WoRMS taxon details

Pachyseris speciosa (Dana, 1846)

207293  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207293)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
(of Agaricia (Undaria) speciosa Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61)., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   
Note "East Indies" (Veron, 1986)  
From other sources
Type locality "East Indies" (Veron, 1986) [details]
Description Colonies in the Red Sea are foliaceous and encrusting. They may form perfect discs or vases with very long and even,...  
Description Colonies in the Red Sea are foliaceous and encrusting. They may form perfect discs or vases with very long and even, concentric valleys (the classical "speciosa" form), or they may develop irregularly contorted sheets with short, broken series, one fairly extreme example of which is illustrated. This degree of contortion, however, stops short of fully ramose development seen in some P. rugosa, but without a lens to examine the columella these may be mistaken for the latter. This is a common species, found mostly in deeper water, mainly on steep to sheer reef walls between 20 to 45 m deep, or in other darker reef habitats. It is mostly limited to clearer water areas, and it commonly coexists with Leptoseris. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)

Colonies are unifacial laminae, usually horizontal, but may develop upright ridges or columns. More than one row of corallites may occur between ridges. Columellae are absent. Colour: pale brown to deep grey. Abundance: common over a wide range of habitats, colonies are seldom over 2 m in diameter. (Veron, 1986 <57>)

Colonies plate-like (or partly encrusting) with marked linear arrangement of the inter-corallite septo-costae. The pronounced ridges, which are concentric to the margin of the colony, are distinctive. Colour: beige, grey or light brown. Habitat: diverse, including reef bases. (Richmond, 1997) [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2020). World List of Scleractinia. Pachyseris speciosa (Dana, 1846). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207293 on 2020-10-30
Date
action
by
1996-10-25 16:53:40Z
created
2000-07-18 15:57:33Z
changed
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2014-06-02 12:39:27Z
changed
2019-08-23 12:53:13Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Agaricia speciosa Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61)., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (of Pachyseris haimei Quelch, 1886) Quelch JJ. (1886). Report on the Reef-corals collected by H.M.S. 'Challenger' during the years 1873-76. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–1876. Zoology.</em> 16 (46): 1-203, pl. 1-12., available online at http://www.19thcenturyscience.org/HMSC/HMSC-Reports/Zool-46/README.htm [details]   

original description  (of Pachyseris clementei Nemenzo, 1955) Nemenzo, F. (1955). Systematic studies on Philippine shallow water scleractinians: I. Suborder Fungiida. <em>Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines.</em> 15: 3-84. [details]   

original description  (of Agaricia (Undaria) levicollis Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61)., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (of Agaricia (Undaria) speciosa Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61)., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

basis of record Veron JEN. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em>  [details]   

additional source Sheppard CRC. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. <em>Atoll Research Bulletin.</em> 307: 1-32., available online at http:// https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00775630.307.1 [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron JEN, Pichon M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series.</em> 4: 1-459. [details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   

additional source Milne Edwards H (1860) Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 3: 1-560. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. (look up in IMIS[details]   

new combination reference Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1851). Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 6. Monographie des Fongides. <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3.</em> 15: 73-144. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description Colonies in the Red Sea are foliaceous and encrusting. They may form perfect discs or vases with very long and even, concentric valleys (the classical "speciosa" form), or they may develop irregularly contorted sheets with short, broken series, one fairly extreme example of which is illustrated. This degree of contortion, however, stops short of fully ramose development seen in some P. rugosa, but without a lens to examine the columella these may be mistaken for the latter. This is a common species, found mostly in deeper water, mainly on steep to sheer reef walls between 20 to 45 m deep, or in other darker reef habitats. It is mostly limited to clearer water areas, and it commonly coexists with Leptoseris. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)

Colonies are unifacial laminae, usually horizontal, but may develop upright ridges or columns. More than one row of corallites may occur between ridges. Columellae are absent. Colour: pale brown to deep grey. Abundance: common over a wide range of habitats, colonies are seldom over 2 m in diameter. (Veron, 1986 <57>)

Colonies plate-like (or partly encrusting) with marked linear arrangement of the inter-corallite septo-costae. The pronounced ridges, which are concentric to the margin of the colony, are distinctive. Colour: beige, grey or light brown. Habitat: diverse, including reef bases. (Richmond, 1997) [details]

Type locality "East Indies" (Veron, 1986) [details]
LanguageName 
English serpent coral  [details]
Japanese リュウモンサンゴ  [details]
To NMNH Extant Collection (IZCOE190wholecolony)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (IZCOE190wholeupper)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (IZCOE199closeup)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (IZCOE199verycloseup)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]