WoRMS name details

Scolelepis squamata (Müller, 1806)

131177  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131177)

alternate representation
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(of Lumbricus squamatus Müller, 1806) Müller, O. F. (1806). Zoologia Danica seu animalium Daniae et Norvegiae rariorum ac minus notorum descriptiones et historia. <em>Havniae [Copenhague], N. Christensen.</em> Volumen quartum: [1-5], 1-46, pls. 121-160., available online at http://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/dms/load/img/?PPN=PPN614794528 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Distribution Western Atlantic: New Enlgand to Florida  
Distribution Western Atlantic: New Enlgand to Florida [details]

Distribution S. squamata is mainly found in the off shore part of the Southern Bight and north of the Wadden islands, and occasionally...  
Distribution S. squamata is mainly found in the off shore part of the Southern Bight and north of the Wadden islands, and occasionally at the Dogger Bank. lt is absent from the Oyster Ground. S. squamata furthermore occurs in the western and eastern Wadden Sea as well as in the Delta area, viz. in the eastern part of the Westerschelde. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2019). World Polychaeta database. Scolelepis squamata (Müller, 1806). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131177 on 2019-09-22
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Lumbricus squamatus Müller, 1806) Müller, O. F. (1806). Zoologia Danica seu animalium Daniae et Norvegiae rariorum ac minus notorum descriptiones et historia. <em>Havniae [Copenhague], N. Christensen.</em> Volumen quartum: [1-5], 1-46, pls. 121-160., available online at http://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/dms/load/img/?PPN=PPN614794528 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

context source (HKRMS) Lam WY. (2007). Response of marine macrobenthic communities upon recovery from organic pollution. Mphil thesis. City University of Hong Kong. [details]   

basis of record Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Sedentaria] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 2. Sedentaria. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. 459–842., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. <em>Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France.</em> 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Day, J.H. (1967). A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. British Museum (Natural History). London. vol 1 & vol 2, 1-878., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

additional source Hartmann-Schröder, G. (1996). Annelida, Borstenwürmer, Polychaeta [Annelida, bristleworms, Polychaeta]. <em>2nd revised ed. The fauna of Germany and adjacent seas with their characteristics and ecology, 58. Gustav Fischer: Jena, Germany. ISBN 3-437-35038-2.</em> 648 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. <em>Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper.</em> 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Pettibone, Marian H. (1963). Revision of some genera of polychaete worms of the family Spionidae, including the description of a new species of <i>Scolelepis</i>. <em>Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington.</em> 76: 89-104., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34604970 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Uebelacker, Joan M.; Johnson, Paul G. (eds). (1984). Taxonomic guide to the polychaetes of the Northern Gulf of Mexico. Final report to the Minerals Management Service, contract 14-12-001-29091. Volumes 1-7, Barry M. Vittor & Associates. Mobile, Alabama., available online at https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/002201750 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Fauchald, K.; Granados-Barba, A.; Solís-Weiss, V. (2009). Polychaeta (Annelida) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 751–788 in D.L. Felder and D.K. Camp (eds.). <em>Gulf of Mexico. Origin, Waters, and Biota. Volume 1, Biodiversity.</em> Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas., available online at http://goo.gl/auMxy9 [details]   

source of synonymy Foster, Nancy Marie. (1971). Spionidae (Polychaeta) of the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. <em>Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean Islands.</em> 36(129): 1-183., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/506046 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From other sources
Biology The larvae of this species have been recorded from March to July, with highest numbers in May-July. Fertilization is external and the larva is free-swimming for approximately five weeks before it settles. Although spionids generally are considered deposit feeders, S. squamata almost exclusively acts as a suspension feeder, using its long palps to catch floating particles. The species is a common food item for demersal fish and is also eaten by birds. lt lives at depths of about 40 cm in the sediment inside vertical, loosely constructed burrows lined with mucus. It has also been observed free-living, swimming in spirals (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973; Fauchald & Jumars, 1979; Dauer, 1983; Fish & Fish, 1989; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]

Distribution Western Atlantic: New Enlgand to Florida [details]

Distribution S. squamata is mainly found in the off shore part of the Southern Bight and north of the Wadden islands, and occasionally at the Dogger Bank. lt is absent from the Oyster Ground. S. squamata furthermore occurs in the western and eastern Wadden Sea as well as in the Delta area, viz. in the eastern part of the Westerschelde. [details]

Habitat The species lives in fine to medium sand and sometimes in slightly muddy sand. lt shows a very strong preference for well sorted sediments (Wolff, 1973). [details]

Morphology This species closely resembles S. bonnieri, but differs from that species by the median antennae, which forms a low ridge without a free tip, and the gills, which are free of the upper parapodial lobes in the hind region of the body. The maximum length is 50 mm with around 200 segments. It is bluish green in colour and the gills are red (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Fish & Fish, 1989; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]

Spelling In Müller (2004) as Scololepis squamata [details]
 

LanguageName 
Dutch gemshoornworm  [details]