WoRMS source details

Fauchald, K. (1970). Polychaetous annelids of the families Eunicidae, Lumbrineridae, Iphitimidae, Arabellidae, Lysaretidae and Dorvilleidae from western Mexico. Allan Hancock Monographs in Marine Biology. 5: 1-335.
Fauchald, K.
Polychaetous annelids of the families Eunicidae, Lumbrineridae, Iphitimidae, Arabellidae, Lysaretidae and Dorvilleidae from western Mexico
Allan Hancock Monographs in Marine Biology
5: 1-335
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)

[From Introduction]

The superfamily EUNICEA is primarily characterized by the presence of a complex pharyngeal apparatus consisting of a pair of ventral mandibles and a varying number of paired dorsal maxillae. The highest number of maxillary pairs is five, which occurs in members of the ARABELLIDAE and LYSARETIDAE. The maxillary apparatus of the DORVILLEIDAE is here interpreted as composed of two or four maxillae with each maxilla separated into rows of denticles, rather than as two or four rows of numerous maxillae.

Maxillae I are often falcate and maxillae II, in most families, are larger and have more teeth than any other jaw-piece. The maxillae are supported posteriorly by paired maxillary carriers. A third median carrier is present in the ARABELLIDAE and LYSARETIDAE; an inferior paired carrier is present in certain DORVILLEIDAE.

The fully developed mandibles are similar in all members of the superfamily.

The parapodia are relatively simple in most species. Neuropodia are always well developed; the maximal development of notopodia is in the LYSARETIDAE, DORVILLEIDAE and ONUPHIDAE, where the notopodia are developed as long dorsal cirri with embedded acicula. EUNICIDAE, LUMBRINERIDAE and ARABELLIDAE have notopodial rudiments without embedded acicula.

Simple, capillary or limbate setae are present in all families in dorsal fascicles. They often have serrated or dentate cutting edges. Composite setae are present in all families except ARABELLIDAE, LYSARETIDAE and some LUMBRINERIDAE. The composite setae are typically falcate and may have one to several teeth in addition to the falcate main fang. The distal end of each composite seta is covered with a long and pointed or short and blunt hood and the free margins are serrated or smooth. ONUPHIDAE, EUNICIDAE and LYSARETIDAE have enlarged, usually hooded, setae in subacicular positions, called subacicular hooks.

The families may be divided into three groups based on the structure of the pharyngeal apparatus. The first of these groups has paired, short maxillary carriers and at most five pairs of maxillae; this group includes ONUPHIDAE, EUNICIDAE, LUMBRINERIDAE and IPHITIMIDAE (new family). The second group has three prolonged maxillary carriers and at most five pairs of maxillae and includes ARABELLIDAE and LYSARETIDAE. The third group comprises the DORVILLEIDAE, which differs from the other families in that the maxillae are distally broken up in numerous separate denticles arranged in rows. The maximal number of rows of maxillae is four. One or two pairs of short maxillary carriers are present.

America, Central
East Pacific
East Tropical Pacific
Systematics, Taxonomy
RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
2015-06-27 16:11:28Z
2015-06-29 21:41:21Z

Aotearia sulcaticeps Benham, 1927 (additional source)
Arabella pectinata Fauchald, 1970 (original description)
Arabella planiceps Grube, 1878 accepted as Drilonereis planiceps (Grube, 1878) (source of synonymy)
Cenogenus descendens Chamberlin, 1919 (source of synonymy)
Drilonereis forcipes (Hartman, 1944) (basis of record)
Drilonereis mexicana Fauchald, 1970 (original description)
Drilonereis parasiticus (Caullery, 1914) (basis of record)
Drilonereis planiceps (Grube, 1878) (basis of record)
Eunice aedificatrix Monro, 1933 accepted as Leodice aedificatrix (Monro, 1933) (additional source)
Eunice antennata aedificatrix Monro, 1933 accepted as Eunice aedificatrix Monro, 1933 accepted as Leodice aedificatrix (Monro, 1933) (additional source)
Eunice biannulata mexicana Fauchald, 1970 (original description)
Eunice cedroensis Fauchald, 1970 (original description)
Eunice cincta (Kinberg, 1865) accepted as Nicidion cincta Kinberg, 1865 (additional source)
Eunice hawaiiensis Treadwell, 1906 accepted as Eunice hawaiensis Treadwell, 1906 (basis of record)
Eunice imogena (Monro, 1924) (basis of record)
Eunice januarii Grube, 1881 accepted as Marphysa januarii (Grube, 1881) (source of synonymy)
Eunice megabranchia Fauchald, 1970 (original description)
Eunice reducta Fauchald, 1970 (original description)
Eunice sonorae Fauchald, 1970 (original description)
Eunice vittatopsis Fauchald, 1970 (original description)
Iphitime Marenzeller, 1902 (additional source)
Iphitimidae Fauchald, 1970 accepted as Dorvilleidae Chamberlin, 1919 (original description)
Labidognathus forcipes Hartman, 1944 accepted as Drilonereis forcipes (Hartman, 1944) (source of synonymy)
Labidognathus parasiticus Caullery, 1914 accepted as Drilonereis parasiticus (Caullery, 1914) (source of synonymy)
Lithognatha Stewart, 1881 accepted as Palola Gray in Stair, 1847 (status source)
Lumbriconereis branchiata Fauvel, 1943 accepted as Ninoe dolichognatha Rioja, 1941 (source of synonymy)
Lumbriconereis flabellicola Fage, 1936 accepted as Helmutneris flabellicola (Fage, 1936) (source of synonymy)
Lumbriconereis labrofimbriata Saint-Joseph, 1888 accepted as Lumbrineris labrofimbriata Saint-Joseph, 1888 (source of synonymy)
Lumbriconereis notocirrata Fauvel, 1932 accepted as Ninoe notocirrata (Fauvel, 1932) (source of synonymy)
Lumbriconereis oxychaeta Gravier, 1900 accepted as Lumbrineris oxychaeta Gravier, 1900 (source of synonymy)
Lumbriconereis papillifera Fauvel, 1918 accepted as Lumbrineris papillifera Fauvel, 1918 (source of synonymy)
Lumbrineris cedroensis Fauchald, 1970 (original description)
Lumbrineris coccinea (Renier, 1804) (additional source)
Lumbrineris crassidentata Fauchald, 1970 (original description)
Lumbrineris descendens (Chamberlin, 1919) accepted as Cenogenus descendens Chamberlin, 1919 (basis of record)
Lumbrineris eugeniae Fauchald, 1970 (original description)
Lumbrineris flabellicola Fage, 1936 accepted as Helmutneris flabellicola (Fage, 1936) (additional source)
Lumbrineris labrofimbriata Saint-Joseph, 1888 (additional source)
Lumbrineris lagunae Fauchald, 1970 accepted as Eranno lagunae (Fauchald, 1970) (original description)
Lumbrineris monroi Fauchald, 1970 (original description)
Lumbrineris oxychaeta Gravier, 1900 (basis of record)
Lumbrineris papillifera Fauvel, 1918 (additional source)
Lumbrineris paradoxa Saint-Joseph, 1888 accepted as Lumbrineriopsis paradoxa (Saint-Joseph, 1888) (source of synonymy)
Lumbrineris penascensis Fauchald, 1970 (original description)
Lumbrineris platylobata Fauchald, 1970 (original description)
Lumbrineris platypygos Fauchald, 1970 (original description)
Lumbrineris vasco Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Lumbrineris coccinea (Renier, 1804) (source of synonymy)
Marphysa angelensis Fauchald, 1970 (original description)
Marphysa januarii (Grube, 1881) (basis of record)
Marphysa mixta Fauchald, 1970 accepted as Treadwellphysa mixta (Fauchald, 1970) (original description)
Marphysa sanguinea (Montagu, 1813) (additional source)
Marphysa sanguinea americana Monro, 1933 accepted as Marphysa americana Monro, 1933 (source of synonymy)
Nicidion cincta Kinberg, 1865 (source of synonymy)
Nicidion imogena Monro, 1924 accepted as Eunice imogena (Monro, 1924) (source of synonymy)
Ninoe dolichognatha Rioja, 1941 (basis of record)
Ninoe dolichognatha Rijoa, 1941 accepted as Kuwaita dolicognatha (Rioja, 1941) (basis of record)
Ninoe notocirrata (Fauvel, 1932) (basis of record)

As in Fauchald (1970: 118) "Species in this family have short, rounded or truncate prostomia and two peristomial ... [details]


Created as a variety, Marphysa sanguinea var. americana, and later considered to be a junior synonym of Marphysa ... [details]