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URMO taxon details

Alcyonium Linnaeus, 1758

125284  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125284)

accepted
Genus
Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758 (type by subsequent designation)
Alcyonidium auct. · unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling
Parerythropodium Kükenthal, 1916 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Rhodophyton Gray, 1865 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym

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  1. Species Alcyonium acaule Marion, 1878
  2. Species Alcyonium antarcticum Wright & Studer, 1889
  3. Species Alcyonium aspiculatum Tixier-Durivault, 1955
  4. Species Alcyonium bocagei (Saville Kent, 1870)
  5. Species Alcyonium burmedju Sampaio, Stokvis & van Ofwegen, 2016
  6. Species Alcyonium catalai Tixier-Durivault, 1970
  7. Species Alcyonium ceylonense May, 1899
  8. Species Alcyonium clavatum Studer, 1891
  9. Species Alcyonium compactofestucum Verseveldt & van Ofwegen, 1992
  10. Species Alcyonium coralloides (Pallas, 1766)
  11. Species Alcyonium dendroides Thomson & Dean, 1931
  12. Species Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758
  13. Species Alcyonium elegans (Kükenthal, 1902)
  14. Species Alcyonium etheridgei Thomson & Mackinnon, 1911
  15. Species Alcyonium fauri J.S. Thomson, 1910
  16. Species Alcyonium glaciophilum van Ofwegen, Häussermann & Försterra, 2007
  17. Species Alcyonium glomeratum (Hassall, 1843)
  18. Species Alcyonium grandis Casas, Ramil & van Ofwegen, 1997
  19. Species Alcyonium graniferum Tixier-Durivault & d'Hondt, 1974
  20. Species Alcyonium haddoni Wright & Studer, 1889
  21. Species Alcyonium hibernicum (Renouf, 1931)
  22. Species Alcyonium jorgei van Ofwegen, Häussermann & Försterra, 2007
  23. Species Alcyonium maristenebrosi (Stiasny, 1937)
  24. Species Alcyonium megasclerum Stokvis & van Ofwegen, 2006
  25. Species Alcyonium muricatum Yamada, 1950
  26. Species Alcyonium pacificum Yamada, 1950
  27. Species Alcyonium palmatum Pallas, 1766
  28. Species Alcyonium pasternaki Molodtsova, 2013
  29. Species Alcyonium patagonicum (May, 1899)
  30. Species Alcyonium paucilobulatum Casas, Ramil & van Ofwegen, 1997
  31. Species Alcyonium profundum Stokvis & van Ofwegen, 2006
  32. Species Alcyonium senegalense Verseveldt & van Ofwegen, 1992
  33. Species Alcyonium siderium Verrill, 1922
  34. Species Alcyonium sollasi Wright & Studer, 1889
  35. Species Alcyonium southgeorgiensis Casas, Ramil & van Ofwegen, 1997
  36. Species Alcyonium spitzbergense Verseveldt & van Ofwegen, 1992
  37. Species Alcyonium studeri (J.S. Thomson, 1910)
  38. Species Alcyonium submurale Ridley, 1883
  39. Species Alcyonium variabile (J.S. Thomson, 1921)
  40. Species Alcyonium varum McFadden & van Ofwegen, 2013
  41. Species Alcyonium yepayek van Ofwegen, Häussermann & Försterra, 2007
  42. Species Alcyonium adriaticum Kükenthal, 1907 accepted as Alcyonium palmatum Pallas, 1766 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  43. Species Alcyonium altum Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Nidaliopsis alta (Tixier-Durivault, 1955) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  44. Species Alcyonium aurantiacum Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 accepted as Kotatea aurantiaca (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  45. Species Alcyonium brioniense Kükenthal, 1907 accepted as Alcyonium acaule Marion, 1878 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  46. Species Alcyonium capitatum (Pfeffer, 1889) accepted as Bellonella capitata (Pfeffer, 1889) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  47. Species Alcyonium complanatum Verseveldt, 1977 accepted as Skamnarium complanatum (Verseveldt, 1977) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  48. Species Alcyonium distinctum Williams, 1988 accepted as Porphyrophyton distinctum (Williams, 1988) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  49. Species Alcyonium echinatum Tixier-Durivault, 1970 accepted as Klyxum echinatum (Tixier-Durivault, 1970) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  50. Species Alcyonium equisetiform Lüttschwager, 1922 accepted as Klyxum equisetiform (Lüttschwager, 1922) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  51. Species Alcyonium flaccidum Tixier-Durivault, 1966 accepted as Klyxum flaccidum (Tixier-Durivault, 1966) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  52. Species Alcyonium fulvum (Forskål, 1775) accepted as Rhytisma fulvum (Forskål, 1775) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  53. Species Alcyonium fungiforme Tixier-Durivault, 1954 accepted as Alcyonium variabile (J.S. Thomson, 1921) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  54. Species Alcyonium gracillimum Kükenthal, 1906 accepted as Scleronephthya gracillima (Kükenthal, 1906) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  55. Species Alcyonium gruveli Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Complexum gruveli (Tixier-Durivault, 1955) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  56. Species Alcyonium khoisanianum Williams, 1988 accepted as Pieterfaurea khoisaniana (Williams, 1988) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  57. Species Alcyonium laeve Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Nidaliopsis laeve (Tixier-Durivault, 1955) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  58. Species Alcyonium legitimum Tixier-Durivault, 1970 accepted as Klyxum legitimum (Tixier-Durivault, 1970) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  59. Species Alcyonium luteum Tixier-Durivault, 1954 accepted as Alcyonium variabile (J.S. Thomson, 1921) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  60. Species Alcyonium molle Thomson & Dean, 1931 accepted as Klyxum molle (Thomson & Dean, 1931) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  61. Species Alcyonium monodi Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Complexum monodi (Tixier-Durivault, 1955) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  62. Species Alcyonium monticulum Verseveldt, 1982 accepted as Rhytisma monticulum (Verseveldt, 1982) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  63. Species Alcyonium moriferum (Tixier-Durivault, 1954) accepted as Parasphaerasclera morifera (Tixier-Durivault, 1954) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  64. Species Alcyonium mutabiliforme Williams, 1988 accepted as Dimorphophyton mutabiliforme (Williams, 1988) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  65. Species Alcyonium okinawanum Utinomi, 1976 accepted as Klyxum okinawanum (Utinomi, 1976) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  66. Species Alcyonium paessleri May, 1899 accepted as Alcyonium antarcticum Wright & Studer, 1889 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  67. Species Alcyonium planiceps Williams, 1986 accepted as Lampophyton planiceps (Williams, 1986) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  68. Species Alcyonium roseum van Ofwegen, Häussermann & Försterra, 2007 accepted as Alcyonium varum McFadden & van Ofwegen, 2013 (junior homonym of Alcyonium roseum Tixier-Durivault, 1954)
  69. Species Alcyonium rotiferum J.S. Thomson, 1910 accepted as Parasphaerasclera rotifera (Thomson, 1910) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  70. Species Alcyonium rotundum Thomson & Dean, 1931 accepted as Klyxum rotundum (Thomson & Dean, 1931) (original combination)
  71. Species Alcyonium rubrum Stokvis & van Ofwegen, 2006 accepted as Alcyonium burmedju Sampaio, Stokvis & van Ofwegen, 2016 (junior homonym of Alcyonium rubrum Müller, 1776)
  72. Species Alcyonium rudyi Verseveldt & van Ofwegen, 1992 accepted as Discophyton rudyi (Verseveldt & van Ofwegen, 1992) (original combination)
  73. Species Alcyonium simplex Thomson & Dean, 1931 accepted as Klyxum simplex (Thomson & Dean, 1931) (original combination)
  74. Species Alcyonium utinomii Verseveldt, 1971 accepted as Klyxum utinomii (Verseveldt, 1971) (original combination)
  75. Species Alcyonium valdiviae Kükenthal, 1906 accepted as Parasphaerasclera valdiviae (Kukenthal, 1906) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  76. Species Alcyonium verseveldti (Benayahu, 1982) accepted as Ofwegenum verseveldti (Benayahu, 1982) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  77. Species Alcyonium violaceum Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Nidaliopsis violacea (Tixier-Durivault, 1955) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  78. Species Alcyonium repens Lamarck, 1815 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum, unjustified emendation)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 803 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 
URMO (2024). Alcyonium Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed at: https://www.marinespecies.org/urmo/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125284 on 2024-05-18
Land J. van der (ed). (2008). UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (URMO). Alcyonium Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed at: https://www.marinespecies.org/Urmo/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125284 on 2024-05-18
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2005-02-07 12:58:14Z
changed
2005-03-10 11:39:19Z
changed
2010-09-17 06:17:46Z
checked
2016-10-20 06:37:02Z
changed

original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 803 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

original description  (of Parerythropodium Kükenthal, 1916) K�kenthal, W. (1916). Die Gorgonarien Westindiens. Kap. 1, Die Scleraxonier; Kap. 2, �ber den Venusf�cher; Kap. 3, Die Gattung Xiphigorgia. <em>Zoologische Jahrbucher.</em> Suppl. 11: 443-504, plate 23., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/14178786
page(s): 461-464 [details]   

original description  (of Rhodophyton Gray, 1865) Gray, J.E. (1865). Notice on Rhodophyton, a new genus of Alcyoniidae, found on the coast of Cornwall. <em>Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London.</em> 1865: 705-707., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/28497702 [details]   

taxonomy source Hartmeyer, R. (1916). Zur Deutung einiger Alcyonium-Arten. <em>Sitzungsberichte der Gesellsch. naturf. Freunde, Berlin.</em> 8: 245-259. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

taxonomy source L�ttschwager, H. (1915). Beitrage zu einer Revision der Familie Alcyoniidae. <em>Archiv f�r Naturgeschichte, Abteilung A.</em> 80(10): 1-42., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12955834
page(s): 16-27 [details]   

basis of record van Ofwegen, L.; Grasshoff, M.; van der Land, J. (2001). Octocorallia (excl. Pennatulacea), <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 104-105 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Verseveldt, J. (1971). Octocorallia from North-Western Madagascar (Part II). <em>Zoologische Verhandelingen.</em> 1-73, plates 1-15. [details]   

additional source McFadden, C.S.; van Ofwegen, L.P. (2013). Molecular phylogenetic evidence supports a new family of octocorals and a new genus of Alcyoniidae (Octocorallia, Alcyonacea). <em>Zookeys.</em> 346: 59-83. [details]   

additional source van Ofwegen, L.P.; H�ussermann, V.; F�rsterra, G. (2006). A new genus of soft coral (Octocorallia: Alcyonacea: Clavulariidae) from Chile. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 1219, 47-57.
page(s): 47 [details]   

additional source Williams, G.C. (2000). Two new genera of soft corals (Anthozoa: Alcyoniidae) from South Africa, with a discussion of diversity and endemism in the Southern African octocorallian fauna. <em>Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences.</em> 52(6): 65-75.
page(s): 71 [details]   

additional source Verseveldt, J.; Bayer, F. M. (1988). Revision of the genera Bellonella, Eleutherobia, Nidalia and Nidaliopsis (Octocorallia, Alcyoniidae and Nidalliidae), with descriptions of two new genera. <em>Zoologische Verhandelingen.</em> 245:1-131., available online at http://repository.naturalis.nl/document/149141
page(s): 3, 8, 10, 11 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source McFadden, C.S.; van Ofwegen, L.P. (2017). Revisionary systematics of the endemic soft coral fauna (Octocorallia: Alcyonacea: Alcyoniina) of the Agulhas Bioregion, South Africa. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4363(4): 451-488., available online at https://www.biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4363.4.1
page(s): 460 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Bayer, F.M. (1961). The shallow-water Octocorallia of the West Indian region. A manual for marine biologists. <em>Studies on the Fauna of Curacao and Other Caribbean Islands.</em> 12:1-373, pls. 1-23., available online at https://repository.naturalis.nl/pub/506065
page(s): 51 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source McFadden, C. S.; Hochberg, F. (2003). Biology and taxonomy of encrusting alcyoniid soft corals in the northeastern Pacific Ocean with descriptions of two new genera (Cnidaria, Anthozoa, Octocorallia). <em>Invertebrate Biology.</em> 122(2): 93-113., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7410.2003.tb00076.x
page(s): 109, 111 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Grasshoff, M.; Alderslade, P. (1997). Gorgoniidae of Indo-Pacific reefs with descriptions of two new genera (Coelenterata: Octocorallia). <em>Senckenbergiana Biologica.</em> 77: 23�25.
page(s): 24 [details]   

additional source Verseveldt, J. (1982). A revision of the genus Sarcophyton Lesson (Octocorallia, Alcyonacea). <em>Zoologische Verhandelingen Leiden.</em> 192: 1-91, plates 1-24.
page(s): 5 [details]   

additional source Williams, G.C. (1992). The Alcyonacea of southern Africa. Stoloniferous octocorals and soft corals (Coelenterata, Anthozoa). <em>Annals of the South African Museum.</em> 100: 249-358., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41110040
page(s): 271 [details]   

additional source Tixier-Durivault, A. (1958). Revision de la famille des Alcyoniidae: les genres Sarcophytum et Lobophytum. <em>Zoologische Verhandelingen Leiden.</em> 36: 1-179.
page(s): 3, 4 [details]   

additional source Tixier-Durivault, A. (1951). Revision de la famille des Alcyoniidae. Le genre Sinularia May, 1898. <em>Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Memoires.</em> 2(40): 1-146.
page(s): 6, 7, 9, 12 [details]   

additional source Williams, G.C. (1986). A new species of the octocorallian genus Alcyonium (Anthozoa: Alcyonacea) from southern Africa, with a revised diagnosis of the genus. <em>Journal of Natural History.</em> 20: 53-63.
page(s): 61; note: Emendation (re-diagnosis of genus) [details]   

additional source Bayer, F.M. & K.M. Muzik. (1976). A new solitary octocoral, Taiaroa tauhou gen. et sp. nov. (Coelenterata: Protoalcyonaria) from New Zealand. <em>Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand.</em> 6(4): 499-515.
page(s): 512 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source McMurrich, J. P. (1893). Report on the Actini� collected by the United States Fish Commission Steamer Albatross during the winter of 1887-1888. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 16(930): 119-216
page(s): 120 [details]   

additional source Williams, G. C. (1997). Preliminary assessment of the phylogeny of Pennatulacea (Anthozoa: Octocorallia), with a reevaluation of Ediacaran frond-like fossils, and a synopsis of the history of evolutionary thought regarding the sea pens. Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Coelenterate Biology, 497-509
page(s): 504 [details]   

additional source Megina, C.; Conradi, M.; Piraino, S. (2003). Biodiversity, life cycles, and reproductive biology of deep-sea cnidarians. Berichte zur Polarforschung, 470, 108-112
page(s): 110 [details]   

additional source Fabricius, K.; Alderslade, P. (2001). Soft Corals and Sea Fans: A Comprehensive Guide to the Shallow-water Genera of the Central-West Pacific, the Indian Ocean and the Red Sea. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science. Townsville.</em> pp. 264.
page(s): 8, 86 [details]   

additional source Williams, G. C. (1989). A review of recent research on the sublittoral coral reefs of northern Natal with a provisional assessment of findings regarding the distribution of octocorals on Two-Mile Reef, Sodwana Bay. South African Journal of Science, 85, 140-141
page(s): 140, 141 [details]   

additional source Reinicke, G. B.; van Ofwegen, L. P. (1999). Soft corals (Alcyonacea: Octocorallia) from shallow water in the Chagos Archipelago: species assemblages and their distribution. Linnean Society Occasional Publications, 2, 67-85, plates 1-10
page(s): 70 [details]   

additional source Benayahu, Y.; Yosief, T.; Schleyer, M. H. (2002). Soft corals (Octocorallia, Alcyonacea) of the southern Red Sea. Israel Journal of Zoology, 48, 273-283
page(s): 277 [details]   

additional source McFadden, C. S.; Donahue, R.; Hadland, B. K.; Weston, R. (2001). A molecular phylogenetic analysis of reproductive trait evolution in the soft coral genus Alcyonium. Evolution, 55(1): 54-67
page(s): 54, 56-64 [details]   

additional source Hwang, S. J.; Song, J. I. (2007). Reproductive biology and larval development of the temperate soft coral Dendronephthya gigantea (Alcyonacea: Nephtheidae). Marine Biology, 152, 273-284
page(s): 273, 274 [details]   

additional source McFadden, C. S.; Aydin, K. Y. (1996). Spatial autocorrelation analysis of small-scale genetic structure in a clonal soft coral with limited larval dispersal. Marine Biology, 126, 215-224
page(s): 215, 216, 217, 218, 219, 220, 221, 222 [details]   

additional source McFadden, C. S.; Hutchinson, M. B. (2004). Molecular evidence for the hybrid origin of species in the soft coral genus Alcyonium (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Octocorallia). Molecular Ecology, 13, 1495-1505
page(s): 1495, 1496, 1497, 1498, 1499, 1500, 1501, 1502, 1503 [details]   

additional source McFadden, C. S. (1991). A comparative demographic analysis of clonal reproduction in a temperate soft coral. Ecology, 72(5): 1849-1866
page(s): 1850, 1851, 1852, 1853, 1854, 1855, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1859, 1860, 1861, 1862, 1963, 1864 [details]   

additional source Williams, G. C. (1989). A provisional annotated list of octocorallian coelenterates occurring on the sublittoral coral reefs at Sodwana Bay and Kosi Bay, northern Natal, with a key to the genera. South African Journal of Science, 85, 141-144
page(s): 142 [details]   

additional source Bastidas, C.; Fabricius, K.; Willis, B. L. (2004). Demographic aspects of the soft coral Sinularia flexibilis leading to local dominance on coral reefs. Hydrobiologia, 530/531, 433-441
page(s): 440 [details]   
 
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