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WoRMS taxon details

Lemnalia Gray, 1868

205115  (

Ammothea Lamarck, 1816 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Lemnaria Gray, 1868 · unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling
Verrilliana Gray, 1869 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym


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  1. Species Lemnalia acutispiculata Verseveldt, 1969
  2. Species Lemnalia africana (May, 1898)
  3. Species Lemnalia amabilis Tixier-Durivault, 1966
  4. Species Lemnalia bantayensis Roxas, 1933
  5. Species Lemnalia benayahui Verseveldt, 1982
  6. Species Lemnalia bournei Roxas, 1933
  7. Species Lemnalia brassica (May, 1899)
  8. Species Lemnalia carnosa (Kükenthal, 1895)
  9. Species Lemnalia cervicornis (May, 1898)
  10. Species Lemnalia crassicaulis Verseveldt, 1969
  11. Species Lemnalia digitata (May, 1898)
  12. Species Lemnalia elegans (May, 1898)
  13. Species Lemnalia exilis Tixier-Durivault, 1966
  14. Species Lemnalia faustinoi Roxas, 1933
  15. Species Lemnalia flava (May, 1898)
  16. Species Lemnalia fragilis Tixier-Durivault, 1966
  17. Species Lemnalia gracilis Tixier-Durivault, 1966
  18. Species Lemnalia grandispina Roxas, 1933
  19. Species Lemnalia humesi Verseveldt, 1969
  20. Species Lemnalia jukesii Gray, 1868
  21. Species Lemnalia laevis Thomson & Dean, 1931
  22. Species Lemnalia longiramus Verseveldt, 1969
  23. Species Lemnalia madagascarensis Verseveldt, 1969
  24. Species Lemnalia nitida (Verrill, 1864)
  25. Species Lemnalia peristyla Bourne, 1900
  26. Species Lemnalia philippinensis (May, 1899)
  27. Species Lemnalia ramosa Tixier-Durivault, 1970
  28. Species Lemnalia rhabdota Bourne, 1900
  29. Species Lemnalia scasa Roxas, 1933
  30. Species Lemnalia squamifera Thomson & Dean, 1931
  31. Species Lemnalia tenuis Verseveldt, 1969
  32. Species Lemnalia terminalis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833)
  33. Species Lemnalia tixierae Verseveldt, 1969
  34. Species Lemnalia umbellata Kükenthal, 1904
  35. Species Lemnalia zimmeri Roxas, 1933
  36. Species Lemnalia thyrsoides (Ehrenberg, 1834) accepted as Paralemnalia thyrsoides (Ehrenberg, 1834) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Gray, J. (1868). LVIII.—Descriptions of some new genera and species of Alcyonoid corals in the British Museum. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> 2(12): 441-445., available online at
page(s): 442 [details]   
McFadden, C.S.; Cordeiro, R.; Williams, G.; van Ofwegen, L. (2024). World List of Octocorallia. Lemnalia Gray, 1868. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: on 2024-06-18
2004-06-06 22:00:00Z
2006-09-13 06:47:38Z
Martinez, Olga
2010-09-17 06:17:46Z
2022-11-04 22:11:55Z
2023-02-24 05:05:46Z

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

original description Gray, J. (1868). LVIII.—Descriptions of some new genera and species of Alcyonoid corals in the British Museum. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> 2(12): 441-445., available online at
page(s): 442 [details]   

original description  (of Ammothea Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. <em>Paris. Verdière.</em> Vol. 2 pp. 1-568., available online at
page(s): 410-411 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Verrilliana Gray, 1869) Gray, J.E. (1869). Notes on the fleshy alcyonoid corals (Alcyonium, Linn., or Zoophytaria carnosa). <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History, ser. 4.</em> 3(13-18): 117-131., available online at
page(s): 130-131 [details]   

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record Neave, Sheffield Airey. (1939-1996). Nomenclator Zoologicus vol. 1-10 Online. <em>[Online Nomenclator Zoologicus at Checklistbank. Ubio link has gone].</em> , available online at [details]   

additional source Alderslade, P. (2003). A new genus and species of soft coral (Octocorallia: Alcyonacea: Alcyoniidae) from Lord Howe Island, Australia. <em>Zoologische Verhandelingen.</em> 345: 19-30., available online at
page(s): 20 [details]   

additional source Bayer, F. M. (1995). Two new species of the alcyonacean genus Protodendron (Octocorallia: Alcyoniidae) from the Indian Ocean off Natal. <em>Bulletin of marine science.</em> 57(2): 301-312.
page(s): 301 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Utinomi, H. (1958). A revision of the genera Nidalia and Bellonella with an emendation of nomenclature and taxonomic definitions for the family Nidaliidae (Octocorallia, Alcyonacea). <em>Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Zoology.</em> 5(5): 101-121., available online at
page(s): 116 [details]   

additional source Utinomi, H. (1960). A revision of the nomenclature of the family Nephtheidae (Octocorallia: Alcyonacea). I. The genera Capnella, Scleronephthya and Chondronephthya (n.g.). <em>Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory.</em> 8(1): 27-40., available online at
page(s): 35 [details]   

additional source Light, S.F. (1914). Notes on Philippine Alcyonaria part 2: Lemnalioides kukenthali, a new genus and species of Alcyonaria from the Philippines and a discussion of the systematic position of the new genus. <em>Philippine Journal of Science.</em> 9D(3): 233-246. pl. 1., available online at
page(s): 242-243 [details]   

additional source Bourne, G.C. (1900). On the genus Lemnalia, Gray; with an account of the branching-systems of the order Alcyonacea. <em>Transactions of the Linnean Society of London.</em> Ser. 2, 7: 521-538, plates 40-42., available online at [details]   

additional source Fabricius, K.; Alderslade, P. (2001). Soft Corals and Sea Fans: A Comprehensive Guide to the Shallow-water Genera of the Central-West Pacific, the Indian Ocean and the Red Sea. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science. Townsville.</em> pp. 264.
page(s): iv, 21, 45, 46, 51, 78, 104, 106, 120-121, 122, 124, 134 [details]   

additional source Williams, G. C. (1989). A review of recent research on the sublittoral coral reefs of northern Natal with a provisional assessment of findings regarding the distribution of octocorals on Two-Mile Reef, Sodwana Bay. South African Journal of Science, 85, 140-141
page(s): 140 [details]   

additional source Hickson, S. J. (1930). On the classification of the Alcyonaria. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, XIV, 229-252
page(s): 245 [details]   

additional source Williams, G. C. (1993). Coral Reef Octocorals: An Illustrated Guide to the Soft Corals, Sea Fans and Sea Pens Inhabiting the Coral Reefs of Northern Natal. Durban Natural Science Museum. Durban., pp. 63.
page(s): 12 [details]   

additional source Reinicke, G. B.; van Ofwegen, L. P. (1999). Soft corals (Alcyonacea: Octocorallia) from shallow water in the Chagos Archipelago: species assemblages and their distribution. Linnean Society Occasional Publications, 2, 67-85, plates 1-10
page(s): 69, 70, 71, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 84 [details]   

status source McFadden, C.S.; van Ofwegen, L.P.; Quattrini, A.M. (2022). Revisionary systematics of Octocorallia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) guided by phylogenomics. <em>Bulletin of the Society of Systematic Biologists.</em> 1(3), 8735, pp. 1-79., available online at
page(s): 52-53 [details]   
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 


Japanese ウミゼリ属  [details]