About | Search taxa | Taxon tree | Search literature | Specimens | Distribution | Checklist | Stats | Log in

Polychaeta taxon details

Chaetozone Malmgren, 1867

129242  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129242)

accepted
Genus

Ordering

  • Alphabetically
  • By status

Children Display

  1. Species Chaetozone abranchiata (G.A. Hansen, 1878)
  2. Species Chaetozone abyssalis Blake, 2023
  3. Species Chaetozone acuminata Dean & Blake, 2007
  4. Species Chaetozone acuta Banse & Hobson, 1968
  5. Species Chaetozone adunca Blake, 2022
  6. Species Chaetozone adusta Blake, 2023
  7. Species Chaetozone akaina Blake, 2019
  8. Species Chaetozone allanotai Blake, 2006
  9. Species Chaetozone anasima Doner & Blake, 2006
  10. Species Chaetozone artaspinosa Blake, 2022
  11. Species Chaetozone atlantica McIntosh, 1885
  12. Species Chaetozone australosetosa Blake, 2018
  13. Species Chaetozone bansei Blake, 1996
  14. Species Chaetozone barentsensis Grosse, Capa & Bakken, 2021
  15. Species Chaetozone bathyala Blake, 2015
  16. Species Chaetozone berkeleyorum Banse & Hobson, 1968
  17. Species Chaetozone biannulata Blake, 2018
  18. Species Chaetozone bransfieldensis (Hartmann-Schröder & Rosenfeldt, 1989)
  19. Species Chaetozone brunnea Blake, 2006
  20. Species Chaetozone brychiata Blake, 2022
  21. Species Chaetozone camasetosa Blake, 2015
  22. Species Chaetozone caputesocis (Saint-Joseph, 1894)
  23. Species Chaetozone careyi Blake, 2015
  24. Species Chaetozone carpenteri McIntosh, 1911
  25. Species Chaetozone castanea Blake, 2018
  26. Species Chaetozone castouria Blake, 2022
  27. Species Chaetozone chambersae Grosse, Capa & Bakken, 2021
  28. Species Chaetozone christiei Chambers, 2000
  29. Species Chaetozone cimar Dean & Blake, 2007
  30. Species Chaetozone columbiana Blake, 1996
  31. Species Chaetozone commonalis Blake, 1996
  32. Species Chaetozone corona Berkeley & Berkeley, 1941
  33. Species Chaetozone cristata Blake, 2018
  34. Species Chaetozone curvata Hartmann-Schröder, 1965
  35. Species Chaetozone dimorphosetosa (Hutchings & Murray, 1984)
  36. Species Chaetozone diodonta Doner & Blake, 2006
  37. Species Chaetozone donerae Blake, 2022
  38. Species Chaetozone dossena Blake & Dean, 2019
  39. Species Chaetozone dunmanni McIntosh, 1911
  40. Species Chaetozone elakata Blake & Lavesque, 2017
  41. Species Chaetozone flagellifera Gallardo, 1968
  42. Species Chaetozone gesae Blake, 2018
  43. Species Chaetozone gibber Woodham & Chambers, 1994
  44. Species Chaetozone gracilis (Moore, 1923)
  45. Species Chaetozone grasslei Blake, 2019
  46. Species Chaetozone hartmanae Blake, 1996
  47. Species Chaetozone hedgpethi Blake, 1996
  48. Species Chaetozone hobsonae Blake, 2015
  49. Species Chaetozone homosetosa (Hartmann-Schröder & Rosenfeldt, 1989)
  50. Species Chaetozone hystricosa Doner & Blake, 2006
  51. Species Chaetozone jubata Chambers & Woodham, 2003
  52. Species Chaetozone larae Elias, Rivero & Orensanz, 2017
  53. Species Chaetozone lophia Blake, 2022
  54. Species Chaetozone lunula Blake, 1996
  55. Species Chaetozone macrophthalma Langerhans, 1880
  56. Species Chaetozone malmgreni Blake, 2015
  57. Species Chaetozone maotienae Gallardo, 1968
  58. Species Chaetozone michellae Magalhaes & Bailey-Brock, 2013
  59. Species Chaetozone monteverdii Grosse, Capa & Bakken, 2021
  60. Species Chaetozone multioculata Hartman, 1961
  61. Species Chaetozone nicoyana Dean & Blake, 2007
  62. Species Chaetozone novagracilis Blake, 2022
  63. Species Chaetozone pacifica McIntosh, 1885
  64. Species Chaetozone palaea Blake, 2006
  65. Species Chaetozone paucispinosa Blake, 2022
  66. Species Chaetozone pigmentata Blake, 2015
  67. Species Chaetozone platycera Hutchings & Murray, 1984
  68. Species Chaetozone profunda Blake, 2022
  69. Species Chaetozone pseudosetosa Grosse, Capa & Bakken, 2021
  70. Species Chaetozone pugettensis Blake, 2015
  71. Species Chaetozone quinta Grosse, Capa & Bakken, 2021
  72. Species Chaetozone reticulata Blake, 2018
  73. Species Chaetozone ronaldi Magalhaes & Bailey-Brock, 2013
  74. Species Chaetozone ruffi Blake, 2015
  75. Species Chaetozone senticosa Blake, 1996
  76. Species Chaetozone setosa Malmgren, 1867
  77. Species Chaetozone shackletoni Blake, 2018
  78. Species Chaetozone spinosa Moore, 1903
  79. Species Chaetozone truebloodi Blake, 2019
  80. Species Chaetozone vivipara (Christie, 1984)
  81. Species Chaetozone whiteavesi McIntosh, 1911
  82. Species Chaetozone zetlandica McIntosh, 1911
  83. Species Chaetozone alata Southern, 1914 accepted as Caulleriella alata (Southern, 1914) (superseded original combination)
  84. Species Chaetozone anasimus Doner & Blake, 2006 accepted as Chaetozone anasima Doner & Blake, 2006 (mandatory gender agreement requires 'anasima')
  85. Species Chaetozone andersenensis (Augener, 1932) accepted as Chaetocirratulus andersenensis (Augener, 1932) (superseded subsequent combination)
  86. Species Chaetozone armata Hartman, 1963 accepted as Caulleriella armata (Hartman, 1963) (superseded original combination)
  87. Species Chaetozone cincinnata (Ehlers, 1908) [not Augener, 1923] accepted as Aphelochaeta cincinnata (Ehlers, 1908) (superseded subsequent combination, Mistaken authority as Augener in Hartman, 1959)
  88. Species Chaetozone gayheadia Hartman, 1965 accepted as Chaetocirratulus gayheadius (Hartman, 1965) (unaccepted > superseded combination, superseded original combination)
  89. Species Chaetozone hystricosus Doner & Blake, 2006 accepted as Chaetozone hystricosa Doner & Blake, 2006 (mandatory gender agreement requires 'hystricosa')
  90. Species Chaetozone killariensis Southern, 1914 accepted as Tharyx killariensis (Southern, 1914) (superseded original combination)
  91. Species Chaetozone maculata Zachs, 1933 accepted as Chaetozone setosa maculata Zachs, 1933 (superseded original combination)
  92. Species Chaetozone pinguis Hartman, 1978 accepted as Chaetocirratulus pinguis (Hartman, 1978) (superseded original combination)
  93. Species Chaetozone benthaliana McIntosh, 1885 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum, described from posterior fragment; see Blake, 2022)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
feminine
Malmgren, A.J. (1867). Annulata Polychaeta Spetsbergiæ, Grœnlandiæ, Islandiæ et Scandinaviæ. Hactenus Cognita. Ex Officina Frenckelliana, Helsingforslæ. 127 pp. & XIV plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/13358
page(s): 96 [details]   
Distribution Species known for European waters. According to Blake & Lavesque (2017: 572) "... only six species of
Chaetozone have been...  
Distribution Species known for European waters. According to Blake & Lavesque (2017: 572) "... only six species of
Chaetozone have been well described and documented from European waters: C. setosa Malmgren, 1867, the type
species; C. carpenteri McIntosh, 1911; C. christiei Chambers, 2000; C. corona; C. gibber, and C. jubata Chambers
& Woodham, 2003. Chaetozone elakata [Blake & Lavesque, 2017 is] the seventh well-documented species in
European waters. Except for C. jubata, which is a deep-water species from depths of 350–1800 m, the other six
European species of Chaetozone all occur in subtidal sediments to depths of no more than 100 m." [details]

Etymology Malmgren p.96 (book version of article, or 206 in journal) gives the derivation from Greek in a footnote. Transcribing the...  
Etymology Malmgren p.96 (book version of article, or 206 in journal) gives the derivation from Greek in a footnote. Transcribing the lettering it refers to 'chaite' feminine, meaning hair, and 'zone' feminine, meaning belt, thus a belt of hair, in reference to the posterior girdle of spines characteristic of the genus. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2024). World Polychaeta Database. Chaetozone Malmgren, 1867. Accessed at: https://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129242 on 2024-04-21
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2017-09-14 21:20:52Z
changed

original description Malmgren, A.J. (1867). Annulata Polychaeta Spetsbergiæ, Grœnlandiæ, Islandiæ et Scandinaviæ. Hactenus Cognita. Ex Officina Frenckelliana, Helsingforslæ. 127 pp. & XIV plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/13358
page(s): 96 [details]   

taxonomy source Grosse, Maël; Capa, María; Bakken, Torkild. (2021). Describing the hidden species diversity of <em>Chaetozone</em> (Annelida, Cirratulidae) in the Norwegian Sea using morphological and molecular diagnostics. <em>ZooKeys.</em> 1039: 139-176., available online at https://zookeys.pensoft.net/article/61098/list/9/ [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Glasby, Christopher J.; Read, Geoffrey B.; Lee, Kenneth E.; Blakemore, R.J.; Fraser, P.M.; Pinder, A.M.; Erséus, C.; Moser, W.E.; Burreson, E.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W.; Dawson, E.W. (2009). Phylum Annelida: bristleworms, earthworms, leeches. <em>[Book chapter].</em> Chapt 17, pp. 312-358. in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. Canterbury University Press, Christchurch. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription Blake, James A. (2015). New species of <em>Chaetozone</em> and <em>Tharyx</em> (Polychaeta: Cirratulidae) from the Alaskan and Canadian Arctic and the Northeastern Pacific, including a description of the lectotype of <em>Chaetozone</em> <em>setosa</em> Malmgren from Spitsbergen in the Norwegian Arctic. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 3919(3): 501-552., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3919.3.5 [details]   

redescription Chambers, Susan J. 2000. A redescription of Chaetozone setosa Malmgren, 1867 including a definition of the genus, and a description of a new species of Chaetozone (Polychaeta: Cirratulidae) from the northeast Atlantic. Bulletin of Marine Science, 67(1): 587-596. [details]   

identification resource Blake, James A. (2015). New species of <em>Chaetozone</em> and <em>Tharyx</em> (Polychaeta: Cirratulidae) from the Alaskan and Canadian Arctic and the Northeastern Pacific, including a description of the lectotype of <em>Chaetozone</em> <em>setosa</em> Malmgren from Spitsbergen in the Norwegian Arctic. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 3919(3): 501-552., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3919.3.5
page(s): 543; note: Key to 25 species from northern areas [details]   

identification resource Blake, James A.; Lavesque, Nicolas. (2017). A new species of <em>Chaetozone </em>(Polychaeta, Cirratulidae) from the Bay of Biscay offshore France, together with a review of <em>Chaetozone </em>species from the North Atlantic and adjacent waters. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4312(3): 565-579., available online at https://biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4312.3.10
note: key and tabulation of characters [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
   

From editor or global species database
Diagnosis Blake (2015:504) "Prostomium blunt to conical, peristomium elongate to short, usually lacking eye spots, with a pair of small nuchal slits or depressions at posterior edge; with a single pair of grooved dorsal tentacles arising from posterior edge of peristomium, or sometimes more posterior on an achaetous anterior segment, or rarely an anterior setiger. First pair of branchiae arising from an achaetous segment or first setiger; or sometimes with first two pairs of branchiae on a single anterior segment. Body basically thick and fusiform over many segments, rarely with middle or posterior body segments beaded or moniliform. Chaetae include capillaries on most setigers and acicular spines in neuropodia and/or notopodia, spines typically concentrated in posterior segments, forming distinct cinctures with spines emerging from elevated membranes; cinctures with few to many spines and with none to many alternating capillaries; some species with posterior noto- and neuropodial sigmoid acicular spines numerous, encircling entire posterior parapodia; bidentate spines sometimes present in juveniles or occasionally in ventral most position of far posterior setigers of adults accompanying unidentate spines in cinctures; some species with long, natatory-like capillaries, sometimes limited to gravid individuals. Pygidium a simple lobe, disk like, or with long, terminal cirrus [details]

Distribution Species known for European waters. According to Blake & Lavesque (2017: 572) "... only six species of
Chaetozone have been well described and documented from European waters: C. setosa Malmgren, 1867, the type
species; C. carpenteri McIntosh, 1911; C. christiei Chambers, 2000; C. corona; C. gibber, and C. jubata Chambers
& Woodham, 2003. Chaetozone elakata [Blake & Lavesque, 2017 is] the seventh well-documented species in
European waters. Except for C. jubata, which is a deep-water species from depths of 350–1800 m, the other six
European species of Chaetozone all occur in subtidal sediments to depths of no more than 100 m." [details]

Etymology Malmgren p.96 (book version of article, or 206 in journal) gives the derivation from Greek in a footnote. Transcribing the lettering it refers to 'chaite' feminine, meaning hair, and 'zone' feminine, meaning belt, thus a belt of hair, in reference to the posterior girdle of spines characteristic of the genus. [details]

Grammatical gender Chaetozone is feminine, as both Greek words are feminine and Malmgren used a feminine ending for C. setosa, the type species. [details]

From other sources
Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]