WoRMS source details

Salazar-Vallejo, Sergio I. (2012). Revision of Trophoniella Hartman, 1959 (Polychaeta, Flabelligeridae). Zoosystema. 34(3): 453-519.
164179
10.5252/z2012n3a1 [view]
Salazar-Vallejo, Sergio I.
2012
Revision of <i>Trophoniella</i> Hartman, 1959 (Polychaeta, Flabelligeridae)
Zoosystema
34(3): 453-519
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyD)
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
The identification and classification of flabelligerid polychaetes have been problematic due to three reasons: 1) the anterior end is rarely exposed and it carries the branchiae, whose type and arrangement are diagnostic; 2) there is no standardisation for naming chaetae; and 3) morphological delineations for most genera have been unstable. A redefinition and a revision of the type material of many species originally described in other genera but belonging to Trophoniella Hartman, 1959 are herein presented. Trophoniella together with Piromis Kinberg, 1856 and Pycnoderma Grube, 1877 share a very thick tunic and a projected branchial membrane which resembles a tongue. Their main difference is the type of neurochaetae in median and posterior chaetigers; thus, Trophoniella is redefined and restricted to include only the species with anchylosed hooks, whereas they are multiarticulated in Piromis and oligoarticulated in Pycnoderma; these two latter genera have been revised elsewhere. Therochaetella Hartman, 1967 is being regarded as a junior synonym of Trophoniella. The species of Trophoniella are further separated in two groups by the start of the anchylosed neurohooks (from about the chaetiger 10 or from median or posterior chaetigers). The species within each group can be separated by using the variation in the sediment cover and other attributes of noto- and neurochaetae. The genus as herein redefined contains, besides the type species, T. avicularia Caullery 1944 from Indonesia, 26 species including 11 previously undescribed: T. americana (Monro, 1928) n. comb, from Galapagos and Panama, T. bastidai n. sp. from western Mexico, T. borealis (Hartman, 1965) n. comb, from northeastern South America, T. capitata (Nonato, 1966) n. comb, from Brazil, T. chilensis (Hartman, 1967) n. comb, from Chile, T. ehlersi (Day, 1973) n. comb, from the eastern United States, T. eliasi n. sp. from central Argentina, T. enigmatica n. sp. from the Mediterranean Sea, T. fauveli n. sp. from the Mediterranean Egyptian coast, T. fernandensis (Augener, 1918) reinstated, n. comb, from northwestern Africa, T. fiegei n. sp. from the Persian Gulf, T. grandis (Blanchard in Gay, 1849) n. comb, from central Chile, T. harrisae n. sp. from southern California, T. havaica (Kinberg, 1867) n. comb, from Hawaii, T. hospita (Fauchald, 1972) n. comb, from the Gulf of California, T. incerta (Augener, 1918) n. comb, from West Africa, T. indica (Fauvel, 1928) n. comb. from the Bay of Bengal, T. jareckiorum n. sp. from the Caribbean Sea, T. lindae n. sp. from the Caribbean Sea, T. minuta (Blanchard in Gay, 1849) n. comb. from Chile, T. orensanzi n. sp. from Uruguay, T. reishi n. sp. from the Gulf of California, T. rigida (Caullery, 1944) n. comb. from Indonesia, T. rudis (Grube & Muller in Grube, 1877) n. comb. from southern Brazil, T. salazarae n. sp. from western Mexico, and T. tumbensis (Hartmann-Schroder, 1962) n. comb. from Chile. Members of the species are marine and mainly tropical or subtropical, thriving in shallow bottoms.
Systematics, Taxonomy
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Date
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
created
db_admin
2017-05-06 09:53:32Z
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2018-11-15 21:13:39Z
changed

Brada rigida Caullery, 1944 accepted as Trophoniella rigida (Caullery, 1944) (new combination reference)
Buskiella borealis Hartman, 1965 accepted as Trophoniella borealis (Hartman, 1965) (new combination reference)
Chloraema havaica Kinberg, 1866 accepted as Trophoniella havaica (Kinberg, 1866) (new combination reference)
Pherusa capitata Nonato, 1966 accepted as Trophoniella capitata (Nonato, 1966) (new combination reference)
Pherusa ehlersi Day, 1973 accepted as Trophoniella ehlersi (Day, 1973) (new combination reference)
Piromis americana (Monro, 1928) accepted as Trophoniella americana (Monro, 1928) (source of synonymy)
Pycnoderma fernandense Augener, 1918 accepted as Trophoniella fernandensis (Augener, 1918) (new combination reference)
Semiodera glabra Treadwell, 1928 accepted as Trophoniella americana (Monro, 1928) (additional source)
Siphostoma grande Blanchard in Gay, 1849 accepted as Trophoniella grandis (Blanchard in Gay, 1849) (new combination reference)
Stylarioides rudis Grube, 1877 accepted as Trophoniella rudis (Grube, 1877) (new combination reference)
Therochaetella Hartman, 1967 accepted as Trophoniella Caullery, 1944 (source of synonymy)
Therochaetella chilensis Hartman, 1967 accepted as Trophoniella chilensis (Hartman, 1967) (new combination reference)
Trophoniella Caullery, 1944 (taxonomy source)
Trophoniella americana (Monro, 1928) (new combination reference)
Trophoniella avicularia Caullery, 1944 (redescription)
Trophoniella bastidai Salazar-Vallejo, 2012 (original description)
Trophoniella borealis (Hartman, 1965) (redescription)
Trophoniella eliasi Salazar-Vallejo, 2012 (original description)
Trophoniella enigmatica Salazar-Vallejo, 2012 (original description)
Trophoniella fauveli Salazar-Vallejo, 2012 (original description)
Trophoniella fiegei Salazar-Vallejo, 2012 (original description)
Trophoniella harrisae Salazar-Vallejo, 2012 (original description)
 Editor's comment

No source for the recombination of Brada rigida (now Trophoniella rigida) into Fauveliopsis has yet been located. ... [details]

 Editor's comment

Salazar-Vallejo (2012: 458) discusses the validity of Caullery's 1944 original introduction of the name ... [details]

 Etymology

Salazar-Vallejo (2012) remarks that: "The original epithet spelling, “fernandense”,might have tried to indicate ... [details]

 Etymology

named after Rolando Bastida-Zavala [details]

 Etymology

after Dr Rodolfo Elías, of Argentina [details]

 Etymology

author: "from the Latin word “enigma”, meaning enigma, puzzle, or mystery. It is used as an adjective to ... [details]

 Etymology

named after the late Dr Pierre Fauvel, of France, who had examined the specimen as Stylarioides eruca [details]

 Etymology

After Dr Dieter Fiege, Germany [details]

 Etymology

named after Leslie H. Harris, LACM [details]

 Publication date

According to Salazar-Vallejo (2012: 466) "Trophoniella americana n. comb. is a senior synonym of T. glabra ... [details]

 Synonymy

Quatrefages (1866: 485) described (relatively fully) Lophiocephalus grandis, but evidently from the same two Paris ... [details]

 Type locality

Chacahua Bay, Oaxaca, Mexican Pacific coast, 5.5 km S of Chacahua Lagoon mouth, in 80-100 m depth. [details]

 Type locality

off Siempre, San Salvador, Puerto Madryn, Argentina, in stomach contents of a “gatuzo” or fine-tailed shark, ... [details]

 Type locality

Off Rovinj, Croatia (Herzegovina), Adriatic Sea, in shallow water. [details]

 Type locality

off Alexandria, Egypt, Mediterranean Sea, on mud bottom, 100 m [details]

 Type locality

Jebel Ali, Dubai, Arabian/Persian Gulf, low intertidal [details]

 Type locality

off White Point, California, at 93 metres, geolocation coordinates apparently unknown [details]

 Type material

According to Salazar-Vallejo (2012) "type material of Stylarioides rudis from the ZMB contains specimens of two ... [details]