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CaRMS taxon details

Desmophyllum pertusum (Linnaeus, 1758)

1245747  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:1245747)

accepted
Species
Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758) · unaccepted > superseded combination
marine, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
(of ) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 
Taxonomic remark Based on molecular evidence, Addamo et al. (2012) first suggested that Lophelia be synonymized with Desmophyllum, and later...  
Taxonomic remark Based on molecular evidence, Addamo et al. (2012) first suggested that Lophelia be synonymized with Desmophyllum, and later Addamoet al. (2016) formally stated that Lophelia was a junior synonym. The basic difference between the two taxa is that Desmophyllum is solitary and Lophelia colonial, which to a traditional morphologist like me (S. Cairns) is a significant one. Since the molecular results seemed convincing to me, I asked the opinion of three molecular biologists that work with Scleractinia. They were all somewhat skeptical, or rather cautious, concerning the immediate need for a taxonomic change that would synonymize Lophelia. Lophelia is one of the few cosmopolitan scleractinian species, and is also one of the most studied species in the order, especially in the North Atlantic. To change its nomenclature with the possibility that it might have to revert to the original would cause much taxonomic confusion. My molecular colleagues convinced me to be cautious and wait for the next two or three studies to be published on the matter, in which more genes may be used. I therefore represent the minority view of view on this matter in suggesting maintaining the name Lophelia pertusa until more study is done. S. Cairns 2019 [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2022). World List of Scleractinia. Desmophyllum pertusum (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: Nozères, C., Kennedy, M.K. (Eds.) (2022) Canadian Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/carms/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=1245747 on 2022-12-02
Nozères, C., Kennedy, M.K. (Eds.) (2022). Canadian Register of Marine Species. Desmophyllum pertusum (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed at: https://marinespecies.org/carms/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=1245747 on 2022-12-02
Date
action
by
2018-04-10 12:47:39Z
created
2018-08-17 16:44:54Z
changed
2022-06-20 08:45:58Z
changed

original description  (of ) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Addamo AM, Reimer JD, Taviani M, Freiwald A, Machordom A. (2012). Desmophyllum dianthus (Esper, 1794) in the Scleractinian Phylogeny and Its Intraspecific Diversity. <em>PLoS ONE.</em> 7(11): e50215., available online at https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050215 [details]   

additional source Kitahara MV, Cordeiro RTS, Barbosa RV, Pires D Sumida PYG. (2020). Brazilian Deep-Sea Corals. In: Sumida PYG, Bernardino AF, De Léo FC (eds) Brazilian Deep-Sea Biodiversity. <em>Brazilian Marine Biodiversity. Volume 3. Springer, Cham.</em> pp. 73-107., available online at https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-53222-2_4 [details]   

additional source Seiblitz IGL, Vaga CF, Capel KCC, Cairns SD, Stolarski J, Quattrini AM, Kitahara MV. (2022). Caryophylliids (Anthozoa, Scleractinia) and mitochondrial gene order: Insights from mitochondrial and nuclear phylogenomics. <em>Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution.</em> 175: 107565., available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2022.107565 [details]   

new combination reference Addamo AM, Vertino A, Stolarski J, García-Jiménez R, Taviani M, Machordom A. (2016). Merging scleractinian genera: the overwhelming genetic similarity between solitary Desmophyllum and colonial Lophelia. <em>BMC Evolutionary Biology.</em> 16: 108., available online at https://doi.org/10.1186/s12862-016-0654-8 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) BMNH 1939.7.20.1074, geounit South African Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) BMNH 1949.1.20.6, geounit French Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) BMNH, geounit St. Helena Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) BMNH, geounit St. Helena Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) ICN CNI396 [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) ICN CNI397 [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) ICN CNI723 [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) MNHN Ci 2045, geounit French Southern Territories [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) MNHN, geounit Wallis and Futuna Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) MNHN, geounit Wallis and Futuna Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) NHMG Anthoz. 192, geounit Norwegian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) NHMG Anthoz. 217, geounit Norwegian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) NHMG Anthoz. 826, geounit Norwegian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) NHMG Anthoz. 957, geounit Norwegian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) NHMG uncataloged, geounit Norwegian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) NHMG uncataloged, geounit Norwegian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) NMSR 9067 [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) NMSR 9068 [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) NMSR I/441/E3 [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 46016, geounit Colombian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 81415, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 88393, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 98745, geounit Wallis and Futuna Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 99230, geounit Bahamas Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 99232, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) BMNH 1901.6.11.3-7, geounit Spanish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) ORI, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) SIO Co 532, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 19215, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 19237, geounit Mexican Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 19247, geounit Mexican Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 49117, geounit Bahamas Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 49118, geounit Bahamas Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 49119, geounit Bahamas Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 49120, geounit Bahamas Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 73766, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 77010, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 77025, geounit Bahamas Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 77028, geounit Bahamas Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 78511, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 78605, geounit High Seas [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 78616, geounit High Seas [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 80809, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 83582, geounit High Seas [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 84355, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 92606, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 92611, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 99226, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 99228, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 99229, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 99233, geounit Bermudian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
From editor or global species database
Taxonomic remark Based on molecular evidence, Addamo et al. (2012) first suggested that Lophelia be synonymized with Desmophyllum, and later Addamoet al. (2016) formally stated that Lophelia was a junior synonym. The basic difference between the two taxa is that Desmophyllum is solitary and Lophelia colonial, which to a traditional morphologist like me (S. Cairns) is a significant one. Since the molecular results seemed convincing to me, I asked the opinion of three molecular biologists that work with Scleractinia. They were all somewhat skeptical, or rather cautious, concerning the immediate need for a taxonomic change that would synonymize Lophelia. Lophelia is one of the few cosmopolitan scleractinian species, and is also one of the most studied species in the order, especially in the North Atlantic. To change its nomenclature with the possibility that it might have to revert to the original would cause much taxonomic confusion. My molecular colleagues convinced me to be cautious and wait for the next two or three studies to be published on the matter, in which more genes may be used. I therefore represent the minority view of view on this matter in suggesting maintaining the name Lophelia pertusa until more study is done. S. Cairns 2019 [details]
LanguageName 
English white stony coral [from synonym]spider hazards [from synonym]eye coral [from synonym]  [details]
French scléractiniaire perforé [from synonym]  [details]
German Augenkoralle [from synonym]  [details]
Living coral thickets on Galway Mound, Porcupine Seabight
 Living coral thicke...
[image from synonym]

A detail of Lophelia pertusa and Madrepora oculata
 A detail of Lopheli...
[image from synonym]

Lophelia pertusa, 478 m West Florida Escarpment, Gulf of Mexico.

Photograph courtesy of NOAA-Pelagic Research Services. Identification by P. Etnoyer and D. Wagner.
 
[image from synonym]

Lophelia pertusa, 496 m West Florida Escarpment, Gulf of Mexico.

Photograph courtesy of NOAA-Pelagic Research Services. Identification by P. Etnoyer and D. Wagner.
 
[image from synonym]

Lophelia pertusa, 397 m Triceratops, South Atlantic Bight.

Photograph courtesy of S. Brooke et al., NOAA-OE, HBOI. Identification by S. Brooke.
 
[image from synonym]

Lophelia pertusa, 397 m Triceratops, South Atlantic Bight.

Photograph courtesy of S. Brooke et al., NOAA-OE, HBOI. Identification by S. Brooke.
 
[image from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (Lophelia pertusa (1) 47525)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (Lophelia pertusa (2) 47525)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

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