WoRDSS banner


Deep-Sea taxon details

Polynoidae Kinberg, 1856

939  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:939)

accepted
Family

Ordering

  • Alphabetically
  • By status

Children Display

  1. Subfamily Admetellinae Uschakov, 1977
    1. Genus Admetella McIntosh, 1885
    2. Genus Bathyadmetella Pettibone, 1967
  2. Subfamily Arctonoinae Hanley, 1989
    1. Genus Adyte Saint-Joseph, 1899
    2. Genus Australaugeneria Pettibone, 1969
    3. Genus Bathynoe Ditlevsen, 1917
    4. Genus Neohololepidella Pettibone, 1969
    5. Genus Parabathynoe Pettibone, 1990
    6. Genus Parahololepidella Pettibone, 1969
  3. Subfamily Eulagiscinae Pettibone, 1997
    1. Genus Bathymoorea Pettibone, 1967
    2. Genus Eulagisca McIntosh, 1885
  4. Subfamily Lepidastheniinae Pettibone, 1989
    1. Genus Alentiana Hartman, 1942
    2. Genus Benhamipolynoe Pettibone, 1970
    3. Genus Lepidasthenia Malmgren, 1867
    4. Genus Lepidofimbria Hartman, 1967
    5. Genus Harmopsides Chamberlin, 1919 accepted as Lepidasthenia Malmgren, 1867 (subjective synonym)
    6. Genus Nectochaeta Marenzeller, 1892 accepted as Lepidasthenia Malmgren, 1867 (subjective synonym [type moved elsewhere])
  5. Subfamily Lepidonotinae Willey, 1902
    1. Genus Allmaniella McIntosh, 1885
    2. Genus Augenerilepidonotus Pettibone, 1995
    3. Genus Dilepidonotus Hartman, 1967
    4. Genus Euphionella Monro, 1936
    5. Genus Halosydna Kinberg, 1856
    6. Genus Hololepida Moore, 1905
    7. Genus Lepidonotus Leach, 1816
    8. Genus Sheila Monro, 1930
    9. Genus Telodrieschia Kirkegaard, 1995
    10. Genus Thormora Baird, 1865
  6. Subfamily Lepidonotopodinae Pettibone, 1983
    1. Genus Bathykurila Pettibone, 1976
    2. Genus Branchinotogluma Pettibone, 1985
    3. Genus Branchiplicatus Pettibone, 1985
    4. Genus Branchipolynoe Pettibone, 1984
    5. Genus Lepidonotopodium Pettibone, 1983
    6. Genus Levensteiniella Pettibone, 1985
    7. Genus Peinaleopolynoe Desbruyères & Laubier, 1988
    8. Genus Thermopolynoe Miura, 1994
  7. Subfamily Macellicephalinae Hartmann-Schröder, 1971
    1. Genus Abyssarya Bonifácio & Menot, 2018
    2. Genus Bathybahamas Pettibone, 1985
    3. Genus Bathycanadia Levenstein, 1981
    4. Genus Bathycatalina Pettibone, 1976
    5. Genus Bathyedithia Pettibone, 1976
    6. Genus Bathyeliasona Pettibone, 1976
    7. Genus Bathyfauvelia Pettibone, 1976
    8. Genus Bathykermadeca Pettibone, 1976
    9. Genus Bathylevensteina Pettibone, 1976
    10. Genus Bathymacella Pettibone, 1976
    11. Genus Bathymariana Levenstein, 1978
    12. Genus Bathymiranda Levenstein, 1981
    13. Genus Bathypolaria Levenstein, 1981
    14. Genus Bathytasmania Levenstein, 1982
    15. Genus Bathyvitiazia Pettibone, 1976
    16. Genus Bruunilla Hartman, 1971
    17. Genus Hodor Bonifácio & Menot, 2018
    18. Genus Macellicephala McIntosh, 1885
    19. Genus Macellicephaloides Uschakov, 1955
    20. Genus Macelloides Uschakov, 1957
    21. Genus Natopolynoe Pettibone, 1985
    22. Genus Nu Bonifácio & Menot, 2018
    23. Genus Polaruschakov Pettibone, 1976
    24. Genus Vampiropolynoe Marcus & Hourdez, 2002
    25. Genus Yodanoe Bonifácio & Menot, 2018
    26. Genus Austropolaria Neal, Barnich, Wiklund & Glover, 2012 accepted as Bathypolaria Levenstein, 1981 (subjective synonym)
    27. Genus Opisthotrochopodus Pettibone, 1985 accepted as Branchinotogluma Pettibone, 1985 (male morph subjective synonym)
  8. Subfamily Polynoinae Kinberg, 1856
    1. Genus Acanthicolepis McIntosh, 1900
    2. Genus Antarctinoe Barnich, Fiege, Micaletto & Gambi, 2006
    3. Genus Antinoe Kinberg, 1856
    4. Genus Austrolaenilla Bergström, 1916
    5. Genus Barrukia Bergström, 1916
    6. Genus Bathynotalia Levenstein, 1982
    7. Genus Brychionoe Hanley & Burke, 1991
    8. Genus Bylgides Chamberlin, 1919
    9. Genus Ceuthonoe Wang, Zhou & Wang, 2021
    10. Genus Enipo Malmgren, 1865
    11. Genus Eucranta Malmgren, 1865
    12. Genus Eunoe Malmgren, 1865
    13. Genus Gattyana McIntosh, 1897
    14. Genus Gorekia Bergström, 1916
    15. Genus Gorgoniapolynoe Pettibone, 1991
    16. Genus Harmothoe Kinberg, 1856
    17. Genus Hermadion Kinberg, 1856
    18. Genus Heteropolynoe Bidenkap, 1907
    19. Genus Hololepidella Willey, 1905
    20. Genus Intoshella Darboux, 1899
    21. Genus Kermadecella Darboux, 1899
    22. Genus Lagisca Malmgren, 1865
    23. Genus Leucia Malmgren, 1867
    24. Genus Malmgrenia McIntosh, 1874
    25. Genus Malmgreniella Hartman, 1967
    26. Genus Melaenis Malmgren, 1865
    27. Genus Neobylgides Pettibone, 1993
    28. Genus Neolagisca Barnich & Fiege, 2000
    29. Genus Neopolynoe Loshamn, 1981
    30. Genus Paralepidonotus Horst, 1915
    31. Genus Polyeunoa McIntosh, 1885
    32. Genus Polynoe Lamarck, 1818
    33. Genus Robertianella McIntosh, 1885
    34. Genus Scalisetosus McIntosh, 1885
    35. Genus Subadyte Pettibone, 1969
    36. Genus Tottonpolynoe Pettibone, 1991
    37. Genus Antinoana Hartman & Fauchald, 1971 accepted as Bylgides Chamberlin, 1919 (subjective synonym)
    38. Genus Antinoella Augener, 1928 accepted as Bylgides Chamberlin, 1919 (superseded subsequent rank of subjective synonym)
    39. Genus Evarne Malmgren, 1865 accepted as Harmothoe Kinberg, 1856 (Homonym, replacement Evarnella a synonym)
    40. Genus Laenilla Malmgren, 1865 accepted as Harmothoe Kinberg, 1856 (subjective synonym, in part at least in Harmothoe)
    41. Genus Nemidia Malmgren, 1865 accepted as Enipo Malmgren, 1865 (subjective synonym)
  9. Subfamily Bathyedithinae Pettibone, 1976 accepted as Macellicephalinae Hartmann-Schröder, 1971 (subjective synonym)
  10. Subfamily Bathymacellinae Pettibone, 1976 accepted as Macellicephalinae Hartmann-Schröder, 1971 (subjective synonym)
  11. Subfamily Branchinotogluminae Pettibone, 1985 accepted as Macellicephalinae Hartmann-Schröder, 1971 (subjective synonym)
  12. Subfamily Branchiplicatinae Pettibone, 1985 accepted as Macellicephalinae Hartmann-Schröder, 1971 (subjective synonym)
  13. Subfamily Branchipolynoinae Pettibone, 1984 accepted as Macellicephalinae Hartmann-Schröder, 1971 (subjective synonym)
  14. Subfamily Macellicephaloidinae Pettibone, 1976 accepted as Macellicephalinae Hartmann-Schröder, 1971 (subjective synonym)
  15. Subfamily Macelloidinae Pettibone, 1976 accepted as Macellicephalinae Hartmann-Schröder, 1971 (subjective synonym)
  16. Subfamily Polaruschakovinae Pettibone, 1976 accepted as Macellicephalinae Hartmann-Schröder, 1971 (subjective synonym)
  17. Subfamily Vampiropolynoinae Marcus & Hourdez, 2002 accepted as Macellicephalinae Hartmann-Schröder, 1971 (subjective synonym)
  18. Subfamily Polynoidae incertae sedis (temporary name)
    1. Genus Benhamisetosus Averincev, 1978
    2. Genus Lepidogyra Hartman, 1967
    3. Genus Parapolyeunoa Barnich, Gambi & Fiege, 2012
    4. Genus Phyllantinoe McIntosh, 1876
    5. Genus Phyllosheila Pettibone, 1961
    6. Genus Polynoella McIntosh, 1885
    7. Genus Herdmanella Darboux, 1899 (uncertain > nomen dubium)
    8. Genus Sinantenna Hartmann-Schröder, 1974 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Kinberg, J.G.H. (1856). Nya slägten och arter af Annelider, Öfversigt af Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhhandlingar Stockholm, 12 (9-10), 381-388 [read 1855; printed 1856]., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/15970133
page(s): 383 [as family Polynoina] [details]   
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2024). World Polychaeta Database. Polynoidae Kinberg, 1856. Accessed through: Glover, A.G.; Higgs, N.; Horton, T. (2024) World Register of Deep-Sea species (WoRDSS) at: https://www.marinespecies.org/deepsea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=939 on 2024-03-01
Glover, A.G.; Higgs, N.; Horton, T. (2024). World Register of Deep-Sea species (WoRDSS). Polynoidae Kinberg, 1856. Accessed at: https://marinespecies.org/deepsea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=939 on 2024-03-01
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
db_admin
2007-01-18 14:44:44Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2012-09-19 03:31:54Z
changed
2013-11-17 03:35:09Z
changed
2014-07-02 10:50:40Z
changed

original description Kinberg, J.G.H. (1856). Nya slägten och arter af Annelider, Öfversigt af Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhhandlingar Stockholm, 12 (9-10), 381-388 [read 1855; printed 1856]., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/15970133
page(s): 383 [as family Polynoina] [details]   

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Barnich, Ruth; Fiege, Dieter. (2003). The Aphroditoidea (Annelida: Polychaeta) of the Mediterranean Sea. <em>Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft.</em> 559: 1-167., available online at http://www.schweizerbart.de/publications/detail/isbn/9783510613533/The-Aphroditoidea-Annelida-Polychaeta-of-the-Mediterranean-Sea [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Malmgren, A.J. (1867). Annulata Polychaeta Spetsbergiæ, Grœnlandiæ, Islandiæ et Scandinaviæ. Hactenus Cognita. Ex Officina Frenckelliana, Helsingforslæ. 127 pp. & XIV plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/13358
page(s): 4 [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Wehe, Thomas. (2006). Revision of the scale worms (Polychaeta:Aphroditoidea) occurring in the seas surrounding the Arabian Peninsula. Part I: Polynoidae. <i>Fauna of Arabia</i>. 22: 23–197. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

identification resource Barnich, Ruth. (2011). Identification of scale worms in British and Irish waters. NMBAQC 2010 taxonomic workshop, Dove Marine Laboratory. 52 pp., available online at http://www.nmbaqcs.org/scheme-components/invertebrates/literature-and-taxonomic-keys/identification-of-scale-worms.aspx [details]   

identification resource Chambers, S.J. & Muir, A.I. (1997). Polychaetes: British Chrysopetaloidea, Pisionoidea and Aphroditoidea. <em>Synopses of the British Fauna (New Series).</em> 54: 1-202. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 67 [details]   

identification resource Pettibone, Marian H. 1969. Review of some species referred to Scalisetosus McIntosh (Polychaeta, Polynoidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 82: 1-30., available online at http://hdl.handle.net/10088/3412 [details]   

identification resource Barnich, R.; Gambi, M. C.; Fiege, D. (2012). Revision of the genus <em>Polyeunoa</em> McIntosh, 1885 (Polychaeta, Polynoidae). <i>Zootaxa</i>. 3523: 25-38., available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/list/2012/3523.html [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Authority Malmgren (1867:4) may have been the first to use the "Polynoidae" spelling, but he cites Kinberg's (1856) family "Polynoina" which seems sufficient indication to credit Kinberg with the authorship of the family. [details]

Classification Remarkable for the number of small subfamilies which have been erected. The total is twenty one, or twenty two including the nominal subfamily (Polynoinae), and Hanley (1989) lists 17 to that date. As an example Pettibone (1985) had established subfamily Branchinotogluminae for a single new genus Branchinotogluma with three new species, and earlier (1976) she had created five new subfamilies (Macellicephaloidinae, Macelloidinae, Bathyedithinae, Polaruschakovinae, Bathymacellinae). She has created 12 subfamilies in Polynoidae. The latest subfamily is Uncopolynoinae Wehe, 2006, for one genus, with one species imperfectly known. The validity of all these subfamilies needs re-evaluation.

Polynoidae sub-families in chronological order (updated from Hanley, 1989)

Polynoinae Kinberg, 1856 [nominal]
Iphioninae Baird 1865
Lepidonotinae Willey 1902
Harmothoinae Willey 1902 [= Polynoinae Kinberg]
Macellicephalinae Hartmann-Schroder 1971
Bathyedithinae Pettibone 1976
Polaruschakovinae Pettibone 1976
Macelloidinae Pettibone 1976
Macellicephaloidinae Pettibone 1976
Bathymacellinae Pettibone 1976
Admetellinae Uschakov 1977
Polyodontinae Muir 1982 [= family Acoetidae]
Gesiellinae Muir 1982
Lepidonotopodinae Pettibone 1983
Branchipolynoinae Pettibone 1984
Branchiplicatinae Pettibone 1985a
Branchinotogluminae Pettibone 1985b
Lepidastheniinae Pettibone 1989
Acholoinae Pettibone, 1996 [= Polynoinae Kinberg]
Eulagiscinae Pettibone, 1997
Vampiropolynoinae Marcus & Hourdez, 2002
Uncopolynoinae Wehe, 2006
 [details]
LanguageName 
Dutch zeerupsen  [details]
English scalewormspolynoids  [details]
German Schuppenwürmer  [details]
Japanese ウロコムシ科  [details]
INDEEP logo NHM logo NOC logo Soton logo WoRMS logo OBIS logo Plymouth University\'s Marine Institute logo
Website hosted & developed by VLIZ · contact: WoRDSS Team