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Bispo, A.; Willenz, P.; Hajdu, E. (2022). Diving into the unknown: fourteen new species of haplosclerid sponges (Demospongiae: Haplosclerida) revealed along the Peruvian coast (Southeastern Pacific). Zootaxa. 5087(2): 201-252.
420674
10.11646/zootaxa.5087.2.1 [view]
Bispo, A.; Willenz, P.; Hajdu, E.
2022
Diving into the unknown: fourteen new species of haplosclerid sponges (Demospongiae: Haplosclerida) revealed along the Peruvian coast (Southeastern Pacific)
Zootaxa
5087(2): 201-252
Publication
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
The Peruvian coast is certainly one of the poorest studied areas in the world for marine sponges biodiversity, with only 20 species registered so far from over 2,400 km coastline. In spite of its great species richness worldwide, there is not a single record of Haplosclerida in Peru. Accordingly, in this study we aimed to describe the species belonging to this order present in the relatively recent collections undertaken along the Peruvian coast by two of us (PhW, EH). Here, we describe fourteen new species, provisionally endemic to the Peruvian coast. This finding represents a major addition to the knowledge of the biodiversity of sponges along the Peruvian coast, increasing the list of species known to occur in this area by about 68%. This is also the largest single proposal of new Haplosclerida in over 37 years of sponge taxonomy worldwide. Niphates is for the first time recorded in the Southeastern Pacific, and an identification key to the Haplosclerida from the Peruvian coast is provided. Regarding the distribution of the described species, most of them—except for Chalinula chelysa sp. nov.—have a narrow geographic range, which might indicate their rarity or that the haplosclerid fauna in Peru is still poorly known.
Pacific, South East
Systematics, Taxonomy
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Date
action
by
2022-01-06 14:46:06Z
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2022-01-08 21:25:30Z
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2022-01-09 09:02:18Z
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Central Peru for Chalinula chelysa Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022 
Central Peru for Haliclona (Gellius) concreta Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022 
Central Peru for Haliclona (Gellius) concreta Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022 
Central Peru for Haliclona (Gellius) concreta Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022 
Central Peru for Pachychalina lupusapia Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022 
Central Peru for Pachychalina lupusapia Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022 
Guayaquil for Haliclona (Gellius) concreta Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022 
Guayaquil for Haliclona (Halichoclona) marcoriosi Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022 
Guayaquil for Haliclona (Halichoclona) marcoriosi Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022 
Guayaquil for Haliclona (Halichoclona) multiosculata Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022 
Guayaquil for Haliclona (Reniera) parvuloxea Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022 
Guayaquil for Haliclona (Rhizoniera) manglarensis Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022 
Guayaquil for Pachychalina lupusapia Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022 
Guayaquil for Pachychalina lupusapia Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022 
Humboldtian for Chalinula chelysa Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022 
Humboldtian for Chalinula chelysa Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022 
Humboldtian for Chalinula chelysa Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022 
Humboldtian for Chalinula ramiculosa Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022 
Humboldtian for Chalinula ramiculosa Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022 
Humboldtian for Chalinula ramiculosa Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022 
Humboldtian for Haliclona (Halichoclona) arequipaensis Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022 
Humboldtian for Haliclona (Halichoclona) arequipaensis Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022 
Humboldtian for Haliclona (Halichoclona) paracas Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022 
Humboldtian for Haliclona (Halichoclona) pellucida Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022 
Humboldtian for Haliclona (Rhizoniera) baslaviae Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022 
Humboldtian for Haliclona (Rhizoniera) zanabriai Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022 
Humboldtian for Niphates ruthecitae Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022 
Humboldtian for Niphates ruthecitae Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022 
Humboldtian for Niphates ruthecitae Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022 
Holotype MNRJ 12149, geounit Humboldtian, identified as Haliclona (Halichoclona) pellucida Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022
Holotype MNRJ 12155, geounit Humboldtian, identified as Haliclona (Rhizoniera) zanabriai Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022
Holotype MNRJ 12841, geounit Humboldtian, identified as Haliclona (Halichoclona) paracas Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022
Holotype MNRJ 12856, geounit Humboldtian, identified as Haliclona (Rhizoniera) baslaviae Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022
Holotype MNRJ 13044, geounit Guayaquil, identified as Haliclona (Reniera) parvuloxea Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022
Holotype MNRJ 13052, geounit Guayaquil, identified as Haliclona (Rhizoniera) manglarensis Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022
Holotype MNRJ 13682, geounit Guayaquil, identified as Haliclona (Halichoclona) multiosculata Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022
Holotype MNRJ 11272, geounit Central Peru, identified as Chalinula chelysa Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022
Holotype MNRJ 11274, geounit Central Peru, identified as Haliclona (Gellius) concreta Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022
Holotype MNRJ 12140, geounit Humboldtian, identified as Haliclona (Halichoclona) arequipaensis Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022
Holotype MNRJ 12889, geounit Humboldtian, identified as Chalinula ramiculosa Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022
Holotype MNRJ 13069, geounit Guayaquil, identified as Haliclona (Halichoclona) marcoriosi Bispo, Willenz & Hajdu, 2022


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