Intro 
Species 
Specimens 
Distribution 
Checklist 
Sources 
Log in 

Porifera source details

Díaz, J. A.; Ordines, F.; Massutí, E.; Cárdenas, P. (2024). From caves to seamounts: the hidden diversity of tetractinellid sponges from the Balearic Islands, with the description of eight new species. PeerJ. 12.
481650
10.7717/peerj.16584 [view]
urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:A88AE49E-B422-4F9A-A5E0-BB6C6B8FC185 [view]
Díaz, J. A.; Ordines, F.; Massutí, E.; Cárdenas, P.
2024
From caves to seamounts: the hidden diversity of tetractinellid sponges from the Balearic Islands, with the description of eight new species
PeerJ
12
Publication
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
The sponge fauna of the Western Mediterranean stands as one of the most studied in the world. Yet sampling new habitats and a poorly studied region like the Balearic Islands highlights once again our limited knowledge of this group of animals. This work focused on demosponges of the order Tetractinellida collected in several research surveys (2016–2021) on a variety of ecosystems of the Balearic Islands, including shallow caves, seamounts and trawl fishing grounds, in a broad depth range (0–725 m). Tetractinellid material from the North Atlantic and more than twenty type specimens were also examined and, for some, re-described in this work. All species were barcoded with the traditional molecular markers COI (Folmer fragment) and 28S (C1-C2 or C1-D2 fragment). A total of 36 species were identified, mostly belonging to the family Geodiidae (15 species), thereby bringing the number of tetractinellids recorded in the Balearic Islands from 15 to 39. Eight species from this study are new: Stelletta mortarium sp. nov., Penares cavernensis sp. nov., Penares isabellae sp. nov., Geodia bibilonae sp. nov., Geodia microsphaera sp. nov. and Geodia matrix sp. nov. from the Balearic Islands; Geodia phlegraeioides sp. nov. and Caminus xavierae sp. nov. from the North East Atlantic. Stelletta dichoclada and Erylus corsicus are reported for the first time since their description in Corsica in 1983. Pachastrella ovisternata is documented for the first time in the Mediterranean Sea. Finally, after comparisons of type material, we propose new synonymies: Geodia anceps as a junior synonym of Geodia geodina, Erylus cantabricus as a junior synonym of Erylus discophorus and Spongosorites maximus as a junior synonym of Characella pachastrelloides.
Mediterranean
Molecular systematics, Molecular biology
Systematics, Taxonomy
RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
Date
action
by
2024-03-04 21:36:39Z
created

Calthropella (Calthropella) pathologica (Schmidt, 1868) (additional source)
Caminella intuta (Topsent, 1892) (additional source)
Caminus vulcani Schmidt, 1862 (additional source)
Caminus xavierae Díaz & Cárdenas, 2024 (original description)
Characella pachastrelloides (Carter, 1876) (additional source)
Characella tripodaria (Schmidt, 1868) (additional source)
Craniella cranium (Müller, 1776) (additional source)
Discodermia polymorpha Pisera & Vacelet, 2011 (additional source)
Erylus cantabricus (Ferrer Hernández, 1912) accepted as Erylus discophorus (Schmidt, 1862) (source of synonymy)
Erylus corsicus Pulitzer-Finali, 1983 (additional source)
Erylus deficiens Topsent, 1927 (additional source)
Erylus discophorus (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Erylus mamillaris (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Erylus papulifer Pulitzer-Finali, 1983 (redescription)
Geodia anceps (Vosmaer, 1894) accepted as Geodia geodina (Schmidt, 1868) (source of synonymy)
Geodia bibilonae Díaz & Cárdenas, 2024 (original description)
Geodia canaliculata Schmidt, 1868 (redescription)
Geodia geodina (Schmidt, 1868) (redescription)
Geodia matrix Díaz & Cárdenas, 2024 (original description)
Geodia microsphaera Díaz & Cárdenas, 2024 (original description)
Geodia phlegraeioides Díaz & Cárdenas, 2024 (original description)
Nethea amygdaloides (Carter, 1876) (additional source)
Pachastrella monilifera Schmidt, 1868 (additional source)
Pachastrella ovisternata Lendenfeld, 1894 (additional source)
Pachymatisma cantabrica (Ferrer Hernández, 1912) accepted as Erylus discophorus (Schmidt, 1862) (source of synonymy)
Penares candidatus (Schmidt, 1868) (additional source)
Penares cavernensis Díaz & Cárdenas, 2024 (original description)
Penares euastrum (Schmidt, 1868) (additional source)
Penares helleri (Schmidt, 1864) (additional source)
Penares isabellae Díaz & Cárdenas, 2024 (original description)
Poecillastra compressa (Bowerbank, 1866) (additional source)
Scutastra cantabrica Ferrer Hernández, 1912 accepted as Erylus discophorus (Schmidt, 1862) (source of synonymy)
Spongosorites maximus Uriz, 1983 accepted as Characella pachastrelloides (Carter, 1876) (source of synonymy)
Stelletta dichoclada Pulitzer-Finali, 1983 (additional source)
Stelletta lactea Carter, 1871 (additional source)
Stelletta mediterranea (Topsent, 1893) (additional source)
Stelletta mortarium Díaz & Cárdenas, 2024 (original description)
Stryphnus mucronatus (Schmidt, 1868) (additional source)
Stryphnus ponderosus (Bowerbank, 1866) (additional source)
Thenea muricata (Bowerbank, 1858) (additional source)
Thrombus abyssi (Carter, 1873) (additional source)
Vulcanella aberrans (Maldonado & Uriz, 1996) (additional source)
Vulcanella gracilis (Sollas, 1888) (additional source)
Azores Canaries Madeira for Caminus xavierae Díaz & Cárdenas, 2024 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Geodia geodina (Schmidt, 1868) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Geodia phlegraeioides Díaz & Cárdenas, 2024 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Geodia phlegraeioides Díaz & Cárdenas, 2024 
North Atlantic Lower Bathyal Province for Geodia phlegraeioides Díaz & Cárdenas, 2024 
North Atlantic Lower Bathyal Province for Geodia phlegraeioides Díaz & Cárdenas, 2024 
Saharan Upwelling for Nethea amygdaloides (Carter, 1876) 
South European Atlantic Shelf for Geodia phlegraeioides Díaz & Cárdenas, 2024 
Western Mediterranean for Calthropella (Calthropella) pathologica (Schmidt, 1868) 
Western Mediterranean for Caminella intuta (Topsent, 1892) 
Western Mediterranean for Caminus vulcani Schmidt, 1862 
Western Mediterranean for Caminus vulcani Schmidt, 1862 
Western Mediterranean for Characella pachastrelloides (Carter, 1876) 
Western Mediterranean for Characella tripodaria (Schmidt, 1868) 
Western Mediterranean for Discodermia polymorpha Pisera & Vacelet, 2011 
Western Mediterranean for Discodermia polymorpha Pisera & Vacelet, 2011 
Western Mediterranean for Erylus corsicus Pulitzer-Finali, 1983 
Western Mediterranean for Erylus deficiens Topsent, 1927  (doubtful)
Western Mediterranean for Erylus discophorus (Schmidt, 1862) 
Western Mediterranean for Erylus discophorus (Schmidt, 1862) 
Western Mediterranean for Erylus mamillaris (Schmidt, 1862)  (doubtful)
Western Mediterranean for Geodia bibilonae Díaz & Cárdenas, 2024 
Western Mediterranean for Geodia geodina (Schmidt, 1868) 
Western Mediterranean for Geodia geodina (Schmidt, 1868) 
Western Mediterranean for Geodia matrix Díaz & Cárdenas, 2024 
Western Mediterranean for Geodia microsphaera Díaz & Cárdenas, 2024 
Western Mediterranean for Nethea amygdaloides (Carter, 1876) 
Western Mediterranean for Nethea amygdaloides (Carter, 1876) 
Western Mediterranean for Nethea amygdaloides (Carter, 1876) 
Western Mediterranean for Nethea amygdaloides (Carter, 1876) 
Western Mediterranean for Nethea amygdaloides (Carter, 1876) 
Western Mediterranean for Nethea amygdaloides (Carter, 1876) 
Western Mediterranean for Pachastrella monilifera Schmidt, 1868 
Western Mediterranean for Pachastrella monilifera Schmidt, 1868 
Western Mediterranean for Pachastrella ovisternata Lendenfeld, 1894 
Western Mediterranean for Pachastrella ovisternata Lendenfeld, 1894 
Western Mediterranean for Pachastrella ovisternata Lendenfeld, 1894 
Western Mediterranean for Penares candidatus (Schmidt, 1868) 
Western Mediterranean for Penares cavernensis Díaz & Cárdenas, 2024 
Western Mediterranean for Penares euastrum (Schmidt, 1868) 
Western Mediterranean for Penares euastrum (Schmidt, 1868) 
Western Mediterranean for Penares euastrum (Schmidt, 1868) 
Western Mediterranean for Penares euastrum (Schmidt, 1868) 
Western Mediterranean for Penares euastrum (Schmidt, 1868) 
Western Mediterranean for Penares helleri (Schmidt, 1864) 
Western Mediterranean for Penares helleri (Schmidt, 1864) 
Western Mediterranean for Penares helleri (Schmidt, 1864) 
Western Mediterranean for Penares isabellae Díaz & Cárdenas, 2024 
Western Mediterranean for Poecillastra compressa (Bowerbank, 1866) 
Western Mediterranean for Stelletta dichoclada Pulitzer-Finali, 1983 
Western Mediterranean for Stelletta mediterranea (Topsent, 1893) 
Western Mediterranean for Stelletta mortarium Díaz & Cárdenas, 2024 
Western Mediterranean for Stryphnus mucronatus (Schmidt, 1868) 
Western Mediterranean for Stryphnus ponderosus (Bowerbank, 1866) 
Western Mediterranean for Stryphnus ponderosus (Bowerbank, 1866) 
Western Mediterranean for Stryphnus ponderosus (Bowerbank, 1866) 
Western Mediterranean for Thenea muricata (Bowerbank, 1858) 
Western Mediterranean for Thrombus abyssi (Carter, 1873) 
Western Mediterranean for Thrombus abyssi (Carter, 1873) 
Western Mediterranean for Vulcanella aberrans (Maldonado & Uriz, 1996) 
Western Mediterranean for Vulcanella gracilis (Sollas, 1888) 
Western Mediterranean for Vulcanella gracilis (Sollas, 1888) 
Holotype MNCN 1.01/1026, geounit North Atlantic Lower Bathyal Province, identified as Geodia phlegraeioides Díaz & Cárdenas, 2024
Holotype UPSZTY 190857, geounit Western Mediterranean, identified as Geodia bibilonae Díaz & Cárdenas, 2024
Paratype UPSZTY 190876, geounit Western Mediterranean, identified as Geodia matrix Díaz & Cárdenas, 2024
Holotype UPSZTY 190881, geounit Western Mediterranean, identified as Geodia matrix Díaz & Cárdenas, 2024
Holotype UPSZTY 190883, geounit Western Mediterranean, identified as Geodia microsphaera Díaz & Cárdenas, 2024
Paratype UPSZTY 190887, geounit South European Atlantic Shelf, identified as Geodia phlegraeioides Díaz & Cárdenas, 2024
Holotype UPSZTY 190918, geounit Western Mediterranean, identified as Penares cavernensis Díaz & Cárdenas, 2024
Paratype UPSZTY 190919, geounit Western Mediterranean, identified as Penares cavernensis Díaz & Cárdenas, 2024
Holotype UPSZTY 190938, geounit Western Mediterranean, identified as Penares isabellae Díaz & Cárdenas, 2024
Paratype UPSZTY 190940, geounit Western Mediterranean, identified as Penares isabellae Díaz & Cárdenas, 2024
Nontype UPSZMC 190943, geounit Western Mediterranean, identified as Stelletta mediterranea (Topsent, 1893)
Nontype UPSZMC 190946, geounit Western Mediterranean, identified as Stelletta dichoclada Pulitzer-Finali, 1983
Nontype UPSZMC 190955, geounit Western Mediterranean, identified as Stelletta mortarium Díaz & Cárdenas, 2024
Holotype UPSZTY 190957, geounit Western Mediterranean, identified as Stelletta mortarium Díaz & Cárdenas, 2024
Nontype UPSZMC 190959, geounit Western Mediterranean, identified as Stryphnus mucronatus (Schmidt, 1868)
Syntype BMNH 1955.3.24.1, geounit Western Mediterranean, identified as Synops anceps Vosmaer, 1894
Holotype ZMA 20422, geounit Azores Canaries Madeira, identified as Caminus xavierae Díaz & Cárdenas, 2024
Paratype MSNG 47156, geounit Western Mediterranean, identified as Erylus papulifer Pulitzer-Finali, 1983
Lectotype MNHN DT 752, geounit Western Mediterranean, identified as Geodia geodina (Schmidt, 1868)
Holotype MNHN DT1111, geounit Azores Canaries Madeira, identified as Erylus deficiens Topsent, 1927
 Etymology

Due to its resemblance to a ‘‘morter’’, a type of ancient pottery kitchen bowl commonly used in Mallorcan ... [details]



Website and databases developed and hosted by VLIZ · Page generated 2024-05-19 · contact: Nicole de Voogd