WoRMS taxon details

Cyphastrea serailia (Forskål, 1775)

207413  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207413)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Forskål, P.; Niebuhr, C. (1775). Descriptiones animalium, avium, amphibiorum, piscium, insectorum, vermium / quae in itinere orientali observavit Petrus Forskål. Post mortem auctoris edidit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia medica kahirina atque tabula maris Rubri geographica. Hauniæ [Copenhagen]:ex officina Mölleri.[alternative spelling Forsskål is also correct]. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2088059 [details]   

(of Madrepora serailia Forskål, 1775) Forskål, P.; Niebuhr, C. (1775). Descriptiones animalium, avium, amphibiorum, piscium, insectorum, vermium / quae in itinere orientali observavit Petrus Forskål. Post mortem auctoris edidit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia medica kahirina atque tabula maris Rubri geographica. Hauniæ [Copenhagen]:ex officina Mölleri.[alternative spelling Forsskål is also correct]. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2088059 [details]   
Description Colonies are commonly up to 40 cm diameter, often greater. Calices are round, and separated by half or a full calice...  
Description Colonies are commonly up to 40 cm diameter, often greater. Calices are round, and separated by half or a full calice diameter, but in many cases are more crowded. They may be neat conical shapes, or largely sunken with very thin, raised rims. There are 12 primary septa. The species is common and widespread. It is found on reef flats in conditions of raised salinity and temperature, and on clear water reef slopes down to at least 40 metres. Cyphastrea serailia and C. chalcidicum are similar. Their separation is based only on whether costae are equal or sub-equal, or unequal. In Red Sea specimens, many examples of Cyphastrea have calices with thin, raised rims with no costae at all, thus completely removing the main distinguishing criteria. However, specimens from Australia indicate a clearer division there. In Arabian specimens, where corallites are sufficiently plocoid, costae are usually "sub-equal", so the name C. serailia is used. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)
Corallites have costae which do not alternate strongly. There are 12 primary septa. Colour: usually grey, brown or cream. Abundance: very common and occurs in all reef habitats. (Veron, 1986 <57>)
Protruding, cone-shaped corallites, 1-3 mm across, with obvious septa (in multiples of twelve) and costae giving the polyps a star-like quality. Surface colony between polyps is papillate. Forms thick encrustations. Colour: varying in colour from grey to brown or reddish-brown. Habitat: diverse. (Richmond, 1997) [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2020). World List of Scleractinia. Cyphastrea serailia (Forskål, 1775). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207413 on 2020-10-30
Date
action
by
1997-01-31 16:37:49Z
created
2000-09-08 06:57:57Z
changed
2007-05-16 17:38:43Z
changed
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2014-03-16 13:26:33Z
changed
2018-05-31 16:09:18Z
changed
2018-06-28 10:50:14Z
changed
2019-10-19 10:35:41Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Forskål, P.; Niebuhr, C. (1775). Descriptiones animalium, avium, amphibiorum, piscium, insectorum, vermium / quae in itinere orientali observavit Petrus Forskål. Post mortem auctoris edidit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia medica kahirina atque tabula maris Rubri geographica. Hauniæ [Copenhagen]:ex officina Mölleri.[alternative spelling Forsskål is also correct]. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2088059 [details]   

original description  (of Cyphastrea conferta Nemenzo, 1959) Nemenzo F (1959) Systematic studies on Philippine shallow water scleractinians: II. Suborder Faviida. Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines 16: 73-135, pls. 1-24. [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora serailia Forskål, 1775) Forskål, P.; Niebuhr, C. (1775). Descriptiones animalium, avium, amphibiorum, piscium, insectorum, vermium / quae in itinere orientali observavit Petrus Forskål. Post mortem auctoris edidit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia medica kahirina atque tabula maris Rubri geographica. Hauniæ [Copenhagen]:ex officina Mölleri.[alternative spelling Forsskål is also correct]. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2088059 [details]   

original description  (of Cyphastrea danai Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857) Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1857). Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. 631 pp. [details]   

original description  (of Cyphastrea brueggemanni Quelch, 1886) Quelch JJ. (1886). Report on the Reef-corals collected by H.M.S. 'Challenger' during the years 1873-76. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–1876. Zoology.</em> 16 (46): 1-203, pl. 1-12., available online at http://www.19thcenturyscience.org/HMSC/HMSC-Reports/Zool-46/README.htm [details]   

original description  (of Cyphastrea suvadivae Gardiner, 1904) Gardiner J. S. (1904). Madreporaria Parts I. and II: I. Introduction with notes on variation, II. Astraeidae. <em>Fauna and geography of the Maldives and Laccadives Archipelagoes, Cambridge.</em> 2: 736-790, pls. 59-64. [details]   

original description  (of Cyphastrea maldivensis Gardiner, 1904) Gardiner J. S. (1904). Madreporaria Parts I. and II: I. Introduction with notes on variation, II. Astraeidae. <em>Fauna and geography of the Maldives and Laccadives Archipelagoes, Cambridge.</em> 2: 736-790, pls. 59-64. [details]   

original description  (of Cyphastrea incrustans Klunzinger, 1879) Klunzinger, C.B. (1879). Die Korallthiere des Rothen Meeres, 3. Theil: Die Steinkorallen. Zweiter Abschnitt: Die Asteraeaceen und Fungiaceen. 1-100, pls. 1-10. Gutmann, Berlin. [details]   

original description  (of Cyphastrea laticostata Nemenzo, 1971) Nemenzo, F. (1971). Systematic studies on Philippine shallow-water scleractinians: VII. Additional forms. <em>Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines.</em> 23: 141-209. [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Ang, P. O.; McCorry, D.; Si, C. C. L. (2003). Establishing a reference collection and field guides for Hong Kong scleractinian coral. <em>Final report submitted to the Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department, The Hong Kong SAR Government.</em>  [details]   

basis of record Veron JEN. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em>  [details]   

additional source Veron JEN, Pichon M, Wijsman-Best M. (1977). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series.</em> 3: 1-233. [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Gershwin, L.; Brook, F.J.; Pugh, P.; Dawson, E.W.; Ocaña O.V.; Vervoort, W.; Williams, G.; Watson, J.E.; Opresko, D.M.; Schuchert, P.; Hine, P.M.; Gordon, D.P.; Campbell, H.J.; Wright, A.J.; Sánchez, J.A.; Fautin, D.G. (2009). Phylum Cnidaria: corals, medusae, hydroids, myxozoans. <em>in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia.</em> pp. 59-101., available online at http://si-pddr.si.edu/handle/10088/8431 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Huang D, Benzoni F, Fukami H, Knowlton N, Smith ND, Budd AF (2014) Taxonomic classification of the reef coral families Merulinidae, Montastraeidae, and Diploastraeidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 171: 277–355. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description Colonies are commonly up to 40 cm diameter, often greater. Calices are round, and separated by half or a full calice diameter, but in many cases are more crowded. They may be neat conical shapes, or largely sunken with very thin, raised rims. There are 12 primary septa. The species is common and widespread. It is found on reef flats in conditions of raised salinity and temperature, and on clear water reef slopes down to at least 40 metres. Cyphastrea serailia and C. chalcidicum are similar. Their separation is based only on whether costae are equal or sub-equal, or unequal. In Red Sea specimens, many examples of Cyphastrea have calices with thin, raised rims with no costae at all, thus completely removing the main distinguishing criteria. However, specimens from Australia indicate a clearer division there. In Arabian specimens, where corallites are sufficiently plocoid, costae are usually "sub-equal", so the name C. serailia is used. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)
Corallites have costae which do not alternate strongly. There are 12 primary septa. Colour: usually grey, brown or cream. Abundance: very common and occurs in all reef habitats. (Veron, 1986 <57>)
Protruding, cone-shaped corallites, 1-3 mm across, with obvious septa (in multiples of twelve) and costae giving the polyps a star-like quality. Surface colony between polyps is papillate. Forms thick encrustations. Colour: varying in colour from grey to brown or reddish-brown. Habitat: diverse. (Richmond, 1997) [details]

Spelling Spelled C. sairailia in Faure, G. (1977 ), C. serialia in Sheppard (1998 <308>). Type locality: Red Sea (Veron, 1986).
C. serailia is spelled as C. serialis in Macnae&Kalk,1958. [details]
LanguageName 
English lesser knob coral  [details]
Japanese マダラトゲキクメシ [from synonym]フカトゲキクメイシ  [details]