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Fromont, J.; Abdul Wahab, M.; Gomez, O.; Ekins, M.; Grol, M.; Hooper, J. (2016). Patterns of Sponge Biodiversity in the Pilbara, Northwestern Australia. Diversity. 8(4): 21.
259059
10.3390/d8040021 [view]
Fromont, J.; Abdul Wahab, M.; Gomez, O.; Ekins, M.; Grol, M.; Hooper, J.
2016
Patterns of Sponge Biodiversity in the Pilbara, Northwestern Australia
Diversity
8(4): 21
Publication
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
This study assessed the biodiversity of sponges within the Integrated Marine and Coastal Regionalisation for Australia (IMCRA) bioregions of the Pilbara using datasets amalgamated from the Western Australian Museum and the Atlas of Living Australia. The Pilbara accounts for a total of 1164 Linnean and morphospecies. A high level of “apparent endemism” was recorded with 78% of species found in only one of six bioregions, with less than 10% confirmed as widely distributed. The Ningaloo, Pilbara Nearshore and Pilbara Offshore bioregions are biodiversity hotspots (>250 species) and are recognised as having the highest conservation value, followed by North West Shelf containing 232 species. Species compositions differed between bioregions, with those that are less spatially separated sharing more species. Notably, the NorthWest Province bioregion (110 species) exhibited the most distinct species composition, highlighting it as a unique habitat within the Pilbara. While sponge biodiversity is apparently high, incomplete sampling effort for the region was identified, with only two sampling events recorded for the Central West Transition bioregion. Furthermore, only 15% of records in the dataset are presently described (Linnean) species, highlighting the continuing need for taxonomic expertise for the conservation and management of marine biodiversity resources.
Australia
Biodiversity, Taxonomic and ecological diversity
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2016-10-27 07:47:00Z
created

Acanthella cavernosa Dendy, 1922 (additional source)
Ningaloo for Acanthella cavernosa Dendy, 1922 
Ningaloo for Acanthella pulcherrima Ridley & Dendy, 1886 
Ningaloo for Amphinomia sulphurea Hooper, 1991 
Ningaloo for Axos cliftoni Gray, 1867 
Ningaloo for Caulospongia pennatula (Lamarck, 1814) 
Ningaloo for Chondrilla australiensis Carter, 1873 
Ningaloo for Clathria (Thalysias) abietina (Lamarck, 1814) 
Ningaloo for Clathria (Thalysias) cactiformis (Lamarck, 1814) 
Ningaloo for Clathria (Thalysias) lendenfeldi Ridley & Dendy, 1886 
Ningaloo for Clathria (Thalysias) reinwardti Vosmaer, 1880 
Ningaloo for Clathria (Thalysias) spinifera (Lindgren, 1897) 
Ningaloo for Crella (Yvesia) spinulata (Hentschel, 1911) 
Ningaloo for Ectyoplasia vannus Hooper, 1991 
Ningaloo for Gelliodes fibulata (Carter, 1881) 
Ningaloo for Halichondria (Halichondria) phakellioides Dendy & Frederick, 1924 
Ningaloo for Haliclona (Gellius) cymaeformis (Esper, 1806) 
Ningaloo for Iotrochota acerata Dendy, 1896 
Ningaloo for Oceanapia macrotoxa (Hooper, 1984) 
Ningaloo for Pione velans (Hentschel, 1909) 
Ningaloo for Protosuberites epiphytum (Lamarck, 1815) 
Ningaloo for Raspailia (Clathriodendron) desmoxyiformis Hooper, 1991 
Ningaloo for Raspailia (Raspailia) vestigifera Dendy, 1896 
Ningaloo for Raspailia (Raspaxilla) wardi Hooper, 1991 
Ningaloo for Rhabdastrella globostellata (Carter, 1883) 
Ningaloo for Sigmaxinella soelae Hooper, 1984 
Ningaloo for Trachycladus laevispirulifer Carter, 1879 


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