WoRMS taxon details

Scalpellidae Pilsbry, 1907

106055  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:106055)



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  1. Subfamily Amigdoscalpellinae Gale, 2015
    1. Genus Amigdoscalpellum Zevina, 1978
    2. Genus Catherinum Zevina, 1978
    3. Genus Weltnerium Zevina, 1978
  2. Subfamily Brochiinae Zevina, 1978
    1. Genus Australscalpellum Newman & Ross, 1971
    2. Genus Brochia Newman & Ross, 1971
  3. Subfamily Meroscalpellinae Zevina, 1978
    1. Genus Abathescalpellum Newman & Ross, 1971
    2. Genus Alcockianum Zevina, 1978
    3. Genus Annandaleum Newman & Ross, 1971
    4. Genus Gymnoscalpellum Newman & Ross, 1971
    5. Genus Hamatoscalpellum Zevina, 1978
    6. Genus Litoscalpellum Newman & Ross, 1971
    7. Genus Meroscalpellum Zevina, 1978
    8. Genus Neoscalpellum Pilsbry, 1907
    9. Genus Litoscalplellum accepted as Litoscalpellum Newman & Ross, 1971 (misspelling)
  4. Subfamily Scalpellinae Pilsbry, 1907
    1. Genus Arcoscalpellum Hoek, 1907
    2. Genus Diotascalpellum Gale, 2015
    3. Genus Graviscalpellum Foster, 1980
    4. Genus Regioscalpellum Gale, 2015
    5. Genus Scalpellum Leach, 1818
    6. Genus Zevinaella Shalaeva & Newman, 2016
    7. Genus Ornatoscalpellum Zevina, 1978 accepted as Weltnerium Zevina, 1978 (Gale 2015 considered Ornatoscalpellum is synonym to Weltnerium)
  5. Subfamily Scalpellopsinae Zevina, 1978
    1. Genus Scalpellopsis Broch, 1921
  6. Subfamily Virgiscalpellinae Gale, 2020
    1. Subfamily Arcoscalpellinae Zevina, 1978 (Ren, 1989) accepted as Amigdoscalpellinae Gale, 2015 (Gale 2015 divided all species in this subfamily into Amigdoscalpellinae and Scalpellinae)
      1. Genus Tarasovium Zevina, 1978 accepted as Weltnerium Zevina, 1978 (Gale (2015) consider Tarasovium is synonym to Weltnerium)
      2. Genus Verum Zevina, 1978 accepted as Catherinum Zevina, 1978
    2. Subfamily Lithotryinae Gruvel, 1905 accepted as Lithotryidae Gruvel, 1905 (upgraded to family level)
    3. Subfamily Scalpellidae incertae sedis (temporary name)
      1. Genus Anguloscalpellum Zevina, 1978
      2. Genus Barbascalpellum Zevina, 1978
      3. Genus Compressoscalpellum Zevina, 1978
      4. Genus Diceroscalpellum Zevina, 1978
      5. Genus Mesoscalpellum Hoek, 1907
      6. Genus Pilsbryiscalpellum Zevina, 1978
      7. Genus Planoscalpellum Zevina, 1978
      8. Genus Pteroscalpellum Zevina, 1978
      9. Genus Sinoscalpellum Ren & Sha, 2014
      10. Genus Teloscalpellum Zevina, 1978
      11. Genus Trianguloscalpellum Zevina, 1978
      12. Genus Vertebroscalpellum Newman & Ross, 1998
    marine, fresh, terrestrial
    Not documented
    WoRMS (2024). Scalpellidae Pilsbry, 1907. Accessed at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=106055 on 2024-05-29
    2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
    2005-03-30 08:09:10Z
    2010-10-22 06:14:53Z
    2021-04-27 15:43:08Z

    Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

    taxonomy source Chan, B. K. K.; Dreyer, N.; Gale, A. S.; Glenner, H.; Ewers-Saucedo, C.; Pérez-Losada, M.; Kolbasov, G. A.; Crandall, K. A.; Høeg, J. T. (2021). The evolutionary diversity of barnacles, with an updated classification of fossil and living forms. <em>Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society.</em> , available online at https://doi.org/10.1093/zoolinnean/zlaa160 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

    basis of record Southward, A.J. (2001). Cirripedia - non-parasitic Thoracica, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 280-283 (look up in IMIS[details]   

    additional source Martin, J.W., & Davis, G.E. (2001). An updated classification of the recent Crustacea. <em>Science Series, 39. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County. Los Angeles, CA (USA).</em> 124 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

    additional source Lin, H.-C.; Høeg, J. T.; Yusa, Y.; Chan, B. K. K. (2015). The origins and evolution of dwarf males and habitat use in thoracican barnacles. <em>Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution.</em> 91: 1-11., available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2015.04.026 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

    additional source Gale, A. S. (2015). Phylogeny of the deep-sea cirripede family Scalpellidae (Crustacea, Thoracica) based on shell capitular plate morphology. <em>Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society.</em> 176(2): 266-304., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/zoj.12321 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

    additional source Van Frausum, A. (1989). Annoted checklist of the Thoracica of Belgium (Crustacea, Cirripedia), <B><I>in</I></B>: Wouters, K.; Baert, L. (Ed.) (1989). <i>Proceedings of the Symposium "Invertebrates of Belgium".</i> pp. 159-163 (look up in IMIS[details]   
     Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    From editor or global species database
    Additional information Tentative attempts to subdivide Scalpellum into groups and subgenera were begun by Pilsbry (1907) and Hoek (1907), who both used the form of the carina and the morphology of the dwarf males to characterize a number of subgenera and groups (for an exhaustive
    review, see Young, 1999). The genera were discussed by Withers (1953), who synonymized extensively, and the Treatise on Invertebrate & Withers, 1969) included just three genera in the family, which would now be considered as scalpellids: Scalpellum, Mesoscalpellum Hoek, 1907, and Arcoscalpellum Hoek, 1907.

    The next decade saw a great proliferation of scalpellid genera: in a taxonomic account of the Antarctic cirripedes, Newman & Ross (1971) created seven new genera, and Zevina (1978a,b) added a further 22 genera, classified into eight subfamilies. Subsequently, Newman (1996) elevated three of these subfamilies to family status (Calanticidae, Lithotryidae, and Pollicipedidae), leaving eight subfamilies and 29 genera for the scalpellids. The proliferation of new genera was commented on by Foster (1980: 523), ‘The Scalpellidae have recently been reclassified by Zevina (1978a,b), who built on
    an earlier proposal by Newman & Ross (1971), but the classification is still more convenient than natural’. Young (1999: 186) subsequently applied cladistic analysis
    to the genera in order to assess the monophyly of subfamilies. He commented that, ‘The characters used for supra-specific taxonomy are homoplastic, therefore forming paraphyletic subfamilies’. He also noted that the basal group Arcoscalpellinae and its constituent genera were probably paraphyletic, citing Trianguloscalpellum as an example (Young, 1998, 1999); however, Young’s 2007 review of extant scalpellids followed Zevina’s generic classification in detail, although he commented on the significance of growth dependent features in scalpellid classification, which had not been taken into account in previous studies. In his papers on scalpellids, Paulo Young seldom provided generic diagnoses, an exception being Amigdoscalpellum (Young, 2007: 59). A subsequent paper
    by Shalaeva & Boxshall (2014) refigured Hoek’s Challenger scalpellids (Hoek, 1883), provided revised generic diagnoses based on the translation of Zevina’s original
    descriptions, and summarized points of discussion made by Young (notably the 1998 and 2007 papers).A paper on the molecular phylogeny of Antarctic scalpellomorph cirripedes (Linse et al., 2013) implied the paraphyly of species assigned to Arcoscalpellum.

    The most recent molecular phylogenetic analysis of Salpellids is by Lin et al. 2015 which revealed Scalpellids forms two monophyletic clades (A and B). Gale (2015) reviewed the Scalpellids and match the morphology into these two clades and divided Scalpellidae into two subfamiles Scalpellinae and Amidgoscalpellinae. Lin 2015 and Gale 2015 is cited in WoRMS page here. The present WoRMS follow Lin et al. 2015 and Gale 2015 for the taxonomic classification of Scalpellidae. [details]


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