WoRMS taxon details

Spisula J. E. Gray, 1837

138159  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:138159)

accepted
Genus
Cardium solidum Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Spisula solida (Linnaeus, 1758) (type by subsequent designation)
Spissula [sic] · unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling
Spisula (Hemimactra) Swainson, 1840 · alternative representation
Spisula (Ruellia) Cossmann, 1913 † · alternative representation
Spisula (Spisula) J. E. Gray, 1837 · alternative representation
Spisula (Spisulina) P. Fischer, 1887 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Spisula (Spisulona) Marwick, 1948 · alternative representation
Spisulina P. Fischer, 1887 · unaccepted > unjustified emendation (An unnecessary substitute name...)  
An unnecessary substitute name for "Spisula H. & A. Adams, 1856, non Gray, 1837"

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  1. Species Spisula adamsi Olsson, 1961
  2. Species Spisula austini Lamprell & Whitehead, 1990
  3. Species Spisula discors (J. E. Gray, 1837)
  4. Species Spisula elliptica (T. Brown, 1827)
  5. Species Spisula murchisoni (Reeve, 1854)
  6. Species Spisula raveneli (Conrad, 1832)
  7. Species Spisula sibyllae (Valenciennes, 1858)
  8. Species Spisula solida (Linnaeus, 1758)
  9. Species Spisula solidissima (Dillwyn, 1817)
  10. Species Spisula subtruncata (da Costa, 1778)
  11. Species Spisula trigonella (Lamarck, 1818)
  12. Subgenus Spisula (Austromactra) Iredale, 1930 accepted as Austromactra Iredale, 1930 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    1. Subgenus Spisula (Crassula) Marwick, 1948 accepted as Crassula Marwick, 1948
      1. Species Spisula (Crassula) aequilateralis (Deshayes, 1854) accepted as Crassula aequilatera (Reeve, 1854) (junior objective synonym)
    2. Subgenus Spisula (Mactromeris) Conrad, 1868 accepted as Mactromeris Conrad, 1868
      1. Species Spisula (Mactromeris) hemphillii (Dall, 1894) accepted as Mactromeris hemphillii (Dall, 1894) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
      2. Species Spisula (Mactromeris) polynyma W. Stimpson, 1860 accepted as Mactromeris polynyma (W. Stimpson, 1860)
    3. Subgenus Spisula (Notospisula) Iredale, 1930 accepted as Spisula J. E. Gray, 1837
      1. Species Spisula (Notospisula) colganae Healy & Lamprell, 1992 accepted as Spisula trigonella (Lamarck, 1818)
    4. Subgenus Spisula (Oxyperas) Mörch, 1853 accepted as Oxyperas Mörch, 1853 (unaccepted > superseded rank)
      1. Species Spisula (Oxyperas) bernardi Pilsbry, 1904 accepted as Oxyperas bernardi (Pilsbry, 1904) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    5. Subgenus Spisula (Pseudoxyperas) Sacco, 1901 accepted as Oxyperas Mörch, 1853
    6. Subgenus Spisula (Spisulina) P. Fischer, 1887 accepted as Spisula J. E. Gray, 1837 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    7. Subgenus Spisula (Symmorphomactra) Dall, 1894 accepted as Simomactra Dall, 1894 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    8. Species Spisula adelaidae Angas, 1865 accepted as Anapella cycladea (Lamarck, 1818)
    9. Species Spisula aequilatera (Reeve, 1854) accepted as Crassula aequilatera (Reeve, 1854) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    10. Species Spisula aequilateralis (Deshayes, 1854) accepted as Crassula aequilatera (Reeve, 1854) (junior objective synonym)
    11. Species Spisula alaskana Dall, 1924 accepted as Mactromeris polynyma (W. Stimpson, 1860)
    12. Species Spisula aspersa (G. B. Sowerby I, 1825) accepted as Oxyperas aspersa (G. B. Sowerby I, 1825) accepted as Oxyperas aspersum (G. B. Sowerby I, 1825)
    13. Species Spisula belliana W. R. B. Oliver, 1915 accepted as Oxyperas belliana (W. R. B. Oliver, 1915) accepted as Oxyperas bellianum (W. R. B. Oliver, 1915) (superseded combination)
    14. Species Spisula bernardi Pilsbry, 1904 accepted as Oxyperas bernardi (Pilsbry, 1904) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    15. Species Spisula camaronis Dall, 1921 accepted as Mactromeris hemphillii (Dall, 1894)
    16. Species Spisula catilliformis Conrad, 1867 accepted as Mactromeris catilliformis (Conrad, 1867)
    17. Species Spisula cretacea Angas, 1868 accepted as Spisula trigonella (Lamarck, 1818)
    18. Species Spisula dolabriformis Conrad, 1867 accepted as Simomactra dolabriformis (Conrad, 1867) (original combination)
    19. Species Spisula fragilis (Gmelin, 1791) accepted as Mactra fragilis Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Mactrotoma fragilis (Gmelin, 1791)
    20. Species Spisula hartingi Spaink, 1958 accepted as Spisula subtruncata (da Costa, 1778) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    21. Species Spisula hemphillii (Dall, 1894) accepted as Mactromeris hemphillii (Dall, 1894) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    22. Species Spisula isabelleana (A. d'Orbigny, 1846) accepted as Mactra isabelleana A. d'Orbigny, 1846
    23. Species Spisula lamarckii Gray, 1837 accepted as Eastonia rugosa (Helbling, 1779)
    24. Species Spisula lentiginosa Gould, 1852 accepted as Oxyperas lentiginosa (A. Gould, 1852) accepted as Oxyperas lentiginosum (A. Gould, 1852)
    25. Species Spisula longa Dall, 1921 accepted as Tresus nuttallii (Conrad, 1837)
    26. Species Spisula mariae A. Adams, 1856 (unaccepted > nomen nudum)
    27. Species Spisula marplatensis (Doello-Jurado, 1949) accepted as Mactra marplatensis Doello-Jurado, 1949
    28. Species Spisula ovalis (J. Sowerby, 1817) accepted as Spisula solida (Linnaeus, 1758)
    29. Species Spisula ovata J. E. Gray, 1843 accepted as Cyclomactra ovata (J. E. Gray, 1843) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    30. Species Spisula petitii (A. d'Orbigny, 1846) accepted as Mactra petitii A. d'Orbigny, 1846
    31. Species Spisula polynyma (W. Stimpson, 1860) accepted as Mactromeris polynyma (W. Stimpson, 1860) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    32. Species Spisula producta Angas, 1868 accepted as Spisula trigonella (Lamarck, 1818)
    33. Species Spisula richmondi (Dall, 1894) accepted as Mactra petitii A. d'Orbigny, 1846
    34. Species Spisula sachalinensis (Schrenck, 1862) accepted as Spisula sibyllae (Valenciennes, 1858) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    35. Species Spisula sayii Gray, 1837 accepted as Spisula raveneli (Conrad, 1832)
    36. Species Spisula solanderi J. E. Gray, 1837 accepted as Eastonia solanderi (J. E. Gray, 1837)
    37. Species Spisula strongi T. A. Burch, 1945 accepted as Simomactra planulata (Conrad, 1837)
    38. Species Spisula triangula (Brocchi, 1814) accepted as Spisula subtruncata (da Costa, 1778)
    39. Species Spisula vladivostokensis Bartsch, 1929 accepted as Mactromeris polynyma (W. Stimpson, 1860)
    40. Species Spisula voji [sic] accepted as Spisula voyi (Gabb, 1866) † accepted as Mactromeris polynyma (W. Stimpson, 1860)
    41. Species Spisula williamsi (S. S. Berry, 1960) accepted as Spisula adamsi Olsson, 1961
    42. Subgenus Spisula (Hemimactra) Swainson, 1840 represented as Spisula J. E. Gray, 1837
      1. Species Spisula (Hemimactra) alaskana Dall, 1924
      2. Species Spisula (Hemimactra) polymyma (W. Stimpson, 1860) accepted as Mactromeris polynyma (W. Stimpson, 1860)
      3. Species Spisula (Hemimactra) similis (Say, 1822) accepted as Spisula solidissima similis (Say, 1822) accepted as Spisula solidissima (Dillwyn, 1817)
      4. Species Spisula (Hemimactra) solidissima (Dillwyn, 1817) represented as Spisula solidissima (Dillwyn, 1817)
    43. Subgenus Spisula (Spisula) J. E. Gray, 1837 represented as Spisula J. E. Gray, 1837
      1. Species Spisula (Spisula) ovalis (J. Sowerby, 1817) represented as Spisula solida (Linnaeus, 1758)
    44. Subgenus Spisula (Spisulona) Marwick, 1948 represented as Spisula J. E. Gray, 1837
      1. Species Spisula (Spisulona) discors (J. E. Gray, 1837) represented as Spisula discors (J. E. Gray, 1837)
      2. Species Spisula (Spisulona) murchisoni (Reeve, 1854) represented as Spisula murchisoni (Reeve, 1854)
    marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
    Gray, J. E. (1837). A synoptical catalogue of the species of certain tribes or genera of shells contained in the collection of the British Museum and the author's cabinet. <em>Magazine of Natural History, N.S.</em> 1: 370-376., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2334415
    page(s): 372-374, 370 [details]   
    MolluscaBase eds. (2024). MolluscaBase. Spisula J. E. Gray, 1837. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=138159 on 2024-05-25
    Date
    action
    by
    2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
    created
    2012-04-18 19:31:56Z
    changed
    2017-11-14 17:26:04Z
    changed
    2022-02-08 00:04:53Z
    changed
    2022-11-09 00:56:58Z
    changed

    Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


    original description Gray, J. E. (1837). A synoptical catalogue of the species of certain tribes or genera of shells contained in the collection of the British Museum and the author's cabinet. <em>Magazine of Natural History, N.S.</em> 1: 370-376., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2334415
    page(s): 372-374, 370 [details]   

    original description  (of Spisula (Spisulona) Marwick, 1948) Marwick J. (1948). Lower Pliocene Mollusca from Otahuhu, Auckland. <em>New Zealand Geological Survey Palaeontological Bulletin.</em> 16: 38 pp., 8 pl. [details]   

    original description  (of Spisulina P. Fischer, 1887) Fischer, P. (1880-1887). <i>Manuel de conchyliologie et de paléontologie conchyliologique, ou histoire naturelle des mollusques vivants et fossiles suivi d'un Appendice sur les Brachiopodes par D. P. Oehlert. Avec 23 planches contenant 600 figures dessinées par S. P. Woodward.</i>. Paris: F. Savy. Published in 11 parts (fascicules), xxiv + 1369 pp., 23 pls. [1: 1-112, 21 September 1880; 2: 113-192, 16 March 1881; 3: 193-304, 28 July 1881; 4: 305-416, 5 May 1882; 5: 417-512, 21 February 1883; 6: 513-608, 20 December 1883; 7: 609-688, 30 June 1884; 8: 689-784, 29 January 1885; 9: 785-896, 31 August 1885; 10: 897-1008, 30 April 1886; 11: 1009-1369, 15 June 1887]. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47340
    page(s): 1116 [details]   

    original description  (of Notospisula Iredale, 1930) Iredale, T. (1930). More notes on the marine Mollusca of New South Wales. <em>Records of the Australian Museum.</em> 17(9): 384-407, pls 62-65. [Published 27 June 1930]., available online at http://australianmuseum.net.au/Uploads/Journals/17186/773_complete.pdf
    page(s): 400, 407 [details]   

    original description  (of Spisulona Marwick, 1948 †) Marwick J. (1948). Lower Pliocene Mollusca from Otahuhu, Auckland. <em>New Zealand Geological Survey Palaeontological Bulletin.</em> 16: 38 pp., 8 pl.
    page(s): 22 [details]   

    original description  (of Hemimactra Swainson, 1840) Swainson, W. (1840). A treatise on malacology; or the natural classification of shells and shell-fish. Longman, London, viii + 419 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/33450
    page(s): 369 [details]   

    context source (PeRMS) Paredes, C.; Cardoso, F.; Santamaría, J.; Esplana, J.; Llaja, L. (2016). Lista anotada de los bivalvos marinos del Perú. <em>Revista peruana de biología.</em> 23(2), 127-150., available online at http://www.scielo.org.pe/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1727-99332016000200006 [details]   

    basis of record Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca. in: Costello, M.J. et al. (eds), European Register of Marine Species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 180-213., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/ocrd/254404.pdf [details]   

    additional source Coan, E. V.; Valentich-Scott, P. (2012). Bivalve seashells of tropical West America. Marine bivalve mollusks from Baja California to northern Peru. 2 vols, 1258 pp. [details]   

    additional source Korobkov, I.A. (1954). Справочник и методическое руководство по третичным моллюскам: пластинчатожаберные [= A handbook and methodical guide to Tertiary molluscs: Lamellibranchiata]. Gosudarstvennoye nauchno-tekhnicheskoye izdatel'stvo neftyanoy i gorno-toplivnoy literatury, Leningrad, 444 pp., available online at https://www.geokniga.org/books/6177
    page(s): 113 [details]   
     
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    LanguageName 
    English trough shellssurfclamssurf clams  [details]
    German Trogmuscheln  [details]
    Norwegian Bokmål trauskjell  [details]
    Norwegian Nynorsk trauskjel  [details]