WoRMS taxon details

Fungiidae Dana, 1846

196100  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:196100)

accepted
Family
Fungia Lamarck, 1801 (type by original designation)
Genus Cantharellus Hoeksema & Best, 1984
Genus Ctenactis Verrill, 1864
Genus Cycloseris Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849
  » Species Cycloseris boschmai Hoeksema, 2014
  » Species Cycloseris costulata (Ortmann, 1889)
  » Species Cycloseris curvata (Hoeksema, 1989)
  » Species Cycloseris cyclolites (Lamarck, 1815)
  » Species Cycloseris distorta (Michelin, 1842)
  » Species Cycloseris explanulata (van der Horst, 1922)
  » Species Cycloseris fragilis (Alcock, 1893)
  » Species Cycloseris mokai (Hoeksema, 1989)
  » Species Cycloseris sinensis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851
  » Species Cycloseris somervillei (Gardiner, 1909)
  » Species Cycloseris tenuis (Dana, 1846)
  » Species Cycloseris vaughani (Boschma, 1923)
  » Species Cycloseris wellsi (Veron & Pichon, 1980)
  » Species Cycloseris densicolumellus Latypov, 2011 (nomen nudum)
  » Species Cycloseris colini Veron, 2000 accepted as Lithophyllon spinifer (Claereboudt & Hoeksema, 1987) (junior synonym)
  » Species Cycloseris discus Quelch, 1886 accepted as Cycloseris sinensis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 (synonym ?)
  » Species Cycloseris doederleini (von Marenzeller, 1907) accepted as Cantharellus doederleini (von Marenzeller, 1907) (previous combination)
  » Species Cycloseris elegans (Verrill, 1870) accepted as Cycloseris curvata (Hoeksema, 1989) (homonym)
  » Species Cycloseris erosa (Döderlein, 1901) accepted as Cycloseris tenuis (Dana, 1846) (synonym)
  » Species Cycloseris hexagonalis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) accepted as Sinuorota hexagonalis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) (previous combination)
  » Species Cycloseris marginata (Boschma, 1923) accepted as Cycloseris costulata (Ortmann, 1889) (synonym)
  » Species Cycloseris mexicana Durham, 1947 accepted as Cycloseris distorta (Michelin, 1842) (synonym)
  » Species Cycloseris mycoides Alcock, 1893 accepted as Cycloseris sinensis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 (synonym)
  » Species Cycloseris patelliformis (Boschma, 1923) accepted as Cycloseris fragilis (Alcock, 1893) (synonym)
  » Species Cycloseris similis Nemenzo, 1976 accepted as Heliofungia fralinae (Nemenzo, 1955) (junior synonym)
  » Species Cycloseris sinuosa Nemenzo, 1983 accepted as Lithophyllon concinna (Verrill, 1864) (Synonymy, changed spelling)
  » Species Cycloseris sinuousa Nemenzo, 1983 accepted as Lithophyllon concinna (Verrill, 1864) (junior synonym)
Genus Danafungia Wells, 1966
Genus Fungia Lamarck, 1801
  » Species Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758)
    » Forma Fungia fungites f. obliqua Thiel, 1932 accepted as Fungia (Fungia) fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonymy)
    » Variety Fungia fungites var. agariciformis Lamarck, 1801 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (Synonymy)
    » Variety Fungia fungites var. columnifera Döderlein, 1902 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
    » Variety Fungia fungites var. confertifolia Dana, 1846 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (Synonymy)
    » Variety Fungia fungites var. crassilamellata Milne Edwards, 1860 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (Synonymy, changed combination)
    » Variety Fungia fungites var. dentata Dana, 1846 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (Synonymy)
    » Variety Fungia fungites var. discus Dana, 1846 accepted as Lithophyllon repanda (Dana, 1846) (Synonymy)
    » Variety Fungia fungites var. grandis Döderlein, 1902 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
    » Variety Fungia fungites var. haimei Verrill, 1864 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (Synonymy)
    » Variety Fungia fungites var. incisa Döderlein, 1902 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
    » Variety Fungia fungites var. indica Döderlein, 1902 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
    » Variety Fungia fungites var. insularis Nemenzo, 1955 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
    » Variety Fungia fungites var. lucapensis Nemenzo, 1955 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
    » Variety Fungia fungites var. papillosa Verrill, 1866 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (Synonymy)
    » Variety Fungia fungites var. plicata Döderlein, 1902 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
    » Variety Fungia fungites var. stylifera Döderlein, 1902 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
  » Species Fungia puishani Veron & DeVantier, 2000 (taxon inquirendum)
  » Species Fungia eilatensis T. F. Goreau, N. I. Goreau, Soot-Ryen & Yonge, 1969 accepted as Fungiacava eilatensis T. F. Goreau, N. I. Goreau, Neumann & Yonge, 1968 (nomen nudum, wrong spelling)
  » Subgenus Fungia (Ctenactis) Verrill, 1864 accepted as Ctenactis Verrill, 1864
  » Subgenus Fungia (Cycloseris) Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 accepted as Cycloseris Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 (synonym)
    » Species Fungia (Cycloseris) costulata Ortmann, 1889 accepted as Cycloseris costulata (Ortmann, 1889) (previous combination)
    » Species Fungia (Cycloseris) curvata Hoeksema, 1989 accepted as Cycloseris curvata (Hoeksema, 1989) (original combination, basionym)
    » Species Fungia (Cycloseris) cyclolites Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Cycloseris cyclolites (Lamarck, 1815) (previous combination)
    » Species Fungia (Cycloseris) distorta Michelin, 1842 accepted as Cycloseris distorta (Michelin, 1842) (previous combination)
    » Species Fungia (Cycloseris) fragilis (Alcock, 1893) accepted as Cycloseris fragilis (Alcock, 1893) (previous combination)
    » Species Fungia (Cycloseris) hexagonalis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Sinuorota hexagonalis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) (previous combination)
    » Species Fungia (Cycloseris) patella Ellis & Solander, 1786 accepted as Cycloseris fragilis (Alcock, 1893) (misidentification by Gerth (1921))
    » Species Fungia (Cycloseris) sinensis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851) accepted as Cycloseris sinensis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 (previous combination)
    » Species Fungia (Cycloseris) somervillei Gardiner, 1909 accepted as Cycloseris somervillei (Gardiner, 1909) (previous combination)
    » Species Fungia (Cycloseris) tenuis Dana, 1846 accepted as Cycloseris tenuis (Dana, 1846) (previous combination)
    » Species Fungia (Cycloseris) vaughani Boschma, 1923 accepted as Cycloseris vaughani (Boschma, 1923) (previous combination)
  » Subgenus Fungia (Danafungia) Wells, 1966 accepted as Danafungia Wells, 1966
    » Species Fungia (Danafungia) corona Döderlein, 1901 accepted as Danafungia scruposa (Klunzinger, 1879) (Synonymy, changed combination)
    » Species Fungia (Danafungia) danai Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 accepted as Danafungia horrida (Dana, 1846) (Synonymy, changed combination)
    » Species Fungia (Danafungia) fralinae Nemenzo, 1955 accepted as Heliofungia fralinae (Nemenzo, 1955) (previous combination)
    » Species Fungia (Danafungia) horrida Dana, 1846 accepted as Danafungia horrida (Dana, 1846) (previous combination)
    » Species Fungia (Danafungia) klunzingeri Döderlein, 1901 accepted as Danafungia horrida (Dana, 1846) (Synonymy, changed combination)
    » Species Fungia (Danafungia) scabra Döderlein, 1901 accepted as Lithophyllon scabra (Döderlein, 1901) (changed combination)
    » Species Fungia (Danafungia) scruposa Klunzinger, 1879 accepted as Danafungia scruposa (Klunzinger, 1879) (previous combination)
    » Species Fungia (Danafungia) valida Verrill, 1864 accepted as Danafungia horrida (Dana, 1846) (Synonymy, changed combination)
  » Subgenus Fungia (Fungia) Lamarck, 1801 accepted as Fungia Lamarck, 1801
    » Species Fungia (Fungia) fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (previous combination)
  » Subgenus Fungia (Heliofungia) Wells, 1966 accepted as Heliofungia Wells, 1966
  » Subgenus Fungia (Lobactis) Verrill, 1864 accepted as Lobactis Verrill, 1864
    » Species Fungia (Lobactis) scutaria Lamarck, 1801 accepted as Lobactis scutaria (Lamarck, 1801) (previous combination)
  » Subgenus Fungia (Pleuractis) Verrill, 1864 accepted as Pleuractis Verrill, 1864
    » Species Fungia (Pleuractis) gravis Nemenzo, 1955 accepted as Pleuractis gravis (Nemenzo, 1955) (previous combination)
    » Species Fungia (Pleuractis) moluccensis Van der Horst, 1919 accepted as Pleuractis moluccensis (Van der Horst, 1919) (previous combination)
    » Species Fungia (Pleuractis) paumotensis Stutchbury, 1833 accepted as Pleuractis paumotensis (Stutchbury, 1833) (previous combination)
    » Species Fungia (Pleuractis) scutaria Lamarck, 1801 accepted as Lobactis scutaria (Lamarck, 1801) (changed combination)
    » Species Fungia (Pleuractis) seychellensis Hoeksema, 1993 accepted as Pleuractis seychellensis (Hoeksema, 1993) (previous combination)
    » Species Fungia (Pleuractis) taiwanensis Hoeksema & Dai, 1991 accepted as Pleuractis taiwanensis (Hoeksema & Dai, 1991) (previous combination)
  » Subgenus Fungia (Verrillofungia) Wells, 1966 accepted as Lithophyllon Rehberg, 1892 (junior synonym)
    » Species Fungia (Verrillofungia) concinna Verrill, 1864 accepted as Lithophyllon concinna (Verrill, 1864) (previous combination)
    » Species Fungia (Verrillofungia) granulosa Klunzinger, 1879 accepted as Pleuractis granulosa (Klunzinger, 1879) (changed combination)
    » Species Fungia (Verrillofungia) repanda Dana, 1846 accepted as Lithophyllon repanda (Dana, 1846) (previous combination)
    » Species Fungia (Verrillofungia) scabra Döderlein, 1901 accepted as Lithophyllon scabra (Döderlein, 1901) (previous combination)
    » Species Fungia (Verrillofungia) spinifer Claereboudt & Hoeksema, 1987 accepted as Lithophyllon spinifer (Claereboudt & Hoeksema, 1987) (previous combination)
    » Species Fungia (Verrillofungia) spinifera Claereboudt & Hoeksema, 1987 accepted as Lithophyllon spinifer (Claereboudt & Hoeksema, 1987) (changed combination, wrong spelling)
  » Subgenus Fungia (Wellsofungia) Hoeksema, 1989 accepted as Pleuractis Verrill, 1864 (junior synonym)
  » Species Fungia actiniformis Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 accepted as Heliofungia actiniformis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (original combination, basionym)
  » Species Fungia acutidens Studer, 1878 accepted as Danafungia horrida (Dana, 1846) (junior synonym)
  » Species Fungia adrianae Van Der Horst, 1921 accepted as Cycloseris cyclolites (Lamarck, 1815) (synonym)
  » Species Fungia agariciformis Lamarck, 1801 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
  » Species Fungia alta Nemenzo, 1983 accepted as Pleuractis alta (Nemenzo, 1983) (original combination, basionym)
  » Species Fungia asperata Dana, 1846 accepted as Ctenactis echinata (Pallas, 1766) (synonym)
  » Species Fungia brachystoma Thiel, 1932 accepted as Ctenactis crassa (Dana, 1846) (synonym)
  » Species Fungia carcharias Studer, 1878 accepted as Pleuractis paumotensis (Stutchbury, 1833) (junior synonym)
  » Species Fungia colini (Veron, 2000) accepted as Lithophyllon spinifer (Claereboudt & Hoeksema, 1987) (junior synonym)
  » Species Fungia concinna Verrill, 1864 accepted as Lithophyllon concinna (Verrill, 1864) (original combination, basionym)
  » Species Fungia confertifolia Dana, 1846 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
  » Species Fungia cooperi Gardiner, 1909 accepted as Cycloseris tenuis (Dana, 1846) (synonym)
  » Species Fungia corona Döderlein, 1901 accepted as Danafungia scruposa (Klunzinger, 1879) (junior synonym)
  » Species Fungia costulata Ortmann, 1889 accepted as Cycloseris costulata (Ortmann, 1889) (original combination, basionym)
  » Species Fungia crassa Dana, 1846 accepted as Ctenactis crassa (Dana, 1846) (original combination, basionym)
  » Species Fungia crassilamellata Milne Edwards, 1860 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym, changed spelling)
  » Species Fungia crassitentaculata Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 accepted as Heliofungia actiniformis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (junior synonym)
  » Species Fungia crassolamellata Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
  » Species Fungia curvata Hoeksema, 1989 accepted as Cycloseris curvata (Hoeksema, 1989) (original combination, basionym)
  » Species Fungia cyclolites Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Cycloseris cyclolites (Lamarck, 1815) (original combination, basionym)
  » Species Fungia danae Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 accepted as Danafungia horrida (Dana, 1846) (junior synonym)
  » Species Fungia danai Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 accepted as Danafungia horrida (Dana, 1846) (junior synonym, changed spelling)
  » Species Fungia dentata Dana, 1846 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
  » Species Fungia dentigera Leuckart, 1841 accepted as Lobactis scutaria (Lamarck, 1801) (junior synonym)
  » Species Fungia discus Dana, 1846 accepted as Lithophyllon repanda (Dana, 1846) (junior synonym)
  » Species Fungia distorta Michelin, 1842 accepted as Cycloseris distorta (Michelin, 1842) (original combination, basionym)
  » Species Fungia diversidens Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 accepted as Heliofungia actiniformis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (junior synonym)
  » Species Fungia döderleini von Marenzeller, 1907 accepted as Cantharellus doederleini (von Marenzeller, 1907) (amended spelling, new combination)
  » Species Fungia doederleini Yabe & Sugiyama, 1941 accepted as Cycloseris costulata (Ortmann, 1889) (homonym of Fungia doederleini Marenzeller, 1907, junior synonym)
  » Species Fungia doederleini von Marenzeller, 1907 accepted as Cantharellus doederleini (von Marenzeller, 1907) (original combination, basionym)
  » Species Fungia echinata (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Ctenactis echinata (Pallas, 1766) (previous combination)
  » Species Fungia ehrenbergi (Leuckart, 1841) accepted as Ctenactis echinata (Pallas, 1766) (Synonymy)
  » Species Fungia elegans Verrill, 1870 accepted as Cycloseris curvata (Hoeksema, 1989) (homonym of Fungia elegans Bronn, 1837)
  » Species Fungia erosa Döderlein, 1901 accepted as Cycloseris tenuis (Dana, 1846) (synonym)
  » Species Fungia fieldi Gardiner, 1909 accepted as Danafungia scruposa (Klunzinger, 1879) (junior synonym)
  » Species Fungia fragilis (Alcock, 1893) accepted as Cycloseris fragilis (Alcock, 1893) (previous combination)
  » Species Fungia fralinae Nemenzo, 1955 accepted as Heliofungia fralinae (Nemenzo, 1955) (original combination, basionym)
  » Species Fungia gigantea Dana, 1846 accepted as Ctenactis echinata (Pallas, 1766) (junior synonym)
  » Species Fungia glans Dana, 1846 accepted as Cycloseris cyclolites (Lamarck, 1815) (synonym)
  » Species Fungia granulosa Klunzinger, 1879 accepted as Pleuractis granulosa (Klunzinger, 1879) (original combination, basionym)
  » Species Fungia gravis Nemenzo, 1955 accepted as Pleuractis gravis (Nemenzo, 1955) (original combination, basionym)
  » Species Fungia haimei Verrill, 1864 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
  » Species Fungia hexagonalis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Sinuorota hexagonalis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) (original combination, basionym)
  » Species Fungia horrida Dana, 1846 accepted as Danafungia horrida (Dana, 1846) (original combination, basionym)
  » Species Fungia integra Dana, 1846 accepted as Lithophyllon repanda (Dana, 1846) (junior synonym)
  » Species Fungia klunzingeri Döderlein, 1901 accepted as Danafungia horrida (Dana, 1846) (junior synonym)
  » Species Fungia laciniosa Boschma, 1925 accepted as Cycloseris fragilis (Alcock, 1893) (synonym)
  » Species Fungia limacina Lamarck, 1801 accepted as Herpolitha limax (Esper, 1797) (junior synonym)
  » Species Fungia linnaei Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 accepted as Lithophyllon repanda (Dana, 1846) (junior synonym)
  » Species Fungia lobulata Ortmann, 1889 accepted as Danafungia scruposa (Klunzinger, 1879) (junior synonym)
  » Species Fungia madagascarensis Vaughan, 1906 accepted as Danafungia scruposa (Klunzinger, 1879) (junior synonym)
  » Species Fungia marginata Boschma, 1923 accepted as Cycloseris costulata (Ortmann, 1889) (synonym)
  » Species Fungia moluccensis Van der Horst, 1919 accepted as Pleuractis moluccensis (Van der Horst, 1919) (original combination, basionym)
  » Species Fungia oahensis Döderlein, 1901 accepted as Lobactis scutaria (Lamarck, 1801) (junior synonym)
  » Species Fungia papillosa Verrill, 1866 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
  » Species Fungia patella Ellis & Solander, 1786 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Fungia patelliformis Boschma, 1923 accepted as Cycloseris fragilis (Alcock, 1893) (synonym)
  » Species Fungia paumotensis Stutchbury, 1833 accepted as Pleuractis paumotensis (Stutchbury, 1833) (original combination, basionym)
  » Species Fungia pectinata Ehrenberg, 1834 accepted as Ctenactis echinata (Pallas, 1766) (synonym)
  » Species Fungia pileus (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Halomitra pileus (Linnaeus, 1758) (previous combination)
    » Variety Fungia pileus var. oblonga Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Sandalolitha robusta (Quelch, 1886) (junior synonym ?)
  » Species Fungia placunaria Klunzinger, 1879 accepted as Lobactis scutaria (Lamarck, 1801) (junior synonym)
  » Species Fungia plana Studer, 1878 accepted as Fungia concinna Verrill, 1864
  » Species Fungia pliculosa Studer, 1878 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (Synonymy)
  » Species Fungia proechinata Döderlein, 1901 accepted as Pleuractis paumotensis (Stutchbury, 1833) (junior synonym)
  » Species Fungia repanda Dana, 1846 accepted as Lithophyllon repanda (Dana, 1846) (original combination, basionym)
  » Species Fungia rugosa Quelch, 1886 accepted as Danafungia scruposa (Klunzinger, 1879) (junior synonym)
  » Species Fungia samboangensis Vaughan, 1906 accepted as Lithophyllon repanda (Dana, 1846) (junior synonym)
  » Species Fungia scabra Döderlein, 1901 accepted as Lithophyllon scabra (Döderlein, 1901) (original combination, basionym)
  » Species Fungia scruposa Klunzinger, 1879 accepted as Danafungia scruposa (Klunzinger, 1879) (original combination, basionym)
  » Species Fungia scutaria Lamarck, 1801 accepted as Lobactis scutaria (Lamarck, 1801) (original combination, basionym)
  » Species Fungia serrulata Verrill, 1864 accepted as Lithophyllon concinna (Verrill, 1864) (junior synonym)
  » Species Fungia seychellensis Hoeksema, 1993 accepted as Pleuractis seychellensis (Hoeksema, 1993) (original combination, basionym)
  » Species Fungia sibogae Van Der Horst, 1921 accepted as Cycloseris costulata (Ortmann, 1889) (synonym)
  » Species Fungia simplex (Gardiner, 1905) accepted as Ctenactis crassa (Dana, 1846) (synonymy)
  » Species Fungia sinensis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851) accepted as Cycloseris sinensis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 (previous combination)
  » Species Fungia somervillei Gardiner, 1909 accepted as Cycloseris somervillei (Gardiner, 1909) (original combination, basionym)
  » Species Fungia spinifer Claereboudt & Hoeksema, 1987 accepted as Lithophyllon spinifer (Claereboudt & Hoeksema, 1987) (changed combination)
  » Species Fungia spinifera Claereboudt & Hoeksema, 1987 accepted as Lithophyllon spinifer (Claereboudt & Hoeksema, 1987) (changed combination, wrong spelling)
  » Species Fungia subrepanda Döderlein, 1901 accepted as Danafungia scruposa (Klunzinger, 1879) (junior synonym)
  » Species Fungia symmetrica Pourtalès, 1871 accepted as Fungiacyathus (Bathyactis) symmetricus (Pourtalès, 1871) (basionym, changed combination)
  » Species Fungia taiwanensis Hoeksema & Dai, 1991 accepted as Pleuractis taiwanensis (Hoeksema & Dai, 1991) (original combination, basionym)
  » Species Fungia talpa Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Polyphyllia talpina (Lamarck, 1801) (junior synonym, homonym of Madrepora talpa Houttuyn, 1772)
  » Species Fungia talpina Lamarck, 1801 accepted as Polyphyllia talpina (Lamarck, 1801) (original combination, basionym)
  » Species Fungia tenuidens Quelch, 1886 accepted as Lobactis scutaria (Lamarck, 1801) (junior synonym)
  » Species Fungia tenuis Dana, 1846 accepted as Cycloseris tenuis (Dana, 1846) (original combination, basionym)
  » Species Fungia valida Verrill, 1864 accepted as Danafungia horrida (Dana, 1846) (junior synonym)
  » Species Fungia vaughani Boschma, 1923 accepted as Cycloseris vaughani (Boschma, 1923) (original combination, basionym)
  » Species Fungia verrilliana Quelch, 1886 accepted as Lobactis scutaria (Lamarck, 1801) (junior synonym)
  » Species Fungia weberi Van der Horst, 1921 accepted as Herpolitha limax (Esper, 1797) (junior synonym)
Genus Halomitra Dana, 1846
  » Species Halomitra clavator Hoeksema, 1989
  » Species Halomitra pileus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Subgenus Halomitra (Halomitra) Dana, 1846 accepted as Halomitra Dana, 1846 (Synonymy)
    » Species Halomitra (Halomitra) concentrica Studer, 1901 accepted as Halomitra pileus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Synonymy)
    » Species Halomitra (Halomitra) fungites Studer, 1901 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (Synonymy and secondary homonym)
    » Species Halomitra (Halomitra) pileus (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Halomitra pileus (Linnaeus, 1758) (previous combination)
    » Species Halomitra (Halomitra) tiara Verrill, 1864 accepted as Halomitra pileus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Synonymy)
  » Subgenus Halomitra (Podabacia) Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 accepted as Sandalolitha Quelch, 1884 (Synonymy)
  » Species Halomitra clypeus Verrill, 1864 accepted as Halomitra pileus (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
  » Species Halomitra concentrica Studer, 1901 accepted as Halomitra pileus (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
  » Species Halomitra fungites Studer, 1901 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym and secondary homonym)
  » Species Halomitra irregularis Gardiner, 1898 accepted as Sandalolitha robusta (Quelch, 1886) (junior synonym)
  » Species Halomitra louwinae Van Der Horst, 1921 accepted as Halomitra pileus (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
  » Species Halomitra meierae Veron & Maragos, 2000 accepted as Sandalolitha dentata Quelch, 1884 (junior synonym)
  » Species Halomitra phillippinensis (Studer, 1901) accepted as Halomitra pileus (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
  » Species Halomitra tiara Verrill, 1864 accepted as Halomitra pileus (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
Genus Heliofungia Wells, 1966
Genus Herpolitha Eschscholtz, 1825
  » Species Herpolitha limax (Esper, 1797)
  » Species Herpolitha secunda Nemenzo (nomen nudum)
  » Species Herpolitha simplex Gardiner, 1905 accepted as Ctenactis crassa (Dana, 1846) (synonym)
  » Species Herpolitha weberi (van der Horst, 1921) accepted as Herpolitha limax (Esper, 1797) (junior synonym)
Genus Lithophyllon Rehberg, 1892
  » Species Lithophyllon concinna (Verrill, 1864)
  » Species Lithophyllon ranjithi Ditlev, 2003
  » Species Lithophyllon repanda (Dana, 1846)
  » Species Lithophyllon scabra (Döderlein, 1901)
  » Species Lithophyllon spinifer (Claereboudt & Hoeksema, 1987)
  » Species Lithophyllon undulatum Rehberg, 1892
  » Species Lithophyllon aiharai (Yabe & Sugiyama) (taxon inquirendum)
  » Species Lithophyllon elegans (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) accepted as Lithophyllon undulatum Rehberg, 1892 (taxon inquirendum, synonym)
  » Species Lithophyllon bistomatum Latypov, 1995 accepted as Lithophyllon undulatum Rehberg, 1892 (junior synonym)
  » Species Lithophyllon crustacea (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Podabacia crustacea (Pallas, 1766) (unaccepted combination)
  » Species Lithophyllon edwardsi (Rousseau, 1854) accepted as Cycloseris mokai (Hoeksema, 1989) (wrong identification)
  » Species Lithophyllon levistei Nemenzo, 1971 accepted as Lithophyllon undulatum Rehberg, 1892 (junior synonym)
  » Species Lithophyllon lobata (Van der Horst, 1921) accepted as Lithophyllon undulatum Rehberg, 1892 (junior synonym)
  » Species Lithophyllon mokai Hoeksema, 1989 accepted as Cycloseris mokai (Hoeksema, 1989) (original combination, basionym)
  » Species Lithophyllon spinifera Claereboudt & Hoeksema, 1987 accepted as Lithophyllon spinifer (Claereboudt & Hoeksema, 1987) (changed combination, wrong spelling)
Genus Lobactis Verrill, 1864
  » Species Lobactis scutaria (Lamarck, 1801)
  » Species Lobactis conferta Verrill, 1864 accepted as Lobactis scutaria (Lamarck, 1801) (junior synonym)
  » Species Lobactis danae Verrill, 1864 accepted as Lobactis scutaria (Lamarck, 1801) (junior synonym)
Genus Pleuractis Verrill, 1864
Genus Podabacia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849
  » Species Podabacia crustacea (Pallas, 1766)
  » Species Podabacia kunzmanni Hoeksema, 2009
  » Species Podabacia lankaensis Veron, 2000
  » Species Podabacia motuporensis Veron, 1990
  » Species Podabacia sinai Veron, 2000
  » Species Podabacia elegans (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) (taxon inquirendum)
    » Forma Podabacia elegans f. plicata Yabe & Sugiyama, 1936 accepted as Lithophyllon undulatum Rehberg, 1892 (synonym)
    » Forma Podabacia elegans f. setoensis Yabe & Sugiyama, 1936 accepted as Lithophyllon undulatum Rehberg, 1892 (synonym)
    » Forma Podabacia elegans f. varians Yabe & Sugiyama, 1936 accepted as Lithophyllon undulatum Rehberg, 1892 (synonym)
    » Subspecies Podabacia elegans lobata (Van der Horst, 1921) accepted as Lithophyllon undulatum Rehberg, 1892 (synonym)
  » Species Podabacia dentata (Quelch, 1884) accepted as Sandalolitha dentata Quelch, 1884 (previous combination)
  » Species Podabacia dispar Verrill, 1902 accepted as Lithophyllon undulatum Rehberg, 1892 (junior synonym)
  » Species Podabacia elongata Ma, 1937 accepted as Lithophyllon undulatum Rehberg, 1892 (junior synonym)
  » Species Podabacia formosa Yabe & Sugiyama, 1932 accepted as Lithophyllon undulatum Rehberg, 1892 (synonym)
  » Species Podabacia involuta Van der Horst, 1921 accepted as Podabacia crustacea (Pallas, 1766) (junior synonym)
  » Species Podabacia lobata Van der Horst, 1921 accepted as Lithophyllon undulatum Rehberg, 1892 (junior synonym)
    » Forma Podabacia lobata f. kiiensis Yabe & Sugiyama, 1932 accepted as Lithophyllon undulatum Rehberg, 1892 (junior synonym)
    » Forma Podabacia lobata f. nomaensis Yabe & Sugiyama, 1932 accepted as Lithophyllon undulatum Rehberg, 1892 (junior synonym)
    » Forma Podabacia lobata f. plicata Yabe & Sugiyama, 1932 accepted as Lithophyllon undulatum Rehberg, 1892 (junior synonym)
    » Forma Podabacia lobata f. setoensis Yabe & Sugiyama, 1932 accepted as Lithophyllon undulatum Rehberg, 1892 (junior synonym)
    » Forma Podabacia lobata f. vanderhorsti Yabe & Sugiyama, 1932 accepted as Lithophyllon undulatum Rehberg, 1892 (junior synonym)
    » Forma Podabacia lobata f. varians Yabe & Sugiyama, 1932 accepted as Lithophyllon undulatum Rehberg, 1892 (junior synonym)
  » Species Podabacia philippinensis Studer, 1901 accepted as Halomitra pileus (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
  » Species Podabacia robusta Quelch, 1886 accepted as Sandalolitha robusta (Quelch, 1886) (original combination, basionym)
Genus Polyphyllia Blainville, 1830
  » Species Polyphyllia novaehiberniae (Lesson, 1831)
  » Species Polyphyllia talpina (Lamarck, 1801)
  » Species Polyphyllia fungia Dana, 1846 accepted as Polyphyllia talpina (Lamarck, 1801) (junior synonym)
  » Species Polyphyllia galeriformis Dana, 1846 accepted as Polyphyllia novaehiberniae (Lesson, 1831) (junior synonym)
  » Species Polyphyllia leptophylla Ehrenberg, 1834 accepted as Polyphyllia talpina (Lamarck, 1801) (junior synonym)
  » Species Polyphyllia pelvis Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 accepted as Polyphyllia talpina (Lamarck, 1801) (junior synonym)
  » Species Polyphyllia pileiformis Dana, 1846 accepted as Polyphyllia novaehiberniae (Lesson, 1831) (junior synonym)
  » Species Polyphyllia producta Folkeson, 1919 accepted as Polyphyllia talpina (Lamarck, 1801) (junior synonym)
  » Species Polyphyllia sigmoides Ehrenberg, 1834 accepted as Polyphyllia talpina (Lamarck, 1801) (junior synonym)
  » Species Polyphyllia substellata Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 accepted as Polyphyllia novaehiberniae (Lesson, 1831) (junior synonym)
Genus Sandalolitha Quelch, 1884
Genus Sinuorota Oku, Naruse & Fukami, 2017
Genus Zoopilus Dana, 1846
  » Species Zoopilus echinatus Dana, 1846
  » Species Zoopilus gomezi Nemenzo, 1980 accepted as Halomitra pileus (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)

Genus Diafungia Duncan, 1884 (taxon inquirendum)
  » Species Diafungia granulata Duncan, 1884 (taxon inquirendum)

Genus Cryptabacia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 accepted as Polyphyllia Blainville, 1830 (junior synonym)
Genus Diaseris Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 accepted as Cycloseris Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 (synonym)
  » Species Diaseris crispus Pourtalès, 1871 accepted as Fungiacyathus (Bathyactis) crispus (Pourtalès, 1871)
  » Species Diaseris distorta (Michelin, 1842) accepted as Cycloseris distorta (Michelin, 1842) (previous combination)
  » Species Diaseris fragilis Alcock, 1893 accepted as Cycloseris fragilis (Alcock, 1893) (original combination, basionym)
  » Species Diaseris freycineti Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 accepted as Cycloseris sinensis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 (synonym)
  » Species Diaseris mortoni Tenison-Woods, 1880 accepted as Cycloseris cyclolites (Lamarck, 1815) (synonym)
  » Species Diaseris pulchella Verrill, 1866 accepted as Cycloseris distorta (Michelin, 1842) (synonym)
  » Species Diaseris pusillus Pourtalès, 1868 accepted as Fungiacyathus (Fungiacyathus) pusillus (De Pourtalès, 1868)
Genus Doederleinia Gardiner, 1909 accepted as Sandalolitha Quelch, 1884 (junior synonym)
Genus Haliglossa Ehrenberg, 1834 accepted as Herpolitha Eschscholtz, 1825 (junior synonym)
  » Species Haliglossa echinata (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Ctenactis echinata (Pallas, 1766) (previous combination)
  » Species Haliglossa foliosa Ehrenberg, 1834 accepted as Herpolitha limax (Esper, 1797) (junior synonym)
  » Species Haliglossa interrupta Ehrenberg, 1834 accepted as Herpolitha limax (Esper, 1797) (junior synonym)
  » Species Haliglossa stellaris Ehrenberg, 1834 accepted as Herpolitha limax (Esper, 1797) (junior synonym)
Genus Hemicyathus Seguenza, 1862 accepted as Diaseris Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 (Synonymy)
Genus Herpetoglossa Wells, 1966 accepted as Ctenactis Verrill, 1864
Genus Herpetolitha Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 accepted as Herpolitha Eschscholtz, 1825 (junior synonym, changed spelling)
  » Species Herpetolitha ampla Verrill, 1864 accepted as Herpolitha limax (Esper, 1797) (junior synonym)
  » Species Herpetolitha foliosa (Ehrenberg, 1834) accepted as Herpolitha limax (Esper, 1797) (synonym, previous combination)
  » Species Herpetolitha talpina (Lamarck, 1801) accepted as Polyphyllia talpina (Lamarck, 1801) (changed combination)
Genus Herpetolithas Leuckart, 1841 accepted as Herpolitha Eschscholtz, 1825 (junior synonym, changed spelling)
Genus Herpetolithus Leuckart, 1841 accepted as Herpolitha Eschscholtz, 1825 (junior synonym, changed spelling)
  » Species Herpetolithus crassus Dana, 1846 accepted as Herpolitha limax (Esper, 1797) (junior synonym)
  » Species Herpetolithus strictus Dana, 1846 accepted as Herpolitha limax (Esper, 1797) (junior synonym)
Genus Lithactinia Lesson, 1831 accepted as Polyphyllia Blainville, 1830 (junior synonym)
  » Species Lithactinia novaehiberniae Lesson, 1831 accepted as Polyphyllia novaehiberniae (Lesson, 1831) (original combination, basionym)
Genus Parahalomitra Wells, 1937 accepted as Sandalolitha Quelch, 1884 (junior synonym)
  » Species Parahalomitra irregularis (Gardiner, 1898) accepted as Sandalolitha robusta (Quelch, 1886) (junior synonym)
  » Species Parahalomitra robusta (Quelch, 1886) accepted as Sandalolitha robusta (Quelch, 1886) (previous combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Dana, J.D. 1846. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Zoophytes 7: 1-740. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   
Description Most reef fungiids are free-living . The polyps are among the largest of all corals. These solitary forms have a long...  
Description Most reef fungiids are free-living . The polyps are among the largest of all corals. These solitary forms have a long fossil history extending back to the early origins of the Scleractinia. It is therefore likely that the colonial genera have evolved from the solitary ones, rather than the reverse. This theory is supported by the fact that the structure of the septa of each colonial genus has an equivalent in one of the subgenera of Fungia.
As a general rule, corals with one mouth are called solitary and those with many mouths are called colonial, but clearly this distinction is not always well defined, nor is it basic to the structural organisation of several species. Little is known about many very important aspects of the biology of free-living fungiids, especially their population dynamics, food sources and growth rates. One distinct aspect of the daily existence of all but the heaviest fungiids is that they are at least partially mobile. The genera are solitary or colonial, free-living or attached, mostly hermatypic and extant. Colonial genera are derived from solitary genera and each has septo-costal structures corresponding to those of a solitary genus. These septo-costae radiate from the mouth on the upper surface (as septa) and from the centre of the undersurface (as costae). No similar families. (Veron, 1986 <57>). [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2019). World List of Scleractinia. Fungiidae Dana, 1846. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=196100 on 2019-05-19
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2005-12-27 19:49:34Z
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original description Dana, J.D. 1846. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Zoophytes 7: 1-740. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

basis of record Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

additional source Gittenberger, A., Reijnen, B.T. & Hoeksema, B.W. 2011. A molecularly based phylogeny reconstruction of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae) with taxonomic consequences and evolutionary implications for life history traits. Contributions to Zoology 80: 107-132. , available online at http://dpc.uba.uva.nl/cgi/t/text/get-pdf?c=ctz;idno=8002a02 [details]   

additional source Wells, J.W. 1966. Evolutionary development in the scleractinian family Fungiidae. In: Rees WJ (ed.) The Cnidaria and their evolution. Symposium of the Zoological Society of London 16: 223–246, pl. 1. Academic Press, London. [details]   

additional source Veron, J. E. N. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From other sources
Description Most reef fungiids are free-living . The polyps are among the largest of all corals. These solitary forms have a long fossil history extending back to the early origins of the Scleractinia. It is therefore likely that the colonial genera have evolved from the solitary ones, rather than the reverse. This theory is supported by the fact that the structure of the septa of each colonial genus has an equivalent in one of the subgenera of Fungia.
As a general rule, corals with one mouth are called solitary and those with many mouths are called colonial, but clearly this distinction is not always well defined, nor is it basic to the structural organisation of several species. Little is known about many very important aspects of the biology of free-living fungiids, especially their population dynamics, food sources and growth rates. One distinct aspect of the daily existence of all but the heaviest fungiids is that they are at least partially mobile. The genera are solitary or colonial, free-living or attached, mostly hermatypic and extant. Colonial genera are derived from solitary genera and each has septo-costal structures corresponding to those of a solitary genus. These septo-costae radiate from the mouth on the upper surface (as septa) and from the centre of the undersurface (as costae). No similar families. (Veron, 1986 <57>). [details]
 



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Japanese クサビライシ  [details]