WoRMS banner
Add search provider Add provider
Twitter: Latest updates @WRMarineSpecies

Towards a World Register of Marine Species

The aim of a World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) is to provide an authoritative and comprehensive list of names of marine organisms, including information on synonymy. While highest priority goes to valid names, other names in use are included so that this register can serve as a guide to interpret taxonomic literature.

The content of WoRMS is controlled by taxonomic experts, not by database managers. WoRMS has an editorial management system where each taxonomic group is represented by an expert who has the authority over the content, and is responsible for controlling the quality of the information. Each of these main taxonomic editors can invite several specialists of smaller groups within their area of responsibility to join them.

This register of marine species grew out of the European Register of Marine Species (ERMS), and its combination with several other species registers maintained at the Flanders Marine Institute (VLIZ). Rather than building separate registers for all projects, and to make sure taxonomy used in these different projects is consistent, VLIZ developed a consolidated database called ‘Aphia’. A list of marine species registers included in Aphia is available below. MarineSpecies.org is the web interface for this database. The WoRMS is an idea that is being developed, and will combine information from Aphia with other authoritative marine species lists which are maintained by others (e.g. AlgaeBase, FishBase, Hexacorallia).

Resources to build MarineSpecies.org and Aphia were provided mainly by the EU Network of Excellence ‘Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning’ (MarBEF), and also by the EU funded Species 2000 Europe and ERMS projects. Intellectual property rights of the European part of the register is managed through the Society for the Management of Electronic Biodiversity Data (SMEBD). Similar solutions are now being investigated for the other parts of the register.

Aphia contains valid species names, synonyms and vernacular names, and extra information such as literature and biogeographic data. Besides species names, Aphia also contains the higher classification in which each scientific name is linked to its parent taxon. The classification used is a ‘compromise’ between established systems and recent changes. Its aim is to aid data management, rather than suggest any taxonomic or phylogenetic opinion on species relationships.

Keeping WoRMS up-to-date is a continuous process. New information is entered daily by the taxonomic editors and by the members of our data management team. Often data also come in from contributions of large datasets, such as global or regional species lists. No database of this size is without errors and omissions. We can’t promise to make no errors, but we do promise to follow up and give feedback on any communications pointing out errors. Feedback is very welcome!

Who is using WoRMS?

An overview of who is using WoRMS and how WoRMS relates to other international species initiatives is available on our users webpage.

Board of Editors

The list of taxonomic experts can be found on editors. Go to map to view were the Editors are located.
Please contact us at info@marinespecies.org if you have any questions or want to contribute to this initiative.

Steering Committee

Boxshall, Geoff (chair)
Natural History Museum; Department of Zoology, UK
Mees, Jan (vice-chair)
Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee, Belgium
Costello, Mark (past chair)
University of Auckland; Leigh Marine Laboratory, New Zealand
Hernandez, Francisco (ex officio, datamanager, substitute: Leen Vandepitte)
Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee, Belgium
Gofas, Serge
University of Málaga; Faculty of Sciences; Departamento de Biología Animal, Spain
Hoeksema, Bert W.
Naturalis Biodiversity Center; Department of Marine Zoology, Netherlands
Klautau, Michelle
Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
Kroh, Andreas
Natural History Museum Vienna, Austria
Paulay, Gustav
University of Florida; Florida Museum of Natural History, USA
Poore, Gary
Museum Victoria, Melbourne, Australia
Read, Geoffrey B.
National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research; Wellington, New Zealand
Stöhr, Sabine
Swedish Museum of Natural History; Department of Invertebrate Zoology, Sweden
de Voogd, Nicole
Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Netherlands
De Broyer, Claude (ex officio, RAMS coordinator)
Royal Belgian Academies of Sciences; Belgian National Committee on Antarctic Research, Belgium
Horton, Tammy (ex officio, ERMS coordinator)
University of Southampton; National Oceanography Centre, Southampton; Ocean Biogeochemistry and Ecosystems, UK
Kennedy, Mary (ex officio, CaRMS coordinator)
Bedford Institute of Oceanografy; Ocean Sciences Division; Biological Oceanography, Canada

IT Developments

Bart Vanhoorne
Flanders Marine Institute, Belgium

WoRMS has a unique referencing system, so each record has a unique ID (called AphiaID). Existing records may be updated, but never overwritten with a complete new record. To retrieve these IDs you can match your species names (also higher ranks) with the Aphia database via the WoRMS Taxon match tool. WoRMS also has a webservice to dynamically link your systems to our database. WoRMS is backed-up every month and you may request a copy in compliance with the terms and conditions as outlined the request form. If you are interested in the structure of the database, we have created a view at WoRMS structure.

Sponsorship

WoRMS maintenance and development relies on financial contributions, the time contributed by its editorial board, and support of its host institution VLIZ. Find out more at "how to fund WoRMS?".

Terms of Use and Citation

Unless otherwise stated, these web pages and associated information are free to use on condition that they are cited (CC-BY). A recommended citation style is provided on each page. We do not permit the re-distribution of the entire database unless by prior written agreement. Copies of the database may be requested using this form.

You can also cite the individual global or regional species lists as appropriate. Their citations are shown on their web pages.

The database as a whole is to be cited as follows:

Boxshall, G.A.; Mees, J.; Costello, M.J.; Hernandez, F.; Gofas, S.; Hoeksema, B.W.; Klautau, M.; Kroh, A.; Paulay, G.; Poore, G.; Read, G.B.; Stöhr, S.; de Voogd, N.; De Broyer, C.; Horton, T.; Kennedy, M.; Decock, W.; Dekeyzer, S.; Trias Verbeeck, A.; Vandepitte, L.; Vanhoorne, B.; Adams, M. J. ; Adlard, R. ; Adriaens, P. ; Agatha, S. ; Ahn, K. J. ; Ahyong, S. ; Alvarez, B. ; Alvarez, F. ; Anderson, G. ; Angel, M. ; Artois, T. ; Bail, P. ; Bailly, N. ; Bamber, R. ; Barber, A. ; Bartsch, I. ; Bellan-Santini, D. ; Berta, A. ; Bieler, R. ; Bitner, M. A. ; Błażewicz-Paszkowycz, M. ; Bock, P. ; Böttger-Schnack, R. ; Bouchet, P. ; Boury-Esnault, N. ; Boyko, C. ; Brandão, S. N. ; Bray, R. ; Bruce, N. L. ; Caballer, M. ; Cairns, S. ; Cárdenas, P. ; Carrera-Parra, L. F. ; Carstens, E. ; Catalano, S. ; Cedhagen, T. ; Chan, B. K. ; Chan, T. Y. ; Cheng, L. ; Churchill, M. ; Coleman, C. O. ; Collins, A. G. ; Crandall, K. A. ; Cribb, T. ; Dahdouh-Guebas, F. ; Daneliya, M. ; Dauvin, J. C. ; Davie, P. ; Dayrat, B. ; De Grave, S. ; d'Hondt, J. L. ; Díaz, M. C. ; Dijkstra, H. ; Dohrmann, M. ; Dolan, J. ; Doner, S. ; Eibye-Jacobsen, D. ; Eitel, M. ; Emig, C. ; Epler, J. ; Faber, M. ; Fauchald, K. ; Fautin, D. ; Feist, S. ; Fernández-Rodríguez, V. ; Fišer, C. ; Foster, W. ; Frank, J. H. ; Fransen, C. ; Fraussen, K. ; Furuya, H. ; Garcia-Alvarez, O. ; Gasca, R. ; Gaviria-Melo, S. ; Gerken, S. ; Gheerardyn, H. ; Gibson, D. ; Gil, J. ; Gittenberger, A. ; Glasby, C. ; Glover, A. ; González Solís, D. ; Gordon, D. ; Grabowski, M. ; Guerra-García, J. M. . ; Guiry, M. D. ; Hajdu, E. ; Hallermann, J. ; Harasewych, J. ; Harris, L. ; Hayward, B. ; Hendrycks, E. ; Ho, J. s. ; Høeg, J. ; Holsinger, J. ; Hooper, J. ; Houart, R. ; Hughes, L. ; Hummon, W. ; Iseto, T. ; Ivanenko, S. ; Janussen, D. ; Jarms, G. ; Jazdzewski, K. ; Just, J. ; Kamaltynov, R. M. ; Kaminski, M. ; Kantor, Y. ; Karanovic, I. ; Kelly, M. ; Kim, Y. H. ; King, R. ; Kirk, P. ; Kolb, J. ; Krapp-Schickel, T. ; Kremenetskaia, A. ; Krijnen, C. ; Kristensen, R. ; Kronenberg, G. ; Krylova, E. ; LaFollette, P. ; Lambert, G. ; Lazarus, D. ; LeCroy, S. ; Lefkowitz, E. J. ; Lemaitre, R. ; Lester, B. ; Londoño Mesa, M. H. ; Lowry, J. ; Macpherson, E. ; Madin, L. ; Mah, C. ; Manconi, R. ; Mapstone, G. ; Marshall, B. ; Marshall, D. J. ; Meland, K. ; Merrin, K. ; Messing, C. ; Mills, C. ; Molodtsova, T. ; Monsecour, K. ; Mooi, R. ; Moreira da Rocha, R. ; Moretzsohn, F. ; Mortimer, J. ; Nealova, L. ; Neubauer, T. A. ; Neuhaus, B. ; Ng, P. ; Nielsen, C. ; Nishikawa, T. ; Norenburg, J. ; O'Hara, T. ; Oliverio, M. ; Opresko, D. ; Osawa, M. ; Parker, A. ; Patterson, D. ; Paxton, H. ; Peñas, A. ; Perrier, V. ; Perrin, W. ; Pilger, J. F. ; Pisera, A. ; Polhemus, D. ; Pugh, P. ; Reid, D. G. ; Reimer, J. D. ; Reuscher, M. ; Rius, M. ; Robin, A. ; Rolán, E. ; Rosenberg, G. ; Rützler, K. ; Rzhavsky, A. ; Saiz-Salinas, J. ; Salazar-Vallejo, S. ; Sames, B. ; Sartori, A. F. ; Satoh, A. ; Scarabino, V. ; Schatz, H. ; Schierwater, B. ; Schmidt-Rhaesa, A. ; Schneider, S. ; Schönberg, C. ; Schotte, M. ; Schuchert, P. ; Segers, H. ; Self-Sullivan, C. ; Senna, A. R. ; Serejo, C. ; Shamsi, S. ; Shenkar, N. ; Siegel, V. ; Sinniger, F. ; Sivell, D. ; Sket, B. ; Smit, H. ; Staples, D. ; Sterrer, W. ; Stienen, E. ; Suárez-Morales, E. ; Summers, M. ; Suttle, C. ; Swalla, B. J. ; Tabachnick, K. R. ; Taiti, S. ; Tang, D. ; Tasker, M. ; Taylor, J. ; Tëmkin, I. ; ten Hove, H. ; ter Poorten, J. J. ; Terryn, Y. ; Thomas, J. ; Thuesen, E. V. ; Thurston, M. ; Thuy, B. ; Timi, J. T. ; Timm, T. ; Todaro, A. ; Tucker, J. ; Turon, X. ; Tyler, S. ; Uetz, P. ; Vacelet, J. ; Vader, W. ; Väinölä, R. ; van der Meij, S. E. ; van Ofwegen, L. ; van Soest, R. ; Van Syoc, R. ; Vanaverbeke, J. ; Vervaet, F. ; von Cosel, R. ; Vonk, R. ; Vos, C. ; Walker-Smith, G. ; Walter, T. C. ; Watling, L. ; White, K. ; Whitmore, D. ; Williams, G. ; Wilson, G. D. ; Wyatt, N. ; Wylezich, C. ; Yasuhara, M. ; Zanol, J. ; Zeidler, W. (2014). World Register of Marine Species. Available from http://www.marinespecies.org at VLIZ. Accessed 2014-12-19 [more]

Export citation to:

  • RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
  • BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)

Citations (Google scholar)

Citations for "World Register of Marine Species": 1,918
Cited publications: 20
H-Index: 20
[view publications]

WoRMS integrates:
Global Species Databases (GSD)

With an interface
World List of Amphipoda
World List of Ascidiacea
World List of Asteroidea
World List of Brachiopoda
World List of Cetacea
World List of Copepoda
World List of Cumacea
World List of Echinoidea
World List of Foraminifera
World List of Hemichordata
World List of Hydrozoa
World List of Isopoda
World List of Lophogastrida, Stygiomysida and Mysida
World List of Mangroves
World List of littoral Myriapoda
World List of free-living marine Nematodes (NeMys)
World List of Ophiuroidea
World List of Ostracoda
World List of Phoronida
World List of Placozoa
World List of Polychaeta
World List of Porifera
World List of Proseriata and Kalyptorhynchia - Rhabditophora
World List of Pycnogonida
World List of Remipedia

Without an interface
World List of Acanthocephala
World List of Acarina (marine)
World List of Achelata
World List of Anomura
World List of Appendicularia
World List of Aspidogastrea
World List of Astacidea
World List of Axiidea
World List of Bochusacea
World List of Brachypoda
World List of Brachyura
World List of Branchiopoda (marine & brackish)
World List of Caridea
World List of Carnivora (marine)
World List of Chaetognatha
World List of Ciliophora
World List of Dendrobranchiata
World List of Euphausiacea
World List of Gebiidea
World List of Gnathostomulida
World List of Hirudinea (marine)
World List of Holothuroidea
World List of Insecta (marine)
World List of Leptostraca
World List of Merostomata
World List of Mesozoa
World List of Monogenea
World List of Mystacocarida
World List of Nematomorpha
World List of Nemertea
World List of Oligochaeta (marine)
World List of Pennatulacea
World List of Polychelida
World List of Polyplacophora
World List of Radiozoa
World List of Scaphopoda
World List of sea birds
World List of Sipuncula
World List of Sirenia
World List of Solenogastres
World List of Staurozoa
World List of Stenopodidea
World List of Tanaidacea
World List of Tantulocarida
World List of Thermosbaenacea

Under construction
Alcyonacea, Antipatharia, Branchiura, Ceriantharia, Gorgonacea, Helioporacea, Thecostraca, Crinoidea, Digenea, Echiura, Entoprocta, Gastrotricha, Nematoda (parasitic), Myxozoa, Myodocopa, Scleractinia, Scyphozoa, Zoanthidea, Cirripedia, MolluscaBase

Regional Species Databases (RSD) [map]

With an interface
African Register of Marine Species (AfReMaS)
Arctic Register of Marine Species (ARMS)
Belgian Register of Marine Species (BeRMS)
Canadian Register of Marine Species (CaRMS)
European Register of Marine Species (ERMS)
Marine Species of the British Isles and Adjacent Seas (MSBIAS)
North Atlantic Register for Marine Species (NARMS)
Register of Antarctic Marine Species (RAMS)

Under construction
Chinese Register of Marine Species (ChaRMS)

As a reference
Checklist Azores
Checklist Greece
Checklist Iberian
Checklist Ireland
Checklist Israel
Checklist Poland
Checklist Sweden
Gulf of Mexico Register of Marine Species
New Zealand Register of Marine Species (volume I)


Thematic Species Databases (TSD)

ICES North Sea Benthos Project (NSBP)
IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae (HAB)
Macrobenthos of the Belgian Continental Shelf (MACROBEL)
Unesco Register of Marine Organisms (URMO)
World Register of Deep-Sea Species (WoRDSS)
Freshwater Gastropods of the European Neogene (FreshGEN)

Under construction
Introduced Marine Species

External Global Species Databases

World List of Actiniaria & Corallimorpharia, from Hexacorallians of the World
World List of Algae (marine), from AlgaeBase
World List of Bryozoa (recent and fossil), from Recent and Fossil Bryozoa
World List of Ctenophora, from Phylum Ctenophora: list of all valid species names
World List of Fungi (marine), from Index Fungorum
World List of Pisces (marine), from FishBase
World List of Reptiles (marine), from The Reptile Database
World List of Rotifers (marine), from FADA
World List of Turbellaria, from Turbellarian Taxonomic Database


Disclaimer

The editorial board maintains this register, but is aware that it is not complete and undoubtedly contains errors. The board cannot be made responsible for any errors or misuse of data contained in this register. Comments from our users are more than welcome, so if you come across any error or incomplete information or you are willing to contribute to this initiative please contact us at info@marinespecies.org.