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Mackie, Andrew S. Y. 1987. A review of species currently assigned to the genus Leitoscoloplos Day, 1977 (Polychaeta: Orbiniidae), with descriptions of species newly referred to Scoloplos Blainville, 1828. Sarsia, 72: 1-28.
50903
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
The species assigned to the genus Leitoscoloplos are re-examined. With the inclusion of five new taxa (L. geminus sp. nov., L. geminus provincialis subsp. nov., L. banzareae sp. nov., L. mammosus sp. nov., L. obovatus sp. nov.), seventeen species and two subspecies are now recognized. A further four species are newly referred to the genus Scoloplos: S. armiger alaskensis (HARTMAN, 1948), S. normalis (DAY, 1977), S. intermedius (HARTMAN, 1965), and S. similis sp. nov. (for Haploscoloplos cf. fragilis DAY, 1963). The status of the genus Leitoscoloplos and its relationship to Scoloplos are discussed. Identification of species is shown to require the combined consideration of several characters, some of which vary with size and age. A tabular guide to the species of Leitoscoloplos is given. Using a combination of features, five morphological groupings can be discerned. Of these, the L. kerguelensis group is the most morphologically and geographically cohesive. This observation suggests some degree of vicariance within the genus or, further, may be indicative of polyphyletic origins.
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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db_admin
2013-10-28 07:43:13Z
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2013-10-31 21:45:48Z
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Nontype USNM 40188, geounit Nanoose Bay, identified as Leitoscoloplos pugettensis (Pettibone, 1957)
 Depth range

Shore to 15 m. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to 15 m. [details]

 Depth range

24-36 m.  [details]

 Depth range

25-110 m. [details]

 Depth range

1377-1417 m. [details]

 Diagnosis

Orbiniidae with a conical prostomium, one achaetous buccal segment (peristomium), thoracic neurochaetae all ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Mackie (1987: 4) restricted the species Leitoscoloplos kerguelensis to specimens possessing 9 thoracic chaetigers ... [details]

 Dispersal

Pacific Ocean: Salsipuedes Basin (Gulf of California). [details]

 Distribution

South Australia and New South Wales (Australia); Marovo Lagoon, Vangunu Island (Solomon Islands).  [details]

 Distribution

Antarctic Ocean: off MacRobertson Land.  [details]

 Distribution

Australia: Port Jackson (New South Wales). [details]

 Distribution

Southern Ocean: South Orkney Islands.  [details]

 Distribution

Southern Indian Ocean: Kerguelen Islands. Mackie (1987: 4) restricted the distribution of the species to the ... [details]

 Distribution

North Atlantic: Scotland (Loch Creran); Greenland (Murchison Sound, Baffin Bay). [details]

 Distribution

Antarctica: Adelie Land; Ross Sea; Victoria Land. [details]

 Distribution

Atlantic Ocean: off New England (USA). [details]

 Etymology

Not stated in the original description. The specific epithet foliosus is a Latin adjective meaning 'leafy' or 'full ... [details]

 Etymology

The subspecific epithet minutus refers to the small size of the subspecies in relation to the stem species ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet banzareae is derived from the acronym BANZARE (British, Australian, and New Zealand Antarctic ... [details]

 Etymology

Specific epithet bilobatus, from bis (L.), 'twice' and lobos (Gk.), 'rounded flap'. The specific name relates to ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet geminus, Latin adjective meaning 'twin', refers to the close resemblance of the species to ... [details]

 Etymology

The subspecific epithet provincialis refers to the type locality of the species, off Cape Province (South Africa).  [details]

 Etymology

The subspecific epithet minutus refers to the small size of the subspecies in relation to the stem species ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet mammosus, Latin adjective meaning 'full breasted' or 'having breast-shaped protruberances', ... [details]

 Etymology

Obovatus from ob (L.), against and ovum (L.), egg. The specific name refers to the obovate abdominal subpodal papillae. [details]

 Etymology

Similis (L.) resembling, similar. The specific name relates to the similarity of the species to S. intermedius[details]

 Habitat

Not registered.  [details]

 Habitat

Not stated. Unknown. [details]

 Habitat

Mud, at shelf depths. [details]

 Habitat

Type of sediment not stated, at shelf depths. [details]

 Habitat

Type of sediment not stated, at bathyal depths. [details]

 Habitat

Type of sediment not stated, probably soft, at slope depths. [details]

 Holotype

Deposited at the Australian Museum, Sydney (AM W.199516). [details]

 Reproduction

One specimen (NRS no. 3480) ovigerous, being an anterior fragment of 24 chaetigers, 8 mm long, thoracic width 0.88 ... [details]

 Reproduction

One specimen (NRS no. 3480) ovigerous, being an anterior fragment of 24 chaetigers, 8 mm long, thoracic width 0.88 ... [details]

 Synonymy

Mackie (1987: 18) examined the syntype material of Haploscoloplos tortugaensis Monro, 1933 and stated that the ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Moved to Leitoscoloplos by Mackie (1987). Monro (1936: 160) suggested that the species could be referred to ... [details]

 Type locality

Off MacRobertson Land, Antarctic Ocean (66°45'S, 62°03'E).  [details]

 Type locality

North Head, Port Jackson, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia (gazetteer estimate -33.825°, 151.3°). [details]

 Type locality

East end of Normanna Strait, near Cape Hansen, Coronation Island, South Orkney Islands, Antarctic Ocean (gazetteer ... [details]

 Type locality

Off Cape Province, South Africa, Atlantic Ocean, holotype and paratypes from combined material of stations WCD.61 ... [details]

 Type locality

Upper basin of Loch Creran, west coast of Scotland, Atlantic Ocean (gazetteer estimate 56.54°, -5.32°). [details]

 Type locality

East of upper end of Block Canyon, off New England, USA, Atlantic Ocean (39.9733°, -70.6717°). [details]

 Type material

Holotype deposited at the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Los Angeles (AHF Poly 0684).  [details]

 Type material

Syntypes deposited at the Australian Musem, Sydney (59 syntypes, AM W769).  [details]

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