 1979
Holotype USNM 56198, geounit United States part of the North Atlantic Ocean, identified as Phallodrilus sabulosus Erséus, 1979
Holotype USNM 56200, geounit Bermuda, identified as Phallodrilus rectisetosus deminutius Erséus, 1979
Holotype USNM 56203, verbatimGeounit S of Castle Harbo..., identified as Phallodrilus exiguus Erséus, 1979
Holotype USNM 56205, geounit United States part of the North Atlantic Ocean, identified as Phallodrilus remus Erséus, 1979
Holotype USNM 56208, geounit Biscayne Bay, identified as Phallodrilus tenuissimus Erséus, 1979
Holotype USNM 56213, verbatimGeounit At outer end of dock..., identified as Phallodrilus caudatus Erséus, 1979
Holotype USNM 56215, geounit Bermuda, identified as Phallodrilus planus Erséus, 1979
Holotype USNM 56218, geounit United States part of the North Atlantic Ocean, identified as Phallodrilus extremus Erséus, 1979
Holotype MNHN AP682, geounit Marion Island, identified as Phallodrilus marionensis Erséus, 1979
Holotype MNHN AP683, geounit Marion Island, identified as Phallodrilus inconspicuus Erséus, 1979
 Depth range

Subtidal sand, 3 metres depth.  [details]

 Depth range

Subtidal, medium to coarse sands. Known depth range 3.4-65 metres [details]

 Depth range

6.5-15 m [details]

 Depth range

Subtidal coarse coral sand, 3 metres depth. [details]

 Depth range

Subtidal coarse and fine bottoms. Depth range at least 52-210 metres. [details]

 Depth range

Subtidal soft bottom, known from 95 metres depth.  [details]

 Depth range

Subtidal, medium to coarse sands. Known depth range 17 to 41 metres.  [details]

 Depth range

Subtidal coarse sand. Depth range 6 to 15 metres. [details]

 Depth range

Deep-sea soft sediments. Known depth range 1800-3753 metres.  [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal and shallow-water sands, coral reefs. Known depth range 0-7 metres [details]

 Depth range

Abyssal rise soft sediments. Known from 2900 to 3752 metres depth. [details]

 Depth range

Known from 1124 to 1857 metres depth [details]

 Depth range

Deep-sea ooze. Known only from 2875 metres depth.  [details]

 Depth range

Subtidal sands. Depths from 0.5 to 10 metres [details]

 Dispersal

Known only from the type locality (Florida) [details]

 Distribution

Known from Heron and Wistari Reefs. Great Barrier Reef (S Pacific).  [details]

 Distribution

Cape Cod Bay, Massachusetts, and continental shelf off of New Jersey, USA. [details]

 Distribution

Known only from the type locality (Florida) [details]

 Distribution

Known only from the type locality (Iceland). [details]

 Distribution

Widely distributed and common in Lake Superior, apparently more restrictcd and rare in Lake Huron and Georgian Bay, ... [details]

 Distribution

Prince Edward and Crozet Islands (Prince Edward-Crozet Ridge), S of Madagascar, Indian Ocean.  [details]

 Distribution

Known only from the type locality (S Indian Ocean). [details]

 Distribution

Massachusetts, George’s Bank and New Jersey (Nw Atlantic). [details]

 Distribution

Known only from Bermuda [details]

 Distribution

Amphiatlantic. Known from S to SSE of Massachusetts (NW Atlantic) and from Rockall Trough, W of Scotland (NE Atlantic) [details]

 Distribution

Baltic Sea, Swedish West coast, Norway, Great Britain, Ireland (McGrath 1973, Atlantic coast of France.  [details]

 Distribution

P. rectisetosus deminutius is known from Bermuda and Florida [details]

 Distribution

Off the continental shelf SSE of Massachusetts, NW Atlantic [details]

 Distribution

Only known from the type locality (Florida) [details]

 Distribution

Known only from Southern Rockall Trough (NE Atlantic [details]

 Distribution

Florida and North Carolina. USA. Bermuda [details]

 Ecology

Coral reef sands. lower intertidal and subtidal down to at least one metre below mean low water. More frequent ... [details]

 Ecology

Ditches and sandy shores along river. Fresh water (Hrabe, 1960) or slightly brackish water [details]

 Ecology

Subtidal coarse sands, and soft cave sediment. [details]

 Ecology

Coarse sand and gravel in lower intertidal zone. It is quite possible. however, that P. firmus is subtidal rather ... [details]

 Ecology

Freshwater. Sublittoral and profundal lake sediments. Depths ranging from 30 to 340 metres [details]

 Ecology

Brackish water and marine (littoral). [details]

 Ecology

Intertidal or very shallow-water sands.  [details]

 Ecology

Sublittoral coarse coral sand. in 3 metres depth.  [details]

 Ecology

Arctic deep-sea soft sediments [details]

 Etymology

Etymology not explained in original paper, but most likely derived from the type-locality (Marion Island) [details]

 Type locality

Heron Reef, Great Barrier Reef, Australia, Pacific Ocean [details]

 Type locality

At Blumenthal. River Weser. West Germany [details]

 Type locality

LAT/LON of type locality (25°43'52"N 80°9'42"W) is an approximation based on the description (outer end of dock ... [details]

 Type locality

Lake Superior, 46"49'06" N, 85"57'30" W, 188 m depth.  [details]

 Type locality

Bay of Naples. Italy. Depth 4 metres. [details]

 Type material

Holotype is probably from the same place as Bacescuella arctica [details]