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Clark, A. M.; Courtman-Stock, J. (1976). The echinoderms of southern Africa. Publ. No. 766. British Museum (Nat. Hist), London. 277 pp.
Clark, A. M.; Courtman-Stock, J.
The echinoderms of southern Africa
Publ. No. 766. British Museum (Nat. Hist), London. 277 pp
This is a key to the Echinoderms of South Africa (except the Holothurians). The area is limited to Capricorn (South-east) and to Walvis bay (South-west). After all the surveys done by H.L. Clark (1923) and Mortensen (1933a, of the Asterozoa), only a small number of new taxa have been discovered. The number of species included is ca. 280.
South Africa
Bathyal, Continental slope
Fauna and Flora, Faunistic inventories, Checklists, Catalogues
Faunistic guides, Identification guides
Systematics, Taxonomy
RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z

Allostichaster capensis (Perrier, 1875) (additional source)
Amphipholis squamata (Delle Chiaje, 1828) (additional source)
Amphipholis strata Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Amphiura (Amphiura) atlantica Ljungman, 1867 (basis of record)
Amphiura incana Lyman, 1879 represented as Amphiura (Amphiura) incana Lyman, 1879 (additional source)
Amphiura linearis Mortensen, 1933 represented as Amphiura (Amphiura) linearis Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Amphiura uncinata Koehler, 1904 represented as Amphiura (Amphiura) uncinata Koehler, 1904 (basis of record)
Annametra occidentalis (AH Clark, 1915) (additional source)
Anseropoda Nardo, 1834 (additional source)
Anseropoda grandis Mortensen, 1933 (additional source)
Anseropoda habracantha H.L. Clark, 1923 (basis of record)
Anseropoda novemradiata (Bell, 1905) (basis of record)
Antedon magnicirra Bell, 1905 accepted as Crotalometra magnicirra (Bell, 1905) (source of synonymy)
Antedon sclateri Bell, 1905 accepted as Glyptometra sclateri (Bell, 1905) (source of synonymy)
Aspidodiadema africanum Mortensen, 1939 (basis of record)
Asteracanthion africanus Müller & Troschel, 1842 accepted as Marthasterias africana (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (source of synonymy)
Asterias capensis Perrier, 1875 accepted as Allostichaster capensis (Perrier, 1875) (source of synonymy)
Asterina exigua (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Patiriella exigua (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Parvulastra exigua (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Asteroceras spinigerum Mortensen, 1933 accepted as Astroceras spinigerum Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Asteronyx loveni Müller & Troschel, 1842 (basis of record)
Asteroschema capensis Mortensen, 1925 accepted as Asteromorpha capensis (Mortensen, 1925) (basis of record)
Asterostegus tuberculatus Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Astroboa nigra Döderlein, 1911 accepted as Astroboa nuda (Lyman, 1874) (source of synonymy)
Astroboa nuda (Lyman, 1874) (additional source)
Astrocladus africanus Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Astrocladus euryale (Retzius, 1783) (additional source)
Astrocladus hirtus Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Astroconus capensis Mortensen, 1933 accepted as Astrodendrum capensis (Mortensen, 1933) accepted as Astrodendrum capense (Mortensen, 1933) (basis of record)
Astropecten pontoporeus Sladen, 1883 accepted as Astropecten irregularis (Pennant, 1777) (basis of record)
Astropecten pontoporeus Sladen, 1883 accepted as Astropecten irregularis (Pennant, 1777) (source of synonymy)
Astropyga radiata (Leske, 1778) (additional source)
Astrothorax papillata (H.L. Clark, 1923) accepted as Astrothorax waitei (Benham, 1909) (basis of record)
Astrothorax waitei (Benham, 1909) (basis of record)
Austrofromia schultzei (Döderlein, 1910) accepted as Fromia schultzei Döderlein, 1910 (source of synonymy)
Austrofromia schultzei (Döderlein, 1910) accepted as Fromia schultzei Döderlein, 1910 (basis of record)
Benthopecten pedicifer (Sladen, 1889) (additional source)
Brisaster capensis (Studer, 1880) (basis of record)
Brisinga cricophora Sladen, 1889 (additional source)
Caenopedina capensis H.L. Clark, 1923 (basis of record)
Calliaster baccatus Sladen, 1889 (basis of record)
Carpopeltis maillardii (Montagne & Millardet) Chiang, 1970 (basis of record)
Ceramaster trispinosus H.L. Clark, 1923 (basis of record)
Chaetodiadema africanum H.L. Clark, 1925 (basis of record)
Chondraster elattosis H.L. Clark, 1923 (additional source)
Cladaster macrobrachius H.L. Clark, 1923 (basis of record)
Clypeaster eurychorius H.L. Clark, 1925 (basis of record)
Coelopleurus floridianus A. Agassiz, 1872 accepted as Coelopleurus floridanus A. Agassiz, 1872 (basis of record)
Coelopleurus interruptus Döderlein, 1910 (basis of record)
Coelopleurus maillardi (Michelin, 1862) (basis of record)
Comatella africana Gislén, 1938 accepted as Comatulidae incertae sedis africana (Gislén, 1938) (basis of record)
Coronaster volsellatus (Sladen, 1889) (additional source)
Cosmasterias felipes (Sladen, 1889) (additional source)
Crossaster penicillatus Sladen, 1889 (additional source)
Crotalometra magnicirra (Bell, 1905) (additional source)
Cryptopelta aster (Lyman, 1879) (additional source)
Culcita schmideliana (Bruzelius, 1805) (additional source)
Decametra durbanensis AM Clark, 1951 (basis of record)
Dermechinus horridus (A. Agassiz, 1879) (additional source)
Dictenophiura anoidea H.L. Clark, 1923 accepted as Ophiura (Dictenophiura) anoidea H.L. Clark, 1923 (basis of record)
Diplopteraster multipes (M. Sars, 1866) (additional source)
Echinocardium Gray, 1825 (additional source)
Echinocardium capense Mortensen, 1907 (basis of record)
Echinocardium cordatum (Pennant, 1777) (additional source)
Echinocyamus elegans Mazzetti, 1893 (basis of record)
Echinolampas crassa (Bell, 1880) (basis of record)
Echinometra lucunter (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Echinometra mathaei (Blainville, 1825) (additional source)
Echinostrephus molaris (Blainville, 1825) (additional source)
Echinothrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774) (additional source)
Echinothrix desori (L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846) accepted as Echinothrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774) (source of synonymy)
Echinus gilchristi Bell, 1904 (basis of record)
Ellipsechinus lukunter (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Echinometra lucunter (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Embryometra mortenseni Gislén, 1938 (basis of record)
Eudiocrinus Carpenter, 1882 (additional source)
Eurypatagus parvituberculatus (H.L. Clark, 1924) (additional source)
Gislenometra perplexa AH Clark, 1947 (basis of record)
Glyptometra sclateri (Bell, 1905) (basis of record)
Goniodiscus sebae Müller & Troschel, 1842 accepted as Culcita novaeguineae Müller & Troschel, 1842 (source of synonymy)
Gorgonocephalus pustulatum (H.L. Clark, 1916) (basis of record)
Henricia abyssalis (Perrier, 1894) (source of synonymy)
Henricia ornata (Perrier, 1869) (additional source)
Henricia retecta A.M. Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976 (original description)
Hippasteria strongylactis H.L. Clark, 1926 accepted as Hippasteria phrygiana strongylactis H.L. Clark, 1926 accepted as Hippasteria phrygiana (Parelius, 1768) (basis of record)
Hygrosoma petersi (A. Agassiz, 1880) accepted as Hygrosoma petersii (A. Agassiz, 1880) (basis of record)
Hymenaster gennaeus H.L. Clark, 1923 accepted as Hymenaster rex Perrier, 1885 (additional source)
Hymenaster lamprus H.L. Clark, 1923 (additional source)
Hymenaster latebrosus Sladen, 1882 (additional source)
Keraiaphorus maillardi Michelin, 1862 accepted as Coelopleurus maillardi (Michelin, 1862) (source of synonymy)
Kionocidaris striata Mortensen, 1932 (basis of record)
Lamprechinus nitidus Döderlein, 1905 accepted as Trigonocidaris nitidus (Döderlein, 1905) (basis of record)
Leiocidaris pistillaris (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Prionocidaris pistillaris (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Linckia miliaris (Muller & Troschel, 1840) accepted as Linckia laevigata (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Lovenia elongata (Gray, 1845) (additional source)
Luidia africana Sladen, 1889 accepted as Luidia sarsi africana Sladen, 1889 accepted as Luidia sarsii africana Sladen, 1889 (additional source)
Luidia savignyi (Audouin, 1826) (additional source)
Luidiaster hirsutus Studer, 1884 accepted as Cheiraster (Luidiaster) hirsutus (Studer, 1884) (additional source)
Macrophiothrix aspidota (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (additional source)
Macrophiothrix demessa (Lyman, 1861) (additional source)
Macrophiothrix longipeda (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Macrophiothrix mossambica J.B Balinsky, 1957 accepted as Macrophiothrix demessa (Lyman, 1861) (source of synonymy)
Cargados Carajos for Oligometra serripinna occidentalis AH Clark, 1911 
Kenya for Sperosoma biseriatum Döderlein, 1901 
Madagascar for Astrophiura permira Sladen, 1879 
Mauritius for Coscinasterias calamaria (Gray, 1840) 
Mauritius for Diadema savignyi (Audouin, 1809) 
Mauritius for Dichrometra afra AH Clark, 1912 
Mauritius for Echinometra mathaei (Blainville, 1825) 
Mauritius for Eucidaris metularia (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mauritius for Macrophiothrix longipeda (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mauritius for Ophiocoma scolopendrina (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mauritius for Prionocidaris pistillaris (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mauritius for Toxopneustes pileolus (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Acanthaster planci (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Mozambique for Amphilycus scripta (Koehler, 1904) 
Mozambique for Amphiophiura trifolium Hertz, 1927 
Mozambique for Amphioplus (Lymanella) integer (Ljungman, 1867) 
Mozambique for Amphiura (Amphiura) capensis Ljungman, 1867  (doubtful)
Mozambique for Amphiura candida Ljungman, 1867 
Mozambique for Amphiura inhacensis J.B. Balinsky, 1957 
Mozambique for Archaster angulatus Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mozambique for Asterodiscides elegans (Gray, 1847) 
Mozambique for Astroboa nuda (Lyman, 1874) 
Mozambique for Astropecten antares Döderlein, 1926 
Mozambique for Astropecten granulatus natalensis John, 1948  (inaccurate)
Mozambique for Astropecten hemprichi Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mozambique for Astropecten polyacanthus phragmorus Fisher, 1913 
Mozambique for Astropyga radiata (Leske, 1778) 
Mozambique for Coelopleurus maillardi (Michelin, 1862) 
Mozambique for Comanthus parvicirrus (Müller, 1841) 
Mozambique for Culcita schmideliana (Bruzelius, 1805) 
Mozambique for Diadema savignyi (Audouin, 1809) 
Mozambique for Diadema setosum (Leske, 1778) 
Mozambique for Echinodiscus auritus Leske, 1778 
Mozambique for Echinodiscus bisperforatus Leske, 1778 
Mozambique for Echinometra mathaei (Blainville, 1825) 
Mozambique for Echinothrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774) 
Mozambique for Eucidaris metularia (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Heterometra delagoae (Gislén, 1938) 
Mozambique for Linckia guildingi Gray, 1840 
Mozambique for Linckia laevigata (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Mozambique for Linckia multifora (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Lovenia elongata (Gray, 1845) 
Mozambique for Luidia maculata Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mozambique for Luidia savignyi (Audouin, 1826) 
Mozambique for Macrophiothrix aspidota (Müller & Troschel, 1842)  (doubtful)
Mozambique for Macrophiothrix demessa (Lyman, 1861) 
Mozambique for Macrophiothrix hirsuta cheneyi (Lyman, 1861) 
Mozambique for Macrophiothrix longipeda (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Ophiacantha baccata Mortensen, 1933 
Mozambique for Ophiactis carnea Ljungman, 1867 
Mozambique for Ophiactis delagoa J.B. Balinsky, 1957 
Mozambique for Ophiactis modesta Brock, 1888 
Mozambique for Ophiactis savignyi (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Mozambique for Ophiocentrus dilatata (Koehler, 1905) 
Mozambique for Ophiocircus inutilis Koehler, 1904 
Mozambique for Ophiocnemis marmorata (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Ophiocoma erinaceus Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mozambique for Ophiocoma pica Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mozambique for Ophiocoma pusilla (Brock, 1888) 
Mozambique for Ophiocoma scolopendrina (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Ophiocoma valenciae Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mozambique for Ophiocomella sexradia (Duncan, 1887) 
Mozambique for Ophiolepis cincta Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mozambique for Ophiomastix variabilis Koehler, 1905 
Mozambique for Ophiomastix venosa Peters, 1851 
Mozambique for Ophionereis australis (H.L. Clark, 1923) 
Mozambique for Ophionereis porrecta Lyman, 1860 
Mozambique for Ophionereis vivipara Mortensen, 1933 
Mozambique for Ophiopallas paradoxa Koehler, 1904 
Mozambique for Ophiopeza fallax Lütken, 1869 (non Peters, 1851) 
Mozambique for Ophiothela danae Verrill, 1869 
Mozambique for Ophiothela nuda (H.L. Clark, 1923) 
Mozambique for Ophiothrix echinotecta Balinsky, 1957 
Mozambique for Ophiothrix foveolata Marktanner-Turneretscher, 1887 
Mozambique for Ophiothrix propinqua Lyman, 1861 
Mozambique for Ophiothrix proteus Koehler, 1905 
Mozambique for Ophiothrix trilineata Lütken, 1869 
Mozambique for Paracrocnida sacensis (Balinsky, 1957) 
Mozambique for Patiriella exigua (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Pentametrocrinus varians (Carpenter, 1882) 
Mozambique for Prionocidaris pistillaris (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Protoreaster lincki (Blainville, 1830) 
Mozambique for Salmaciella dussumieri erythracis (H.L. Clark, 1912) 
Mozambique for Salmacis bicolor L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 
Mozambique for Stomopneustes variolaris (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Temnopleurus toreumaticus (Leske, 1778) 
Mozambique for Toxopneustes pileolus (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Tripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Mozambique for Tropiometra carinata carinata (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Tropiometra magnifica AH Clark, 1936 
Red Sea for Astropecten hemprichi Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Red Sea for Ophiocoma valenciae Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Réunion for Coelopleurus maillardi (Michelin, 1862) 
Somalia for Democrinus chuni (Döderlein, 1907) 
South Africa (country) for Acanthocidaris maculicollis (de Meijere, 1904)  (doubtful)
South Africa (country) for Allostichaster capensis (Perrier, 1875) 
South Africa (country) for Amphilepis scutata Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Amphilimna cribriformis A.M. Clark, 1974 
South Africa (country) for Amphioplus (Lymanella) integer (Ljungman, 1867) 
South Africa (country) for Amphioplus falcatus Mortensen, 1933