WoRMS taxon details

Molgula complanata Alder & Hancock, 1870

103776  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:103776)

accepted
Species
Caesira canadensis Huntsman, 1912 · unaccepted (original combination)
Caesira papillosa (Verrill, 1871) · unaccepted (new combination)
Caesira producta (Stimpson, 1852) · unaccepted (new combination)
Caesira tenax (Traustedt, 1883) · unaccepted (new combination)
Ctenicella lanceplaini Lacaze-Duthiers, 1877 · unaccepted (original combination)
Ctenicella morgatae Lacaze-Duthiers, 1877 · unaccepted (original combination)
Lithonephria eugyranda Giard, 1881 · unaccepted (literature misspelling)
Lithonephrya canadensis (Huntsman, 1912) · unaccepted (new combination)
Lithonephrya complanata (Alder & Hancock, 1870) · unaccepted (new combination)
Lithonephrya descipiens Giard, 1872 · unaccepted (original combination)
Lithonephrya dicipiens Giard, 1872 · unaccepted (misspelling)
Lithonephrya eugyranda Giard, 1881 · unaccepted (original combination)
Lithonephrya tenax (Traustedt, 1883) · unaccepted (new combination)
Molgula papillosa Verrill, 1871 · unaccepted (original combination)
Molgula producta Stimpson, 1852 · unaccepted (original combination)
Molgula tenax Traustedt, 1883 · unaccepted (original combination)
Molgulina papillosa (Verrill, 1871) · unaccepted (new combination)
Subspecies Molgula complanata azorensis Monniot C., 1971 accepted as Molgula azorensis Monniot C., 1971 (The gonads of azorensis is suficiently different from complanata to accept the subspecies as a species)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Hancock, A. (1870). On the larval state of Molgula; with descriptions of several new species of simple ascidians. <em>Ann. Mag. nat. Hist.</em> (4) 6: 353-368. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Distribution Bay of Fundy to Cape Hatteras  
Distribution Bay of Fundy to Cape Hatteras [details]
Shenkar, N.; Gittenberger, A.; Lambert, G.; Rius, M.; Moreira da Rocha, R.; Swalla, B.J.; Turon, X. (2022). Ascidiacea World Database. Molgula complanata Alder & Hancock, 1870. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=103776 on 2022-08-12
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2007-12-05 12:32:01Z
checked

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original description Hancock, A. (1870). On the larval state of Molgula; with descriptions of several new species of simple ascidians. <em>Ann. Mag. nat. Hist.</em> (4) 6: 353-368. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Caesira canadensis Huntsman, 1912) Huntsman, A. G. (1912). Ascidians from the coasts of Canada. <em>Trans. Canadian Inst., ann.1911.</em> 111-148. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Ctenicella lanceplaini Lacaze-Duthiers, 1877) Lacaze-Duthiers, H. (1877). Histoire des ascidies simples des côtes de France. Deuxième partie: Étude des espèces. <em>Archives de Zoologie expérimentale et générale.</em> 6: 457-673. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Ctenicella morgatae Lacaze-Duthiers, 1877) Lacaze-Duthiers, H. (1877). Histoire des ascidies simples des côtes de France. Deuxième partie: Étude des espèces. <em>Archives de Zoologie expérimentale et générale.</em> 6: 457-673. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Lithonephrya descipiens Giard, 1872) Giard, A. (1872). Recherches sur les Ascidies composées ou Synascidies. <em>Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale.</em> 1:501-687, pls. 25-30. (Copepoda: 555). [details]   

original description  (of Molgula papillosa Verrill, 1871) Verrill, A. E. (1871). Descriptions of some imperfectly known and new ascidians from New England. <em>American Journal of Science series 3.</em> 1: 54-58, 93-100, 211-212, 288-294, 443-446., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/36996999 [details]   

original description  (of Molgula producta Stimpson, 1852) Stimpson, W. (1852). Several new ascidians from the coast of the United States. <em>Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist.</em> 4: 228-232. [details]   

original description  (of Molgula tenax Traustedt, 1883) Traustedt, M. P. A. (1883). Vestindiske Ascidiae Simplices, Anden Afdeling. Molgulidae og Cynthiadae. <em>Vid. Meddel. Nat. For. Kjobenhavn, ann.1882.</em> 108-136. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Monniot, C. (2001). Ascidiacea & Sorberacea. <em>In: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: pp. 352-355. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Bromley, J.E.C., and J.S. Bleakney. (1984). Keys to the fauna and flora of Minas Basin. National Research Council of Canada Report 24119. 366 p.  [details]   

additional source Gosner, K. L. (1971). Guide to identification of marine and estuarine invertebrates: Cape Hatteras to the Bay of Fundy. <em>John Wiley & Sons, Inc.</em> 693 p. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Linkletter, L. E. (1977). A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. <em>Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B.</em> 68: p. [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. <em>Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France.</em> 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Van Name, W. G. (1945). The North and South American ascidians. <em>Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist.</em> 84: 1-476., available online at http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/dspace/handle/2246/1186 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Trott, T. J. (2004). Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. <em>Northeastern Naturalist.</em> 11, 261-324., available online at http://www.gulfofmaine.org/kb/files/9793/TROTT-Cobscook%20List.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

From editor or global species database
Diet plankton feeder [details]

Genetic nomenclature abbreviation Mocomp [details]

From other sources
Distribution Bay of Fundy to Cape Hatteras [details]

Habitat bathyal, infralittoral and circalittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]

Reproduction hermaphroditic; eggs shed and fertilized in the water [details]
LanguageName 
English sea grapes  [details]
Swedish skäggstubbsknopp  [details]