WoRMS taxon details

Sphyraenidae Rafinesque, 1815

125565  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125565)

accepted
Family
Genus Sphyraena Artedi, 1793
  » Species Sphyraena acutipinnis Day, 1876
  » Species Sphyraena afra Peters, 1844
  » Species Sphyraena arabiansis Abdussamad & Retheesh, 2015
  » Species Sphyraena argentea Girard, 1854
  » Species Sphyraena barracuda (Edwards, 1771)
  » Species Sphyraena borealis DeKay, 1842
  » Species Sphyraena chrysotaenia Klunzinger, 1884
  » Species Sphyraena ensis Jordan & Gilbert, 1882
  » Species Sphyraena flavicauda Rüppell, 1838
  » Species Sphyraena forsteri Cuvier, 1829
  » Species Sphyraena guachancho Cuvier, 1829
  » Species Sphyraena helleri Jenkins, 1901
  » Species Sphyraena iburiensis Doiuchi & Nakabo, 2005
  » Species Sphyraena idiastes Heller & Snodgrass, 1903
  » Species Sphyraena intermedia Pastore, 2009
  » Species Sphyraena japonica Bloch & Schneider, 1801
  » Species Sphyraena jello Cuvier, 1829
  » Species Sphyraena lucasana Gill, 1863
  » Species Sphyraena novaehollandiae Günther, 1860
  » Species Sphyraena obtusata Cuvier, 1829
  » Species Sphyraena picudilla Poey, 1860
  » Species Sphyraena pinguis Günther, 1874
  » Species Sphyraena putnamae Jordan & Seale, 1905
  » Species Sphyraena qenie Klunzinger, 1870
  » Species Sphyraena sphyraena (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Sphyraena stellata Morishita & Motomura, 2020
  » Species Sphyraena tome Fowler, 1903
  » Species Sphyraena viridensis Cuvier, 1829
  » Species Sphyraena waitii Ogilby, 1908
  » Species Sphyraena acus Lacepède, 1803 accepted as Tylosurus acus acus (Lacepède, 1803)
  » Species Sphyraena africana Gilchrist & Thompson, 1909 accepted as Sphyraena acutipinnis Day, 1876
  » Species Sphyraena agam Rüppell, 1838 accepted as Sphyraena barracuda (Edwards, 1771)
  » Species Sphyraena baracuda (Walbaum, 1792) accepted as Sphyraena barracuda (Edwards, 1771) (misspelling)
  » Species Sphyraena barracuda (Walbaum, 1792) accepted as Sphyraena barracuda (Edwards, 1771)
  » Species Sphyraena becuna Lacepède, 1803 accepted as Sphyraena barracuda (Edwards, 1771)
  » Species Sphyraena bleekeri Williams, 1959 accepted as Sphyraena putnamae Jordan & Seale, 1905
  » Species Sphyraena bocagei Osório, 1891 accepted as Sphyraena sphyraena (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Sphyraena brachygnathos Bleeker, 1855 accepted as Sphyraena obtusata Cuvier, 1829
  » Species Sphyraena brachygnathus Bleeker, 1855 accepted as Sphyraena obtusata Cuvier, 1829
  » Species Sphyraena chinensis Lacepède, 1803 accepted as Sphyraena obtusata Cuvier, 1829
  » Species Sphyraena commersonii Cuvier, 1829 accepted as Sphyraena barracuda (Edwards, 1771)
  » Species Sphyraena dubia Bleeker, 1863 accepted as Sphyraena guachancho Cuvier, 1829
  » Species Sphyraena dussumieri Valenciennes, 1831 accepted as Sphyraena barracuda (Edwards, 1771)
  » Species Sphyraena forsteni Cuvier, 1829 accepted as Sphyraena forsteri Cuvier, 1829 (misspelling)
  » Species Sphyraena genie Klunzinger, 1870 accepted as Sphyraena qenie Klunzinger, 1870 (misspelling)
  » Species Sphyraena guachanche Cuvier, 1829 accepted as Sphyraena guachancho Cuvier, 1829 (misspelling)
  » Species Sphyraena guaguancho Cuvier, 1829 accepted as Sphyraena guachancho Cuvier, 1829 (misspelling)
  » Species Sphyraena guentheri Haly, 1875 accepted as Sphyraena guachancho Cuvier, 1829
  » Species Sphyraena hupferi Fischer, 1885 accepted as Sphyraena afra Peters, 1844
  » Species Sphyraena japonica Cuvier, 1829 accepted as Sphyraena japonica Bloch & Schneider, 1801
  » Species Sphyraena jelio Cuvier, 1829 accepted as Sphyraena jello Cuvier, 1829 (misspelling)
  » Species Sphyraena langsar Bleeker, 1855 accepted as Sphyraena flavicauda Rüppell, 1838
  » Species Sphyraena natalensis von Bonde, 1923 accepted as Sphyraena acutipinnis Day, 1876
  » Species Sphyraena nigripinnis Temminck & Schlegel, 1843 accepted as Sphyraena qenie Klunzinger, 1870
  » Species Sphyraena novaehollandia Günther, 1860 accepted as Sphyraena novaehollandiae Günther, 1860 (misspelling)
  » Species Sphyraena novaehollandie Günther, 1860 accepted as Sphyraena novaehollandiae Günther, 1860 (misspelling)
  » Species Sphyraena obtusa Cuvier, 1829 accepted as Sphyraena obtusata Cuvier, 1829 (misspelling)
  » Species Sphyraena permisca Smith, 1956 accepted as Sphyraena jello Cuvier, 1829
  » Species Sphyraena picuda Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Sphyraena barracuda (Edwards, 1771)
  » Species Sphyraena piscatorum Cadenat, 1964 accepted as Sphyraena afra Peters, 1844
  » Species Sphyraena putnamiae Jordan & Seale, 1905 accepted as Sphyraena putnamae Jordan & Seale, 1905 (misspelling)
  » Species Sphyraena putnamie Jordan & Seale, 1905 accepted as Sphyraena putnamae Jordan & Seale, 1905 (misspelling)
  » Species Sphyraena raghava Chaudhuri, 1917 accepted as Sphyraena putnamae Jordan & Seale, 1905
  » Species Sphyraena spet Lacepède, 1803 accepted as Sphyraena sphyraena (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Sphyraena tessera Smith, 1956 accepted as Sphyraena qenie Klunzinger, 1870
  » Species Sphyraena toxeuma Fowler, 1904 accepted as Sphyraena forsteri Cuvier, 1829
  » Species Sphyraena tudes (Valenciennes, 1822) accepted as Sphyrna tudes (Valenciennes, 1822) (misspelling)
  » Species Sphyraena uoraebolandiae Günther, 1860 accepted as Sphyraena novaehollandiae Günther, 1860 (misspelling)
  » Species Sphyraena viridiscens Cuvier, 1829 accepted as Sphyraena viridensis Cuvier, 1829 (misspelling)
  » Species Sphyraena vulgaris Cuvier, 1829 accepted as Sphyraena sphyraena (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Sphyraena waitei Ogilby, 1908 accepted as Sphyraena waitii Ogilby, 1908 (misspelling)
  » Species Sphyraena waiteii Ogilby, 1908 accepted as Sphyraena waitii Ogilby, 1908 (misspelling)
  » Species Sphyraena waittei Ogilby, 1908 accepted as Sphyraena waitii Ogilby, 1908 (misspelling)
  » Species Sphyraena schlegeli (uncertain, unassessed)

Genus Australuzza Whitley, 1947 accepted as Sphyraena Artedi, 1793
Genus Sphyraema accepted as Sphyraena Artedi, 1793 (misspelling)
  » Species Sphyraema picudilla Poey, 1860 accepted as Sphyraena picudilla Poey, 1860 (misspelling)
Genus Sphyraenella Smith, 1956 accepted as Sphyraena Artedi, 1793
Genus Syphyraena accepted as Sphyraena Artedi, 1793 (misspelling)
marine, brackish
Not documented
Description Tropical and subtropical. Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Elongated body. Large-mouthed with the lower...  
Description Tropical and subtropical. Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Elongated body. Large-mouthed with the lower jaw projecting forward bearing strong fanglike teeth. Upper jaw non-protractile, an adaptation to feeding on large prey. Well-developed lateral line. Gill rakers vestigial. Position of pectoral fins relatively low. Dorsal fins far apart. First dorsal fin with 5 spines; second dorsal with 1 spine and 9 soft rays. Vertebrae 24 (11+13). Usually to 1.8 m maximum length; could grow longer. Attack on humans have been reported.  [details]
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2021). FishBase. Sphyraenidae Rafinesque, 1815. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125565 on 2021-09-26
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2015-04-17 08:48:21Z
changed
2021-06-30 09:45:28Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


taxonomy source Van Der Laan, R.; Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R. (2014). Family-group names of Recent fishes. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 3882(1): 1-230., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3882.1.1 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Fricke, R., Eschmeyer, W. N. & Van der Laan, R. (eds). (2021). ECoF. Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2021., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From other sources
Description Tropical and subtropical. Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Elongated body. Large-mouthed with the lower jaw projecting forward bearing strong fanglike teeth. Upper jaw non-protractile, an adaptation to feeding on large prey. Well-developed lateral line. Gill rakers vestigial. Position of pectoral fins relatively low. Dorsal fins far apart. First dorsal fin with 5 spines; second dorsal with 1 spine and 9 soft rays. Vertebrae 24 (11+13). Usually to 1.8 m maximum length; could grow longer. Attack on humans have been reported.  [details]
LanguageName 
English barracudas  [details]
Japanese カマス科  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål barrakudafamilien  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk barrakudafamilien  [details]