About | Search taxa | Taxon tree | Search literature | Specimens | Distribution | Checklist | Stats | Log in

Polychaeta source details

Zenetos, A.; Gofas, S.; Verlaque, M.; Cinar, M.; Garcia Raso, J.; Bianchi, C.; Morri, C.; Azzurro, E.; Bilecenoglu, M.; Froglia, C.; Siokou, I.; Violanti, D.; Sfriso, A.; San Martin, G.; Giangrande, A.; Katagan, T.; Ballesteros, E.; Ramos-Espla, A.; Mastrototaro, F.; Ocana, O.; Zingone, A.; Gambi, M.; Streftaris, N. (2010). Alien species in the Mediterranean Sea by 2010. A contribution to the application of European Union's Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Part I. Spatial distribution. Mediterranean Marine Science. 11(2): 381-493.
10.12681/mms.87 [view]
Zenetos, A.; Gofas, S.; Verlaque, M.; Cinar, M.; Garcia Raso, J.; Bianchi, C.; Morri, C.; Azzurro, E.; Bilecenoglu, M.; Froglia, C.; Siokou, I.; Violanti, D.; Sfriso, A.; San Martin, G.; Giangrande, A.; Katagan, T.; Ballesteros, E.; Ramos-Espla, A.; Mastrototaro, F.; Ocana, O.; Zingone, A.; Gambi, M.; Streftaris, N.
Alien species in the Mediterranean Sea by 2010. A contribution to the application of European Union's Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Part I. Spatial distribution
Mediterranean Marine Science
11(2): 381-493
The state-of-art on alien species in the Mediterranean Sea is presented, making distinctions among the four subregions defined in the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive: (i) the Western Mediterranean Sea (WMED); (ii) the Central Mediterranean Sea (CMED); (iii) the Adriatic Sea (ADRIA); and (iv) the Eastern Mediterranean Sea (EMED). The updated checklist (December 2010) of marine alien species within each subregion, along with their acclimatization status and origin, is provided. A total of 955 alien species is known in the Mediterranean, the vast majority of them having being introduced in the EMED (718), less in the WMED (328) and CMED (267) and least in the Adriatic (171). Of these, 535 species (56%) are established in at least one area. Despite the collective effort of experts who attempted in this work, the number of introduced species remains probably underestimated. Excluding microalgae, for which knowledge is still insufficient, aliens have increased the total species richness of the Mediterranean Sea by 5.9%. This figure should not be directly read as an indication of higher biodiversity, as spreading of so many aliens within the basin is possibly causing biotic homogenization. Thermophilic species, i.e. Indo-Pacific, Indian Ocean, Red Sea, Tropical Atlantic, Tropical Pacific, and circum(sub)tropical, account for 88.4% of the introduced species in the EMED, 72.8% in the CMED, 59.3% in the WMED and 56.1% in the Adriatic. Cold water species, i.e. circumboreal, N Atlantic, and N Pacific, make up a small percentage of the introduced species, ranging between 4.2% and 21.6% and being more numerous in the Adriatic and less so in the EMED. Species that are classified as invasive or potentially invasive are 134 in the whole of the Mediterranean: 108 are present in the EMED, 75 in the CMED, 53 in the Adriatic and 64 in the WMED. The WMED hosts most invasive macrophytes, whereas the EMED has the lion’s share in polychaetes, crustaceans, molluscs and fish.
RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
2015-02-02 01:39:34Z
2015-07-23 11:56:10Z

Amphicorina pectinata (Banse, 1957) (additional source)
Apoprionospio pygmaea (Hartman, 1961) accepted as Prionospio pygmaeus Hartman, 1961 (additional source)
Branchiomma bairdi (McIntosh, 1885) (additional source)
Branchiomma boholensis [auct.] accepted as Branchiomma boholense (Grube, 1878) (additional source)
Branchiomma luctuosum (Grube, 1870) (additional source)
Capitellethus dispar (Ehlers, 1907) (additional source)
Ceratonereis mirabilis Kinberg, 1865 (additional source)
Chaetozone corona Berkeley & Berkeley, 1941 (additional source)
Cirriformia semicincta (Ehlers, 1905) (additional source)
Cossura coasta Kitamori, 1960 (additional source)
Dasybranchus carneus Grube, 1869 (additional source)
Desdemona ornata Banse, 1957 (additional source)
Dispio magna (Day, 1955) (additional source)
Dispio uncinata Hartman, 1951 (additional source)
Dodecaceria capensis Day, 1961 (additional source)
Dorvillea similis (Crossland, 1924) (additional source)
Epidiopatra hupferiana monroi Day, 1957 accepted as Diopatra hupferiana monroi (Day, 1957) (additional source)
Erinaceusyllis serratosetosa (Hartmann-Schröder, 1982) (additional source)
Eunice antennata (Savigny in Lamarck, 1818) accepted as Leodice antennata Savigny in Lamarck, 1818 (additional source)
Eunice floridana (Pourtalès, 1867) (additional source)
Eunice indica Kinberg, 1865 (additional source)
Euniphysa tubifex (Crossland, 1904) accepted as Eunice tubifex Crossland, 1904 (additional source)
Eurythoe complanata (Pallas, 1766) (additional source)
Eusyllis kupfferi Langerhans, 1879 (additional source)
Exogone (Exogone) breviantennata Hartmann-Schröder, 1959 accepted as Exogone breviantennata Hartmann-Schröder, 1959 (additional source)
Exogone africana Hartmann-Schröder, 1974 (additional source)
Fabriciola ghardaqa Banse, 1959 accepted as Rubifabriciola ghardaqa (Banse, 1959) (additional source)
Ficopomatus enigmaticus (Fauvel, 1923) (additional source)
Glycinde bonhourei Gravier, 1904 (additional source)
Haploscoloplos kerguelensis (McIntosh, 1885) accepted as Leitoscoloplos kerguelensis (McIntosh, 1885) (additional source)
Hesionura serrata (Hartmann-Schröder, 1960) (additional source)
Hyboscolex longiseta Schmarda, 1861 (additional source)
Hydroides albiceps (Grube, 1870) (additional source)
Hydroides brachyacanthus Rioja, 1941 accepted as Hydroides brachyacantha Rioja, 1941 (additional source)
Hydroides dianthus (Verrill, 1873) (additional source)
Hydroides dirampha Mörch, 1863 (additional source)
Hydroides elegans (Haswell, 1883) [nomen protectum] (additional source)
Hydroides heterocerus (Grube, 1868) accepted as Hydroides heterocera (Grube, 1868) (additional source)
Hydroides homocerus [misspelling of homoceros] accepted as Hydroides homoceros Pixell, 1913 (additional source)
Hydroides minax (Grube, 1878) (additional source)
Hydroides operculatus (Treadwell, 1929) accepted as Hydroides operculata (Treadwell, 1929) (additional source)
Hydroides steinitzi Ben-Eliahu, 1972 (additional source)
Isolda pulchella Müller in Grube, 1858 (additional source)
Janua steueri (Sterzinger, 1909) accepted as Neodexiospira steueri (Sterzinger, 1909) (additional source)
Laonome elegans Gravier, 1906 (additional source)
Laonome triangularis Hutchings & Murray, 1984 (additional source)
Leiochrides australis Augener, 1914 (additional source)
Leocrates chinensis Kinberg, 1866 (additional source)
Leonnates decipiens Fauvel, 1929 (additional source)
Leonnates indicus Kinberg, 1865 (additional source)
Leonnates persicus Wesenberg-Lund, 1949 (additional source)
Lepidonotus carinulatus (Grube, 1869) (additional source)
Lepidonotus tenuisetosus (Gravier, 1902) (additional source)
Linopherus canariensis Langerhans, 1881 (additional source)
Loimia medusa (Savigny, 1822) (additional source)
Longibrachium atlanticum (Day, 1973) (additional source)
Lumbrineris acutifrons McIntosh, 1903 (additional source)
Lumbrineris perkinsi Carrera-Parra, 2001 (additional source)
Lysidice collaris Grube, 1870 (additional source)
Lysidice natalensis Kinberg, 1865 (additional source)
Marphysa disjuncta Hartman, 1961 accepted as Paucibranchia disjuncta (Hartman, 1961) (additional source)
Mediomastus capensis Day, 1961 (additional source)
Megalomma claparedei (Gravier, 1906) accepted as Acromegalomma claparedei (Gravier, 1906) (additional source)
Metasychis gotoi (Izuka, 1902) (additional source)
Naineris quadraticeps Day, 1965 (additional source)
Neanthes agulhana (Day, 1963) (additional source)
Neanthes willeyi (Day, 1934) (additional source)
Neopseudocapitella brasiliensis Rullier & Amoureux, 1979 (additional source)
Nereis (Nereis) gilchristi Day, 1967 (additional source)
Nereis jacksoni Kinberg, 1865 (additional source)
Nereis persica Fauvel, 1911 (additional source)
Notomastus aberans Day, 1957 (additional source)
Notomastus mossambicus (Thomassin, 1970) (additional source)
Notopygos crinita Grube, 1855 (additional source)
Novafabricia infratorquata (Fitzhugh, 1973) (additional source)
Onuphis eremita oculata Hartman, 1951 (additional source)
Ophryotrocha diadema Åkesson, 1976 (additional source)
Ophryotrocha japonica Paxton & Åkesson, 2010 (additional source)
Palola valida (Gravier, 1900) (additional source)
Paraehlersia weissmannioides (Augener, 1913) (additional source)
Paraprionospio coora Wilson, 1990 (additional source)
Perinereis nuntia (Lamarck, 1818) (additional source)
Pherusa parmata (Grube, 1877) accepted as Daylithos parmatus (Grube, 1877) (additional source)
Pherusa saldanha Day, 1961 (additional source)
Pileolaria berkeleyana (Rioja, 1942) (additional source)
Pisione guanche San Martín, López & Núñez, 1999 (additional source)
Platynereis australis (Schmarda, 1861) (additional source)
Podarkeopsis capensis (Day, 1963) (additional source)
Polycirrus twisti Potts, 1928 (additional source)
Polydora colonia Moore, 1907 (additional source)
Polydora cornuta Bosc, 1802 (additional source)
Polydora spongicola Berkeley & Berkeley, 1950 (additional source)
Pomatoleios kraussii (Baird, 1864) accepted as Spirobranchus kraussii (Baird, 1864) (additional source)
Prionospio depauperata Imajima, 1990 (additional source)
Prionospio krusadensis Fauvel, 1929 (additional source)
Prionospio paucipinnulata Blake & Kudenov, 1978 (additional source)
Prionospio pulchra Imajima, 1990 (additional source)
Prionospio saccifera Mackie & Hartley, 1990 (additional source)
Prionospio sexoculata Augener, 1918 (additional source)
Prosphaerosyllis longipapillata (Hartmann-Schröder, 1979) (additional source)
 Introduced species remark

Spirobranchus tetraceros is a not a single circumtropical species (as per claim in Zenetos et al. 2010), but ... [details]