WoRMS taxon details

Pavona clavus Dana, 1846

207318  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207318)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
(of Pavonia clavus Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61)., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   
Note Fiji (Veron, 1986).  
From other sources
Type locality Fiji (Veron, 1986). [details]
Description The species has distinctive colonies which are basically massive, but with numerous club shaped or cylindrical, stout...  
Description The species has distinctive colonies which are basically massive, but with numerous club shaped or cylindrical, stout columns. These columns divide, and are usually oval in cross-section, and then remain separate from adjacent columns. The typical, star shaped Pavona corallites are clearly visible in live corals, and like most Pavona, the corallite walls are thick, so the calices are well separated. The smooth edged septa cross the broad walls. This is common in the central Indian Ocean, and has been listed for the northern Red Sea, but if present, it is extremely rare there. The colonies commonly reach a metre high and a metre across. The living colour is usually brown or green (Sheppard, 1998).
Colonies are columnar or laminar, or both. Columns divide but do not anastomose. Corallites are thick-walled. Columellae are short or absent. Colour: uniform pale grey, cream or brown. Abundance: common on some shallow upper reef slopes exposed to currents, and may be dominant coral forming extensive monospecific stands (Veron, 1986).
Grows in plates or stout columns, or a combination of both. Colour: varies from pale grey or green to yellowish-brown. Habitat: shallow reefs with strong currents (Richmond, 1997) [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2020). World List of Scleractinia. Pavona clavus Dana, 1846. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207318 on 2020-10-31
Date
action
by
1996-10-25 16:33:43Z
created
2000-09-28 07:24:50Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2014-03-15 10:57:36Z
changed
2019-10-19 10:35:41Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Agaricia clavus Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61)., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (of Siderastrea sphaeroidalis Ortmann, 1889) Ortmann A. (1889). Beobachtungen an Steinkorallen von der Südküste Ceylons. <em>Zoologische Jahrbüchern, Abteilung für Systematik, Biologie und Biogeographie der Tiere.</em> 4: 493-590, pls. 11-17. [details]   

original description  (of Pavonia clivosa Verrill, 1869) Verrill, A. E. (1869). On New and imperfectly known Echinoderms and Corals. <em>Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural HIstory.</em> 12: 381-391., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/9494023#page/389/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (of Siderastrea liliacea Klunzinger, 1879) Klunzinger, C.B. (1879). Die Korallthiere des Rothen Meeres, 3. Theil: Die Steinkorallen. Zweiter Abschnitt: Die Asteraeaceen und Fungiaceen. 1-100, pls. 1-10. Gutmann, Berlin. [details]   

original description  (of Pavona (Pseudocolumnastrea) galapagensis Durham & Barnard, 1952) Durham JW, Barnard JL (1952) Stony corals of the Eastern Pacific collected by the Velero III and Velero IV. Allan Hancock Pacific Expedition 16: 1-110, pls. 1-16. [details]   

original description  (of Pavona galapagensis Durham & Barnard, 1952) Durham JW, Barnard JL (1952) Stony corals of the Eastern Pacific collected by the Velero III and Velero IV. Allan Hancock Pacific Expedition 16: 1-110, pls. 1-16. [details]   

original description  (of Pavonia clavus Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61)., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

basis of record Veron JEN. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em>  [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   

additional source Reyes-Bonilla, H. (2002). Checklist of valid names and synonyms of stony corals (Anthozoa: Scleractinia) from the eastern Pacific. <em>Journal of Natural History.</em> 36(1): 1-13., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/713833841 [details]   

additional source Reyes J, Santodomingo N, Flórez P. (2010). Corales Escleractinios de Colombia. <em>Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras (INVEMAR), Santa Marta, Colombia.</em> pp 1-246. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description The species has distinctive colonies which are basically massive, but with numerous club shaped or cylindrical, stout columns. These columns divide, and are usually oval in cross-section, and then remain separate from adjacent columns. The typical, star shaped Pavona corallites are clearly visible in live corals, and like most Pavona, the corallite walls are thick, so the calices are well separated. The smooth edged septa cross the broad walls. This is common in the central Indian Ocean, and has been listed for the northern Red Sea, but if present, it is extremely rare there. The colonies commonly reach a metre high and a metre across. The living colour is usually brown or green (Sheppard, 1998).
Colonies are columnar or laminar, or both. Columns divide but do not anastomose. Corallites are thick-walled. Columellae are short or absent. Colour: uniform pale grey, cream or brown. Abundance: common on some shallow upper reef slopes exposed to currents, and may be dominant coral forming extensive monospecific stands (Veron, 1986).
Grows in plates or stout columns, or a combination of both. Colour: varies from pale grey or green to yellowish-brown. Habitat: shallow reefs with strong currents (Richmond, 1997) [details]

Type locality Fiji (Veron, 1986). [details]
LanguageName 
English leaf coral  [details]
Japanese コモンシコロサンゴ  [details]
To NMNH Extant Collection (Pavona clavus USNM 221 - closeup)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
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To NMNH Extant Collection (Pavona clavus USNM 221 - view1)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
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