WoRMS source details

Jirkov, Igor A. (2020). Review of the European Amphitrite (Polychaeta: Terebellidae) with description of two new species. Invertebrate Zoology. 17(4): 311-360.
391933
10.15298/invertzool.17.4.01 [view]
Jirkov, Igor A.
2020
Review of the European Amphitrite (Polychaeta: Terebellidae) with description of two new species
Invertebrate Zoology
17(4): 311-360
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
Taxonomy of six terebellids genera is discussed. It is shown that Amphitritides, Neoamphitrite and Paramphitrite are junior synonyms of Amphitrite; the difference between Amphitrite, Terebella and Eupolymnia is illustrated. The review of a substantial number of specimens of 10 species of Amphitrite known from European waters has allowed for amendments of species descriptions and updates of species distributions. Two new species are described: A. rzhavskyi sp.n. from the Mediterranean Sea and Scotland, UK and A. buzhinskaje sp.n. from the Sea of Japan and the Yellow Sea. A. rzhavskyi sp.n. has three pairs of branchiae with cirriform filaments, 17 thoracic chaetigers, four pairs of nephridia and no eyespots. A. buzhinskaje sp.n. has three pairs of arborescent branchiae, 22–23 thoracic chaetigers and all abdominal neuropodia with a single row of uncini. It is proposed to accept A. antarctica Monro, 1936 as species rather than subspecies of A. affinis. One more species from the Arctic and North Pacific is found but not named due the lack of type materials of A. cirrata, the most similar species. The taxonomic weight of characters used for species definitions within Amphitrite is discussed. It is shown that species range is a good taxonomic character. A comprehensive identification key to all 14 European species of Amphitrite is provided.
Systematics, Taxonomy
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Date
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2020-12-21 22:34:22Z
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2020-12-23 00:34:15Z
changed

Amphitrite Müller, 1771 (identification resource)
Amphitrite affinis Malmgren, 1866 represented as Neoamphitrite affinis (Malmgren, 1866) (status source)
Amphitrite birulai Ssolowiew, 1899 (status source)
Amphitrite buzhinskaje Jirkov, 2020 (original description)
Amphitrite cirrata Müller, 1776 (taxonomy source)
Amphitrite edwardsii (Quatrefages, 1866) represented as Neoamphitrite edwardsii (Quatrefages, 1866) (status source)
Amphitrite gracilis (Grube, 1860) represented as Amphitritides gracilis (Grube, 1860) (taxonomy source)
Amphitrite grayi Malmgren, 1866 represented as Neoamphitrite grayi (Malmgren, 1866) (status source)
Amphitrite groenlandica Malmgren, 1866 represented as Neoamphitrite groenlandica (Malmgren, 1866) (status source)
Amphitrite lobocephala Hsieh, 1994 (status source)
Amphitrite luna Dalyell, 1853 (status source)
Amphitrite meckelii Delle Chiaje, 1828 (status source)
Amphitrite olfersii Delle Chiaje, 1828 (status source)
Amphitrite ramosa Risso, 1826 (status source)
Amphitrite rubra (Risso, 1826) (status source)
Amphitrite rzhavskyi Jirkov, 2020 (original description)
Amphitrite variabilis (Risso, 1826) (taxonomy source)
Amphitritides Augener, 1922 (status source)
Amphitritides gracilis (Grube, 1860) (status source)
Neoamphitrite Hessle, 1917 (status source)
Neoamphitrite undevigintipes Choi, Kim & Yoon, 2020 (additional source)
Paramphitrite Holthe, 1976 accepted as Amphitrite Müller, 1771 (status source)
Terebella laevirostris Claparède, 1869 accepted as Amphitritides gracilis (Grube, 1860) (status source)
Holotype KGB DGEH MGU-Pol-32, geounit Sea of Japan/East Sea, identified as Amphitrite buzhinskaje Jirkov, 2020
Holotype MNCN 16.01/17775, geounit Morocco, identified as Amphitrite rzhavskyi Jirkov, 2020
 Distribution

Author: "upper sublittoral from northern Scotland to the Mediterranean" [details]

 Etymology

Named after polychaetologist Dr. Galina Nikolaevna Buzhinskaja [details]

 Etymology

Named after the late Dr. Alexandr Rzhavsky, polychaetologist taxonomist, especially for Spirorbinae, and former ... [details]

 Status

Jirkov (2020: 315, 332, 347) places Terebella gracilis Grube as an Amphitrite, thus rendering Amphitritides as a ... [details]

 Status

Alternate representation as Amphitrite grayi as the combination in Neoamphitrite is not recognized as valid by ... [details]

 Status

Jirkov (2020: 348) suggests Amphitrite lobocephala is Lanice-like and should be transferred to Axionice, the genus ... [details]

 Status

Jirkov (2020: 338) records Mediterranean specimens, and accepts Amphitrite rubra as an Amphitrite, and comments on ... [details]

 Status

Nogueira & Hutchings (2007: 3) state that "Amphitritides is close to Neoleprea Hessle, 1917 and Tyira Hutchings, ... [details]

 Status

Arvanitidis & Koukouras (1995) according to "generic definitions given by Holthe ..." suggest the transfer of ... [details]

 Status

Recognized as Neoamphitrite edwardsii (using 'edwardsi' spelling) by Choi et al (2020), but not by Jirkov (2020), ... [details]

 Status

Moved to Amphitrite in the past, but the original description makes it dubiously a member of the that genus ... [details]

 Synonymy

Jirkov (2020: 340) confirms that the synonyms of A. rubra likely include Terebella multisetosa Grube, 1838, ... [details]

 Synonymy

The usage of some authors (eg Hutchings & Glasby 1988; Jirkov, 2001, Jirkov, 2020) is that Neoamphitrite Hessle, 1917, ... [details]

 Synonymy

May be a junior synonym of Paramphitrite birulai (Ssolowiew, 1899) according to Jirkov (2001: 519). Subsequently ... [details]

 Type locality

Posyet Bay, Sea of Japan, 42.6, 131.15° (42°36′N 131°09′E), 2 m [details]

 Type locality

Uncertain type locality, but possibly Iceland. Amphitrite cirrata is based on earlier names, rather than being a ... [details]

 Type locality

Coast near Melilla, Morocco, Mediterranean coast, 35.1831, -2.4286 (printed in Jirkov as 35° 10' 59" N, 2° 25' ... [details]

 Type species

The designation of type species is confused. Amphitrite cirrata is regarded as the type species, but strictly it ... [details]