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Porifera taxon details

Stelligera montagui Van Soest & Hooper, 2020

1424275  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:1424275)

accepted
Species
Raspailia rigida (Montagu, 1814) (genus transfer and preoccupied)
Spongia rigida Montagu, 1814 (genus transfer and preoccupied)
Stelligera stuposa f. rigida (Montagu, 1814) (status change and preoccupied)
Vibulinus rigidus (Montagu, 1814) (genus transfer and preoccupied)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 51 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 50) explanation for the nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Verongula rigida...  
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 50) explanation for the nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Verongula rigida (Esper, 1794) and Stelligera rigida (Montagu, 1814).
1. Spongia rigida Esper, 1794: 247 (type locality unknown, presumably Caribbean). Spongia rigida Esper, 1794 (p. 247, pl. XXVII figs 1–2) was described unrecognizably by Esper, its origin was not known to him, and no type material survived. Nevertheless, Duchassaing & Michelotti (1864: 61, pl. XII fig. 1) recognized Esper’s description and illustration, and redescribed it from freshly collected and dried material as Luffaria rigida from the Virgin Islands, Carribean. Wiedenmayer (1977: 77) described a Bahamas specimen under the mistaken name Verongula ardis (De Laubenfels, 1950a: 31). Klaus Rützler (in litteris) found De Laubenfels’ species to be a junior synonym of Aiolochroia crassa (Hyatt, 1875: 401). Van Soest (1978: 67) subsequently adopted Duchassaing & Michelotti’s (1864) redescription by renaming the species as Verongula rigida (Esper, 1794). The species is a common member of the Caribbean reef community. It is the senior primary homonym (ICZN Art. 57.2) of Montagu’s Spongia rigida.
2. Spongia rigida Montagu, 1814: 87 (type locality Devon, United Kingdom). This well-known species is accepted as Stelligera rigida, and is recently redescribed by Ackers et al. (1992: 70) and reviewed by Morrow et al. (2019: 14). There are small differences with the congeneric but senior Stelligera stuposa (Ellis & Solander, 1786: 186). No obvious synonyms of both have been identified. As a junior primary homonym the present species needed to be renamed (ICZN Art. 60.3).
3. Summary: Verongula rigida (Esper, 1794) as senior primary homonym is to be maintained (ICZN Art. 57.2). Stelligera rigida (Montagu, 1814) is a junior primary homonym without obvious synonyms, which demanded renaming
(ICZN Art. 60.3). To remove the homonymy, Stelligera montagui nom. nov. was proposed, named after George Montagu. [details]
de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Carballo, J.L.; Cárdenas, P.; Díaz, M.-C.; Dohrmann, M.; Downey, R.; Hajdu, E.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Kelly, M.; Klautau, M.; Manconi, R.; Morrow, C.C. Pisera, A.B.; Ríos, P.; Rützler, K.; Schönberg, C.; Vacelet, J.; van Soest, R.W.M. (2021). World Porifera Database. Stelligera montagui Van Soest & Hooper, 2020. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/porifera/porifera.php?p=taxdetails&id=1424275 on 2021-10-27
Date
action
by
2020-03-07 13:08:15Z
created
2021-03-15 09:46:14Z
changed

original description Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 51 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Spongia rigida Montagu, 1814) Montagu, G. (1814). An Essay on Sponges, with Descriptions of all the Species that have been discovered on the Coast of Great Britain. <em>Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society.</em> 2(1): 67-122, pls III-XVI.
page(s): 87 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (of Stelligera rigida (Montagu, 1814)) Uriz, M.J. (1983). Monografía I. Contribución a la fauna de esponjas (Demospongia) de Cataluña. <em>Anales de la Sección Ciencias del Colegio Universitario de Gerona.</em> 7: 1-220.
page(s): 128-137 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (of Stelligera rigida (Montagu, 1814)) Morrow, C.; Cárdenas, P.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Picton, B.; McCormack, G.; Van Soest, R.; Collins, A.; Redmond, N.; Maggs, C.; Sigwart, J.; Allcock, L.A. (2019). Integrating morphological and molecular taxonomy with the revised concept of Stelligeridae (Porifera: Demospongiae). <em>Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society.</em> 187 (1): 31-81., available online at https://doi.org/10.1093/zoolinnean/zlz017
page(s): 44-45 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (of Raspailia rigida (Montagu, 1814)) Topsent, E. (1890). Études de Spongiaires. <em>Revue biologique du Nord de la France.</em> 2: 289-298.
page(s): 292-294 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (of Vibulinus rigidus (Montagu, 1814)) Stephens, J. (1912). A Biological Survey of Clare Island in the County of Mayo, Ireland and the Adjoining District. Marine Porifera. <em>Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy.</em> 31 (Section 3, Part 59): 1-42.
page(s): 19 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (of Vibulinus rigidus (Montagu, 1814)) Stephens, J. (1915). Atlantic Sponges collected by the Scottish National Antarctic Expedition. <em>Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh.</em> 50(2): 423-467.
page(s): 28 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (of Vibulinus rigidus (Montagu, 1814)) Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 51 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Spongia rigida Montagu, 1814) Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, <b><i>in</i></b>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification</i>. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (of Raspailia rigida (Montagu, 1814)) Hanitsch, R. (1890). Third Report on the Porifera of the L.M.B.C.District. <em>Proceedings and Transactions of the Liverpool Biological Society.</em> 4: 192-238, pls X-XV.
page(s): 213-214 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (of Stelligera rigida (Montagu, 1814)) Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (of Stelligera rigida (Montagu, 1814)) Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, <b><i>in</i></b>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification</i>. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (of Stelligera rigida (Montagu, 1814)) Ackers, R.G.; Moss, D.; Picton, B.E. (1992). Sponges of the British Isles (‘Sponges V'). <em>A Colour Guide and Working Document. Marine Conservation Society.</em> 1-175.
page(s): 70-71 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (of Stelligera rigida (Montagu, 1814)) Borojevic, R.; Cabioch, L.; Lévi, C. (1968). Inventaire de la faune marine de Roscoff. Spongiaires. <em>Éditions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.</em> pp. 1-44., available online at http://www.sb-roscoff.fr/images/stories/sbr/observation/documents/spongiaires.pdf
page(s): 12 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Stelligera rigida (Montagu, 1814)) Boury-Esnault, N.; Pansini, M.; Uriz, M.J. (1994). Spongiaires bathyaux de la mer d'Alboran et du golfe ibéro-marocain. <em>Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle.</em> 160: 1-174., available online at http://bibliotheques.mnhn.fr/EXPLOITATION/infodoc/ged/viewportalpublished.ashx?eid=IFD_FICJOINT_MNHN_MMNHN_S000_1994_T160_N000_1
page(s): 94; fig 68 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Stelligera rigida (Montagu, 1814)) Hiscock, K.; Stone, S.M.K.; George, J.D. (1984). The marine fauna of Lundy. Porifera (sponges): a preliminary study. <em>Report Lundy Field Society.</em> 34: 16-35.
page(s): 23-24 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (of Stelligera rigida (Montagu, 1814)) Uriz, M.J. (1982). Estudio sistemático de las esponjas del orden Axinellida (Demospongia) de la Costa Brava (Cataluña). <em>Actas II Simposio ibérico de estudios del Bentos Marino.</em> 2 (3): 57-80.
page(s): 70-71 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Stelligera rigida (Montagu, 1814)) Vacelet, J. (1969). Eponges de la Roche du Large et de l'étage bathyal de Méditerranée (Récoltes de la soucoupe plongeante Cousteau et dragages). Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle. <em>Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle (A, Zoologie).</em> 59(2): 145-219, pls I-IV.
page(s): 168-169; fig 4 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Stelligera rigida (Montagu, 1814)) Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. <em>Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France.</em> 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source  (of Stelligera rigida (Montagu, 1814)) Lombas, I. (1982). Distribución, de esponjas esciafilas en la zona intermareal de Aramar (Luanco, Asturias). <em>Boletim de Ciencias Naturales IDEA.</em> 29: 37-50.
page(s): 45 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Stelligera rigida (Montagu, 1814)) Solórzano, M.R. (1990). Poríferos del litoral gallego: estudio faunístico, distribución e inventario. <em>Phd Thesis Unversidad de Santiago de Compostela.</em> 1036 pp.
page(s): 509-513; Lám. 52 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Stelligera rigida (Montagu, 1814)) Girard-Descatoire, A.; Castric-Fey, A.; L'Hardy-Halos, M.T. (1995). Inventaire de la Faune et de la Flore sur les fonds rocheux autour de l'île d'Ouessant. Rapport ADMS, Direction Régionale de l'Environnement Bretagne, Conseil Régional de Bretagne, Conseil Général du Finistère, Fonds Européens, Rennes., 148pp. Convention ZNIEFF 94.
page(s): Annexe 1, 9 [details]   

additional source  (of Stelligera rigida (Montagu, 1814)) Castric-Fey, A. (1996). Richesse et biodiversité en mer mégatidale: communautés sublittorales rocheuses de la région de Trébeurden-Ploumanac'h (Nord Bretagne France). <em>Cahiers de Biologie marine.</em> 37, 7-31.
page(s): 23 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

new combination reference  (of Stelligera stuposa f. rigida (Montagu, 1814)) Descatoire, A. (1969). Les peuplements sessiles de l'Archipel de Glénan de l'infralittoral rocheux. II- Notes systématiques à propos de l'inventaire des Spongiaires. <em>Vie et Milieu (A, Biologie marine).</em> 20 (1A): 9-30.
page(s): 18-21; fig 4-5 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

new combination reference  (of Vibulinus rigidus (Montagu, 1814)) Topsent, E. (1890). Éponges de la Manche. <em>Mémoires de la Société zoologique de France.</em> 3 (1): 195-205.
note: under the name Raspailia rigida [details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 50) explanation for the nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Verongula rigida (Esper, 1794) and Stelligera rigida (Montagu, 1814).
1. Spongia rigida Esper, 1794: 247 (type locality unknown, presumably Caribbean). Spongia rigida Esper, 1794 (p. 247, pl. XXVII figs 1–2) was described unrecognizably by Esper, its origin was not known to him, and no type material survived. Nevertheless, Duchassaing & Michelotti (1864: 61, pl. XII fig. 1) recognized Esper’s description and illustration, and redescribed it from freshly collected and dried material as Luffaria rigida from the Virgin Islands, Carribean. Wiedenmayer (1977: 77) described a Bahamas specimen under the mistaken name Verongula ardis (De Laubenfels, 1950a: 31). Klaus Rützler (in litteris) found De Laubenfels’ species to be a junior synonym of Aiolochroia crassa (Hyatt, 1875: 401). Van Soest (1978: 67) subsequently adopted Duchassaing & Michelotti’s (1864) redescription by renaming the species as Verongula rigida (Esper, 1794). The species is a common member of the Caribbean reef community. It is the senior primary homonym (ICZN Art. 57.2) of Montagu’s Spongia rigida.
2. Spongia rigida Montagu, 1814: 87 (type locality Devon, United Kingdom). This well-known species is accepted as Stelligera rigida, and is recently redescribed by Ackers et al. (1992: 70) and reviewed by Morrow et al. (2019: 14). There are small differences with the congeneric but senior Stelligera stuposa (Ellis & Solander, 1786: 186). No obvious synonyms of both have been identified. As a junior primary homonym the present species needed to be renamed (ICZN Art. 60.3).
3. Summary: Verongula rigida (Esper, 1794) as senior primary homonym is to be maintained (ICZN Art. 57.2). Stelligera rigida (Montagu, 1814) is a junior primary homonym without obvious synonyms, which demanded renaming
(ICZN Art. 60.3). To remove the homonymy, Stelligera montagui nom. nov. was proposed, named after George Montagu. [details]


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