WoRMS source details

Rouse, G.W.; Fauchald, K. (1995). The articulation of annelids. Zoologica Scripta. 24(4), 269-301.
10.1111/j.1463-6409.1995.tb00476.x [view]
Rouse, G.W.; Fauchald, K.
The articulation of annelids
Zoologica Scripta
24(4), 269-301
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
The aim of this paper is to assess the monophyly of the Annelida. Also, recent cladistic analyses of metazoan taxa, using a variety of data, have shown incongruities with regards to annelids and associated taxa that should be resolved. The Platyhelminthes is selected as the taxon to root our minimal length trees and polarise our characters in a parsimony analysis; ingroup taxa being Mollusca, Nemertea, Sipuncula, Echiura, Pogonophora, Vestimentifera, Euarthropoda, Onychophora, and the groups most commonly regarded as true ‘annelids’, the Clitellata and Polychaeta. We use 13 characters and a total of 33 states. This results in 18 minimal length trees of 23 steps. The consensus tree has the topology (Platyhelminthes (Nemertea (Sipuncula Mollusca (Echiura (Polychaeta (Vestimentifera Pogonophora) Clitellata (Euarthropoda Onychophora)))))). The name Articulata is applied to the Clitellata, Euarthropoda, Onychophora, Pogonophora, Polychaeta, and Vestimentifera. The Vestimentifera is the sister group to, or more likely a clade within, the frenulate pogonophores, and the name Pogonophora is retained for this group. In half of the 18 minimal length trees, the traditionally formulated Annelida, i.e. Polychaeta and Clitellata, is paraphyletic if the Pogonophora are excluded. In the remaining minimal length trees, a monophyletic Annelida cannot be formulated. The name Annelida should not be used unless relationships within the Articulata are resolved to show it is a monophyletic taxon. The taxon name Articulata, originally formulated to include the Annelida and Arthropoda by Cuvier, is defined as the clade stemming from the first ancestor to show repetition of homologous body structures derived by teloblastic growth with a pygidial growth zone (segmentation) and longitudinal muscles broken into bands. The Articulata is considered, on current evidence, to consist of four monophyletic groups; the Arthropoda, Clitellata, Polychaeta, and Pogonophora, though the latter group may be a clade of polychaetes. If this is shown, the Pogonophora should revert to the original family name Lamellisabellidae Uschakov, 1933. An indented classification reflective of the cladistic pattern is provided. Other recent hypotheses about metazoan systematics arc analysed.
Phylogeny, Phylogenesis
Systematics, Taxonomy
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
2015-06-28 10:47:50Z
2015-06-29 21:41:21Z

Lobatocerebridae Rieger, 1980 (additional source)

Lobatocerebridae, which have as at end 2015 just two formally described species, are interstitial annelids without ... [details]