WoRMS taxon details

Candelabridae Stechow, 1921

1595  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:1595)

accepted
Family
Genus Candelabrum de Blainville, 1830
  » Species Candelabrum australe (Briggs, 1928)
  » Species Candelabrum austrogeorgiae (Jäderholm, 1904)
  » Species Candelabrum capensis (Manton, 1940)
  » Species Candelabrum cocksii (Cocks, 1854)
  » Species Candelabrum fritchmanii Hewitt & Goddard, 2001
  » Species Candelabrum giganteum (Bonnevie, 1898)
  » Species Candelabrum harrisoni (Briggs, 1928)
  » Species Candelabrum meridianum (Briggs, 1939)
  » Species Candelabrum penola (Manton, 1940)
  » Species Candelabrum phrygium (Fabricius, 1780)
  » Species Candelabrum serpentarii Segonzac & Vervoort, 1995
  » Species Candelabrum tentaculatum (Millard, 1966)
  » Species Candelabrum valdiviensis Galea & Schories, 2014
  » Species Candelabrum verrucosum (Bonnevie, 1898)
  » Species Candelabrum austro-georgiae Jäderholm, 1904 accepted as Candelabrum austrogeorgiae (Jäderholm, 1904) (unaccepted spelling according to ICZN)
  » Species Candelabrum cocksi (Cocks, 1854) accepted as Candelabrum cocksii (Cocks, 1854) (incorrect spelling)
  » Species Candelabrum minutum (Bonnevie, 1898) accepted as Candelabrum phrygium (Fabricius, 1780) (synonym)
  » Species Candelabrum mitra (Bonnevie, 1898) accepted as Candelabrum phrygium (Fabricius, 1780) (possible synonym)
Genus Fabulosus Stepanjants, Sheiko & Napara, 1990
Genus Monocoryne Broch, 1910

Genus Acandela Stechow, 1920 accepted as Candelabrum de Blainville, 1830 (synonym)
Genus Arum Vigurs, 1850 accepted as Candelabrum de Blainville, 1830 (synonym)
  » Species Arum cocksii Cocks, 1854 accepted as Candelabrum cocksii (Cocks, 1854) (basionym)
  » Species Arum cocksii Vigurs, 1850 accepted as Candelabrum cocksii (Cocks, 1854) (nomen nudum)
Genus Myriothela Sars, 1850 accepted as Candelabrum de Blainville, 1830 (synonym)
  » Species Myriothela arctica M. Sars, 1850 accepted as Candelabrum phrygium (Fabricius, 1780) (synonym)
  » Species Myriothela austro-georgiae Jäderholm, 1904 accepted as Candelabrum austrogeorgiae (Jäderholm, 1904) (basionym)
  » Species Myriothela capensis Manton, 1940 accepted as Candelabrum capensis (Manton, 1940) (basionym)
  » Species Myriothela gigantea Bonnevie, 1898 accepted as Candelabrum giganteum (Bonnevie, 1898) (basionym)
  » Species Myriothela harrisoni Briggs, 1928 accepted as Candelabrum harrisoni (Briggs, 1928) (basionym)
  » Species Myriothela meridiana Briggs, 1939 accepted as Candelabrum meridianum (Briggs, 1939)
  » Species Myriothela minuta Bonnevie, 1898 accepted as Candelabrum phrygium (Fabricius, 1780) (possible synonym)
  » Species Myriothela mitra Bonnevie, 1898 accepted as Candelabrum phrygium (Fabricius, 1780) (possible synonym)
  » Species Myriothela penola Manton, 1940 accepted as Candelabrum penola (Manton, 1940)
  » Species Myriothela phrygia (Fabricius, 1780) accepted as Candelabrum phrygium (Fabricius, 1780) (synonym)
  » Species Myriothela tentaculata Millard, 1966 accepted as Candelabrum tentaculatum (Millard, 1966)
  » Species Myriothela verrucosa Bonnevie, 1898 accepted as Candelabrum verrucosum (Bonnevie, 1898)
Genus Spadix Gosse, 1853 accepted as Candelabrum de Blainville, 1830 (synonym)
  » Species Spadix purpurea Gosse, 1853 accepted as Candelabrum cocksii (Cocks, 1854) (senior synonym but name not in usage after 1899, thus invalid )
Genus Symplectanea Fraser, 1943 accepted as Monocoryne Broch, 1910 (synonym)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Stechow, E. 1921d. Neue Genera und Species von Hydrozoen und anderen Evertebraten. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 87: 248-265., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/45494398
page(s): 248 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Status Stechow (1921: 248) pointed out that the genus Candelabrum de Blainville, 1830 has priority over Myriothela Sars, 1850....  
Status Stechow (1921: 248) pointed out that the genus Candelabrum de Blainville, 1830 has priority over Myriothela Sars, 1850. Consequently, he then also changed the family name from Myriothelidae Hincks, 1868 to Candelabridae Stechow, 1921. According to the ICZN [4th ed. 1999, 40.2] such a name change is valid if it was made before 1961 and if the new name has been widely used. The name Candelabridae
has only recently come into usage (e. g. Bouillon, 1985; Schuchert, 1996; Hewitt & Goddard, 2001; Schuchert, 1996, 2006, 2012), while other used Myriothelidae (e. g. Calder, 1972; Millard, 1975; Petersen, 1990). I therefore suggest that for the sake of nomenclatural stability,
Candelabridae should be used. This name matches the genus name and it is also used in several large electronic databases. If in future Candelabridae should not become the prevailing name, then a ruling of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature must be requested. [details]
Schuchert, P. (2020). World Hydrozoa Database. Candelabridae Stechow, 1921. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=1595 on 2020-08-08
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
db_admin
2008-09-17 06:18:55Z
changed
2010-11-05 10:17:43Z
checked
2013-02-22 16:26:12Z
changed

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original description Stechow, E. 1921d. Neue Genera und Species von Hydrozoen und anderen Evertebraten. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 87: 248-265., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/45494398
page(s): 248 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Myriothelidae Hincks, 1868) Hincks, Th., 1868. A history of the British hydroid zoophytes.London, John van Voorst. Volume 1 : i-lxviii + 1-338, volume 2: pls 1-67., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/46798707
page(s): 75 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Symplectaneidae Fraser, 1943) Fraser, C. M. (1943). New species of hydroids, mostly from the Atlantic Ocean, in the United States National Museum. <em>Proceedings of the United States National Museum.</em> 91: 77-89, pls. 13-17., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/32533#103
page(s): 78 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Candelabrinae Stechow, 1921) Stechow, E. 1921d. Neue Genera und Species von Hydrozoen und anderen Evertebraten. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 87: 248-265., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/45494398
page(s): 548 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Howson, C.M.; Picton, B.E. (1997). The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. <em>Ulster Museum Publication, 276. The Ulster Museum: Belfast, UK. ISBN 0-948150-06-8.</em> vi, 508 (+ cd-rom) pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

status source Schuchert, P. (2006). The European athecate hydroids and their medusae (Hydrozoa, Cnidaria): Capitata Part 1. <em>Revue suisse de Zoologie.</em> 113: 325-410., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41227513 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

status source Nawrocki, A. M., Schuchert, P., & Cartwright, P. 2010. Phylogenetics and evolution of Capitata (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa), and the systematics of Corynidae. Zoologica Scripta 39(3): 290-304. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Diagnosis Hydroid solitary or forming pseudo-colonies. Hydrocaulus short, with tubular or root-like adhesive processes, with or without perisarc. Hydranth large and elongated, covered in distal half by numerous scattered, hollow capitate tentacles, tentacles solitary or grouped adnate basally; gonophores fixed, developing on aboral part of hydranth below tentacle covered region, either directly on hydranth or on spindle-shaped blastostyles. Gonophores fixed sporosacs. [details]

Status Stechow (1921: 248) pointed out that the genus Candelabrum de Blainville, 1830 has priority over Myriothela Sars, 1850. Consequently, he then also changed the family name from Myriothelidae Hincks, 1868 to Candelabridae Stechow, 1921. According to the ICZN [4th ed. 1999, 40.2] such a name change is valid if it was made before 1961 and if the new name has been widely used. The name Candelabridae
has only recently come into usage (e. g. Bouillon, 1985; Schuchert, 1996; Hewitt & Goddard, 2001; Schuchert, 1996, 2006, 2012), while other used Myriothelidae (e. g. Calder, 1972; Millard, 1975; Petersen, 1990). I therefore suggest that for the sake of nomenclatural stability,
Candelabridae should be used. This name matches the genus name and it is also used in several large electronic databases. If in future Candelabridae should not become the prevailing name, then a ruling of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature must be requested. [details]