WoRMS taxon details

Turritopsis nutricula McCrady, 1857

117440  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:117440)

accepted
Species
marine
McCrady, J., 1857. Description of Oceania (Turritopsis) nutricula nov. spec. and the embryological history of a singular medusan larva, found in the cavity of its bell. Proc. Elliott Soc. nat. Hist. 1 : 55-90., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/42536539
page(s): 55 [details]   
Note Atlantic Ocean, USA, Charleston Harbor  
From editor or global species database
Type locality Atlantic Ocean, USA, Charleston Harbor [details]
Distribution Turritopsis nutricula is likely not present along the European coasts; all well documented cases belong either to T....  
Distribution Turritopsis nutricula is likely not present along the European coasts; all well documented cases belong either to T. polycirrha (Keferstein, 1862) or to T. dohrnii (see Schuchert, 2004).
The distribution of T. plycirrha is North-East Atlantic, T. nutricula is confined to the tropical to temperate Western Atlantic [details]
Schuchert, P. (2019). World Hydrozoa Database. Turritopsis nutricula McCrady, 1857. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=117440 on 2019-12-14
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created

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original description McCrady, J., 1857. Description of Oceania (Turritopsis) nutricula nov. spec. and the embryological history of a singular medusan larva, found in the cavity of its bell. Proc. Elliott Soc. nat. Hist. 1 : 55-90., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/42536539
page(s): 55 [details]   

original description  (of Modeeria multitentaculata Fewkes, 1881) Fewkes J.W. (1881a). Report on the Acalephae. In: Reports on the results of dredging, under the supervision of Alexander Agassiz, in the Caribbean Sea, in 1878, 1879, and along the Atlantic coast of the United States, during the summer of 1880, by the U.S. Coast Survey Steamer Blake. <em>Bulletin of the Museum of comparative Zoölogy of Harvard College.</em> 8: 127-140, pls 1-4., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/28870347
page(s): 149. pl. 3 figs 7-9 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record van der Land, J.; Vervoort, W.; Cairns, S.D.; Schuchert, P. (2001). Hydrozoa, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 112-120 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Pollock, L.W. (1998). A practical guide to the marine animals of northeastern North America. Rutgers University Press. New Brunswick, New Jersey & London. 367 pp., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=i1AmT31cuR4C  [details]   

additional source Navas-Pereira, D. & Vannucci, M. (1991). The Hydromedusae and water masses of the Indian Ocean. <em>Bolm Inst. Oceanogr.</em> 39(1): 25-60. [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. <em>Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France.</em> 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Bouillon, J.; Boero, F. (2000). Synopsis of the families and genera of the Hydromedusae of the world, with a list of the worldwide species. <i>Thalassia Salent. 24</i>: 47-296 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brooks W.K. (1886a). The life history of the Hydromedusae. A discussion of the origin of the medusae and the significance of metagenesis. <em>Memoirs of the Boston Society of Natural History.</em> 111: 359-430, plates 27-44., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/7751377
page(s): 388, pl. 37; note: hydroid [details]   

additional source Schuchert, P. (2004). Revision of the European athecate hydroids and their medusae (Hydrozoa, Cnidaria): families Oceanidae and Pachycordylidae. <em>Revue Suisse de Zoologie.</em> 111 2: 315-369., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41187667 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Calder, D. R. and S. D. Cairns. 2009. Hydroids (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 381–394 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]   

additional source Segura-Puertas, L., L. Celis, and L. Chiaverano. 2009. Medusozoans (Cnidaria: Cubozoa, Scyphozoa, and Hydrozoa) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 369–379 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Pre [details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription Brooks, W. K.; Rittenhouse, S. (1907). On Turritopsis nutricula (McCrady). <em>Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History.</em> 429-460, pls 30-35., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/1789318
page(s): 429, pls 30-35 [details]   

misapplication Russell, F.S., 1953. The medusae of the British Isles. Anthomedusae, Leptomedusae, Limnomedusae, Trachymedusae and Narcomedusae. : 1-530, pls. 1-35.
page(s): 115, figs 54A-C, 55, 56, pl. 5 figs 1-5, pl. 29; note: = Turritopsis polycirrha (Keferstein, 1862)  [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

misapplication Piraino, S., F. Boero, B. Aeschbach & V. Schmid, 1996. Reversing the life cycle: medusae trasforming into polyps and cell transdifferentiation in Turritopsis nutricula (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa). Biol. Bull. 190 3: 302-312.
page(s): 304, figs 4-5; note: = Turritopsis dohrnii Weismann, 1883  [details]  OpenAccess publication 

misapplication Schuchert, P., 1996. The marine fauna of New Zealand: Athecate hydroids and their medusae (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa). New Zeal. Oceanog. Inst. Mem. 106 : 1-159.
page(s): 16, fig. 5a-e; note: = Turritopsis rubra (Farquhar, 1895)  [details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Distribution Turritopsis nutricula is likely not present along the European coasts; all well documented cases belong either to T. polycirrha (Keferstein, 1862) or to T. dohrnii (see Schuchert, 2004).
The distribution of T. plycirrha is North-East Atlantic, T. nutricula is confined to the tropical to temperate Western Atlantic [details]

Importance Turritopsis nutricula is often cited as the immortal jellfish. However, the species used in these studies was not T. nuticula, but the Mediterranean T. dohrnii. [details]

Type locality Atlantic Ocean, USA, Charleston Harbor [details]
 

LanguageName 
Japanese ベニクラゲ  [details]